Gang-Related Legislation by Subject
(Laws Updated Through December 2018)

Weapons

Jurisdictions for this subject:
Federal
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Delaware
Florida
Georgia
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Rhode Island
South Carolina
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Virginia
Washington

Federal view all subjects for this jurisdiction To access United States Code, visit https://www.govinfo.gov/app/collection/uscode. To access Code of Federal Regulations, visit https://gov.ecfr.io/cgi-bin/ECFR.

18 U.S.C § 922. Unlawful acts. [Crimes: Firearms]

18 U.S.C. §§ 1961 to 1968, the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act ("RICO").

18 U.S.C. § 924. Penalties. [Crimes: Firearms]

18 U.S.C. § 1959. Violent Crimes in Aid of Racketeering Act ("VICAR").

18 U.S.C. Appx § 2K2.1. Unlawful Receipt, Possession, or Transportation of Firearms or Ammunition; Prohibited Transactions Involving Firearms or Ammunition.

Alaska view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://akleg.gov/index.php.

Alaska Stat. § 11.61.190. Misconduct involving weapons in the first degree.

Arizona view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.azleg.gov/arstitle/.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-3102. Misconduct involving weapons; defenses; classification; definitions.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-3115. Forensics firearms identification system.

Arkansas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/arcode/.

Ark. Code § 5-74-107. Unlawful discharge of a firearm from a vehicle.

California view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/codes.xhtml.

Cal. Civ. Code § 3485 (LexisNexis {Repealed effective January 1, 2024}). ["Illegal conduct involving an unlawful weapons or ammunition on real property; Procedures required prior to filing action to abate; Applicability; Report"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.22a (LexisNexis). ["Building or place used by gang members as nuisance"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.28 (LexisNexis). ["Supplying, selling, or giving possession or control of firearm to another"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 189 (LexisNexis). ["Degrees of murder"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 246 (LexisNexis). ["Discharge of firearm at inhabited dwelling house, occupied building, vehicle, aircraft, inhabited housecar or inhabited camper; Penalty"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 246.1 (LexisNexis). ["Forfeiture of vehicle involved in violent offenses; Disposition of proceeds"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 246.3 (LexisNexis). ["Discharging Firearm or BB Device in Grossly Negligent Manner; Punishment"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 1203. (LexisNexis). ["Probation"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 12021.5 (LexisNexis {Repealed effective January 1, 2022}). ["Commission or attempted commission of street gang crime while carrying firearm"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 12022.4. (LexisNexis). ["Additional punishment for furnishing firearm to another"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 12022.53 (LexisNexis). ["Use of firearm in commission of felony; Discharge; Injury"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 12022.55 (LexisNexis). ["Additional punishment for discharging firearm from vehicle"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 19200 (LexisNexis). ["Possession of handgrenade; Punishment"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 25400 (LexisNexis). ["Carrying concealed firearm; Carrying firearm openly in belt holster; Punishment"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 25850 (LexisNexis). ["Carrying loaded firearm in public; Punishment; Previous conviction; Prosecution under other section; Arrest without warrant"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 27590 (LexisNexis). ["Punishment for violation of article"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 30305 (LexisNexis). ["Persons prohibited from owning or possessing firearm prohibited from owning, possessing, or controlling ammunition"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 34200 (LexisNexis). ["Report on use of firearms in commission of crimes"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 707 (LexisNexis). ["Decision whether to transfer minor to court of criminal jurisdiction; Investigation and submission of report; Criteria"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 827 (LexisNexis). ["Limited dissemination of records; Misdemeanor violation of confidentiality provisions"]

Colorado view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/colorado/.

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 16-13-301 (LexisNexis). [Definitions: Abatement of Public Nuisance]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 16-13-303 (LexisNexis). ["Class 1 public nuisance"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-12-107.5 (LexisNexis). ["Illegal discharge of a firearm - penalty"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 19-2-508 (LexisNexis). ["Detention and shelter - hearing - time limits - findings - review - confinement with adult offenders - restrictions"]

Delaware view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://delcode.delaware.gov/.

Del. Code tit. 10, § 7103. Definitions. [Criminal Nuisance Abatement]

Florida view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.leg.state.fl.us/statutes/.

Fla. Stat. § 775.087. Possession or use of weapon; aggravated battery; felony reclassification; minimum sentence.

Fla. Stat. § 775.0846. Possession of bulletproof vest while committing certain offenses.

Fla. Stat. § 790.15. Discharging firearm in public or on residential property.

Georgia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/gacode/default.

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-5-21 (LexisNexis). ["Aggravated assault"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-11-131 (LexisNexis). ["Possession of firearms by convicted felons and first offender probationers"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-11-160 (LexisNexis). ["Use of machine guns, sawed-off rifles, sawed-off shotguns, or firearms with silencers during commission of certain offenses; enhanced criminal penalties"]

Idaho view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://legislature.idaho.gov/statutesrules/idstat/.

Idaho Code Ann. § 18-8505. Supplying Firearms to a Criminal Gang.

