Gang-Related Legislation by Subject
(Laws Updated Through June 2019)

Schools and Education

Jurisdictions for this subject:
Federal
Alabama
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Louisiana
Maryland
Michigan
Mississippi
Missouri
Nevada
New Jersey
North Carolina
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Virginia
Washington
Wisconsin

Federal view all subjects for this jurisdiction To access United States Code, visit https://www.govinfo.gov/app/collection/uscode. To access Code of Federal Regulations, visit https://gov.ecfr.io/cgi-bin/ECFR.

18 U.S.C § 922. Unlawful acts. [Crimes: Firearms]

21 U.S.C. § 860. Distribution or manufacturing in or near schools and colleges.

34 U.S.C. § 10381, Authority to make public safety and community policing grants.

Alabama view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://alisondb.legislature.state.al.us/alison/codeofalabama/1975/coatoc.htm.

Ala. Code § 41-15B-2.2. Allocation of trust fund revenues.

Arizona view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.azleg.gov/arstitle/.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-709. Offenses committed in school safety zone; sentences; definitions.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 15-104. Mental health screening; consent; form; exemption.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 15-110. Rights of students at public educational institutions; limitations; definition.

Arkansas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/arcode/.

Ark. Code § 6-15-1005. Safe, equitable, and accountable public schools.

Ark. Code § 6-15-1303. Safe Schools Initiative Act.

California view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/codes.xhtml.

Cal. Ed. Code § 234.5 (LexisNexis). ["Additional information on Internet Web site; Posting of list of statewide resources"]

Cal. Ed. Code § 32261 (LexisNexis). [Interagency School Safety Demonstration Act of 1985: "Legislative findings, declaration, intent; Definitions"]

Cal. Ed. Code § 32265 (LexisNexis). ["Sponsorship of regional conferences; Topics"]

Cal. Ed. Code § 32270 (LexisNexis). ["Establishment of statewide school safety cadre; Purpose; Appointment of professionals to cadre; Training of representatives"]

Cal. Ed. Code § 32282 (LexisNexis). ["Contents of comprehensive school safety plan; Use of existing resources and handbook; Grants for implementation; Evaluation and amendment; Submission for approval"]

Cal. Ed. Code § 35183 (LexisNexis). ["Legislative declaration regarding gang regalia, gang-related apparel and gang affiliation; Adoption and enforcement of reasonable dress code policy; Schoolwide uniforms"]

Cal. Ed. Code § 51264 (LexisNexis). ["Guidelines for incorporating in-service training in gang violence and drug and alcohol abuse prevention; Assistance in developing in-service training programs and qualifying for funding; Encouragement to develop single plan; Consultation with California Emergency Management Agency"]

Cal. Ed. Code § 51265 (LexisNexis). ["Priority to be given to gang violence and drug and alcohol abuse prevention in–service training programs"]

Cal. Ed. Code § 51266 (LexisNexis). ["Model gang violence suppression and substance abuse prevention curriculum"]

Cal. Ed. Code § 51266.5 (LexisNexis). ["Use of curriculum in rural school settings"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.22 (LexisNexis {Repealed effective January 1, 2022}). ["Street gang"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 5087 (LexisNexis). ["Advisory committee"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 13826.65 (LexisNexis {Operation contingent}). ["Gang violence prevention curriculum; Prevention and intervention services"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 601 (LexisNexis). ["Persons subject to jurisdiction of court as ward for refusal to obey orders of parents, violation of curfew, or truancy"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 727.7 (LexisNexis). ["Court order to attend antigang violence parenting classes; Costs"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 746 (LexisNexis). ["Selection of minors to participate in program; Factors"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 827 (LexisNexis). ["Limited dissemination of records; Misdemeanor violation of confidentiality provisions"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 18221 (LexisNexis). ["Use of funds to service children who are habitual truants, runaways, at risk of being wards of court, or under juvenile court supervision or supervision of the probation department"]

Colorado view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/colorado/.

