Gang-Related Legislation by State
(Laws Updated Through July 2020)

Virginia

To access this state’s laws, visit https://law.lis.virginia.gov/vacode.
Subjects for this jurisdiction:
Accomplice Liability
Apparel
Bail, Pretrial, Conditional Release, or Conditional Dismissal
Carjacking
Civil and Administrative Actions
Correctional Facilities and Jails
Criminal Intelligence Information and Systems (including Gang Databases)
Curfew
Data Reporting and Sharing
Definition of Gang
Definition Related to Gang Criminality
Drive-By Shooting
Forfeiture
Foster Care and Alternative Placement (Juveniles)
Funding
Graffiti
Juveniles
Nuisance
Participation
Penalties (including Sentencing Enhancement), Fines, and Damages
Prevention, Reduction, and Suppression
Probation, Parole, and Release
Prosecution
Racketeering, Money Laundering, Criminal Enterprise, and Criminal Profiteering
Recruitment, Threats, Intimidation
Schools and Education
Training and Technical Assistance
Weapons
Witnesses and Victims

Accomplice Liability (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-18. How principals in second degree and accessories before the fact punished.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-19. How accessories after the fact punished; certain exceptions.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-21. When and where accessories tried; how indicted.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-22. Conspiracy to commit felony.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-23.1. Completed substantive offense bars conviction for conspiracy.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.1. Definitions. [Crimes by Gangs]

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-256. Conspiracy.

Va. Code Ann. § 58.1-4129. Conspiracies and attempts to commit violations; penalty.

Apparel (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-79.2. Uniforms in Public Schools; Board of Education Guidelines.

Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-279.6. Board of Education Guidelines and Model Policies for Codes of Student Conduct; School Board Regulations.

Bail, Pretrial, Conditional Release, or Conditional Dismissal (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-269.2. Admissibility of Statement; Investigation and Report; Bail.

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-120. Admission to bail.

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-123. Release of Accused on Secured or Unsecured Bond or Promise to Appear; Conditions of Release.

Carjacking (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-269.1. Trial in circuit court; preliminary hearing; direct indictment; remand.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-53.1. Use or Display of Firearm in Committing Felony.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-58.1. Carjacking; Penalty.

Civil and Administrative Actions (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Va. Code Ann. § 4.1-225. Grounds for Which Board May Suspend or Revoke Licenses.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-300. Confidentiality of Department Records.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.3:2. Forfeiture.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-515. Criminal penalties; Forfeiture.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-516. Prohibition of Illegal Money Transmitting.

Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-279.6. Board of Education Guidelines and Model Policies for Codes of Student Conduct; School Board Regulations.

Va. Code Ann. § 48-7. Houses and Contents Are Nuisances Subject to Abatement.

Va. Code Ann. § 48-8. How Nuisance Enjoined.

Va. Code Ann. § 48-9. When Case to Be Tried; Dismissal; Substitution of Complainant; Costs.

Correctional Facilities and Jails (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-300. Confidentiality of Department Records.

VA. Code Ann. § 19.2-299. Investigations and reports by probation officers in certain cases.

Va. Code Ann. § 53.1-10. Powers and Duties of the Director.

Va. Code Ann. § 53.1-35.2. Visitation of certain prisoners by minor dependents.

Va. Code Ann. § 66-3.2. Additional Duties of the Director.

Criminal Intelligence Information and Systems (including Gang Databases) (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Va. Code Ann. § 2.2-2241. Secretary of Public Safety and Homeland Security to establish information exchange program.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-300. Confidentiality of Department Records.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-186.6. Breach of personal information notification.

Va. Code Ann. § 52-8.6. Criminal Street Gang Reporting.

Va. Code Ann. § 53.1-10. Powers and Duties of the Director.

Curfew (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-123. Release of Accused on Secured or Unsecured Bond or Promise to Appear; Conditions of Release.

Data Reporting and Sharing (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

VA. Code Ann. § 19.2-299. Investigations and reports by probation officers in certain cases.

Va. Code Ann. §§ 18.2-512 to 18.2-517. Virginia Racketeering Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act.

Va. Code Ann. § 2.2-2241. Secretary of Public Safety and Homeland Security to establish information exchange program.

Va. Code Ann. § 2.2-2618. Powers and duties of Council.

Va. Code Ann. § 9.1-1400. Youth and Gang Violence Prevention Grant Fund and Program.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-260. Intake; Petition; Investigation.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-269.2. Admissibility of Statement; Investigation and Report; Bail.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-273. Court may require investigation of social history and preparation of victim impact statement.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-300. Confidentiality of Department Records.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-309.1. Exception as To Confidentiality.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-330.1. Serious or Habitual Offender Comprehensive Action Program; definition; disclosure of information; penalty.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-186.6. Breach of personal information notification.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-246.5. Forfeiture of business license or registration upon conviction of sale or distribution of imitation controlled substance; money laundering.

