Gang-Related Legislation by Subject
(Laws Updated Through December 2018)
Recruitment, Threats, Intimidation
Jurisdictions for this subject:
18 U.S.C. §§ 1961 to 1968, the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act ("RICO").
18 U.S.C. §§ 5031 to 5042. Juvenile Delinquency.
18 U.S.C. § 16. Crime of Violence defined. [Crimes and Criminal Procedure: General Provisions]
18 U.S.C. § 924. Penalties. [Crimes: Firearms]
18 U.S.C. § 1951. Interference with commerce by threats or violence.
18 U.S.C. § 1961. Definitions. [Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act ("RICO")]
18 U.S.C. § 2119. Motor vehicles.
Ala. Code § 13A-6-26. Compelling street gang membership.
Alaska Stat. § 11.61.160. Recruiting a gang member in the first degree.
Alaska Stat. § 11.61.165. Recruiting a gang member in the second degree.
Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-1202. Threatening or intimidating; classification.
Ark. Code § 5-74-201. Legislative findings. [Recruiting Gang Members]
Ark. Code § 5-74-203. Soliciting or recruiting a minor to join or to remain a member of a criminal gang, organization, or enterprise.
Cal. Pen. Code § 136.1 (LexisNexis). ["Enhanced law enforcement efforts"]
Cal. Pen. Code § 186.26 (LexisNexis). ["Penalty for soliciting or recruiting participation in criminal street gang; Threats of physical violence; Additional penalty for soliciting minor"]
Cal. Pen. Code § 520. (LexisNexis). ["Punishment for extortion"]
Colo. Rev. Stat. § 17-1-109 (LexisNexis). ["Duties and functions of the warden"]
Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-23-101 (LexisNexis). Definitions [Gang Recruitment Act]
Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-23-102 (LexisNexis). ["Recruitment of juveniles for a criminal street gang"]
Colo. Rev. Stat. § 19-2-205 (LexisNexis). ["Facility directors - duties"]
Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53a-224. Recruiting a member of a criminal gang: Class A misdemeanor.
Del. Code tit. 11, § 271. Liability for the conduct of another — Generally.
Del. Code tit. 11, § 617. Criminal youth gangs.
D.C. Code § 22–811. Contributing to the delinquency of a minor.
D.C. Code § 22–951. Criminal street gangs.
D.C. Code § 23–1331. Definitions. [Release and Pretrial Detention]
Fla. Stat. § 435.04. Level 2 screening standards.
Fla. Stat. § 874.05. Causing, encouraging, soliciting, or recruiting criminal gang membership.
Fla. Stat. § 874.08. Criminal gang activity and recruitment; forfeiture.
Fla. Stat. § 874.11. Electronic communication.
Fla. Stat. § 921.0022. Criminal Punishment Code; offense severity ranking chart.
Fla. Stat. § 1012.315. Disqualification from employment.
Ga. Code Ann. § 16-15-4 (LexisNexis). ["Participation in criminal gang activity prohibited"]
Idaho Code Ann. § 18-8504. Recruiting Criminal Gang Members.
720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/12-6.2. Aggravated intimidation.
720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/12-6.4. Criminal street gang recruitment on school grounds or public property adjacent to school grounds and criminal street gang recruitment of a minor.
720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/12-6.5. Compelling organization membership of persons.
Ind. Code § 35-45-9-2. ["Threatens"] defined.
Ind. Code § 35-45-9-4. Threats; refusal to join or withdrawal from organization; intimidation offense
Ind. Code § 35-45-9-5. Criminal gang recruitment.
Iowa Code § 708.6. Intimidation with a dangerous weapon.
Iowa Code § 723A.3. Gang recruitment — penalty.
Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6314. Recruiting criminal street gang membership.
Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6315. Criminal street gang intimidation.
Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 506.120. Engaging in organized crime.
Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 506.140. Criminal gang recruitment.
Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 506.150. Criminal gang activity or recruitment — Actions not constituting defenses.
Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 506.160. Minimum service of sentence required if convicted defendant was member of criminal gang acting for the purpose of benefitting, promoting, or furthering the interest of criminal gang.
La. Stat. Ann. § 15:1403.1. Solicitation of membership in a criminal street gang; penalty.
Md. Code, Crim. Law § 9-802. Criminal gang activity.
Md. Code, Crim. Law § 9-803. Criminal gang activity -- Schools.
