Gang-Related Legislation by Subject
(Laws Updated Through December 2018)

Recruitment, Threats, Intimidation

Jurisdictions for this subject:
Federal
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
North Carolina
North Dakota
Oklahoma
Pennsylvania
South Carolina
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Virginia
Washington
Wisconsin
Wyoming

Federal view all subjects for this jurisdiction To access United States Code, visit https://www.govinfo.gov/app/collection/uscode. To access Code of Federal Regulations, visit https://gov.ecfr.io/cgi-bin/ECFR.

18 U.S.C. §§ 1961 to 1968, the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act ("RICO").

18 U.S.C. §§ 5031 to 5042. Juvenile Delinquency.

18 U.S.C. § 16. Crime of Violence defined. [Crimes and Criminal Procedure: General Provisions]

18 U.S.C. § 924. Penalties. [Crimes: Firearms]

18 U.S.C. § 1951. Interference with commerce by threats or violence.

18 U.S.C. § 1961. Definitions. [Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act ("RICO")]

18 U.S.C. § 2119. Motor vehicles.

Alabama view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://alisondb.legislature.state.al.us/alison/codeofalabama/1975/coatoc.htm.

Ala. Code § 13A-6-26. Compelling street gang membership.

Alaska view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://akleg.gov/index.php.

Alaska Stat. § 11.61.160. Recruiting a gang member in the first degree.

Alaska Stat. § 11.61.165. Recruiting a gang member in the second degree.

Arizona view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.azleg.gov/arstitle/.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-1202. Threatening or intimidating; classification.

Arkansas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/arcode/.

Ark. Code § 5-74-201. Legislative findings. [Recruiting Gang Members]

Ark. Code § 5-74-203. Soliciting or recruiting a minor to join or to remain a member of a criminal gang, organization, or enterprise.

California view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/codes.xhtml.

Cal. Pen. Code § 136.1 (LexisNexis). ["Enhanced law enforcement efforts"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.26 (LexisNexis). ["Penalty for soliciting or recruiting participation in criminal street gang; Threats of physical violence; Additional penalty for soliciting minor"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 520 (LexisNexis). ["Punishment for extortion"]

Colorado view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/colorado/.

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 17-1-109 (LexisNexis). ["Duties and functions of the warden"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-23-101 (LexisNexis). ["Definitions:" Gang Recruitment Act]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-23-102 (LexisNexis). ["Recruitment of juveniles for a criminal street gang"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 19-2-205 (LexisNexis). ["Facility directors - duties"]

Connecticut view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://search.cga.state.ct.us/r/statute/dtsearch_form.asp.

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53a-224. Recruiting a member of a criminal gang: Class A misdemeanor.

Delaware view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://delcode.delaware.gov/.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 271. Liability for the conduct of another — Generally.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 617. Criminal youth gangs.

District of Columbia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/.

D.C. Code § 22–811. Contributing to the delinquency of a minor.

D.C. Code § 22–951. Criminal street gangs.

D.C. Code § 23–1331. Definitions. [Release and Pretrial Detention]

Florida view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.leg.state.fl.us/statutes/.

Fla. Stat. § 435.04. Level 2 screening standards.

Fla. Stat. § 874.05. Causing, encouraging, soliciting, or recruiting criminal gang membership.

Fla. Stat. § 874.08. Criminal gang activity and recruitment; forfeiture.

Fla. Stat. § 874.11. Electronic communication.

Fla. Stat. § 921.0022. Criminal Punishment Code; offense severity ranking chart.

Fla. Stat. § 1012.315. Disqualification from employment.

Georgia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/gacode/default.

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-15-4 (LexisNexis). ["Participation in criminal gang activity prohibited"]

Idaho view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://legislature.idaho.gov/statutesrules/idstat/.

Idaho Code Ann. § 18-8504. Recruiting Criminal Gang Members.

Illinois view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs.asp.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/12-6.2. Aggravated intimidation.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/12-6.4. Criminal street gang recruitment on school grounds or public property adjacent to school grounds and criminal street gang recruitment of a minor.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/12-6.5. Compelling organization membership of persons.

Indiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://iga.in.gov/legislative/laws/2017/ic/titles/034.

Ind. Code § 35-45-9-2. "Threatens."

Ind. Code § 35-45-9-4. Threats; refusal to join or withdrawal from organization; intimidation offense

Ind. Code § 35-45-9-5. Criminal gang recruitment.

Iowa view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.iowa.gov/law/iowaCode.

Iowa Code § 708.6. Intimidation with a dangerous weapon.

Iowa Code § 723A.3. Gang recruitment — penalty.

Kansas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.kslegislature.org/li/b2017_18/statute/.

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6314. Recruiting criminal street gang membership.

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6315. Criminal street gang intimidation.

Kentucky view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lrc.ky.gov/statutes/search.aspx.

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 506.120. Engaging in organized crime.

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 506.140. Criminal gang recruitment.

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 506.150. Criminal gang activity or recruitment — Actions not constituting defenses.

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 506.160. Minimum service of sentence required if convicted defendant was member of criminal gang acting for the purpose of benefitting, promoting, or furthering the interest of criminal gang.

Louisiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://legis.la.gov/legis/LawSearch.aspx.

La. Stat. Ann. § 15:1403.1. Solicitation of membership in a criminal street gang; penalty.

Maryland view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://mgaleg.maryland.gov/webmga/frmStatutes.aspx.

Md. Code, Crim. Law § 9-802. Criminal gang activity.

