Gang-Related Legislation by Subject
(Laws Updated Through December 2017)

Prosecution

The “Prosecution” subject includes state penal laws for addressing gang-related criminal activity such as carjacking, curfew, drive-by shooting, graffiti, nuisance, participation, recruiting/threats/intimidation, homicide, weapons-related offenses, accomplice liability (e.g., aiding and abetting, accessory, conspiracy), racketeering, money laundering, criminal enterprise, and criminal profiteering. It also includes provisions related to criminal procedure, witnesses/victims, evidence, penalties, and forfeiture. For further information about sentencing enhancement, refer to the subject “Penalties (including Sentencing Enhancement), Fines, and Damages.”

States for this subject:
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

Alabama view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://alisondb.legislature.state.al.us/alison/codeofalabama/1975/coatoc.htm.

Ala. Code § 12-21-222. Accomplice's testimony for felony conviction.

Ala. Code § 12-25-32. Definitions. [Alabama Sentencing Reform Act of 2003]

Ala. Code § 13A-4-3. Criminal conspiracy generally.

Ala. Code § 13A-4-4. Conspiracy formed in this state to commit crime elsewhere indictable here.

Ala. Code § 13A-6-26. Compelling street gang membership.

Ala. Code § 13A-11-122. Conspiracy, combination, or agreement to interfere with or hinder business.

Ala. Code § 13A-12-204. Criminal conspiracy to commit controlled substance crime.

Alaska Stat. § 11.31.120. Conspiracy.

Alaska view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://akleg.gov/index.php.

Alaska Stat. § 11.31.120. Conspiracy.

Alaska Stat. § 11.31.125. Duration of conspiracy for purposes of limitations of actions.

Alaska Stat. § 11.41.110. Murder in the second degree.

Alaska Stat. § 11.61.160. Recruiting a gang member in the first degree.

Alaska Stat. § 11.61.165. Recruiting a gang member in the second degree.

Alaska Stat. § 11.61.190. Misconduct involving weapons in the first degree.

Alaska Stat. § 12.45.020. Conviction on testimony of accomplice and corroboration.

Alaska Stat. § 12.45.037. Admissibility of expert testimony relating to criminal street gang activity.

Alaska Stat. § 12.55.137. Penalties for gang activities punishable as misdemeanors.

Alaska Stat. § 12.55.155. Factors in aggravation and mitigation.

Arizona view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.azleg.gov/arstitle/.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 8-323. Juvenile hearing officer; appointment; term; compensation; hearings; required attendance; contempt.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 8-327. Transfer Hearing.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-301. Definition of accomplice.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-501. Persons under eighteen years of age; felony charging; definitions.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-504. Persons under eighteen years of age; juvenile transfer.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-706. Serious, violent or aggravated offenders; sentencing; life imprisonment; definitions.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-709. Offenses committed in school safety zone; sentences; definitions.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-714. Offenses committed with intent to promote, further or assist a criminal street gang.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-751. Sentence of death or life imprisonment; aggravating and mitigating circumstances; definition.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-1003. Conspiracy; classification.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-1005. Renunciation of attempt, solicitation, conspiracy or facilitation; defenses.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-1006. Effect of immunity, irresponsibility or incapacity of a party to solicitation, conspiracy or facilitation.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-1202. Threatening or intimidating; classification.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-1602. Criminal damage; classification.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-2301. Definitions. [Organized Crime, Fraud and Terrorism]

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-2308. Participating in or assisting a criminal syndicate; classification.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-2317. Money laundering; classification; definitions.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-2321. Participating in or assisting a criminal street gang; classification.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-2409. Obstructing criminal investigations or prosecutions; classification.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-2512. Hindering prosecution in the first degree; classification.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-3102. Misconduct involving weapons; defenses; classification; definitions.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-3961. Offenses not bailable; purpose; preconviction; exceptions.

Arkansas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/arcode/.

Ark. Code § 5-2-402. Liability for conduct of another generally.

Ark. Code § 5-2-403. Accomplices.

Ark. Code § 5-3-103. Solicitation and conspiracy -- Defenses and claims that are not defenses.

Ark. Code § 5-3-202. Complicity.

Ark. Code § 5-3-204. Renunciation.

Ark. Code § 5-3-302. Renunciation.

Ark. Code § 5-3-401. Conduct constituting conspiracy.

Ark. Code § 5-3-405. Renunciation of criminal purpose.

Ark. Code § 5-64-405. Continuing criminal enterprise.

Ark. Code § 5-64-505. Property subject to forfeiture -- Procedure -- Disposition of property.

Ark. Code § 5-74-102. General legislative findings, declarations, and intent. [Arkansas Criminal Gang, Organizations, or Enterprise Act]

Ark. Code § 5-74-103. Definitions. [Arkansas Criminal Gang, Organization, or Enterprise Act]

Ark. Code § 5-74-104. Engaging in a continuing criminal gang, organization, or enterprise.

Ark. Code § 5-74-105. Unauthorized use of another person's property to facilitate certain crimes.

Ark. Code § 5-74-107. Unlawful discharge of a firearm from a vehicle.

Ark. Code § 5-74-108. Engaging in violent criminal group activity.

Ark. Code § 5-74-201. Legislative findings. [Recruiting Gang Members]

Ark. Code § 5-74-202. Definitions. [Gangs/Recruiting Gang Members]

Ark. Code § 5-74-203. Soliciting or recruiting a minor to join or to remain a member of a criminal gang, organization, or enterprise.

Ark. Code § 12-12-104. Physical evidence in sex offense or violent offense prosecutions -- Retention and disposition -- Definitions.

Ark. Code § 12-17-101. Definitions. [State Drug Crime Enforcement and Prosecution Grant Fund]

Ark. Code § 16-88-114. Jurisdiction of counties -- Accessories to felonies.

Ark. Code § 16-90-1101. Definitions. [Rights of Victims of Crime]

California view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/codes.xhtml.

