Risk Factor Matrix

Risk Factor Matrix
Individual Ages 0–2 Ages 3–5 Ages 6–11 Ages 12–17 Ages 18–
Antisocial/delinquent beliefs 1 program 6 programs 40 programs 46 programs 11 programs
Conduct disorders (authority conflict/rebellious/stubborn/disruptive/antisocial) 2 programs 6 programs 24 programs 29 programs 8 programs
Difficult temperament 2 programs 2 programs No programs 1 program 1 program
Drug dealing No programs No programs 2 programs 9 programs 5 programs
Early and persistent noncompliant behavior 2 programs 5 programs 24 programs 21 programs 6 programs
Early dating/sexual activity/fatherhood No programs No programs 3 programs 6 programs 2 programs
Early onset of aggression/violence 1 program 6 programs 22 programs 19 programs 5 programs
Exposure to firearm violence 1 program 1 program 8 programs 24 programs 18 programs
Fearless No programs No programs No programs 5 programs 4 programs
Few social ties (involved in social activities, popularity) No programs No programs 13 programs 26 programs 15 programs
Gang involvement in adolescence No programs No programs 4 programs 15 programs 9 programs
General delinquency involvement 1 program 5 programs 33 programs 53 programs 17 programs
High alcohol/drug use No programs 2 programs 30 programs 59 programs 26 programs
High drug dealing No programs No programs 6 programs 22 programs 17 programs
Hyperactive (impulsive, attention problems) 3 programs 6 programs 16 programs 15 programs 5 programs
Illegal gun ownership/carrying No programs No programs 8 programs 31 programs 22 programs
Lack of guilt and empathy 1 program 3 programs 18 programs 24 programs 5 programs
Life stressors No programs 1 program 7 programs 15 programs 6 programs
Low intelligence quotient 2 programs 5 programs 8 programs 6 programs 2 programs
Low perceived likelihood of being caught No programs 3 programs 16 programs 14 programs 3 programs
Low psychosocial maturity (low temperance, responsibility, and perspective) No programs No programs 4 programs 7 programs 1 program
Makes excuses for delinquent behavior (neutralization) No programs No programs 11 programs 20 programs 6 programs
Medical/physical condition No programs 1 program 2 programs 2 programs 2 programs
Mental health problems No programs 2 programs 12 programs 21 programs 9 programs
Physical violence/aggression 1 program 2 programs 22 programs 51 programs 27 programs
Poor refusal skills 1 program 3 programs 17 programs 17 programs 7 programs
Victim of child maltreatment No programs 2 programs 8 programs 8 programs 3 programs
Victimization and exposure to violence No programs 2 programs 13 programs 13 programs 4 programs
Violent victimization 1 program 2 programs 20 programs 49 programs 26 programs
Family Ages 0–2 Ages 3–5 Ages 6–11 Ages 12–17 Ages 18–
Abusive parents 1 program 4 programs 10 programs 9 programs 3 programs
Antisocial parents No programs 4 programs 15 programs 18 programs 6 programs
Broken home/changes in caretaker No programs 3 programs 10 programs 16 programs 7 programs
Child maltreatment (abuse or neglect) 2 programs 5 programs 15 programs 20 programs 6 programs
Delinquent siblings 1 program 1 program 15 programs 34 programs 16 programs
Family history of problem behavior/criminal involvement 1 program 3 programs 11 programs 25 programs 16 programs
Family poverty/low family socioeconomic status 2 programs 4 programs 10 programs 19 programs 13 programs
Family violence (child maltreatment, partner violence, conflict) 3 programs 6 programs 21 programs 35 programs 17 programs
Having a teenage mother 2 programs 2 programs 8 programs 11 programs 5 programs
High parental stress/maternal depression 1 program 5 programs 16 programs 18 programs 6 programs
Lack of orderly and structured activities within the family No programs 1 program 8 programs 16 programs 4 programs
Lived/living with a gang member No programs No programs 3 programs 5 programs 2 programs
Living in a small house No programs No programs 1 program 7 programs 7 programs
Low parent education No programs No programs 3 programs 5 programs 3 programs
Low parental attachment to child/adolescent No programs 1 program 10 programs 14 programs 6 programs
Maternal drug, alcohol, and tobacco use during pregnancy 2 programs 1 program No programs 1 program 1 program
Parent proviolent attitudes No programs 2 programs 8 programs 8 programs 2 programs