Md. Code, Ed. Law § 7-303. Arrest for reportable offense.
Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 265, § 44. Coercion of child under eighteen into criminal conspiracy; penalties.
Mich. § 750.411u. Associate or member of gang; commission or attempt to commit felony; membership in gang as motive, means, or opportunity; penalty; definitions; consecutive sentence. Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411u. Associate or member of gang; commission or attempt to commit felony; membership in gang as motive, means, or opportunity; Penalty; definitions; consecutive sentence Enhanced Penalties—Sentencing; Gang Participation; Gang-Related Definitions Recruitment, Threats, Intimidation; prosecution.
Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.157c. Recruiting, inducing, soliciting, or coercing minor to commit felony.
Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411v. Causing, encouraging, recruiting, soliciting, or coercing another to join, participate in, or assist gang in felony; violation as felony; threat of injury or damage as felony; additional sentence; definitions.
Mich. Comp. Laws § 777.16t. MCL 750.409b to 750.411x(5); Felonies to which chapter applicable.
Minn. Stat. § 609.494. Solicitation of Juveniles.
Minn. Stat. § 609.713. Threats of Violence.
Mont. Code Ann. § 45-8-403. Use of Threat to Coerce Gang Membership—Use of Violence to Coerce Gang Membership.
Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-1351. Unlawful Membership Recruitment Into an Organization or Association; Penalty.
Nev. Rev. Stat. § 201.570. Definition; Penalty. [Criminal Gang Recruitment]
N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 631:4. Criminal Threatening.
N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 644:20. Criminal Street Gang; Solicitation.
N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:33-10. Causing Fear of Unlawful Bodily Violence, Crime of Third Degree; Act of Graffiti, Additional Penalty.
N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:33-28. Solicitation, Recruitment to Join Criminal Street Gang; Crime, Degrees, Sentencing.
N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.15. Short Title. [North Carolina Criminal Gang Suppression Act]
N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.17. Soliciting; Encouraging Participation.
N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.18. Soliciting; Encouraging Participation; Minor.
N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.19. Intimidation to Deter From Gang Withdrawal.
N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.20. Punishment or Retaliation for Gang Withdrawal.
N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-06.2-03. Encouraging Minors to Participate in Criminal Street Gang—Penalty.
N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-20-04. Sexual Imposition.
21 Okla. Stat. tit. § 856. Delinquent Minor - Contributing to Delinquency.
18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 5131. Recruiting Criminal Gang Members.
44 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 2303. Definitions. [DNA Data and Testing: Preliminary Provisions]
S.C. Code Ann. § 16-1-90. Crimes classified as felonies.
S.C. Code Ann. § 16-1-100. Crimes classified as misdemeanors.
S.C. Code Ann. § 16-8-240. Use of or Threat of Physical Violence by Criminal Gang Member; Penalty.
S.C. Code Ann. § 16-8-250. Preventing Witness or Victim From Testifying; Penalty; Coerced Person's Right to Bring Civil Action.
Tenn. Code Ann. § 29-3-101. Definitions -- Maintenance and abatement of nuisance -- Forfeiture of property -- Payment of moneys from forfeiture into general funds.
Tex. Civ. Prac. & Rem. Code § 125.061. Definitions. [Membership in Criminal Street Gang]
Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Art. 61.01. Definitions. [Compilation of Information Pertaining to Criminal Combinations and Criminal Street Gangs]
Tex. Pen. Code § 15.031. Criminal Solicitation of a Minor.
Tex. Pen. Code § 71.022. Coercing, Inducing, or Soliciting Membership in a Criminal Street Gang.
Utah Code § 76-9-803. Penalties Regarding Criminal Street Gang Activities.
Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-260. Intake; Petition; Investigation.
Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.3. Recruitment of Persons for Criminal Street Gang; Penalty.
Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-55.1. Hazing of Youth Gang Members Unlawful; Criminal Liability.
Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-83.1. Report of Arrest of School Employees and Adult Students for Certain Offenses.
Wash. Rev. Code § 9.94A.833. Special Allegation—Involving Minor in Felony Offense—Procedures.
Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.46.120. Criminal Gang Intimidation.
Wis. Stat. § 941.38. Criminal Gang Member Solicitation and Contact.
Wyo. Stat. § 6-2-403. Intimidation in Furtherance of the Interests of a Criminal Street Gang.