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-83.1. Report of Arrest of School Employees and Adult Students for Certain Offenses.

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-120. Admission to bail.

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-303. Suspension or modification of sentence; probation; taking of fingerprints and blood, saliva, or tissue sample as condition of probation.

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-386.14. Sharing of forfeited assets.

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-386.16. Forfeiture of motor vehicles used in commission of certain crimes.

Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-279.6. Board of Education Guidelines and Model Policies for Codes of Student Conduct; School Board Regulations.

Va. Code Ann. § 52-8.6. Criminal Street Gang Reporting.

Va. Code Ann. § 52-28.1. Reporting of gang-related criminal information; inclusion in annual Crime in Virginia report.

Va. Code Ann. § 53.1-10. Powers and Duties of the Director.

Va. Code Ann. § 53.1-35.2. Visitation of certain prisoners by minor dependents.

Va. Code Ann. § 63.2-209.1. Office of New Americans.

Va. Code Ann. § 66-3.2. Additional Duties of the Director.

Definition of Gang (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.1. Definitions. [Crimes by Gangs]

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-513. Definitions. [Virginia Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act]

Definition Related to Gang Criminality (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.1. Definitions. [Crimes by Gangs]

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-55.1. Hazing of Youth Gang Members Unlawful; Criminal Liability.

Drive-By Shooting (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-286.1. Shooting From Vehicles So as to Endanger Persons; Penalty.

Forfeiture (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Va. Code Ann. §§ 18.2-512 to 18.2-517. Virginia Racketeering Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.3:2. Forfeiture.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-246.3. Money laundering; penalties.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-246.5. Forfeiture of business license or registration upon conviction of sale or distribution of imitation controlled substance; money laundering.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-515. Criminal penalties; Forfeiture.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-516. Prohibition of Illegal Money Transmitting.

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-354. Authority of court to order payment of fine, costs, forfeitures, penalties or restitution in installments or upon other terms and conditions; community work lieu of payment.

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-386.14. Sharing of forfeited assets.

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-386.16. Forfeiture of motor vehicles used in commission of certain crimes.

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-386.19. Seizure of property used in connection with money laundering.

Foster Care and Alternative Placement (Juveniles) (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-278.8. Delinquent Juveniles.

Funding (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Va. Code Ann. § 2.2-2618. Powers and duties of Council.

Va. Code Ann. § 9.1-1400. Youth and Gang Violence Prevention Grant Fund and Program.

Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-199.5. After School Programs for At-Risk Students.

Va. Code Ann. § 53.1-10. Powers and Duties of the Director.

Va. Code Ann. § 66-3.2. Additional Duties of the Director.

Graffiti (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Va. Code Ann. § 15.2-1812.2. Willful and Malicious Damage to or Defacement of Public or Private Facilities; Penalty.

Juveniles (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Va. Code Ann. § 2.2-2618. Powers and duties of Council.

Va. Code Ann. § 9.1-1400. Youth and Gang Violence Prevention Grant Fund and Program.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-260. Intake; Petition; Investigation.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-269.1. Trial in circuit court; preliminary hearing; direct indictment; remand.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-269.2. Admissibility of Statement; Investigation and Report; Bail.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-273. Court may require investigation of social history and preparation of victim impact statement.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-278.8. Delinquent Juveniles.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-300. Confidentiality of Department Records.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-309.1. Exception as To Confidentiality.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-330.1. Serious or Habitual Offender Comprehensive Action Program; definition; disclosure of information; penalty.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.2. Prohibited Criminal Street Gang Participation; Penalty.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.3. Recruitment of Persons for Criminal Street Gang; Penalty.

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-83.1. Report of Arrest of School Employees and Adult Students for Certain Offenses.

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-123. Release of Accused on Secured or Unsecured Bond or Promise to Appear; Conditions of Release.

Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-79.2. Uniforms in Public Schools; Board of Education Guidelines.

Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-199.5. After School Programs for At-Risk Students.

Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-279.6. Board of Education Guidelines and Model Policies for Codes of Student Conduct; School Board Regulations.

Va. Code Ann. § 53.1-35.2. Visitation of certain prisoners by minor dependents.

Va. Code Ann. § 66-3.2. Additional Duties of the Director.

Nuisance (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Va. Code Ann. § 48-7. Houses and Contents Are Nuisances Subject to Abatement.