Illinois view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs.asp.

105 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/10-21.4a. Principals and assistant principals—Duties.

625 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/6-206. Discretionary authority to suspend or revoke license or permit; right to a hearing.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/12-2. Aggravated assault.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/24-1.8. Unlawful possession of a firearm by a street gang member.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/33A-3. Sentence. [Armed Violence]

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/36-1. Property subject to forfeiture. [As amended by P.A. 98-699, effective January 1, 2015, Repealed on June 11, 2022]

Indiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://iga.in.gov/legislative/laws/2017/ic/titles/034.

Ind. Code § 31-30-1-4. Juvenile court lacks jurisdiction over individuals at least 16 years of age committing certain felonies; retention and transfer of jurisdiction by court having adult criminal jurisdiction.

Ind. Code § 35-47-4-5. Unlawful possession of firearm by serious violent felon.

Iowa view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.iowa.gov/law/iowaCode.

Iowa Code § 708.6. Intimidation with a dangerous weapon.

Kentucky view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lrc.ky.gov/statutes/search.aspx.

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 506.160. Minimum service of sentence required if convicted defendant was member of criminal gang acting for the purpose of benefitting, promoting, or furthering the interest of criminal gang.

Louisiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://legis.la.gov/legis/LawSearch.aspx.

La. Stat. Ann. § 14:37.1. Assault by drive-by shooting.

La. Stat. Ann. § 14:107.2. Hate crimes.

La. Stat. Ann. § 15:1405.2. Possession of firearms, ammunition, and dangerous weapons by criminal street gangs; forfeiture.

La. Stat. Ann. Art. 890.1. Waiver of minimum mandatory sentences; procedure; exceptions.

La. Stat. Ann. Art. 890.3. Sentencing for crimes of violence.

La. Stat. Ann. Art. 893.3. Sentence imposed on felony or specifically enumerated misdemeanor in which firearm was possessed, used, or discharged.

Maine view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://legislature.maine.gov/statutes/.

17-A M.R.S. § 202. Felony Murder.

Maryland view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://mgaleg.maryland.gov/webmga/frmStatutes.aspx.

Md. Code, Crim. Law § 14-101. (LexisNexis). ["Mandatory sentences for crimes of violence"]

Massachusetts view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://malegislature.gov/Laws/Search.

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 140, § 131Q. Tracing by licensing authority of firearm, rifle or shotgun, large capacity weapon, machine gun or assault weapon used to carry out criminal act; statistical data; annual report.

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 265, § 21A. Assault, confinement, etc. of person for purpose of stealing motor vehicle; weapons; punishment.

Minnesota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/.

Minn. Stat. § 609.11. Minimum sentences of imprisonment.

Minn. Stat. § 609.19. Murder in the Second Degree.

Minn. Stat. § 609.66. Dangerous Weapons.

Minn. Stat. § 609.185. Murder in the First Degree.

Minn. Stat. § 609.5318. Forfeiture of Vehicles Used in Drive-By Shootings.

Minn. Stat. § 624.712. Definitions. [Firearms]

Minn. Stat. § 624.713. Certain Persons Not to Possess Firearms.

Minn. Stat. § 624.714. Carrying of Weapons Without Permit; Penalty.

Mississippi view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/mscode/.

Miss. Code Ann. § 47-7-3. Parole of Prisoners; Conditions for Eligibility; Determination of Tentative Hearing Date.

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-1-5. Accessories after the fact; punishment.

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-3-2. Crimes of Violence Defined.

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-3-109. Drive-by shooting; drive-by bombing.

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-3-110. Seizure and forfeiture of firearms unlawfully possessed by juveniles and of motor vehicles used in drive-by shootings or bombings.

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-3-111. Forfeiture of vehicles used in drive-by shootings or bombings.

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-3-117. Mississippi Carjacking Act; what constitutes offense of carjacking; attempted carjacking; armed carjacking; Penalty.

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-37-29. Shooting into dwelling house.

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-44-17. Forfeiture of Firearms, Ammunition, and Dangerous Weapons Used by Criminal Street Gangs; Disposition of Property Seized; Procedure.

Missouri view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.moga.mo.gov/mostatutes/statutesAna.html.

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 571.030 R.S.Mo. Unlawful use of weapons -- exceptions -- Penalty [Effective January 1, 2017].

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 578.435. Weapon Defined—Weapons Owned or in Possession of Gang Members May Be Confiscated—Weapon Deemed a Nuisance and Destroyed by Court Order, When.

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 578.437. Weapon not to be declared a nuisance unless notice given to lawful owner, procedure -- burden of proof on state that return of weapon would endanger lives [Effective January 1, 2017].

Montana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leg.mt.gov/bills/mca/index.html.

Mont. Code Ann. § 45-8-406. Supplying of Firearms to Criminal Street Gang.

Nebraska view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://nebraskalegislature.gov/laws/laws.php.

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-1354. Terms, defined. [Public Protection Act]

Nevada view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.leg.state.nv.us/law1.cfm.

