Gang-Related Legislation by Subject
(Laws Updated Through December 2017)

Schools and Education

States for this subject:
Alabama
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Louisiana
Maryland
Michigan
Mississippi
Missouri
Nevada
New Jersey
North Carolina
Oklahoma
Oregon
Rhode Island
South Carolina
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Virginia
Washington

Alabama view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://alisondb.legislature.state.al.us/alison/codeofalabama/1975/coatoc.htm.

Ala. Code § 41-15B-2.2. Allocation of trust fund revenues.

Arizona view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.azleg.gov/arstitle/.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-709. Offenses committed in school safety zone; sentences; definitions.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 15-104. Mental health screening; consent; form; exemption.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 15-110. Rights of students at public educational institutions; limitations; definition.

Arkansas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/arcode/.

Ark. Code § 6-15-1005. Safe, equitable, and accountable public schools.

Ark. Code § 6-15-1303. Safe Schools Initiative Act.

California view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/codes.xhtml.

Cal. Ed. Code § 234.5 (LexisNexis). ["Additional information on Internet Web site; Posting of list of statewide resources"]

Cal. Ed. Code § 32261 (LexisNexis). [Interagency School Safety Demonstration Act of 1985: "Legislative findings, declaration, intent; Definitions"]

Cal. Ed. Code § 32265 (LexisNexis). ["Sponsorship of regional conferences; Topics"]

Cal. Ed. Code § 32270 (LexisNexis). ["Establishment of statewide school safety cadre; Purpose; Appointment of professionals to cadre; Training of representatives"]

Cal. Ed. Code § 32282 (LexisNexis). ["Contents of comprehensive school safety plan; Use of existing resources and handbook; Grants for implementation; Evaluation and amendment; Submission for approval"]

Cal. Ed. Code § 35183 (LexisNexis). ["Legislative declaration regarding gang regalia, gang-related apparel and gang affiliation; Adoption and enforcement of reasonable dress code policy; Schoolwide uniforms"]

Cal. Ed. Code § 51264 (LexisNexis). ["Guidelines for incorporating in-service training in gang violence and drug and alcohol abuse prevention; Assistance in developing in-service training programs and qualifying for funding; Encouragement to develop single plan; Consultation with California Emergency Management Agency"]

Cal. Ed. Code § 51265 (LexisNexis). ["Priority to be given to gang violence and drug and alcohol abuse prevention in–service training programs"]

Cal. Ed. Code § 51266 (LexisNexis). ["Model gang violence suppression and substance abuse prevention curriculum"]

Cal. Ed. Code § 51266.5 (LexisNexis). ["Use of curriculum in rural school settings"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.22 (LexisNexis {Repealed effective January 1, 2022}). ["Street gang"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 5087 (LexisNexis). ["Advisory committee"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 13826.65 (LexisNexis {Operation contingent}). ["Gang violence prevention curriculum; Prevention and intervention services"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 601 (LexisNexis). ["Persons subject to jurisdiction of court as ward for refusal to obey orders of parents, violation of curfew, or truancy"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 727.7 (LexisNexis). ["Court order to attend antigang violence parenting classes; Costs"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 746 (LexisNexis). ["Selection of minors to participate in program; Factors"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 827 (LexisNexis). ["Limited dissemination of records; Misdemeanor violation of confidentiality provisions"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 18221 (LexisNexis). ["Use of funds to service children who are habitual truants, runaways, at risk of being wards of court, or under juvenile court supervision or supervision of the probation department"]

Colorado view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/colorado/.

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 22-1-120 (LexisNexis). ["Rights of free expression for public school students"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 22-7-604.5 (LexisNexis). ["Alternative education campuses - criteria - application - rule-making - definition"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 22-25-102 (LexisNexis). [Colorado Comprehensive Health Education Act: "Legislative declaration"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 22-25-103 (LexisNexis). Definitions [Colorado Comprehensive Health Education Act]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 22-25-104.5 (LexisNexis). ["Law-related education program - creation"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 22-31-109.1 (LexisNexis). ["Board of education - specific powers and duties - safe school plan - conduct and discipline code - safe school reporting requirements - school response framework - school resource officers - definitions - repeal"]

Connecticut view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://search.cga.state.ct.us/r/statute/dtsearch_form.asp.

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 10-16b. Prescribed courses of study

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 10-233c. Suspension of pupils

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 10-233d. Expulsion of pupils

Delaware view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://delcode.delaware.gov/.

Del. Code tit. 14, § 4161. Definitions. [Regulatory Provisions for Nonacademic Training and Related Resources]

Del. Code tit. 14, § 4162. Child safety awareness, prevention, and other nonacademic trainings.

Del. Code tit. 14, § 4164. School bullying awareness and prevention; criminal youth gang detection.

District of Columbia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/.

D.C. Code § 5–132.01. Definitions. [Contracting Procedures for Public School Security]

D.C. Code § 5–132.02. Establishment of the Metropolitan Police Department School Safety Division; functions of the School Safety Division.