Va. Code Ann. § 48-8. How Nuisance Enjoined.

Va. Code Ann. § 48-9. When Case to Be Tried; Dismissal; Substitution of Complainant; Costs.

Participation (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Va. Code Ann. § 15.2-1812.2. Willful and Malicious Damage to or Defacement of Public or Private Facilities; Penalty.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-260. Intake; Petition; Investigation.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-269.2. Admissibility of Statement; Investigation and Report; Bail.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-273. Court may require investigation of social history and preparation of victim impact statement.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-309.1. Exception as To Confidentiality.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-330.1. Serious or Habitual Offender Comprehensive Action Program; definition; disclosure of information; penalty.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.1. Definitions. [Crimes by Gangs]

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.2. Prohibited Criminal Street Gang Participation; Penalty.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-55.1. Hazing of Youth Gang Members Unlawful; Criminal Liability.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-248. Manufacturing, selling, giving, distributing, or possessing with intent to manufacture, sell, give, or distribute a controlled substance or an imitation controlled substance prohibited; penalties.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-514. Racketeering Offenses.

VA. Code Ann. § 19.2-299. Investigations and reports by probation officers in certain cases.

Va. Code Ann. § 53.1-10. Powers and Duties of the Director.

Va. Code Ann. § 53.1-35.2. Visitation of certain prisoners by minor dependents.

Va. Code Ann. § 63.2-209.1. Office of New Americans.

Penalties (including Sentencing Enhancement), Fines, and Damages (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Va. Code Ann. §§ 18.2-512 to 18.2-517. Virginia Racketeering Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act.

Va. Code Ann. § 15.2-1812.2. Willful and Malicious Damage to or Defacement of Public or Private Facilities; Penalty.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-278.8. Delinquent Juveniles.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-330.1. Serious or Habitual Offender Comprehensive Action Program; definition; disclosure of information; penalty.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-19. How accessories after the fact punished; certain exceptions.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-22. Conspiracy to commit felony.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-31. Capital murder defined; punishment.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.1. Definitions. [Crimes by Gangs]

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.2. Prohibited Criminal Street Gang Participation; Penalty.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.3. Recruitment of Persons for Criminal Street Gang; Penalty.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.3:1. Third or Subsequent Conviction of Criminal Street Gang Crimes.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.3:3. Enhanced Punishment for Gang Activity Taking Place in a Gang-Free Zone; Penalties.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-55.1. Hazing of Youth Gang Members Unlawful; Criminal Liability.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-58.1. Carjacking; Penalty.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-246.3. Money laundering; penalties.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-246.5. Forfeiture of business license or registration upon conviction of sale or distribution of imitation controlled substance; money laundering.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-248. Manufacturing, selling, giving, distributing, or possessing with intent to manufacture, sell, give, or distribute a controlled substance or an imitation controlled substance prohibited; penalties.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-514. Racketeering Offenses.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-515. Criminal penalties; Forfeiture.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-516. Prohibition of Illegal Money Transmitting.

VA. Code Ann. § 19.2-299. Investigations and reports by probation officers in certain cases.

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-303. Suspension or modification of sentence; probation; taking of fingerprints and blood, saliva, or tissue sample as condition of probation.

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-354. Authority of court to order payment of fine, costs, forfeitures, penalties or restitution in installments or upon other terms and conditions; community work lieu of payment.

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-386.19. Seizure of property used in connection with money laundering.

Va. Code Ann. § 66-3.2. Additional Duties of the Director.

Prevention, Reduction, and Suppression (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Va. Code Ann. § 2.2-2241. Secretary of Public Safety and Homeland Security to establish information exchange program.

Va. Code Ann. § 2.2-2618. Powers and duties of Council.

Va. Code Ann. § 9.1-1400. Youth and Gang Violence Prevention Grant Fund and Program.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-278.8. Delinquent Juveniles.

Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-199.5. After School Programs for At-Risk Students.

Va. Code Ann. § 63.2-209.1. Office of New Americans.

Probation, Parole, and Release (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-269.2. Admissibility of Statement; Investigation and Report; Bail.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-278.8. Delinquent Juveniles.

VA. Code Ann. § 19.2-299. Investigations and reports by probation officers in certain cases.

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-303. Suspension or modification of sentence; probation; taking of fingerprints and blood, saliva, or tissue sample as condition of probation.

Prosecution (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Va. Code Ann. §§ 18.2-512 to 18.2-517. Virginia Racketeering Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act.

