Gang-Related Legislation by Subject
(Laws Updated Through December 2018)

Witnesses and Victims

Jurisdictions for this subject:
Federal
Arkansas
California
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Minnesota
Mississippi
Nebraska
Nevada
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin

Federal view all subjects for this jurisdiction To access United States Code, visit https://www.govinfo.gov/app/collection/uscode. To access Code of Federal Regulations, visit https://gov.ecfr.io/cgi-bin/ECFR.

18 U.S.C. §§ 5031 to 5042. Juvenile Delinquency.

18 U.S.C. § 1961. Definitions. [Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act ("RICO")]

18 U.S.C. § 1963. Criminal penalties.

18 U.S.C. § 3553. Imposition of a sentence.

42 U.S.C. 1985. Conspiracy to interfere with civil rights.

Arkansas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/arcode/.

Ark. Code § 5-3-103. Solicitation and conspiracy -- Defenses and claims that are not defenses.

Ark. Code § 5-74-105. Unauthorized use of another person's property to facilitate certain crimes.

Ark. Code § 16-90-1101. Definitions. [Rights of Victims of Crime]

California view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/codes.xhtml.

Cal. Evid. Code § 1231 (LexisNexis). ["Court order to attend antigang violence parenting classes; Costs"]

Cal. Evid. Code § 1231.1 (LexisNexis). ["Intent to offer statement"]

Cal. Evid. Code § 1231.2 (LexisNexis). ["Peace officer administering oath"]

Cal. Evid. Code § 1231.4 (LexisNexis). ["Statement to jury"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 136.1 (LexisNexis). ["Enhanced law enforcement efforts"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 166 (LexisNexis). ["Contempt of court; Stalking; Punishments"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 190.2 (LexisNexis). ["Penalty on finding special circumstances"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 209.5 (LexisNexis). ["Kidnapping in course of carjacking"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 246.1 (LexisNexis). ["Forfeiture of vehicle involved in violent offenses; Disposition of proceeds"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 640.6 (LexisNexis). ["Penalties for affixing graffiti on real or personal property"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 653f (LexisNexis). ["Soliciting commission of certain crimes; Punishment; Proof"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 13826.2 (LexisNexis {Operation contingent}). ["Enhanced prosecution efforts"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 13826.4 (LexisNexis {Operation contingent}). ["Enhanced law enforcement efforts"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 676 (LexisNexis). ["Exclusion of public; Confidentiality regarding minor’s name"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 730 (LexisNexis). ["Order for care, custody, and control of minor adjudged ward of court as person violating law or ordinance defining crime; Alternative commitment; Orders when ward placed under supervision of probation officer"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 730.6 (LexisNexis). ["Imposition of restitution fine; Community service; Fee"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 827 (LexisNexis). ["Limited dissemination of records; Misdemeanor violation of confidentiality provisions"]

Connecticut view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://search.cga.state.ct.us/r/statute/dtsearch_form.asp.

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 54-82t. Protective services for witness at risk of harm.

Delaware view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://delcode.delaware.gov/.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 273. Liability for the conduct of another — Exemption.

District of Columbia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/.

D.C. Code § 4–508. Disqualifications and reductions.

Florida view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.leg.state.fl.us/statutes/.

Fla. Stat. § 943.031. Florida Violent Crime and Drug Control Council.

Hawaii view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.capitol.hawaii.gov/.

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 702-224. Liability for conduct of another; exemption from complicity.

Idaho view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://legislature.idaho.gov/statutesrules/idstat/.

Idaho Code Ann. § 18-7801. Short title. [Racketeering Act]

Idaho Code Ann. § 18-7805. Racketeering — Civil Remedies.

Illinois view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs.asp.

20 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 2605/55a. Powers and duties, generally.

20 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 2605/2605-420. Assisting victims and witnesses of gang crime.

30 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 105/5.833. The Gang Crime Witness Protection Program Fund.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/12-2. Aggravated assault.

725 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 173/1. Short title. [Gang Crime Witness Protection Act of 2013]

725 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 173/5. Definition. [Gang Crime Witness Protection Act of 2013]

725 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 173/10. Program.

725 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 173/15. Funding.

725 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 173/20. Gang Crime Witness Protection Program Fund.

725 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 173/25. Beginning of operation.

Indiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://iga.in.gov/legislative/laws/2017/ic/titles/034.

