The Gang Resistance Education And Training (G.R.E.A.T.) Program is a school-based gang and violence prevention program for children in the year immediately before the prime ages for introduction into gang and delinquent behavior. The curriculum is taught in entire classrooms of elementary and middle school students by uniformed law enforcement officers in a 13-week course. In addition to educating students about the dangers of gang involvement, the lesson content places considerable emphasis on cognitive-behavioral training, social skills development, refusal skills training, and conflict resolution. Thus, the curriculum aims to reduce risk factors and increase protective factors. The middle school curriculum consists of the following lesson topics and lesson content (http://www.great-online.org):
The G.R.E.A.T. Program consists of four interrelated components each to target different audiences: a 13-session middle school curriculum, an elementary school curriculum, a summer program, and families training.
A rigorous, long-term, multisite evaluation of the middle school program commissioned by the National Institute of Justice was conducted from 2006 to 2012 in seven geographically and demographically diverse cities representing a cross-section of the United States. The investigators concluded: “Our multi-component evaluation found that the G.R.E.A.T. Program is implemented as it is intended and has the intended program effects on youth gang membership and on a number of risk factors and social skills thought to be associated with gang membership. Results one year post-program showed a 39% reduction in odds of gang joining among students who received the Program compared to those who did not and an average of 24% reduction in odds of gang joining across the four years post-program.”
National Gang Center: Effective
Crime Solutions: Promising
Model Program Guide: Promising
G.R.E.A.T. Program Training Coordinator
Institute for Intergovernmental Research
Post Office Box 12729
Tallahassee, FL 32317-2729
Phone: (800) 726-7070
Fax: (850) 386-5356
Esbensen, F.; Osgood, D. W.; Taylor, T. J.; Peterson, D.; and Freng, A. (2001). How Great is G.R.E.A.T.? Results From a Longitudinal Quasi-Experimental Design. Criminology and Public Policy, 1:87–117.
Esbensen, F.; Peterson, D.; Taylor, T.J.; Freng, A.; Osgood, D.W.; Carson, D.C.; Matsuda, K.N. (2011). Evaluation and Evolution of the Gang Resistance Education and Training (G.R.E.A.T.) Program, Journal of School Violence, 10:1, 53-70.
Esbensen, F., Peterson, D., Taylor, & Osgood, D. W. (2012). Results from a multi-site evaluation of the G.R.E.A.T. Program. Justice Quarterly, 29, 125-151.
Esbensen, F., Osgood, D. W., Peterson, D., Taylor, T. J., & Carson, D. C. (2013). Short and long term outcome results from a multi-site evaluation of the G.R.E.A.T. program. Criminology & Public Policy, 12, 375-411.