Cal. Civ. Code § 3486 (LexisNexis). ["Action for unlawful detainer for controlled substance purpose on real property; Procedures required prior to filing action; Costs and attorney's fees; Possible orders"]

Cal. Evid. Code § 1231 (LexisNexis). ["Court order to attend antigang violence parenting classes; Costs"]

Cal. Evid. Code § 1231.1 (LexisNexis). ["Intent to offer statement"]

Cal. Evid. Code § 1231.2 (LexisNexis). ["Peace officer administering oath"]

Cal. Evid. Code § 1231.3 (LexisNexis). ["Law enforcement experience requirement"]

Cal. Evid. Code § 1231.4 (LexisNexis). ["Statement to jury"]

Cal. Gov't. Code § 15029 (LexisNexis). ["Crack Down Task Force Program"]

Cal. Gov't. Code § 38773.2 (LexisNexis). ["Collection of costs incurred; Notice; Graffiti nuisance abatement lien"]

Cal. Gov't. Code § 38773.6 (LexisNexis). ["Defacement of property by graffiti by minor; Special assessment"]

Cal. Gov't. Code § 53069.3 (LexisNexis). ["Use of public funds to remove graffiti"]

Cal. Gov't. Code § 54957.8 (LexisNexis). ["Closed sessions of multijurisdictional drug law enforcement agencies"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 33 (LexisNexis). ["Punishment of accessories"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 136.1 (LexisNexis). ["Enhanced law enforcement efforts"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 166 (LexisNexis). ["Contempt of court; Stalking; Punishments"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 182 (LexisNexis). ["Criminal conspiracy; Acts constituting; Punishment; Venue"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 182.5 (LexisNexis). ["Punishment for active participation in criminal street gang"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 183 (LexisNexis). ["No other conspiracies punishable criminally"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.2. (LexisNexis). [Definition: "Criminal Profiteering"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.21 (LexisNexis). [Street Terrorism Enforcement and Prevention Act: "Legislative findings and declarations"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.22 (LexisNexis {Repealed effective January 1, 2022}). ["Street gang"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.22a (LexisNexis). ["Building or place used by gang members as nuisance"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.26 (LexisNexis). ["Penalty for soliciting or recruiting participation in criminal street gang; Threats of physical violence; Additional penalty for soliciting minor"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.28 (LexisNexis). ["Supplying, selling, or giving possession or control of firearm to another"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.33 (LexisNexis {Operative January 1, 2022}). ["Violation of registration provision as misdemeanor; Sentence enhancement on subsequent conviction"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 189 (LexisNexis). ["Degrees of murder"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 190.2 (LexisNexis). ["Penalty on finding special circumstances"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 209.5 (LexisNexis). ["Kidnapping in course of carjacking"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 215 (LexisNexis). ["Carjacking"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 246 (LexisNexis). ["Discharge of firearm at inhabited dwelling house, occupied building, vehicle, aircraft, inhabited housecar or inhabited camper; Penalty"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 246.1 (LexisNexis). ["Forfeiture of vehicle involved in violent offenses; Disposition of proceeds"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 594 (LexisNexis). ["Vandalism; Punishment"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 594.1 (LexisNexis). ["Sale, purchase or possession of aerosol paint container; Posting of notice by retailers"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 594.2 (LexisNexis). ["Possession of specified instruments with intent to commit vandalism or graffiti"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 594.6 (LexisNexis). ["Condition of probation on subsequent conviction of vandalism"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 594.7 (LexisNexis). ["Effect of previous vandalism convictions"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 640.5 (LexisNexis). ["Affixing graffiti on or in vehicles of governmental entity or public transportation system"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 640.6 (LexisNexis). ["Penalties for affixing graffiti on real or personal property"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 653f (LexisNexis). ["Soliciting commission of certain crimes; Punishment; Proof"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 667.9 (LexisNexis). ["Sentence enhancement for specified offenses and repeat offenses against aged, disabled, or underage person"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 791 (LexisNexis). ["Accessory"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 972 (LexisNexis). ["Prosecution of accessory"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 12021.5 (LexisNexis {Repealed effective January 1, 2022}). ["Commission or attempted commission of street gang crime while carrying firearm"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 12022.53 (LexisNexis). ["Use of firearm in commission of felony; Discharge; Injury"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 12022.55 (LexisNexis). ["Additional punishment for discharging firearm from vehicle"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 13300 (LexisNexis). ["Local agency furnishing local summary criminal history information"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 13826.2 (LexisNexis {Operation contingent}). ["Enhanced prosecution efforts"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 13826.3 (LexisNexis {Operation contingent}). ["Individuals subject to gang violence prosecution efforts"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 13826.4 (LexisNexis {Operation contingent}). ["Enhanced law enforcement efforts"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 14023 (LexisNexis). ["Priorities"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 19200 (LexisNexis). ["Possession of handgrenade; Punishment"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 25400 (LexisNexis). ["Carrying concealed firearm; Carrying firearm openly in belt holster; Punishment"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 25850 (LexisNexis). ["Carrying loaded firearm in public; Punishment; Previous conviction; Prosecution under other section; Arrest without warrant"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 27590 (LexisNexis). ["Punishment for violation of article"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 30305 (LexisNexis). ["Persons prohibited from owning or possessing firearm prohibited from owning, possessing, or controlling ammunition"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 34200 (LexisNexis). ["Report on use of firearms in commission of crimes"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 602 (LexisNexis). ["Persons subject to jurisdiction of juvenile court and to adjudication as ward for violation of law or ordinance defining crime"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 676 (LexisNexis). ["Exclusion of public; Confidentiality regarding minor’s name"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 707 (LexisNexis). ["Decision whether to transfer minor to court of criminal jurisdiction; Investigation and submission of report; Criteria"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 730 (LexisNexis). ["Order for care, custody, and control of minor adjudged ward of court as person violating law or ordinance defining crime; Alternative commitment; Orders when ward placed under supervision of probation officer"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 827 (LexisNexis). ["Limited dissemination of records; Misdemeanor violation of confidentiality provisions"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 1732.6 (LexisNexis). ["Commitment of minor sentenced to incarceration for life or length of incarceration past age 25"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 11462.041 (LexisNexis). ["Requirements of county probation departments to deal with capacity needs; Support from the department; Assessment of capacity and quality of placement options; Report to Legislature"]

California Pen Code § 246.3. Discharging Firearm or BB Device in Grossly Negligent Manner; Punishment.

Colorado view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/colorado/.

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 16-13-301 (LexisNexis). [Definitions: Abatement of Public Nuisance]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 16-13-303 (LexisNexis). ["Class 1 public nuisance"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 16-21-103 (LexisNexis). ["Information on offenders required - duties of law enforcement agencies - court"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-2-202 (LexisNexis). ["Joinder and venue in conspiracy prosecutions"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-2-203 (LexisNexis). ["Renunciation of criminal purpose"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-2-204 (LexisNexis). ["Duration of conspiracy"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-2-205 (LexisNexis). ["Incapacity, irresponsibility, or immunity of party to conspiracy"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-2-206 (LexisNexis). ["Penalties for criminal conspiracy - when convictions barred"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-5-309 (LexisNexis). ["Money laundering - illegal investments - penalty - definitions"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-8-105 (LexisNexis). ["Accessory to crime"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-12-107.5 (LexisNexis). ["Illegal discharge of a firearm - penalty"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-23-101 (LexisNexis). Definitions [Gang Recruitment Act]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-23-102 (LexisNexis). ["Recruitment of juveniles for a criminal street gang"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 30-15-401 (LexisNexis). Definitions [General regulations] - definitions

Connecticut view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://search.cga.state.ct.us/r/statute/dtsearch_form.asp.