Ind. Code § 5-2-6-3. Duties of institute. [Indiana Criminal Justice Institute]

Ind. Code § 5-2-6-21. Gang crime witness protection program.

Ind. Code § 5-2-6-22. Gang crime witness protection fund.

Ind. Code § 35-45-9-6. Restitution.

Iowa view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.iowa.gov/law/iowaCode.

Iowa Code § 80B.11. Rules. [Law Enforcement Academy]

Kansas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.kslegislature.org/li/b2017_18/statute/.

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6327. Kansas racketeer influenced and corrupt organization act.

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6330. Same [Kansas racketeer influenced and corrupt organization act]; appropriate orders and judgments by district courts; civil forfeiture.

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6331. Same [Kansas racketeer influenced and corrupt organization act]; certain attorneys authorized to administer oaths and issue subpoenas; contempt of court.

Kentucky view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lrc.ky.gov/statutes/search.aspx.

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 506.180. Cause of action by victim of criminal gang incident against defendant for damages.

Louisiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://legis.la.gov/legis/LawSearch.aspx.

La. Stat. Ann. § 15:609. Drawing or taking of DNA samples.

Maine view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://legislature.maine.gov/statutes/.

17-A M.R.S. § 57. Criminal liability for conduct of another; accomplices.

Maryland view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://mgaleg.maryland.gov/webmga/frmStatutes.aspx.

Md. Code, Crim. Pro. § 11-603. Restitution determination.

Minnesota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/.

Minn. Stat. § 299C.065. Undercover Buy Fund; Witness and Victim Protection.

Minn. Stat. § 609.904. Criminal penalties.

Minn. Stat. § 634.04. Uncorroborated evidence of accomplice.

Minn. Stat. § 634.031. Evidence of accomplice.

Mississippi view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/mscode/.

Miss. Code Ann. §§ 97-3-54 to 97-3-54-9. Human Trafficking Act.

Nebraska view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://nebraskalegislature.gov/laws/laws.php.

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-204. Accessory to felony, defined; penalties.

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-1355. Pattern of racketeering activity or collection of an unlawful debt; prohibited acts.

Nevada view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.leg.state.nv.us/law1.cfm.

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 206.340. Graffiti Reward Account Created; Administrative Assessment to Be Imposed for Certain Violations; Use of Money in Account.

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 244.3695. Graffiti Reward and Abatement Fund: Creation; Use; Administrative Assessments; Payment of Rewards.

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 268.4085. Graffiti Reward and Abatement Fund: Creation Required; Use of Money; Administrative Assessment; Offer of Reward.

Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 207.350 to 207.520. [Racketeering chapter]

Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 175.291. Testimony of accomplice must be corroborated; sufficiency of corroboration; accomplice defined.

Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 200.50995. Penalties for conspiracy.

Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 207.470. Civil actions for damages resulting from racketeering.

New Jersey view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://lis.njleg.state.nj.us/nxt/gateway.dll?f=templates&fn=default.htm&vid=Publish:10.1048/Enu.

N.J. Rev. Stat. §§ 2C:35A-1 to 2C:35A-8. Anti-Drug Profiteering Act.

N.J. Rev. Stat. §§ 2C:41-1 to 2C:41-6.2. Racketeering.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:2-6. Liability for conduct of another; complicity.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:5-3. Incapacity, irresponsibility or immunity of party to conspiracy.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:17-3. Criminal Mischief.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:41-4. Civil remedies.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:43-3. Fines and restitutions.

New Mexico view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://nmonesource.com/nmos/en/nav.do.

N.M. Stat. §§ 30-42-1 to 30-42-6. Short title. [Racketeering Act]

N.M. Stat. § 30-42-6. Racketeering; civil remedies.

New York view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://public.leginfo.state.ny.us/lawssrch.cgi?NVLWO:.

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 135.36. Labor trafficking; accomplice.

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 230.36. Sex trafficking; accomplice.

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 460.30. Enterprise corruption; forfeiture.

North Carolina view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.ncleg.gov/Laws/GeneralStatutes.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-5.2. Accessory before fact punishable as principal felon.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 15A-1340.16. Aggravated and Mitigated Sentences.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 15A-1343. Conditions of probation.

North Dakota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.nd.gov/general-information/north-dakota-century-code.

N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-03-01. Accomplices.

N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-06.1-04. Judicial powers over racketeering criminal cases.

N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-06.1-05. Racketeering - Civil remedies.