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 202.287. Discharging Firearm Within or From Structure or Vehicle; Penalty.

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 202.362. Sale, transfer or disposal of firearm or ammunition to certain persons prohibited; purchase of firearm on behalf of certain persons prohibited; Penalty; exceptions.

New Jersey view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://lis.njleg.state.nj.us/nxt/gateway.dll?f=templates&fn=default.htm&vid=Publish:10.1048/Enu.

N.J. Rev. Stat. §§ 2C:41-1 - 2C:41-6.2. Racketeering.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:38-2. Crime of terrorism; definitions. [September 11th, 2001 Anti-Terrorism Act]

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:41-3. Criminal penalties.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:41-4. Civil remedies.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 52:17B-5.3. Submission of Reports Relative to Certain Offenses; Information.

New Mexico view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://public.nmcompcomm.us/nmnxtadmin/.

N.M. Stat. § 30-3-8. Shooting at Dwelling or Occupied Building; Shooting at or From a Motor Vehicle.

N.M. Stat. § 30-3-8.2. Court Record of Conviction; Revocation of Driver’s License.

N.M. Stat. § 31-18-15.2. Definitions. [Criminal Sentencing Act]

New York view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://public.leginfo.state.ny.us/lawssrch.cgi?NVLWO:.

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 460.22.Aggravated enterprise corruption.

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 460.50.Enterprise corruption; prosecution.

North Carolina view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.ncleg.gov/Laws/GeneralStatutes.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-34.9. Discharging a Firearm From Within an Enclosure.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.23. Contraband, Seizure, and Forfeiture.

Ohio view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://codes.ohio.gov/orc/.

Ohio Rev. Code § 2929.14. Definite Prison terms.

Ohio Rev. Code § 2941.146. Firearm Discharged From Motor Vehicle Specification.

Oklahoma view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.oklegislature.gov/osstatuestitle.html.

21 Okla. Stat. tit. § 652. Shooting With Intent to Kill—Assault and Battery With Deadly Weapon, Etc.

Oregon view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.oregonlegislature.gov/bills_laws/Pages/ORS.aspx.

Or. Rev. Stat. § 163.707. Forfeiture of Motor Vehicle Used in Drive-By Shooting.

Or. Rev. Stat. § 166.220. Unlawful Use of Weapon.

Rhode Island view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://webserver.rilin.state.ri.us/Statutes/.

R.I. Gen. Laws § 8-2-15.1. Gun court calendar.

R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-47-51.1. Discharge of Firearm or Incendiary or Explosive Substance or Device From Motor Vehicle.

R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-47-61. Drive-By Shootings.

R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-57-1. Violent crime in aid of racketeering.

R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-57-2. Solicitation to commit a violent crime in aid of racketeering.

South Carolina view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.scstatehouse.gov/code/statmast.php.

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-8-260. Seizure of Firearms, Ammunition, Electronic Records, Money, Etc.; Forfeiture Actions.

Tennessee view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/tncode/default.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 39-17-1324. Offense of possessing a firearm during commission or attempt to commit dangerous felony.

Texas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://statutes.capitol.texas.gov/Index.aspx.

Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Art. 61.01. Definitions. [Compilation of Information Pertaining to Criminal Combinations and Criminal Street Gangs]

Tex. Fam. Code § 61.102. Right to Be Information of Proceeding.

Tex. Pen. Code § 46.02. Unlawful Carrying Weapons.

Utah view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://le.utah.gov/xcode/code.html.

Utah Code § 62A-15-1102. Study on gun use—Report.

Utah Code § 76-9-804. Convicted Criminal Gang Offender—Prohibition.

Utah Code § 78A-6-117. Adjudication of jurisdiction of juvenile court -- Disposition of cases -- Enumeration of possible court orders -- Considerations of court.

Utah Code § 78B-6-1101. Definitions. [Nuisance—Right of Action]

Virginia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://law.lis.virginia.gov/vacode.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-53.1. Use or Display of Firearm in Committing Felony.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-286.1. Shooting From Vehicles So as to Endanger Persons; Penalty.

Washington view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://apps.leg.wa.gov/rcw/.

Wash. Rev. Code § 9.41.010. Terms defined. [Firearms and Dangerous Weapons]

Wash. Rev. Code § 9.41.225. Use of Machine Gun in Felony—Penalty.

Wash. Rev. Code § 9.94A.533. Adjustments to standard sentences.

Wash. Rev. Code § 9.94A.701. Community Custody—Offenders Sentenced to the Custody of the Department.

Wash. Rev. Code § 9.94A.829. Special Allegation—Offense Committed by Criminal Street Gang Member or Associate—Procedures.

Wash. Rev. Code § 13.40.193. Firearms--Length of Confinement.

Wash. Rev. Code § 13.40.210. Setting of Release Date—Administrative Release Authorized, When—Parole Program, Revocation or Modification of, Scope—Intensive Supervision Program—Parole Officer's Right of Arrest.


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