D.C. Code § 5–132.03. Training for school security personnel.

D.C. Code § 5–132.21. School safe passage emergency zones.

Florida view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.leg.state.fl.us/statutes/.

Fla. Stat. § 435.04. Level 2 screening standards.

Fla. Stat. § 1011.78. Standard student attire incentive payments.

Fla. Stat. § 1012.315. Disqualification from employment.

Georgia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/gacode/default.

Ga. Code Ann. § 20-8-6 (LexisNexis). ["Reports of criminal gang activity on or adjacent to campus"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 35-8-7 (LexisNexis). ["Powers and duties of council generally"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 35-8-27 (LexisNexis). ["Training requirements for school resource officers"]

Illinois view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs.asp.

105 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/10-21.4a. Principals and assistant principals—Duties.

105 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/22-20. ["Report by law enforcement agencies"]

105 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/34-8.1. Principals.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/12-2. Aggravated assault.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/12-6.4. Criminal street gang recruitment on school grounds or public property adjacent to school grounds and criminal street gang recruitment of a minor.

Indiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://iga.in.gov/legislative/laws/2017/ic/titles/034.

Ind. Code § 5-2-10.1-2. Purpose and composition of fund; grant priorities and amounts.

Ind. Code § 5-2-10.1-11. School safety specialist training and certification program.

Ind. Code § 5-2-10.1-12. Safe school committees; school plans; copies of floor plans to law enforcement agency and fire department.

Ind. Code § 20-18-2-2.8. "Criminal organization" defined.

Ind. Code § 20-19-3-12. Identification, development, and availability of model education materials on criminal organization activity.

Ind. Code § 20-26-18-1. [Applicability: Criminal Gang Measures in Schools]

Ind. Code § 20-26-18-1. Application [Criminal Gang Measures].

Ind. Code § 20-26-18-2. Establishment of written policy.

Ind. Code § 20-26-18-3. Publication of policy.

Ind. Code § 20-26-18-4. Establishment of education programs.

Ind. Code § 20-26-18-5. Establishment of criminal organization intervention program.

Ind. Code § 20-26-18-6. Reporting requirements.

Ind. Code § 20-33-9-10.5. Criminal organization activity; duty to report; maintaining safe school environment.

Ind. Code § 31-37-4-3. Law enforcement notification to schools of student arrests.

Ind. Code § 31-37-19-17. Delinquent acts involving criminal mischief or use of graffiti; suspension of operator's license or invalidation of learner's permit.

Ind. Code § 35-43-1-2. Criminal mischief; institutional criminal mischief; controlled substances criminal mischief.

Iowa view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.iowa.gov/law/iowaCode.

Iowa Code § 279.58. School dress code policies.

Louisiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://legis.la.gov/legis/LawSearch.aspx.

La. Stat. Ann. § 17:13.1. Crime Prevention in Schools Act

Maryland view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://mgaleg.maryland.gov/webmga/frmStatutes.aspx.

Md. Code, Crim. Law § 9-803. Criminal gang activity -- Schools.

Md. Code, Ed. Law § 7-303. Arrest for reportable offense

Md. Code, Ed. Law § 7-303. Arrest for Reportable Offense

Md. Code, Ed. Law § 7-424.2. Gangs and gang activity

Md. Code, Ed. Law § 7-424.2. Gangs and gang activity

Michigan view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.legislature.mi.gov/mileg.aspx?page=MCLBasicSearch.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 380.1310a. Report

Mississippi view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/mscode/.

Miss. Code Ann. § 37-3-82. Mississippi Community Oriented Policing Services in Schools Grant Program established; purpose; use of funds

Miss. Code Ann. § 37-11-55. Code of Student Conduct

Missouri view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.moga.mo.gov/mostatutes/statutesAna.html.

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 160.530. Eligibility for state aid, allocation of funds to professional development committee--statewide areas of critical need, funds--success leads to success grant program created, purpose--listing of expenditures

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 161.650. Department to Identify and Adopt Violence Prevention Program, District to Administer—State Board to Adopt Violence Prevention Program—Duties—Administered How—Funding

Nevada view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.leg.state.nv.us/law1.cfm.

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 206.125. Damage of Property Used for Purpose of Religion, for Burial or Memorializing Dead, for Education, as Transportation Facility, as Public Transportation Vehicle or as Community Center; Damage of Personal Property Contained Therein; Penalty; Restitution

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 386.855. Authorization to establish policy of uniforms for pupils and dress code for educational personnel; financial assistance for pupils to purchase uniforms [Substituted in revision for Nev. Rev. Stat. § 392.415].

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 386.855. Authorization to establish policy of uniforms for pupils and dress code for educational personnel; financial assistance for pupils to purchase uniforms.