N.D. Cent. Code § 29-21-14. Testimony of accomplice - Corroboration required.

Ohio view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://codes.ohio.gov/orc/.

Ohio Rev. Code § 2152.12. Transfer of Cases.

Oklahoma view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.oklegislature.gov/osstatuestitle.html.

Okla. Stat. tit. 21, § 953. Accomplice Testimony - Force of Same.

Okla. Stat. tit. 21, § 993. Evidence for Prosecution - Accomplices - Immunity for Witnesses.

Okla. Stat. tit. 21, § 1029. Engaging in prostitution, etc. - Soliciting or procuring - Residing or being in place for prohibited purpose - Aiding, abetting or participating - Child prostitution - Presumption of coercion.

Okla. Stat. tit. 22, § 742. Accomplice, testimony of.

Oregon view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.oregonlegislature.gov/bills_laws/Pages/ORS.aspx.

Or. Rev. Stat. §§ 166.715 to 166.735. Oregon Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act.

Or. Rev. Stat. § 166.725. Remedies for violation of ORS 166.720; time limitation.

South Carolina view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.scstatehouse.gov/code/statmast.php.

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-1-90. Crimes classified as felonies.

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-8-240. Use of or Threat of Physical Violence by Criminal Gang Member; Penalty.

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-8-250. Preventing Witness or Victim From Testifying; Penalty; Coerced Person's Right to Bring Civil Action.

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-8-270. Civil Cause of Action in Favor of State of South Carolina or Political Entity; Actions for Injunction; Venue; Service of Process.

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-8-280. Identity of Informant Exempt from Disclosure.

South Dakota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/default.aspx.

S.D. Codified Laws § 23A-22-8. Corroboration of accomplice's testimony required for conviction.

Tennessee view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/tncode/default.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 29-3-103. Filing of Bill—Parties.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 29-3-109. Discovery.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 29-3-110. Order of Abatement.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 29-34-201. Injuries suffered in committing or attempting to commit felony on property of another -- Recovery barred -- Scope of immunity for one injuring a perpetrator of a criminal offense.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 39-12-103. Criminal conspiracy.

Tenn. Code Ann.. § 37-1-702. Authority to establish teen court -- Procedure for participation -- Determining factors for participation -- Authority of teen court.

Texas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://statutes.capitol.texas.gov/Index.aspx.

Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Art. 42A.301. Basic Discretionary Conditions.

Tex. Fam. Code § 54.046. Conditions of Probation for Damaging Property with Graffiti.

Tex. Pen. Code § 20A.04. Accomplice Witness; Testimony and Immunity.

Tex. Pen. Code § 22.06. Consent As Defense to Assaultive Conduct.

Tex. Pen. Code § 43.06. Accomplice Witness; Testimony and Immunity.

Tex. Pen. Code § 71.02. Engaging in Organized Criminal Activity.

Utah view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://le.utah.gov/xcode/code.html.

Utah Code § 76-3-203.1. Offenses Committed in Concert With Two or More Persons or in Relation to a Criminal Street Gang—Notice—Enhanced Penalties.

Vermont view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://legislature.vermont.gov/statutes/search.

Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 13, § 1405. Testimony of co-conspirator.

Virginia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://law.lis.virginia.gov/vacode.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-273. Court may require investigation of social history and preparation of victim impact statement.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.2. Prohibited Criminal Street Gang Participation; Penalty.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-55.1. Hazing of Youth Gang Members Unlawful; Criminal Liability.

Washington view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://apps.leg.wa.gov/rcw/.

Wash. Rev. Code § 7.69.035. Protection of Witnesses Who Testify Against Criminal Gang Members—Intent.

Wash. Rev. Code § 9.94A.535. Departures from Guidelines.

Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.46.120. Criminal Gang Intimidation.

Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.82.090. Orders restraining criminal profiteering—When issued.

Wash. Rev. Code § 42.56.240. Investigative, law enforcement, and crime victims.

West Virginia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.wvlegislature.gov/wvcode/code.cfm?chap=61.

W. Va. Code § 61-6-9. Intimidation of witness for state in conspiracy prosecutions; penalties.

Wisconsin view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://docs.legis.wisconsin.gov/statutes/prefaces/toc.

Wis. Stat. § 941.38. Criminal Gang Member Solicitation and Contact.

Wis. Stat. § 943.012. Criminal Damage to or Graffiti on Religious and Other Property.

Wis. Stat. § 943.017. Graffiti.


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