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 51-279b. Racketeering unit. Bond forfeiture unit. Standards for compromise and settlement of forfeited bonds

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53-392. Participation or conspiracy in use of extortionate means. Evidence.

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53-393. Short Title: Corrupt Organizations and Racketeering Activity Act.

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53-394. Definitions. ["Corrupt Organizations and Racketeering Activity"]

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53-395. Prohibited activities

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53-396. Charging of incidents of racketeering activity. Sentencing on separately charged offense.

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53-397. Penalty. Forfeiture of property. Disposition of seized property. Appointment of receiver.

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53-398. Court orders.

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53a-8. Criminal liability for acts of another

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53a-48. Conspiracy. Renunciation

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53a-49. Criminal attempt: Sufficiency of conduct; renunciation as defense.

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53a-50. Effect of motivation on renunciation.

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53a-51. Classification of attempt and conspiracy.

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53a-224. Recruiting a member of a criminal gang: Class A misdemeanor

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53a-275. Money laundering. Definitions.

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53a-276. Money laundering in the first degree: Class B felony

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53a-277. Money laundering in the second degree: Class C felony

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53a-278. Money laundering in the third degree: Class D felony

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53a-279. Money laundering in the fourth degree: Class A misdemeanor

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53a-280. Money laundering. Alternative fine.

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53a-282. Money laundering. Presumptions.

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 54-36h. Forfeiture of moneys and property related to illegal sale or exchange of controlled substances or money laundering.

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 54-82t. Protective services for witness at risk of harm

Conn. Gen. Stat. § Sec. 7-294h. State and local police training programs to provide training on the handling of juvenile matters

Delaware view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://delcode.delaware.gov/.

Del. Code tit. 10, § 1007B. Use of restraints on a child.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 271. Liability for the conduct of another — Generally.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 272. Liability for the conduct of another — No defense.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 273. Liability for the conduct of another — Exemption.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 274. Offenses involving 2 or more persons; convictions for different degrees of offense.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 275. Indictment as principal and conviction as accomplice; indictment as accomplice and conviction as principal.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 281. Criminal liability of organizations.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 282. Criminal liability of an individual for organizational conduct.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 283. Impermissible organizational activity no defense.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 284. Definitions relating to organizational liability.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 476. Racketeering activities; excluded defenses.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 477. Organized crime; renunciation.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 511. Conspiracy in the third degree; class A misdemeanor.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 512. Conspiracy in the second degree; class G felony.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 513. Conspiracy in the first degree; class E felony.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 521. Conspiracy.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 522. Joinder and venue in conspiracy prosecutions.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 523. Criminal solicitation and conspiracy unaffected by matters relating to the complicity of other persons.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 541. Criminal solicitation, conspiracy, attempt to commit a crime; defense of renunciation.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 616. Gang participation.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 617. Criminal youth gangs.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 812. Graffiti and possession of graffiti implements; class G felony; class A misdemeanor; class B misdemeanor.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 835. Carjacking in the second degree; class E felony; class D felony.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 836. Carjacking in the first degree; class C felony; class B felony.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 951. Money laundering; class D felony.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 1212. Profiteering; class A misdemeanor.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 1501. Statement of purpose. [Organized Crime and Racketeering]

Del. Code tit. 11, § 1502. Definitions. [Organized Crime and Racketeering]

Del. Code tit. 11, § 1507. Racketeering lien notice; lis pendens; construction of section.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 3901. Fixing term of imprisonment; credits.

District of Columbia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/.

D.C. Code § 4–508. Disqualifications and reductions.

D.C. Code § 22-1806. Accessories after the fact.

D.C. Code § 22-2001. Definition and penalty; conspiracy.

D.C. Code § 22–811. Contributing to the delinquency of a minor.

D.C. Code § 22–951. Criminal street gangs.

D.C. Code § 22–1805a. Conspiracy to commit crime.

D.C. Code § 22–2803. Carjacking.

D.C. Code § 22–3312.04. Penalties.

D.C. Code § 22–3312.05. Definitions. [Trespass; Injuries to Property]

D.C. Code § 22–3601. Enhanced penalty for crimes against senior citizen victims.

D.C. Code § 23–1331. Definitions. [Release and Pretrial Detention]

D.C. Code § 24–403.01. Sentencing, supervised release, and good time credit for felonies committed on or after August 5, 2000.

Florida view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.leg.state.fl.us/statutes/.

Fla. Stat. § 220.905. Aiding and abetting.

Fla. Stat. § 775.087. Possession or use of weapon; aggravated battery; felony reclassification; minimum sentence.

Fla. Stat. § 775.0846. Possession of bulletproof vest while committing certain offenses.

Fla. Stat. § 777.03. Accessory after the fact.

Fla. Stat. § 777.04. Attempts, solicitation, and conspiracy.

Fla. Stat. § 782.04. Murder.

Fla. Stat. § 790.15. Discharging firearm in public or on residential property.

Fla. Stat. § 806.13. Criminal mischief; penalties; penalty for minor.

Fla. Stat. § 812.133. Carjacking.

Fla. Stat. § 874.05. Causing, encouraging, soliciting, or recruiting criminal gang membership.

Fla. Stat. § 874.10. Directing the activities of a criminal gang.

Fla. Stat. § 874.11. Electronic communication.

Fla. Stat. § 874.045. Arrest and prosecution under other provisions.

Fla. Stat. § 893.135. Trafficking; mandatory sentences; suspension or reduction of sentences; conspiracy to engage in trafficking.

Fla. Stat. § 896.101. Florida Money Laundering Act; definitions; penalties; injunctions; seizure warrants; immunity.

Fla. Stat. § 896.108. Rewards for private entities combating international money laundering.

Fla. Stat. § 910.13. Accessory after the fact.

Fla. Stat. § 921.0022. Criminal Punishment Code; offense severity ranking chart.

Fla. Stat. § 921.1402. Review of sentences for persons convicted of specified offenses committed while under the age of 18 years.

Fla. Stat. § 943.031. Florida Violent Crime and Drug Control Council.

Fla. Stat. § 943.325. DNA database.

Fla. Stat. § 947.1405. Conditional release program.

Fla. Stat. § 985.03. Definitions. [Juvenile Justice; Interstate Compact on Juveniles/General Provisions]

Georgia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/gacode/default.

