Gang-Related Legislation by Subject
(Laws Updated Through December 2017)

Nuisance

States for this subject:
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Louisiana
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nevada
North Carolina
Ohio
Oklahoma
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin

Arizona view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.azleg.gov/arstitle/.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 12-991. Nuisance; applicability; residential property used for crime; action to abate and prevent; notice; definitions.

Arkansas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/arcode/.

Ark. Code § 5-74-109. Premises and real property used by criminal gangs, organizations, or enterprises, or used by anyone in committing a continuing series of violations -- Civil remedies.

California view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/codes.xhtml.

Cal. Civ. Code § 3485 (LexisNexis {Repealed effective January 1, 2024}). ["Illegal conduct involving an unlawful weapons or ammunition on real property; Procedures required prior to filing action to abate; Applicability; Report"]

Cal. Civ. Code § 3486 (LexisNexis). ["Action for unlawful detainer for controlled substance purpose on real property; Procedures required prior to filing action; Costs and attorney's fees; Possible orders"]

Cal. Gov't. Code § 38771 (LexisNexis). ["Declaration of nuisance"]

Cal. Gov't. Code § 38772 (LexisNexis). ["Defacement of property by graffiti by minor"]

Cal. Gov't. Code § 38773.2 (LexisNexis). ["Collection of costs incurred; Notice; Graffiti nuisance abatement lien"]

Cal. Gov't. Code § 38773.6 (LexisNexis). ["Defacement of property by graffiti by minor; Special assessment"]

Cal. Gov't. Code § 53069.3 (LexisNexis). ["Use of public funds to remove graffiti"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.22a (LexisNexis). ["Building or place used by gang members as nuisance"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 246.1 (LexisNexis). ["Forfeiture of vehicle involved in violent offenses; Disposition of proceeds"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 594.2 (LexisNexis). ["Possession of specified instruments with intent to commit vandalism or graffiti"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 594.6 (LexisNexis). ["Condition of probation on subsequent conviction of vandalism"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 594.8 (LexisNexis). ["Possession of destructive implement with intent to commit graffiti"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 640.5 (LexisNexis). ["Affixing graffiti on or in vehicles of governmental entity or public transportation system"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 640.6 (LexisNexis). ["Penalties for affixing graffiti on real or personal property"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 12022.53 (LexisNexis). ["Use of firearm in commission of felony; Discharge; Injury"]

Colorado view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/colorado/.

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 16-13-301 (LexisNexis). [Definitions: Abatement of Public Nuisance]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 16-13-303 (LexisNexis). ["Class 1 public nuisance"]

Delaware view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://delcode.delaware.gov/.

Del. Code tit. 10, § 7103. Definitions. [Criminal Nuisance Abatement]

District of Columbia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/.

D.C. Code § 42–3141.02. Nuisance.

D.C. Code § 42–3141.03. Notice of graffiti nuisance and reply.

D.C. Code § 42–3141.04. Deemed authorization to abate.

D.C. Code § 42–3141.05. Notice of violation; service of notice.

D.C. Code § 42–3141.06. Answer and expedited hearing.

D.C. Code § 42–3141.07. Payment of abatement costs and penalties.

D.C. Code § 42–3141.08. Graffiti Abatement Fund.

D.C. Code § 42–3141.09. Collection against an owner.

D.C. Code § 42–3141.10. Graffiti abatement materials.

Florida view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.leg.state.fl.us/statutes/.

Fla. Stat. § 823.05. Places and groups engaged in criminal gang-related activity declared a nuisance; massage establishments engaged in prohibited activity; may be abated and enjoined.

Fla. Stat. § 893.138. Local administrative action to abate drug-related, prostitution-related, or stolen-property-related public nuisances and criminal gang activity.

Georgia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/gacode/default.

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-15-7 (LexisNexis). ["Real property used by criminal street gangs declared public nuisance; abatement; persons injured by gangs entitled to treble damages"]

Illinois view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs.asp.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/37-1. Maintaining Public Nuisance.

740 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 147/45. Abatement as public nuisance.

Indiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://iga.in.gov/legislative/laws/2017/ic/titles/034.

Ind. Code § 32-21-6-3. Psychologically affected property.

Iowa view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.iowa.gov/law/iowaCode.

Iowa Code § 657.2. What deemed nuisances.

Kansas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.kslegislature.org/li/b2017_18/statute/.

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 22-3901. Common nuisances; scope

Louisiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://legis.la.gov/legis/LawSearch.aspx.

La. Stat. Ann. § 15:1405. Premises used by criminal street gang; nuisances; actions for injunction, abatement, and damages; other remedies for unlawful use; exceptions

Minnesota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/.

Minn. Stat. § 617.90. Graffiti Damage Action

Minn. Stat. § 617.91. Definitions [Nuisance]

Minn. Stat. § 617.92. Public Nuisance

Minn. Stat. § 617.93. Suit to Abate Nuisance

Minn. Stat. § 617.94. Court Order

Minn. Stat. § 617.97. Use of Place; Evidence

Mississippi view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/mscode/.

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-44-15. Injunction, abatement, damages, or other remedies for unlawful use of private building by criminal street gang

Missouri view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.moga.mo.gov/mostatutes/statutesAna.html.

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 578.430. Buildings, rooms and structures used for criminal street gangs' activities deemed public nuisances -- owner knowing of gang use, court may order no occupancy up to one year

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 578.435. Weapon Defined—Weapons Owned or in Possession of Gang Members May Be Confiscated—Weapon Deemed a Nuisance and Destroyed by Court Order, When

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 578.437. Weapon not to be declared a nuisance unless notice given to lawful owner, procedure -- burden of proof on state that return of weapon would endanger lives [Effective January 1, 2017]

Montana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leg.mt.gov/bills/mca/index.html.