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 19-2-508 (LexisNexis). ["Detention and shelter - hearing - time limits - findings - review - confinement with adult offenders - restrictions"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 22-1-120 (LexisNexis). ["Rights of free expression for public school students"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 22-7-604.5 (LexisNexis). ["Alternative education campuses - criteria - application - rule-making - definition"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 22-25-102 (LexisNexis). [Colorado Comprehensive Health Education Act: "Legislative declaration"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 22-25-103 (LexisNexis). ["Definitions:" Colorado Comprehensive Health Education Act]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 22-25-104.5 (LexisNexis). ["Law-related education program - creation"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 22-31-109.1 (LexisNexis). ["Board of education - specific powers and duties - safe school plan - conduct and discipline code - safe school reporting requirements - school response framework - school resource officers - definitions - repeal"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 22-32-109.1. (LexisNexis). ["Board of education - specific powers and duties - safe school plan - conduct and discipline code - safe school reporting requirements - school response framework - school resource officers - definitions - repeal"]

Connecticut view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://search.cga.state.ct.us/r/statute/dtsearch_form.asp.

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 10-16b. Prescribed courses of study.

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 10-233c. Suspension of pupils.

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 10-233d. Expulsion of pupils.

Delaware view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://delcode.delaware.gov/.

Del. Code tit. 14, § 4161. Definitions. [Regulatory Provisions for Nonacademic Training and Related Resources]

Del. Code tit. 14, § 4162. Child safety awareness, prevention, and other nonacademic trainings.

Del. Code tit. 14, § 4164. School bullying awareness and prevention; criminal youth gang detection.

District of Columbia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/.

D.C. Code § 5–132.01. Definitions. [Contracting Procedures for Public School Security]

D.C. Code § 5–132.02. Establishment of the Metropolitan Police Department School Safety Division; functions of the School Safety Division.

D.C. Code § 5–132.03. Training for school security personnel.

D.C. Code § 5–132.21. School safe passage emergency zones.

Florida view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.leg.state.fl.us/statutes/.

Fla. Stat. § 435.04. Level 2 screening standards.

Fla. Stat. § 1006.13. Policy of zero tolerance for crime and victimization.

Fla. Stat. § 1011.78. Standard student attire incentive payments.

Fla. Stat. § 1012.315. Disqualification from employment.

Georgia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/gacode/default.

Ga. Code Ann. § 20-8-6 (LexisNexis). ["Reports of criminal gang activity on or adjacent to campus"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 35-8-7 (LexisNexis). ["Powers and duties of council generally"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 35-8-27 (LexisNexis). ["Training requirements for school resource officers"]

Illinois view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs.asp.

105 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/10-21.4a. Principals and assistant principals—Duties.

105 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/22-20 (LexisNexis). ["Report by law enforcement agencies"]

105 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/34-8.1. Principals.

705 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 405/1-7. Confidentiality of law enforcement and municipal ordinance violation records.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/12-2. Aggravated assault.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/12-6.4. Criminal street gang recruitment on school grounds or public property adjacent to school grounds and criminal street gang recruitment of a minor.

Indiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://iga.in.gov/legislative/laws/2017/ic/titles/034.

Ind. Code § 5-2-10.1-2. Purpose and composition of fund; grant priorities and amounts.

Ind. Code § 5-2-10.1-11. School safety specialist training and certification program.

Ind. Code § 5-2-10.1-12. Safe school committees; school plans; copies of floor plans to law enforcement agency and fire department.

Ind. Code § 20-18-2-2.8. "Criminal organization."

Ind. Code § 20-19-3-12. Identification, development, and availability of model education materials on criminal organization activity.

Ind. Code § 20-26-18-1. Application. [Criminal Gang Measures]

Ind. Code § 20-26-18-2. Establishment of written policy.

Ind. Code § 20-26-18-3. Publication of policy.

Ind. Code § 20-26-18-4. Establishment of education programs.

Ind. Code § 20-26-18-5. Establishment of criminal organization intervention program.

Ind. Code § 20-26-18-6. Reporting requirements.

Ind. Code § 20-28-5-8 License revocation for a person convicted of certain offenses.