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-4-8 (LexisNexis). ["Conspiracy to commit a crime"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-4-8.1 (LexisNexis). ["Conviction of conspiracy even if crime completed"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-5-21 (LexisNexis). ["Aggravated assault"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-7-86 (LexisNexis). ["Attempt or conspiracy"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-11-131 (LexisNexis). ["Possession of firearms by convicted felons and first offender probationers"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-11-160 (LexisNexis). ["Use of machine guns, sawed-off rifles, sawed-off shotguns, or firearms with silencers during commission of certain offenses; enhanced criminal penalties"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-13-33 (LexisNexis). ["Attempt or conspiracy to commit offense under this article"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-14-4 (LexisNexis). ["Prohibited activities"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-15-1 (LexisNexis). Short title [Georgia Street Gang Terrorism and Prevention Act]

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-15-2 (LexisNexis). [Street Gang Terrorism and Prevention: "Legislative findings and intent"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-15-3 (LexisNexis). Definitions [Street Gang Terrorism and Prevention]

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-15-4 (LexisNexis). ["Participation in criminal gang activity prohibited"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-15-6 (LexisNexis). ["Local ordinances not preempted by state law"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-15-8 (LexisNexis). ["Matters proved in criminal trial"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-15-9 (LexisNexis). ["Commission of offense admissible as evidence of existence of criminal street gang"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 17-6-1 (LexisNexis). ["Where offenses bailable; procedure; schedule of bails; appeal bonds"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 17-6-12 (LexisNexis). ["Discretion of court to release person charged with crime on person's own recognizance only; effect of failure of person charged to appear for trial"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 17-10-1 (LexisNexis). ["Fixing of sentence; suspension or probation of sentence; change in sentence; eligibility for parole; prohibited modifications; exceptions."]

Ga. Code Ann. § 17-15A-2 (LexisNexis). ["'Graffiti' defined"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 17-15A-3 (LexisNexis). [Compensation for Criminally Inflicted Property Damage: "Legislative findings"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 24-4-418 (LexisNexis). ["Admissibility of criminal gang activity, disclosure"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 49-9-42 (LexisNexis). ["Operation of vending facilities on state property; preference for licensed disabled persons"]

Hawaii view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.capitol.hawaii.gov/.

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 702-222. Liability for conduct of another; complicity.

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 702-223. Liability for conduct of another; complicity with respect to the result.

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 702-224. Liability for conduct of another; exemption from complicity.

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 705-520. Criminal conspiracy.

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 705-522. Conspiracy with multiple criminal objectives.

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 705-523. Immunity, irresponsibility, or incapacity of a party to criminal conspiracy.

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 705-524. Venue in criminal conspiracy prosecutions.

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 705-525. Duration of conspiracy.

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 705-526. Grading of criminal conspiracy.

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 705-530. Renunciation of attempt, solicitation, or conspiracy; affirmative defense.

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 708-823.6. Graffiti; sentencing.

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 708A-3. Money laundering; criminal penalty.

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 806-21. Joinder of defendants; accessories, receivers.

Idaho view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://legislature.idaho.gov/statutesrules/idstat/.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/8-2.1. Conspiracy against civil rights.

Idaho Code § 18-8201. Money laundering and illegal investment — Penalty — Restitution.

Idaho Code Ann. § 18-1701. Criminal Conspiracy Defined.

Idaho Code Ann. § 18-4107. Conspiracy — Penalty.

Idaho Code Ann. § 18-7036. Injury by Graffiti.

Idaho Code Ann. § 18-7801. Short title ["Racketeering Act"].

Idaho Code Ann. § 18-7802. Purpose.

Idaho Code Ann. § 18-7803. Definitions.

Idaho Code Ann. § 18-7804. Prohibited activities — Penalties.

Idaho Code Ann. § 18-8502. Definitions. [Idaho Criminal Gang Enforcement Act]

Idaho Code Ann. § 18-8503. Punishment.

Idaho Code Ann. § 18-8504. Recruiting Criminal Gang Members.

Idaho Code Ann. § 18-8505. Supplying Firearms to a Criminal Gang.

Idaho Code Ann. § 19-1431. Trial of accessories without principal.

Idaho Code Ann. § 19-2117. Testimony of accomplice — Corroboration.

Idaho Code Ann. § 20-516. Apprehension and Release of Juveniles—Detention.

Illinois view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs.asp.

20 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 2605/55a. Powers and duties, generally.

20 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 2605/2605-420. Assisting victims and witnesses of gang crime.

55 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/5-1078.5. Graffiti.

625 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/6-206. Discretionary authority to suspend or revoke license or permit; right to a hearing.

705 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 405/5-201. Legislative declaration [Administration of Juvenile Justice Continuum for Delinquency Prevention].

705 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 405/5-505. Pre-trial conditions order.

705 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 405/5-710. Kinds of sentencing orders.

705 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 405/5-805. Transfer of jurisdiction.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/8-2.1. Conspiracy against civil rights.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/10-7. Aiding or abetting child abduction.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/12-0.1. Definitions [Offenses Against the Person/Bodily Harm].

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/12-2. Aggravated assault

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/12-2. Aggravated assault.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/12-6.2. Aggravated intimidation.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/12-6.4. Criminal street gang recruitment on school grounds or public property adjacent to school grounds and criminal street gang recruitment of a minor.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/12-6.5. Compelling organization membership of persons.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/14-3. Exemptions [Eavesdropping].

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/16-30. Identity theft; aggravated identity theft.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/24-1.8. Unlawful possession of a firearm by a street gang member.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/25-5. Unlawful participation in street gang related activity.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/31-4. Obstructing justice.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/33A-3. Sentence [Armed Violence].

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/33G-1. Short title [Illinois Street Gang and Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Law ("RICO")] [Section scheduled to be repealed on June 11, 2022].

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/33G-4. Prohibited activities [Section scheduled to be repealed on June 11, 2022].

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/33G–2. Legislative Declaration [Illinois Street Gang and Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Law] [Section scheduled to be repealed on June 11, 2022].

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/33G–3. Definitions [Illinois Street Gang and Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Law] [Section scheduled to be repealed on June 11, 2022].

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/36-1. Property subject to forfeiture [As amended by P.A. 98-699, effective January 1, 2015, Repealed on June 11, 2022].

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/36-1. Property subject to forfeiture.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 570/405 (LexisNexis). ["Calculated criminal drug conspiracy"]

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 570/405.2. Street gang criminal drug conspiracy

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 570/405.2. Street gang criminal drug conspiracy.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 646/65. Methamphetamine conspiracy.

725 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/106-2.5. Use immunity.

725 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/108B-3. Authorization for the interception of private communication.

725 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/110-5. Determining the amount of bail and conditions of release.

725 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 173/1. Short title [Gang Crime Witness Protection Act of 2013].

725 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 173/5. Definition [Gang Crime Witness protection Act of 2013].

725 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 173/10. Program.

