National Youth Gang Survey Analysis

Demographics

Age of Gang Members

Respondents provided information regarding the estimated ages of gang members in their jurisdictions.

Age of Gang Members, 1996–2011 bar chart

Age of Gang Members, 1996–2011
Juvenile (Under 18) Adult (18 and Over)
1996 50.0 50.0
1998 40.1 59.9
1999 37.3 62.7
2001 33.2 66.8
2002 38.0 61.9
2004 41.1 58.9
2005 38.9 61.1
2006 36.5 63.5
2008 41.4 58.6
2011 35.0 65.0

Analysis for this section pertains only to law enforcement agencies reporting gang problems. Please see the Prevalence of Gang Problems section.

Age of Gang Members by Area Type

The age of gang members is compared across area types in 2011.

Age of Gang Members by Area Type, 2011 bar chart

Age of Gang Members by Area Type, 2011
Juvenile (Under 18) Adult (18 and Over)
Larger Cities 32.6 67.4
Suburban Counties 36.7 63.3
Smaller Cities 48.0 52.0
Rural Counties 58.9 41.1

Analysis for this section pertains only to law enforcement agencies reporting gang problems. Please see the Prevalence of Gang Problems section.

Gender of Gang Members

Respondents provided information regarding the gender of gang members in their jurisdictions.

Gender of Gang Members, 1998–2010 bar chart

Gender of Gang Members, 1998–2010
Female Male
1998 7.7 92.3
2000 6.4 93.6
2002 7.3 92.8
2004 6.1 93.9
2007 6.6 93.4
2010 7.4 92.6

Analysis for this section pertains only to law enforcement agencies reporting gang problems. Please see the Prevalence of Gang Problems section.

Gangs With Female Members

Respondents provided information regarding gangs with female members in their jurisdictions.

Percent of Gangs With Female Members, 2009 bar chart

Percent of Gangs With Female Members, 2009
Percent
Larger Cities 22.8%
Suburban Counties 45.3%
Smaller Cities 43.0%
Rural Counties 49.5%

Analysis for this section pertains only to law enforcement agencies reporting gang problems. Please see the Prevalence of Gang Problems section.

Race/Ethnicity of Gang Members

Respondents provided information regarding the race/ethnicity of gang members in their jurisdictions.

Race/ethnicity of Gang Members, 1996–2011 line chart

Race/Ethnicity of Gang Members, 1996–2011
Year Hispanic or Latino Black or African American White All Other
1996 45.2 35.6 11.6 7.5
1998 46.5 33.6 11.8 8.0
1999 47.3 30.9 13.4 8.4
2001 49.0 33.7 10.3 7.0
2002 47.0 35.7 10.4 6.9
2004 48.7 37.8 7.9 5.7
2005 50.1 32.6 9.5 7.7
2006 49.5 35.2 8.5 6.8
2008 50.2 31.8 10.5 7.6
2011 46.2 35.3 11.5 7.0

Analysis for this section pertains only to law enforcement agencies reporting gang problems. Please see the Prevalence of Gang Problems section.

Race/Ethnicity of Gang Members by Area Type

The race/ethnicity of gang members is compared by area type.

Average Race/Ethnicity of Gang Members
by Area Type, 2011
  Larger Cities Suburban Counties Smaller Cities Rural Counties
Black or African American 39.0% 32.7% 20.3% 56.8%
Hispanic or Latino 45.5 51.0 53.8 24.8
White 9.7 9.1 14.6 14.9
Other 5.8 7.2 11.3 3.4

Analysis for this section pertains only to law enforcement agencies reporting gang problems. Please see the Prevalence of Gang Problems section.

Suggested citation: National Gang Center. National Youth Gang Survey Analysis. Retrieved [date] from http://www.nationalgangcenter.gov/Survey-Analysis.