Ind. Code § 20-33-9-10.5. Criminal organization activity; duty to report; maintaining safe school environment.

Ind. Code § 31-37-4-3. Law enforcement notification to schools of student arrests.

Ind. Code § 31-37-19-17. Delinquent acts involving criminal mischief or use of graffiti; suspension of operator's license or invalidation of learner's permit.

Ind. Code § 35-43-1-2. Criminal mischief; institutional criminal mischief; controlled substances criminal mischief.

Iowa view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.iowa.gov/law/iowaCode.

Iowa Code § 279.58. School dress code policies.

Louisiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://legis.la.gov/legis/LawSearch.aspx.

La. Stat. Ann. § 17:13.1. Crime Prevention in Schools Act.

Maryland view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://mgaleg.maryland.gov/webmga/frmStatutes.aspx.

Md. Code, Crim. Law § 9-803. Criminal gang activity -- Schools.

Md. Code, Ed. §§ 7-1501 to 7-1512. Maryland Safe to Learn Act.

Md. Code, Ed. § 7-424.2. (LexisNexis). ["Gangs and gang activity"].

Md. Code, Ed. Law § 7-303 (Westlaw). ["Arrest for reportable offense"]

Md. Code, Ed. Law § 7-424.2. Gangs and gang activity.

Michigan view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.legislature.mi.gov/mileg.aspx?page=MCLBasicSearch.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 380.1310a. Report.

Mississippi view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/mscode/.

Miss. Code Ann. § 37-3-82. Mississippi Community Oriented Policing Services in Schools Grant Program established; purpose; use of funds.

Miss. Code Ann. § 37-11-55. Code of student conduct.

Missouri view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.moga.mo.gov/mostatutes/statutesAna.html.

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 160.530. Eligibility for state aid, allocation of funds to professional development committee--statewide areas of critical need, funds--success leads to success grant program created, purpose--listing of expenditures.

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 161.650. Department to Identify and Adopt Violence Prevention Program, District to Administer—State Board to Adopt Violence Prevention Program—Duties—Administered How—Funding.

Nevada view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.leg.state.nv.us/law1.cfm.

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 206.125. Damage of Property Used for Purpose of Religion, for Burial or Memorializing Dead, for Education, as Transportation Facility, as Public Transportation Vehicle or as Community Center; Damage of Personal Property Contained Therein; Penalty; Restitution.

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 386.855. Authorization to establish policy of uniforms for pupils and dress code for educational personnel; financial assistance for pupils to purchase uniforms [Substituted in revision for Nev. Rev. Stat. § 392.415].

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 388.532. Development of Programs.

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 392.4635. Policy for Prohibition of Activities of Criminal Gangs on School Property.

New Jersey view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://lis.njleg.state.nj.us/nxt/gateway.dll?f=templates&fn=default.htm&vid=Publish:10.1048/Enu.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 18A:35-4.26. Instruction in gang violence prevention; required for elementary school.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 34:15F-13. Development, administration of program.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 52:17B-4.7. Gang Education Seminars for School Administrators.

N.J. Stat. § 18A:17-43.2. New Jersey School Safety Specialist Academy, Certification programs.

North Carolina view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.ncleg.gov/Laws/GeneralStatutes.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.27A. Dissemination of Criminal Intelligence Information.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 115C-105.55. Establish Task Force for Safer Schools.

Oklahoma view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.oklegislature.gov/osstatuestitle.html.

70 Okla. Stat. tit. § 5-146.1. School Employees—Notification of Suspected Gang Activity.

Okla. Stat. tit. 21, § 1277. Unlawful carry in certain places.

Oregon view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.oregonlegislature.gov/bills_laws/Pages/ORS.aspx.

Or. Rev. Stat. § 336.109. Policy to Reduce Gang Involvement, Violent Activities, and Drug Abuse.

Or. Rev. Stat. § 417.847. Youth Development Council; purpose; members; duties and authority; rules.

Pennsylvania view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.pacode.com/secure/browse.asp.