725 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 173/15. Funding.

725 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 173/20. Gang Crime Witness Protection Program Fund.

725 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 173/25. Beginning of operation.

725 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 207/40. Commitment.

730 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/3-5-1. Master Record File.

730 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/3-6-3. Rules and regulations for sentence credit.

730 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/5-5-3.2. Factors in aggravation and extended-term sentencing.

730 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/5-6-3. Conditions of probation and of conditional discharge.

730 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/5-9-1.19. Additional street gang fine.

Indiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://iga.in.gov/legislative/laws/2017/ic/titles/034.

Ind. Code § 5-2-6-3. Duties of institute [Indiana criminal justice institute].

Ind. Code § 5-2-6-21. Gang crime witness protection program.

Ind. Code § 5-2-6-22. Gang crime witness protection fund.

Ind. Code § 31-30-1-4. Juvenile court lacks jurisdiction over individuals at least 16 years of age committing certain felonies; retention and transfer of jurisdiction by court having adult criminal jurisdiction.

Ind. Code § 31-37-3-3.5. Defenses.

Ind. Code § 35-31.5-2-27.4. Benefit, promote, or further the interests of a criminal organization.

Ind. Code § 35-31.5-2-50. Community restitution or service.

Ind. Code § 35-31.5-2-74. "Criminal organization" [defined].

Ind. Code § 35-31.5-2-146. Graffiti.

Ind. Code § 35-31.5-2-227. Pattern of racketeering activity.

Ind. Code § 35-31.5-2-264.5. Purpose of increasing a person's own standing or position within a criminal organization.

Ind. Code § 35-31.5-2-265. Racketeering activity.

Ind. Code § 35-32-2-4. Aiding and abetting; conspiracy; attempts.

Ind. Code § 35-45-6-1. Definitions [Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations].

Ind. Code § 35-45-9-1. "Criminal gang" defined.

Ind. Code § 35-45-9-2. ["Threatens"] defined.

Ind. Code § 35-45-9-3. Participation in criminal organization; offense.

Ind. Code § 35-45-9-4. Threats; refusal to join or withdrawal from organization; intimidation offense

Ind. Code § 35-45-9-5. Criminal gang recruitment.

Ind. Code § 35-45-9-6. Restitution.

Ind. Code § 35-45-15-5. Money Laundering. Defenses.

Ind. Code § 35-47-4-5. Unlawful possession of firearm by serious violent felon.

Ind. Code § 35-50-2-1.4. "Criminal organization" defined.

Ind. Code § 35-50-2-15. Criminal organization enhancement.

Iowa view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.iowa.gov/law/iowaCode.

Iowa Code § 80B.11. Rules [Law Enforcement Academy].

Iowa Code § 657.2. What deemed nuisances.

Iowa Code § 703.1. Aiding and Abetting.

Iowa Code § 703.2. Joint criminal conduct.

Iowa Code § 703.3. Accessory after the fact.

Iowa Code § 705.2. Renunciation.

Iowa Code § 706.1. Conspiracy.

Iowa Code § 706.2. Locus of conspiracy.

Iowa Code § 706B.1. Definitions.

Iowa Code § 706B.2. Money laundering penalty — civil remedies.

Iowa Code § 708.6. Intimidation with a dangerous weapon.

Iowa Code § 723A.1. [Definitions: Criminal Street Gangs]

Iowa Code § 723A.2. Criminal gang participation.

Iowa Code § 723A.3. Gang recruitment — penalty.

Kansas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.kslegislature.org/li/b2017_18/statute/.

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6313. Criminal street Gangs; definitions

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6314. Recruiting criminal street gang membership

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6315. Criminal street gang intimidation

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6316. Criminal street gang member; bail; exceptions

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6327. Kansas racketeer influenced and corrupt organization act.

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6328. Same [Kansas racketeer influenced and corrupt organization act]; definitions.

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6329. Same [Kansas racketeer influenced and corrupt organization act]; unlawful activities; penalty.

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6330. Same [Kansas racketeer influenced and corrupt organization act]; appropriate orders and judgments by district courts; civil forfeiture.

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6331. Same [Kansas racketeer influenced and corrupt organization act]; certain attorneys authorized to administer oaths and issue subpoenas; contempt of court.

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6804. Sentencing grid for nondrug crimes; authority and responsibility of sentencing court; presumptive disposition

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 22-3901. Common nuisances; scope

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 75-7023. Juvenile intake and assessment system; confidentiality of records; information collected; dispositional alternatives; custody of child; conditions of release

Kentucky view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lrc.ky.gov/statutes/search.aspx.

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 452.570. Accessory in one county, offense committed in another.

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 502.020. Liability for conduct of another — Complicity.

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 506.020. Criminal attempt — Defense of renunciation.

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 506.040. Criminal conspiracy.

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 506.050. Conspiracy — General provisions.

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 506.060. Criminal solicitation or conspiracy — Defense of renunciation.

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 506.120. Engaging in organized crime.

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 506.140. Criminal gang recruitment

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 506.150. Criminal gang activity or recruitment -- Actions not constituting defenses

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 640.010. Preliminary hearing -- Proof required to try child as youthful offender in Circuit Court

Louisiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://legis.la.gov/legis/LawSearch.aspx.

La. Stat. Ann. § 14:25. Accessories after the fact.

La. Stat. Ann. § 14:26. Criminal conspiracy.

La. Stat. Ann. § 14:30. First degree murder

La. Stat. Ann. § 14:30.1. Second degree murder

La. Stat. Ann. § 14:32.6. First degree feticide

La. Stat. Ann. § 14:37.1. Assault by drive-by shooting

La. Stat. Ann. § 14:56.4. Criminal damage to property by defacing with graffiti

La. Stat. Ann. § 14:56.5. Criminal damage to historic buildings or landmarks by defacing with graffiti

La. Stat. Ann. § 14:63.4. Aiding and abetting others to enter or remain on premises where forbidden.

La. Stat. Ann. § 14:64.2. Carjacking

La. Stat. Ann. § 14:107.2. Hate crimes

La. Stat. Ann. § 14:230. Money laundering; transactions involving proceeds of criminal activity.

La. Stat. Ann. § 15:574.62. Substance abuse conditional release

La. Stat. Ann. § 15:609. Drawing or taking of DNA samples.