Mont. Code Ann. § 70-24-303. Landlord to Maintain Premises—Agreement that Tenant Perform Duties—Limitation of Landlord’s Liability for Failure of Smoke Detector or Carbon Monoxide Detector

Mont. Code Ann. § 70-24-321. Tenant to Maintain Dwelling Unit

Mont. Code Ann. § 70-33-321. Tenant to Maintain Lot

Nevada view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.leg.state.nv.us/law1.cfm.

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 40.140. Nuisance Defined; Action for Abatement and Damages; Exceptions

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 202.450. Definitions [Crimes against public health and safety]

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 244.35705. Ordinance Concerning Criminal Gang Activity and Certain Buildings and Places Harboring Such Activity: Injunctions; Damages, Fees and Costs; Violation of Injunction; Immune Entities

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 268.4126. Abatement of Abandoned Nuisance: Ordinance Establishing Procedures; Civil Penalty for Failure to Abate; Recovery of Money Expended by City; Special Assessment

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 268.4128. Ordinance Concerning Criminal Gang Activity and Certain Buildings and Places Harboring Such Activity: Injunctions; Damages; Fees and Costs; Violation of Injunction; Immune Entities

North Carolina view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.ncleg.gov/Laws/GeneralStatutes.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.41. Short Title [North Carolina Street Gang Nuisance Abatement Act]

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.42. Real property used by criminal gangs declared a public nuisance: abatement

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.43.Criminal gangs declared a public nuisance

Ohio view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://codes.ohio.gov/orc/.

Ohio Rev. Code § 2923.43. Property used or occupied by a criminal gang

Ohio Rev. Code § 3767.02. Nuisance

Oklahoma view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.oklegislature.gov/osstatuestitle.html.

11 Okla. Stat. tit. § 22-112-2. Graffiti Removal

Tennessee view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/tncode/default.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 6-54-127. Graffiti Removal; Liability

Tenn. Code Ann. § 29-3-101. Definitions -- Maintenance and abatement of nuisance -- Forfeiture of property -- Payment of moneys from forfeiture into general funds

Tenn. Code Ann. § 29-3-103. Filing of Bill—Parties

Tenn. Code Ann. § 29-3-109. Discovery

Tenn. Code Ann. § 29-3-110. Order of Abatement

Texas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://statutes.capitol.texas.gov/Index.aspx.

Tex. Civ. Prac. & Rem. Code § 125.062. Public Nuisance; Combination

Tex. Civ. Prac. & Rem. Code § 125.063. Public Nuisance; Use of Place

Tex. Civ. Prac. & Rem. Code § 125.064. Suit to Abate Nuisance

Tex. Civ. Prac. & Rem. Code § 125.065. Court Order

Tex. Civ. Prac. & Rem. Code § 125.066. Attorney's Fees.

Tex. Civ. Prac. & Rem. Code § 125.066. Violation of Court Order

Tex. Civ. Prac. & Rem. Code § 125.067. Continuation of Activities Pending Trial or Appeal; Appeal

Tex. Civ. Prac. & Rem. Code § 125.069. Use of Place; Evidence

Tex. Civ. Prac. & Rem. Code § 125.070. Civil Action for Violation of Injunction

Tex. Civ. Prac. & Rem. Code § 125.0675. Injunction for Specified Period

Utah view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://le.utah.gov/xcode/code.html.

Utah Code § 78B-6-1101. Definitions [Nuisance—Right of Action]

Utah Code § 78B-6-1107. Nuisance—Drug Houses and Drug Dealing—Gambling—Criminal Activity—Party House—Prostitution—Weapons

Virginia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://law.lis.virginia.gov/vacode.

Va. Code Ann. § 48-7. Houses and Contents Are Nuisances Subject to Abatement

Va. Code Ann. § 48-8. How Nuisance Enjoined

Va. Code Ann. § 48-9. When Case to Be Tried; Dismissal; Substitution of Complainant; Costs

Washington view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://apps.leg.wa.gov/rcw/.

Wash. Rev. Code § 59.12.030. Unlawful Detainer Defined [Forcible Entry and Forcible Detainer]

Wash. Rev. Code § 59.18.030. Definitions [Residential Landlord-Tenant Act]

Wash. Rev. Code § 59.18.130. Duties of Tenant

Wash. Rev. Code § 59.18.180. Tenant's Failure to Comply With Statutory Duties—Landlord to Give Tenant Written Notice of Noncompliance—Landlord's Remedies

Wash. Rev. Code § 59.18.500. Gang-Related Activity—Legislative Findings, Declarations, and Intent [Residential Landlord-Tenant Act]

Wash. Rev. Code § 59.18.510. Gang-Related Activity—Notice and Demand the Landlord Commence Unlawful Detainer Action—Petition to Court—Attorneys' Fees

West Virginia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.wvlegislature.gov/wvcode/code.cfm?chap=61.

W. Va. Code § 61-13-4. Premises Used by Organized Criminal Enterprises; Nuisances; Actions for Injunction, Abatement and Damages; Other Remedies for Unlawful Use; Exceptions

Wisconsin view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://docs.legis.wisconsin.gov/statutes/prefaces/toc.

Wis. Stat. § 823.113. Drug or Criminal Gang House a Public Nuisance


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