Parental criminality 2 programs 2 programs 1 program 3 programs 1 program
Parental psychiatric disorder 2 programs 1 program No programs 1 program 1 program
Parental substance abuse 2 programs 1 program No programs 1 program 1 program
Parental use of physical punishment/harsh and/or erratic discipline practices 3 programs 6 programs 19 programs 30 programs 8 programs
Poor parental supervision (control, monitoring, and child management) 2 programs 6 programs 35 programs 54 programs 20 programs
Poor parent-child relations or communication 3 programs 6 programs 21 programs 24 programs 10 programs
Pregnancy and delivery complications 2 programs 1 program No programs 1 program 1 program
Sibling antisocial behavior No programs No programs 5 programs 6 programs 3 programs
Unhappy parents 1 program 4 programs 11 programs 11 programs 4 programs
School Ages 0–2 Ages 3–5 Ages 6–11 Ages 12–17 Ages 18–
Bullying No programs 1 program 9 programs 10 programs 3 programs
Chronic absenteeism No programs No programs 1 program No programs No programs
Frequent school transitions No programs 1 program 13 programs 15 programs 2 programs
Frequent truancy/absences/suspensions; expelled from school; dropping out of school 1 program 5 programs 29 programs 42 programs 15 programs
Identified as learning disabled 1 program 4 programs 14 programs 12 programs 3 programs
Low academic aspirations 1 program 5 programs 30 programs 35 programs 8 programs
Low achievement in school 1 program 5 programs 17 programs 15 programs 5 programs
Low math achievement test scores (males) No programs No programs 3 programs 5 programs 3 programs
Low parent college expectations for child No programs No programs 6 programs 9 programs 3 programs
Low school attachment/bonding/motivation/commitment to school 1 program 5 programs 38 programs 51 programs 16 programs
Old for grade/repeated a grade No programs 2 programs 10 programs 8 programs 1 program
Poor school attitude/performance; academic failure No programs 3 programs 25 programs 47 programs 17 programs
Poor student-teacher relations 1 program 3 programs 17 programs 17 programs 6 programs
Poorly defined rules and expectations for appropriate conduct 1 program 3 programs 17 programs 15 programs 4 programs
Poorly organized and functioning schools/inadequate school climate/negative labeling by teachers No programs 1 program 14 programs 22 programs 12 programs
Student failure in the first grade No programs 2 programs 8 programs 7 programs 2 programs
Unsafe schools No programs No programs 6 programs 6 programs 1 program
Community Ages 0–2 Ages 3–5 Ages 6–11 Ages 12–17 Ages 18–
Availability and use of drugs in the neighborhood 1 program 1 program 11 programs 27 programs 20 programs
Availability of firearms 1 program 2 programs 10 programs 26 programs 22 programs
Community disorganization No programs 1 program 8 programs 16 programs 12 programs
Economic deprivation/poverty/residence in a disadvantaged neighborhood No programs 1 program 9 programs 17 programs 12 programs
Exposure to violence and racial prejudice 1 program 2 programs 7 programs 16 programs 14 programs
Feeling unsafe in the neighborhood 1 program 1 program 15 programs 31 programs 22 programs
High-crime neighborhood 1 program 2 programs 8 programs 24 programs 22 programs
Low neighborhood attachment No programs 1 program 11 programs 13 programs 6 programs
Moved to a new neighborhood 1 program 1 program 2 programs 3 programs No programs
Neighborhood antisocial environment No programs No programs 1 program 3 programs 2 programs
Neighborhood physical disorder No programs No programs 4 programs 13 programs 12 programs
Neighborhood youth in trouble 1 program 1 program 17 programs 33 programs 20 programs
Peer Ages 0–2 Ages 3–5 Ages 6–11 Ages 12–17 Ages 18–
Association with antisocial/aggressive/delinquent peers; high peer delinquency 2 programs 4 programs 33 programs 63 programs 26 programs
Association with gang-involved peers/relatives 1 program 1 program 21 programs 46 programs 25 programs
Gang membership 1 program 1 program 7 programs 22 programs 15 programs
Peer alcohol/drug use No programs No programs 18 programs 39 programs 20 programs
Peer rejection 1 program 2 programs 14 programs 17 programs 2 programs
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