Gang-Related Legislation by Subject
(Laws Updated Through December 2017)

Recruitment, Threats, Intimidation

States for this subject:
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
North Carolina
North Dakota
Oklahoma
Pennsylvania
South Carolina
Texas
Utah
Virginia
Washington
Wisconsin
Wyoming

Alabama view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://alisondb.legislature.state.al.us/alison/codeofalabama/1975/coatoc.htm.

Ala. Code § 13A-6-26. Compelling street gang membership

Alaska view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://akleg.gov/index.php.

Alaska Stat. § 11.61.160. Recruiting a gang member in the first degree

Alaska Stat. § 11.61.165. Recruiting a gang member in the second degree

Arizona view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.azleg.gov/arstitle/.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-1202. Threatening or intimidating; classification

Arkansas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.arkleg.state.ar.us.

Ark. Code § 5-74-201. Legislative findings [Recruiting Gang Members]

Ark. Code § 5-74-203. Soliciting or recruiting a minor to join or to remain a member of a criminal gang, organization, or enterprise

California view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/codes.xhtml.

Cal. Pen. Code § 136.1 (LexisNexis). ["Enhanced law enforcement efforts"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.26 (LexisNexis). ["Penalty for soliciting or recruiting participation in criminal street gang; Threats of physical violence; Additional penalty for soliciting minor"]

Colorado view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leg.colorado.gov/agencies/office-legislative-legal-services/colorado-revised-statutes.

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 17-1-109 (LexisNexis). ["Duties and functions of the warden"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-23-101 (LexisNexis). Definitions [Gang Recruitment Act]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-23-102 (LexisNexis). ["Recruitment of juveniles for a criminal street gang"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 19-2-205 (LexisNexis). ["Facility directors - duties"]

Connecticut view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://search.cga.state.ct.us/r/statute/dtsearch_form.asp.

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53a-224. Recruiting a member of a criminal gang: Class A misdemeanor

Delaware view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://delcode.delaware.gov/.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 617. Criminal youth gangs

District of Columbia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/.

D.C. Code § 22–811. Contributing to the delinquency of a minor

D.C. Code § 22–951. Criminal street gangs

D.C. Code § 23–1331 . Definitions [Release and Pretrial Detention]

Florida view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.leg.state.fl.us/statutes/.

Fla. Stat. § 435.04. Level 2 screening standards

Fla. Stat. § 874.05. Causing, encouraging, soliciting, or recruiting criminal gang membership

Fla. Stat. § 874.08. Criminal gang activity and recruitment; forfeiture

Fla. Stat. § 874.11. Electronic communication

Fla. Stat. § 1012.315. Disqualification from employment

Georgia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/gacode/default.

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-15-4 (LexisNexis). ["Participation in criminal gang activity prohibited"]

Idaho view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://legislature.idaho.gov/statutesrules/idstat/.

Idaho Code Ann. § 18-8504. Recruiting Criminal Gang Members

Illinois view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs.asp.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/12-6.2. Aggravated intimidation

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/12-6.4. Criminal street gang recruitment on school grounds or public property adjacent to school grounds and criminal street gang recruitment of a minor

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/12-6.5. Compelling organization membership of persons

Indiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://iga.in.gov/legislative/laws/2017/ic/titles/034.

Ind. Code § 35-45-9-2. ["Threatens"] defined

Ind. Code § 35-45-9-4. Threats; refusal to join or withdrawal from organization; intimidation offense

Ind. Code § 35-45-9-5. Criminal gang recruitment

Iowa view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.iowa.gov/law/iowaCode.

Iowa Code § 708.6. Intimidation with a dangerous weapon

Iowa Code § 723A.3. Gang recruitment — penalty

Kansas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.kslegislature.org/li/b2017_18/statute/.

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6314. Recruiting criminal street gang membership

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6315. Criminal street gang intimidation

Kentucky view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lrc.ky.gov/statutes/search.aspx.

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 506.140. Criminal gang recruitment

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 506.150. Criminal gang activity or recruitment -- Actions not constituting defenses

Louisiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://legis.la.gov/legis/LawSearch.aspx.

La. Stat. Ann. § 15:1403.1. Solicitation of membership in a criminal street gang; penalty

Maryland view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://mgaleg.maryland.gov/webmga/frmStatutes.aspx.

Md. Code, Crim. Law § 9-802. Criminal gang activity.

Md. Code, Crim. Law § 9-803. Criminal gang activity -- Schools.

Md. Code, Ed. Law. § 7-303. Arrest for reportable offense

Massachusetts view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://malegislature.gov/Laws/Search.