La. Stat. Ann. § 15:1401. Citation [Louisiana Street Terrorism Enforcement and Prevention Act]

La. Stat. Ann. § 15:1402. Legislative findings and declaration [Louisiana Street Terrorism Enforcement and Prevention Act]

La. Stat. Ann. § 15:1403. Criminal street gangs and patterns of criminal street gang activity; prohibitions and criminal penalties

La. Stat. Ann. § 15:1403.1. Solicitation of membership in a criminal street gang; penalty

La. Stat. Ann. § 15:1404. Definitions [Louisiana Street Terrorism Enforcement and Prevention Act]

La. Stat. Ann. § 15:1405. Premises used by criminal street gang; nuisances; actions for injunction, abatement, and damages; other remedies for unlawful use; exceptions

La. Stat. Ann. § 15:1405.2. Possession of firearms, ammunition, and dangerous weapons by criminal street gangs; forfeiture

La. Stat. Ann. Art. 890.1. Waiver of minimum mandatory sentences; procedure; exceptions

La. Stat. Ann. Art. 890.3. Sentencing for crimes of violence

La. Stat. Ann. Art. 893.3. Sentence imposed on felony or specifically enumerated misdemeanor in which firearm was possessed, used, or discharged

La. Stat. Ann. Art. 905.4. Aggravating circumstances

Maine view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://legislature.maine.gov/statutes/.

17-A M.R.S. § 57. Criminal liability for conduct of another; accomplices.

17-A M.R.S. § 151. Criminal conspiracy.

17-A M.R.S. § 202. Felony Murder

Maryland view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://mgaleg.maryland.gov/webmga/frmStatutes.aspx.

Md. Code, Correctional Serv. Law § 6-112. Presentence investigation report; other investigations and probationary services

Md. Code, Crim, Law § 9-807. Venue.

Md. Code, Crim. Law § 1-202. Conspiracy -- Limitation on punishment.

Md. Code, Crim. Law § 3-405. Carjacking

Md. Code, Crim. Law § 6-301. Malicious destruction -- Generally

Md. Code, Crim. Law § 9-802. Criminal gang activity.

Md. Code, Crim. Law § 9-803. Criminal gang activity -- Schools.

Md. Code, Crim. Law § 9-804. Participation in criminal gang prohibited.

Md. Code, Crim. Law § 9-805. Criminal gang.

Md. Code, Crim. Pro. § 4-204. Accessory before the fact.

Md. Code, Crim. Pro. 11-603. Restitution determination

Md. Code, Pub. Saf. Law § 5-101. [Definitions: Controlled Dangerous Substances, Prescriptions, and Other Substances; Definitions; General Provisions]

Massachusetts view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://malegislature.gov/Laws/Search.

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 265, § 21A. Assault, confinement, etc. of person for purpose of stealing motor vehicle; weapons; punishment

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 265, § 44. Coercion of child under eighteen into criminal conspiracy; Penalties

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 267A, § 2. Money laundering; penalties.

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 267A, § 4. Forfeiture of monetary instruments or other property obtained in violation of Sec. 2 .

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 274, § 5. Felon's conviction or amenability to justice; venue.

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 274, § 7. Conspiracy; penalties.

Mass. Gen. Laws, ch. 274, § 4. Accessories after fact; punishment; relationship as defence; cross-examination; impeachment.

Michigan view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.legislature.mi.gov/mileg.aspx?page=MCLBasicSearch.

Mich. § 750.411u. Associate or member of gang; commission or attempt to commit felony; membership in gang as motive, means, or opportunity; penalty; definitions; consecutive sentence. Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411u. Associate or member of gang; commission or attempt to commit felony; membership in gang as motive, means, or opportunity; Penalty; definitions; consecutive sentence Enhanced Penalties—Sentencing; Gang Participation; Gang-Related Definitions Recruitment, Threats, Intimidation; prosecution

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.157a. Conspiracy to commit offense or legal act in illegal manner; penalty.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.157b. Solicitation to commit murder or felony; penalty; affirmative defense.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.157c. Recruiting, inducing, soliciting, or coercing minor to commit felony.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.159f — 750.159x. Criminal enterprises chapter.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.159f. Definitions generally.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.159g. “Racketeering” defined.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.159i. Prohibited conduct.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.159j. Violation as felony; penalties; imposition of costs; order to criminally forfeit property; additional authority of court; conditions for entering order of criminal forfeiture; attorney fees; determination of extent of property; property not reachable; retention of property by law enforcement agency; disposition of money seized; seizure; other criminal or civil remedies not precluded.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.159q. Burden of proof; evidence; return or disposal of property; notice; estoppel from denial of allegations in civil trial; admissibility of testimony.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.316. First degree murder; Penalty; definitions

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411k. Proceeds of criminal offense; receipt; acquisition; financial transaction.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411l. Fourth-degree money laundering.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411m. Third-degree money laundering.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411n. Second-degree money laundering.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411o. First-degree money laundering.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411v. Causing, encouraging, recruiting, soliciting, or coercing another to join, participate in, or assist gang in felony; violation as felony; threat of injury or damage as felony; additional sentence; definitions.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.450. Aiding, assisting, or abetting; penalty.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.479c. Person informed of criminal investigation by peace officer; prohibited conduct; violation; Penalty; exception; definitions

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.529a. Carjacking; felony; Penalty; “in the course of committing a larceny of a motor vehicle” defined; consecutive sentence.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 767.39. Abolition of distinction between accessory and principal.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 767.67. Mich. Comp. Laws § 767.67. Indictment; charging accessory without principal; substantial felony.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 769.1. Authority and power of court; crimes for which juvenile to be sentenced as adult; fingerprints as condition to sentencing; hearing at juvenile's sentencing; determination; criteria; waiver; violation of MCL 333.7403; statement on record; transcript; reimbursement provision in order of commitment; disposition of collections; order to intercept tax refunds and initiate offset proceedings; notice; order directed to person responsible for juvenile's support; hearing; copy of order; retention of jurisdiction over juvenile; annual review; examination of juvenile's annual report; forwarding report.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 777.16y. MCL 750.520b(2) to 750.532; felonies to which chapter applicable.

Minnesota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/.

Minn. Stat. §§ 609.901-609.912. Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act.

Minn. Stat. § 244.0513. Conditional Release of Nonviolent Controlled Substance Offenders; Treatment

Minn. Stat. § 299A.642. Violent Crime Coordinating Council

Minn. Stat. § 299C.065. Undercover Buy Fund; Witness and Victim Protection

Minn. Stat. § 609.11. Minimum sentences of imprisonment

Minn. Stat. § 609.19. Murder in the Second Degree

Minn. Stat. § 609.66. Dangerous Weapons

Minn. Stat. § 609.185. Murder in the First Degree

Minn. Stat. § 609.229. Crime Committed for the Benefit of Gang

Minn. Stat. § 609.494. Solicitation of Juveniles

Minn. Stat. § 609.713. Threats of Violence

Minn. Stat. § 609.901. Construction of Racketeering Provisions [Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations (RICO)].

Minn. Stat. § 609.902. Definitions [Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act].

Minn. Stat. § 609.903. Racketeering.