Va. Code Ann. § 15.2-1812.2. Willful and Malicious Damage to or Defacement of Public or Private Facilities; Penalty.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-260. Intake; Petition; Investigation.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-269.1. Trial in circuit court; preliminary hearing; direct indictment; remand.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-269.2. Admissibility of Statement; Investigation and Report; Bail.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-309.1. Exception as To Confidentiality.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-330.1. Serious or Habitual Offender Comprehensive Action Program; definition; disclosure of information; penalty.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-18. How principals in second degree and accessories before the fact punished.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-19. How accessories after the fact punished; certain exceptions.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-21. When and where accessories tried; how indicted.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-22. Conspiracy to commit felony.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-23.1. Completed substantive offense bars conviction for conspiracy.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-31. Capital murder defined; punishment.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.1. Definitions. [Crimes by Gangs]

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.2. Prohibited Criminal Street Gang Participation; Penalty.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.3. Recruitment of Persons for Criminal Street Gang; Penalty.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.3:1. Third or Subsequent Conviction of Criminal Street Gang Crimes.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.3:3. Enhanced Punishment for Gang Activity Taking Place in a Gang-Free Zone; Penalties.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-53.1. Use or Display of Firearm in Committing Felony.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-55.1. Hazing of Youth Gang Members Unlawful; Criminal Liability.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-58.1. Carjacking; Penalty.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-246.3. Money laundering; penalties.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-246.5. Forfeiture of business license or registration upon conviction of sale or distribution of imitation controlled substance; money laundering.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-248. Manufacturing, selling, giving, distributing, or possessing with intent to manufacture, sell, give, or distribute a controlled substance or an imitation controlled substance prohibited; penalties.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-256. Conspiracy.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-286.1. Shooting From Vehicles So as to Endanger Persons; Penalty.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-513. Definitions. [Virginia Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act]

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-514. Racketeering Offenses.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-517. Venue for prosecution.

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-120. Admission to bail.

VA. Code Ann. § 19.2-299. Investigations and reports by probation officers in certain cases.

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-303. Suspension or modification of sentence; probation; taking of fingerprints and blood, saliva, or tissue sample as condition of probation.

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-354. Authority of court to order payment of fine, costs, forfeitures, penalties or restitution in installments or upon other terms and conditions; community work lieu of payment.

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-386.19. Seizure of property used in connection with money laundering.

Va. Code Ann. § 53.1-10. Powers and Duties of the Director.

Racketeering, Money Laundering, Criminal Enterprise, and Criminal Profiteering (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Va. Code Ann. §§ 18.2-512 to 18.2-517. Virginia Racketeering Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-31. Capital murder defined; punishment.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-246.3. Money laundering; penalties.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-246.5. Forfeiture of business license or registration upon conviction of sale or distribution of imitation controlled substance; money laundering.

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-386.19. Seizure of property used in connection with money laundering.

Recruitment, Threats, Intimidation (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-260. Intake; Petition; Investigation.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.3. Recruitment of Persons for Criminal Street Gang; Penalty.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-55.1. Hazing of Youth Gang Members Unlawful; Criminal Liability.

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-83.1. Report of Arrest of School Employees and Adult Students for Certain Offenses.

Va. Code Ann. § 63.2-209.1. Office of New Americans.

Schools and Education (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-260. Intake; Petition; Investigation.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-269.1. Trial in circuit court; preliminary hearing; direct indictment; remand.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-330.1. Serious or Habitual Offender Comprehensive Action Program; definition; disclosure of information; penalty.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.3:3. Enhanced Punishment for Gang Activity Taking Place in a Gang-Free Zone; Penalties.

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-83.1. Report of Arrest of School Employees and Adult Students for Certain Offenses.

Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-199.5. After School Programs for At-Risk Students.

Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-279.6. Board of Education Guidelines and Model Policies for Codes of Student Conduct; School Board Regulations.

Va. Code Ann. § 53.1-10. Powers and Duties of the Director.

Va. Code Ann. § 63.2-209.1. Office of New Americans.

Training and Technical Assistance (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Va. Code Ann. § 2.2-2618. Powers and duties of Council.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-273. Court may require investigation of social history and preparation of victim impact statement.

Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-279.6. Board of Education Guidelines and Model Policies for Codes of Student Conduct; School Board Regulations.

Va. Code Ann. § 53.1-10. Powers and Duties of the Director.

Weapons (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-53.1. Use or Display of Firearm in Committing Felony.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-286.1. Shooting From Vehicles So as to Endanger Persons; Penalty.

Witnesses and Victims (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-273. Court may require investigation of social history and preparation of victim impact statement.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-31. Capital murder defined; punishment.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.2. Prohibited Criminal Street Gang Participation; Penalty.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-55.1. Hazing of Youth Gang Members Unlawful; Criminal Liability.


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