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 265, § 44, Coercion of child under eighteen into criminal conspiracy; Penalties

Michigan view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.legislature.mi.gov/mileg.aspx?page=MCLBasicSearch.

MI Michigan § 750.411u. Associate or member of gang; commission or attempt to commit felony; membership in gang as motive, means, or opportunity; penalty; definitions; consecutive sentence. Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411u. Associate or member of gang; commission or attempt to commit felony; membership in gang as motive, means, or opportunity; Penalty; definitions; consecutive sentence Enhanced Penalties—Sentencing; Gang Participation; Gang-Related Definitions Recruitment, Threats, Intimidation; prosecution

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411v. Causing, encouraging, recruiting, soliciting, or coercing another to join, participate in, or assist gang in felony; violation as felony; threat of injury or damage as felony; additional sentence; definitions.

Minnesota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/.

Minn. Stat. § 609.494. Solicitation of Juveniles

Minn. Stat. § 609.713. Threats of Violence

Montana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leg.mt.gov/bills/mca/index.html.

Montana § 45-8-403. Use of Threat to Coerce Gang Membership—Use of Violence to Coerce Gang Membership

Nebraska view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://nebraskalegislature.gov/laws/laws.php.

Nebraska § 28-1351. Unlawful Membership Recruitment Into an Organization or Association; Penalty

Nevada view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.leg.state.nv.us/law1.cfm.

Nevada § 201.570. Definition; Penalty

New Hampshire view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.gencourt.state.nh.us/rsa/html/indexes/default.html.

New Hampshire § 631:4. Criminal Threatening

New Hampshire § 644:20. Criminal Street Gang; Solicitation. [RSA 644:20 Effective March 31, 2009]

New Jersey view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://lis.njleg.state.nj.us/nxt/gateway.dll?f=templates&fn=default.htm&vid=Publish:10.1048/Enu.

New Jersey § 2C:33-10. Causing Fear of Unlawful Bodily Violence, Crime of Third Degree; Act of Graffiti, Additional Penalty

New Jersey § 2C:33-28. Solicitation, Recruitment to Join Criminal Street Gang; Crime, Degrees, Sentencing

North Carolina view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www2.ncleg.net/Laws/GeneralStatuteChapters.

North Carolina § 14-50.17. Soliciting; Encouraging Participation

North Carolina § 14-50.18. Soliciting; Encouraging Participation; Minor

North Carolina § 14-50.19. Threats to Deter From Gang Withdrawal

North Carolina § 14-50.20. Threats of Punishment or Retaliation

North Dakota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.nd.gov/general-information/north-dakota-century-code.

North Dakota § 12.1-06.2-03. Encouraging Minors to Participate in Criminal Street Gang—Penalty

North Dakota § 12.1-20-04. Sexual Imposition

Oklahoma view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.oscn.net/applications/oscn/index.asp?ftdb=STOKST&level=1.

21 Oklahoma § 856. Causing, Aiding, Abetting or Encouraging Minor to Be Delinquent or Runaway Child, to Commit Felony or to Become Involved With Criminal Street Gang

Pennsylvania view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.state.pa.us/cfdocs/legis/LI/Public/cons_index.cfm.

18 Pennsylvania § 5131. Recruiting Criminal Gang Member

South Carolina view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.scstatehouse.gov/code/statmast.php.

South Carolina § 16-8-240. Use of or Threat of Physical Violence by Criminal Gang Member; Penalties

South Carolina § 16-8-250. Preventing Witness or Victim From Testifying; Penalty; Coerced Person's Right to Bring Civil Action

Texas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://statutes.capitol.texas.gov/Index.aspx.

Sec. 15.031. Criminal Solicitation of a Minor. [Effective January 1, 2017]

Texas Penal Code § 71.022. Coercing, Inducing, or Soliciting Membership in a Criminal Street Gang

Utah view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://le.utah.gov/xcode/code.html.

Utah § 76-9-803. Penalties Regarding Criminal Street Gang Activities

Virginia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://law.lis.virginia.gov/vacode.

Virginia § 18.2-46.3. Recruitment of Persons for Criminal Street Gang; Penalty

Virginia § 18.2-55.1. Hazing of Youth Gang Members Unlawful; Criminal Liability

Washington view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://apps.leg.wa.gov/rcw/.

Washington § 9A.46.120. Criminal Gang Intimidation

Wisconsin view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://docs.legis.wisconsin.gov/statutes/prefaces/toc.

Wisconsin § 941.38. Criminal Gang Member Solicitation and Contact

Wyoming view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.wyoleg.gov/StateStatutes/StatutesConstitution?tab=0&tab=0.

Wyoming § 6-2-403. Intimidation in Furtherance of the Interests of a Criminal Street Gang


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