24 Pa. Stat. § 13-1313-C. School resource officers.

Rhode Island view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://webserver.rilin.state.ri.us/Statutes/.

R.I. Gen. Laws § 42-26-19. After-School Alternative Program—Legislative Intent.

R.I. Gen. Laws § 42-26-19.1. After-School Alternative Program—Purpose—Duration.

South Carolina view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.scstatehouse.gov/code/statmast.php.

S.C. Code Ann. § 59-40-111. Charter school, Alternative Education Campus.

Tennessee view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/tncode/default.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 49-1-214. Advisory Guidelines for Safe Learning Environments.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 49-6-1027. Gang Awareness Education; Elementary and Middle School.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 49-6-4215. Criminal Gang Activity; Rules.

Texas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://statutes.capitol.texas.gov/Index.aspx.

Tex. Ed. Code § 33.006. School Counselors; General Duties.

Tex. Ed. Code § 37.110. Information Regarding Gang-Free Zones.

Tex. Ed. Code § 37.121. Fraternities, Sororities, Secret Societies, and Gangs.

Tex. Ed. Code § 51.973. Information Regarding Gang-Free Zones.

Tex. Hum. Res. Code § 42.064. Information Regarding Gang-Free Zones.

Tex. Pen. Code § 28.08. Graffiti.

Tex. Pen. Code § 71.028. Gang-Free Zones.

Utah view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://le.utah.gov/xcode/code.html.

Utah Code § 53A-11-902. Conduct and Discipline Policies and Procedures. [Renumbered to Section 53G-8-203]

Utah Code § 53A-15-1102. Uniforms in Schools—Legislative Finding—Policies. [Renumbered to Section 53G-7-802]

Utah Code § 53E-3-509. Gang Prevention and Intervention Policies.

Utah Code § 53F-2-410. Enhancement for At-Risk Students Program.

Utah Code § 53F-2-410. Enhancement for At-Risk Students Program.

Utah Code § 53G-7-802. Uniforms in schools — Legislative finding — Policies.

Utah Code § 53G-8-203. Conduct and Discipline Policies and Procedures.

Utah Code § 78A-6-117. Adjudication of jurisdiction of juvenile court -- Disposition of cases -- Enumeration of possible court orders -- Considerations of court.

Virginia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://law.lis.virginia.gov/vacode.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-260. Intake; Petition; Investigation.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-330.1. Serious or Habitual Offender Comprehensive Action Program; definition; disclosure of information; penalty.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.3:3. Enhanced Punishment for Gang Activity Taking Place in a Gang-Free Zone; Penalties.

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-83.1. Report of Arrest of School Employees and Adult Students for Certain Offenses.

Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-199.5. After School Programs for At-Risk Students.

Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-279.6. Board of Education Guidelines and Model Policies for Codes of Student Conduct; School Board Regulations.

Va. Code Ann. § 53.1-10. Powers and Duties of the Director.

Washington view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://apps.leg.wa.gov/rcw/.

Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.46.120. Criminal Gang Intimidation.

Wash. Rev. Code § 28A.225.225. Applications From School Employees' Children, Nonresident Students, or Students Receiving Home-Based Instruction to Attend District School—Acceptance and Rejection Standards—Notification.

Wash. Rev. Code § 28A.300.136. Educational Opportunity gap oversight and accountability committee -- Policy and strategy recommendations.

Wash. Rev. Code § 28A.300.490. Task Force on Gangs in Schools—Reports.

Wash. Rev. Code § 28A.600.455. Gang Activity—Suspension or Expulsion.

Wash. Rev. Code § 43.70.550. Public health services improvement plan - Contents.

Wash. Rev. Code § 43.310.020. Gang Risk Prevention and Intervention Pilot Programs—Request for Proposals.

Wash. Rev. Code § 43.310.030. Gang Risk Prevention and Intervention Pilot Programs—Scope.

Wash. Rev. Code § 72,05.425. Student records and information -- Necessary for risk assessment, security classification, and proper placement.

Wisconsin view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://docs.legis.wisconsin.gov/statutes/prefaces/toc.

Wis. Stat. § 938.396. Records.


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