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 388.532. Development of Programs

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 392.4635. Policy for Prohibition of Activities of Criminal Gangs on School Property

New Jersey view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://lis.njleg.state.nj.us/nxt/gateway.dll?f=templates&fn=default.htm&vid=Publish:10.1048/Enu.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 18A:35-4.26. Instruction in gang violence prevention; required for elementary school

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 34:15F-13. Development, administration of program

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 52:17B-4.7. Gang education seminars for school administrators

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 52:17B-4.7. Gang Education Seminars for School Administrators

North Carolina view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.ncleg.gov/Laws/GeneralStatutes.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.27A. Dissemination of Criminal Intelligence Information

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 115C-105.55. Establish Task Force for Safer Schools

Oklahoma view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.oklegislature.gov/osstatuestitle.html.

70 Okla. Stat. tit. § 5-146.1. School Employees—Notification of Suspected Gang Activity

Oregon view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.oregonlegislature.gov/bills_laws/Pages/ORS.aspx.

Or. Rev. Stat. § 336.109. Policy to Reduce Gang Involvement, Violent Activities, and Drug Abuse

Or. Rev. Stat. § 417.847. Youth Development Council; purpose; members; duties and authority; rules

Rhode Island view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://webserver.rilin.state.ri.us/Statutes/.

R.I. Gen. Laws § 42-26-19. After-School Alternative Program—Legislative Intent

R.I. Gen. Laws § 42-26-19.1. After-School Alternative Program—Purpose—Duration

South Carolina view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.scstatehouse.gov/code/statmast.php.

S.C. Code Ann. § 59-40-111. Charter school, Alternative Education Campus

Tennessee view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/tncode/default.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 49-1-214. Advisory Guidelines for Safe Learning Environments

Tenn. Code Ann. § 49-6-1027. Gang Awareness Education; Elementary and Middle School

Tenn. Code Ann. § 49-6-4215. Criminal Gang Activity; Rules

Texas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://statutes.capitol.texas.gov/Index.aspx.

Tex. Edu. Code § 37.110. Information Regarding Gang-Free Zones

Tex. Edu. Code § 51.973. Information Regarding Gang-Free Zones

Tex. Educ. Code § 33.006. School Counselors; General Duties

Tex. Educ. Code § 37.121. Fraternities, Sororities, Secret Societies, and Gangs

Tex. Hum. Res. Code § 42.064. Information Regarding Gang-Free Zones

Tex. Pen. Code § 28.08. Graffiti

Tex. Pen. Code § 71.028. Gang-Free Zones

Utah view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://le.utah.gov/xcode/code.html.

Utah Code § 53A-11-902. Conduct and Discipline Policies and Procedures [Renumbered to Section 53G-8-203]

Utah Code § 53A-15-603. Gang Prevention and Intervention Policies

Utah Code § 53A-15-1102. Uniforms in Schools—Legislative Finding—Policies (Renumbered to Section 53G-7-802]

Utah Code § 53F-2-410. Enhancement for At-Risk Students Program

Utah Code § 53G-7-802. Uniforms in schools — Legislative finding — Policies

Utah Code § 53G-7-802. Uniforms in Schools—Legislative Finding—Policies

Utah Code § 53G-8-203. Conduct and Discipline Policies and Procedures

Utah Code § 78A-6-117. Adjudication of jurisdiction of juvenile court -- Disposition of cases -- Enumeration of possible court orders -- Considerations of court

Utah Code 53F-2-410. Enhancement for At-Risk Students Program

Virginia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://law.lis.virginia.gov/vacode.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-260. Intake; Petition; Investigation

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-330.1. Serious or Habitual Offender Comprehensive Action Program; definition; disclosure of information; penalty

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.3:3. Enhanced Punishment for Gang Activity Taking Place in a Gang-Free Zone; Penalties

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-83.1. Report of Arrest of School Employees and Adult Students for Certain Offenses

Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-199.5. After School Programs for At-Risk Students

Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-279.6. Board of Education Guidelines and Model Policies for Codes of Student Conduct; School Board Regulations

Va. Code Ann. § 53.1-10. Powers and Duties of Director

Washington view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://apps.leg.wa.gov/rcw/.

Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.46.120. Criminal Gang Intimidation

Wash. Rev. Code § 28A.225.225. Applications From School Employees' Children, Nonresident Students, or Students Receiving Home-Based Instruction to Attend District School—Acceptance and Rejection Standards—Notification

Wash. Rev. Code § 28A.300.136. Educational Opportunity gap oversight and accountability committee -- Policy and strategy recommendations

Wash. Rev. Code § 28A.300.490. Task Force on Gangs in Schools—Reports.

Wash. Rev. Code § 28A.600.455. Gang Activity—Suspension or Expulsion

Wash. Rev. Code § 43.70.550. Public health services improvement plan - Contents

Wash. Rev. Code § 43.310.020. Gang Risk Prevention and Intervention Pilot Programs—Request for Proposals

Wash. Rev. Code § 43.310.030. Gang Risk Prevention and Intervention Pilot Programs—Scope

Wash. Rev. Code § 72,05.425. Student records and information -- Necessary for risk assessment, security classification, and proper placement


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