Md. Code, Crim. Law § 9-803. Criminal gang activity -- Schools.

Md. Code, Ed. Law § 7-303. Arrest for reportable offense.

Massachusetts view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://malegislature.gov/Laws/Search.

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 265, § 44. Coercion of child under eighteen into criminal conspiracy; penalties.

Michigan view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.legislature.mi.gov/mileg.aspx?page=MCLBasicSearch.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.157c. Recruiting, inducing, soliciting, or coercing minor to commit felony.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411u. Associate or member of gang; commission or attempt to commit felony; membership in gang as motive, means, or opportunity; penalty; definitions; consecutive sentence.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411u. Associate or member of gang; commission or attempt to commit felony; membership in gang as motive, means, or opportunity; penalty; definitions; consecutive sentence.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411v. Causing, encouraging, recruiting, soliciting, or coercing another to join, participate in, or assist gang in felony; violation as felony; threat of injury or damage as felony; additional sentence; definitions.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 777.16t. MCL 750.409b to 750.411x(5); Felonies to which chapter applicable.

Minnesota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/.

Minn. Stat. § 609.494. Solicitation of Juveniles.

Minn. Stat. § 609.713. Threats of Violence.

Montana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leg.mt.gov/bills/mca/index.html.

Mont. Code Ann. § 45-8-403. Use of Threat to Coerce Gang Membership—Use of Violence to Coerce Gang Membership.

Nebraska view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://nebraskalegislature.gov/laws/laws.php.

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-1351. Unlawful membership recruitment into an organization or association; penalty.

Nevada view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.leg.state.nv.us/law1.cfm.

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 201.570. Definition; Penalty. [Criminal Gang Recruitment]

New Hampshire view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.gencourt.state.nh.us/rsa/html/indexes/default.html.

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 631:4. Criminal Threatening.

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 644:20. Criminal Street Gang; Solicitation.

New Jersey view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://lis.njleg.state.nj.us/nxt/gateway.dll?f=templates&fn=default.htm&vid=Publish:10.1048/Enu.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:33-10. Causing Fear of Unlawful Bodily Violence, Crime of Third Degree; Act of Graffiti, Additional Penalty.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:33-28. Solicitation, Recruitment to Join Criminal Street Gang; Crime, Degrees, Sentencing.

North Carolina view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.ncleg.gov/Laws/GeneralStatutes.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.15. Short Title. [North Carolina Criminal Gang Suppression Act]

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.17. Soliciting; Encouraging Participation.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.18. Soliciting; Encouraging Participation; Minor.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.19. Intimidation to Deter From Gang Withdrawal.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.20. Punishment or Retaliation for Gang Withdrawal.

North Dakota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.nd.gov/general-information/north-dakota-century-code.

N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-06.2-03. Encouraging Minors to Participate in Criminal Street Gang—Penalty.

N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-20-04. Sexual Imposition.

Oklahoma view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.oklegislature.gov/osstatuestitle.html.

21 Okla. Stat. tit. § 856. Delinquent Minor - Contributing to Delinquency.

Pennsylvania view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.pacode.com/secure/browse.asp.

18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 5131. Recruiting Criminal Gang Members.

44 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 2303. Definitions. [DNA Data and Testing: Preliminary Provisions]

South Carolina view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.scstatehouse.gov/code/statmast.php.

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-1-90. Crimes classified as felonies.

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-1-100. Crimes classified as misdemeanors.

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-8-240. Use of or Threat of Physical Violence by Criminal Gang Member; Penalty.

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-8-250. Preventing Witness or Victim From Testifying; Penalty; Coerced Person's Right to Bring Civil Action.

Tennessee view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/tncode/default.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 29-3-101. Definitions -- Maintenance and abatement of nuisance -- Forfeiture of property -- Payment of moneys from forfeiture into general funds.

Texas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://statutes.capitol.texas.gov/Index.aspx.

Tex. Civ. Prac. & Rem. Code § 125.061. Definitions. [Membership in Criminal Street Gang]

Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Art. 61.01. Definitions. [Compilation of Information Pertaining to Criminal Combinations and Criminal Street Gangs]

Tex. Pen. Code § 15.031. Criminal Solicitation of a Minor.

Tex. Pen. Code § 71.022. Coercing, Inducing, or Soliciting Membership in a Criminal Street Gang.

Utah view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://le.utah.gov/xcode/code.html.

Utah Code § 76-9-803. Penalties Regarding Criminal Street Gang Activities.

Virginia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://law.lis.virginia.gov/vacode.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-260. Intake; Petition; Investigation.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.3. Recruitment of Persons for Criminal Street Gang; Penalty.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-55.1. Hazing of Youth Gang Members Unlawful; Criminal Liability.

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-83.1. Report of Arrest of School Employees and Adult Students for Certain Offenses.

Washington view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://apps.leg.wa.gov/rcw/.

Wash. Rev. Code § 9.94A.833. Special Allegation—Involving Minor in Felony Offense—Procedures.

Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.46.120. Criminal Gang Intimidation.

Wisconsin view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://docs.legis.wisconsin.gov/statutes/prefaces/toc.

Wis. Stat. § 941.38. Criminal Gang Member Solicitation and Contact.

Wyoming view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.wyoleg.gov/StateStatutes/StatutesConstitution?tab=0&tab=0.

Wyo. Stat. § 6-2-403. Intimidation in Furtherance of the Interests of a Criminal Street Gang.


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