Minn. Stat. § 609.904. Criminal penalties.

Minn. Stat. § 609.905. Criminal forfeiture.

Minn. Stat. § 609.909. Additional relief available.

Minn. Stat. § 609.911. Civil remedies.

Minn. Stat. § 609.912. Notice to other prosecuting authorities.

Minn. Stat. § 609.5318. Forfeiture of Vehicles Used in Drive-By Shootings

Minn. Stat. § 624.712. Definitions [Firearms]

Minn. Stat. § 634.04. Uncorroborated evidence of accomplice.

Minn. Stat. § 634.031. Evidence of accomplice.

Mississippi view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/mscode/.

Miss. Code Ann. §§ 97-3-54 through 97-3-54-9. Human Trafficking Act.

Miss. Code Ann. § 47-5-138.1. Trusties Authorized to Accumulate Additional Earned Time; Certain Offenders in Trusty Status Ineligible for Time Allowance

Miss. Code Ann. § 47-7-3. Parole of Prisoners; Conditions for Eligibility; Determination of Tentative Hearing Date

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-1-1. Conspiracy.

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-1-3. Accessories before the fact.

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-1-5. Accessories after the fact; punishment

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-3-2. Crimes of Violence Defined

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-3-54.3. Human Trafficking Act; aiding, abetting, or conspiring to violate human trafficking provisions.

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-3-109. Drive-by shooting; drive-by bombing

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-3-110. Seizure and forfeiture of firearms unlawfully possessed by juveniles and of motor vehicles used in drive-by shootings or bombings

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-3-111. Forfeiture of vehicles used in drive-by shootings or bombings

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-3-113. Mississippi Carjacking Act; Short Title

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-3-115. Carjacking Act Definitions

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-3-117. Mississippi Carjacking Act; what constitutes offense of carjacking; attempted carjacking; armed carjacking; Penalty

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-37-29. Shooting into dwelling house

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-44-3. Definitions. [Mississippi Street Gang Act]

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-44-19. Penalty for criminal street gang activity

Miss. Code Ann. § 99-19-71. Expungement of Conviction; Eligible Offenses; Notice; Procedure; Order; Effect; Expungement of Arrest Record

Miss. Code Ann. § 99-19-401. Enhanced Penalty; offenses subject to enhancement of Penalty; applicable crimes during which instrumentalities were initially obtained

Mississippi § 97-44-1. Short Title

Missouri view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.moga.mo.gov/mostatutes/statutesAna.html.

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 541.110. Accessory to felony, where indicted.

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 562.014. Conspiracy — guilt for an offense may be based on.

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 565.032. Evidence to be considered in assessing punishment in first degree murder cases for which death Penalty authorized [Effective January 1, 2017]

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 571.030 R.S.Mo. Unlawful use of weapons -- exceptions -- Penalty [Effective January 1, 2017]

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 574.105. Money laundering — penalty.

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 578.421. Definitions [Criminal Street Gangs]

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 578.423. Participating Knowingly in Criminal Street Gang Activities, Penalty—Persons Between Ages of Fourteen and Seventeen Participating to be Transferred to Courts of General Jurisdiction

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 578.425. Felony or misdemeanors committed to promote or assist criminal conduct by gang members, punishment in addition to regular sentences

Montana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leg.mt.gov/bills/mca/index.html.

Mont. Code Ann. § 13-35-105. Aiding and abetting.

Mont. Code Ann. § 41-5-206. Filing in district court prior to formal proceedings in youth court

Mont. Code Ann. § 45-4-102. Conspiracy.

Mont. Code Ann. § 45-6-341. Money laundering.

Mont. Code Ann. § 45-8-401. Short title. [Montana Street Terrorism Enforcement and Prevention Act]

Mont. Code Ann. § 45-8-402. Definitions [Montana Street Terrorism Enforcement and Prevention Act]

Mont. Code Ann. § 45-8-403. Use of Threat to Coerce Gang Membership—Use of Violence to Coerce Gang Membership

Mont. Code Ann. § 45-8-404. Additional Sentence for Criminal Street Gang-Related Felony

Mont. Code Ann. § 45-8-405. Pattern of Criminal Street Gang Activity

Mont. Code Ann. § 45-8-406. Supplying of Firearms to Criminal Street Gang

Mont. Code Ann. § 45-9-125. Continuing criminal enterprise -- penalty.

Nebraska view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://nebraskalegislature.gov/laws/laws.php.

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-111. Enhanced Penalty; enumerated offenses.

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-202. Conspiracy, defined; penalty.

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-203. Conspiracy; renunciation of criminal intent.

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-204. Accessory to felony, defined; penalties.

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-206. Prosecuting for aiding and abetting.

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-1351. Unlawful Membership Recruitment Into an Organization or Association; Penalty

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-1354. Terms, defined [Public Protection Act].

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-1355. Pattern of racketeering activity or collection of an unlawful debt; prohibited acts.

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 29-2014. Conspiracy; overt acts; allegations required; proof.

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 43-276. County Attorney; Criminal Charge, Juvenile Court Petition, Pretrial Diversion, or Mediation; Determination; Considerations

Nevada view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.leg.state.nv.us/law1.cfm.

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 176.153. Disclosure of report of presentence investigation

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 179.121. Forfeiture of Personal Property and Conveyances Used in Commission of Crime

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 193.168. Additional Penalty: Felony Committed to Promote Activities of Criminal Gang; Restriction on Probation; Expert Testimony

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 201.570. Definition; Penalty [Criminal Gang Recruitment]

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 202.287. Discharging Firearm Within or From Structure or Vehicle; Penalty

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 202.450. Definitions [Crimes against public health and safety]

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 206.005. "Graffiti" Defined

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 206.330. Placing graffiti on or otherwise defacing property: Fines and Penalty; restitution; parent or guardian responsible for fines and Penalty if person violating section is under age of 18 years; suspension of driver's license

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 206.335. Carrying Graffiti Implement at Certain Locations With Intent to Vandalize, Place Graffiti on or Deface Property

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 206.345. Person or Entity to Be Paid if Restitution Is Ordered for Violation of NRS 206.125 or 206.330

Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 207.350 through 207.520. [Racketeering chapter].

Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 171.065. Accessory: Venue in either county where offense of accessory was committed or where principal offense committed.

Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 175.251. Conspiracy: Allegation and proof of overt act; evidence of overt acts not alleged.

Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 175.291. Testimony of accomplice must be corroborated; sufficiency of corroboration; accomplice defined.

Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 195.030. Accessories.

Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 195.040. Trial and punishment of accessories.

Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 200.340. Penalty for aiding or abetting.

Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 200.50995. Penalties for conspiracy.

Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 207.360. “Crime related to racketeering” defined.

Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 207.370 "Criminal syndicate" defined.

Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 207.380. "Enterprise" defined.

Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 207.390. “Racketeering activity” defined.

Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 207.400. Unlawful acts; penalties.

Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 207.415. Account for Prosecution of Racketeering created; use and distribution of money by Attorney General; reimbursement of Account.

Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 207.470. Civil actions for damages resulting from racketeering.

Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 207.490. Criminal and civil forfeiture: Seizure of property before forfeiture and final disposition; order of forfeiture; intercession by Attorney General; interlocutory actions by court.

New Hampshire view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.gencourt.state.nh.us/rsa/html/indexes/default.html.

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 629:3. Conspiracy.

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 631:4. Criminal Threatening

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 644:20. Criminal Street Gang; Solicitation.

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 651:6. Extended Term of Imprisonment

New Jersey view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://lis.njleg.state.nj.us/nxt/gateway.dll?f=templates&fn=default.htm&vid=Publish:10.1048/Enu.

N.J. Rev. Stat. §§ 2C:35A-1 through 2C:35A-8. Anti-Drug Profiteering Act.

N.J. Rev. Stat. §§ 2C:41-1 - 2C:41-6.2. Racketeering.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2A:4A-26.1. Filing motion seeking waiver of jurisdiction; hearing

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2A:162-12. Crimes with bail restriction; posting of bail

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2A:162-12. Crimes with bail restriction; posting of bail

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:2-6. Liability for conduct of another; complicity.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:5-3. Incapacity, irresponsibility or immunity of party to conspiracy.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:5-4. Grading of criminal attempt and conspiracy, mitigation in cases of lesser danger.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:11-3. Murder.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:15-2. Carjacking defined

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:17-3. Criminal Mischief

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:20-10. Unlawful Taking of Means of Conveyance

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:21-25. Money laundering, illegal investment, crime.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:21-27.1. Criteria for imposition of anti-money laundering profiteering penalty.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:21-27.2. Calculation of anti-money laundering profiteering penalty.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:29-8. Corrupting or influencing a jury

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:33-10. Causing Fear of Unlawful Bodily Violence, Crime of Third Degree; Act of Graffiti, Additional Penalty

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:33-11. Defacement of Private Property, Crime of Fourth Degree; Act of Graffiti, Additional Penalty

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:33-14.1. Vandalizing Railroad Crossing Devices, Property; grading of offenses; graffiti

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:33-24. "Act of graffiti" defined

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:33-28. Solicitation, Recruitment to Join Criminal Street Gang; Crime, Degrees, Sentencing

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:33-29. Crime of gang criminality; "criminal street gang" defined; grading of offense

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:35A-3. Criteria for Imposition of Anti-Drug Profiteering Penalty

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:38-2. Crime of terrorism; definitions [September 11th, 2001 Anti-Terrorism Act]

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:41-1. Definitions.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:41-1.1. Declaration of policy and legislative findings [Racketeering].

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:41-2. Prohibited activities.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:41-3. Criminal penalties.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:41-4. Civil remedies.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:43-3. Fines and restitutions.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:43-7.2. Mandatory services of 85 percent of sentence for certain offenses

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:43-13.1. Eligibility and Application

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 52:17B-5.3. Submission of Reports Relative to Certain Offenses; Information

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 52:17B-160. Findings, declarations [Safe and Secure Communities Act]

New Mexico view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://public.nmcompcomm.us/nmnxtadmin/.

N.M. Stat. §§ 30-42-1 -- 30-42-6. Short title [Racketeering Act].

N.M. Stat. § 30-3-8. Shooting at Dwelling or Occupied Building; Shooting at or From a Motor Vehicle

N.M. Stat. § 30-3-8.1. Seizure and Forfeiture of Motor Vehicle; Procedure

N.M. Stat. § 30-3-8.2. Court Record of Conviction; Revocation of Driver’s License

N.M. Stat. § 30-15-1.1. Unauthorized graffiti on personal property

N.M. Stat. § 30-28-2. Conspiracy.

N.M. Stat. § 30-42-3. Definitions.

N.M. Stat. § 30-42-4. Prohibited activities; penalties.

N.M. Stat. § 30-42-6. Racketeering; civil remedies.

N.M. Stat. § 31-18-15.2. Definitions [Criminal Sentencing Act]

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 40.10. Renunciation.

New York view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://public.leginfo.state.ny.us/lawssrch.cgi?NVLWO:.

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 40.10. Renunciation.

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 70.02. Sentence of imprisonment for a violent felony offense

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 105.10. Conspiracy in the fourth degree.

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 105.13. Conspiracy in the third degree.

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 105.15. Conspiracy in the second degree.

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 105.17. Conspiracy in the first degree.

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 105.20. Conspiracy; pleading and proof; necessity of overt act.

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 105.25. Conspiracy; jurisdiction and venue.

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 105.30. Conspiracy; no defense.

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 120.07. Gang Assault in the First Degree

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 130.91. Sexually motivated felony

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 135.36. Labor trafficking; accomplice.

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 145.60. Making Graffiti

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 230.36. Sex trafficking; accomplice.

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 240.10. Unlawful Assembly

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 460.00 -- 460.80. Enterprise Corruption.

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 460.10. Definitions.

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 460.20. Enterprise corruption.

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 460.22.Aggravated enterprise corruption.

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 460.30. Enterprise corruption; forfeiture.

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 460.50.Enterprise corruption; prosecution.

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 460.70. Provisional remedies.

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 470.00. Definitions.

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 470.00-470.25. Money Laundering.

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 470.25. Money laundering; fines.

North Carolina view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.ncleg.gov/Laws/GeneralStatutes.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-5.2. Accessory before fact punishable as principal felon.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-7. Accessories after the fact; trial and punishment.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-7.20. Continuing criminal enterprise.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-34.9. Discharging a Firearm From Within an Enclosure

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.16A. Criminal gang activity [Definitions]

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.17. Soliciting; Encouraging Participation

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.18. Soliciting; Encouraging Participation; Minor

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.19. Intimidation to Deter From Gang Withdrawal

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.20. Punishment or Retaliation for Gang Withdrawal

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.21. Separate Offense

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.22. Enhanced Offense for Misdemeanor Criminal Gang Activity

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.23. Contraband, Seizure, and Forfeiture

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.25. Reports of Disposition; Criminal Street Gang Activity

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.26. Matters Proved in Criminal Trial Court

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.29. Conditional Discharge for First Offenders Under the Age of 18

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.30. Expunction of Records

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-127.1. Graffiti vandalism

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 15A-145.1. Expunction of Records for First Offenders Under the Age of 18 at the Time of Conviction of Certain Gang Offenses

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 15A-151.5. Prosecutor access to expunged files

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 15A-533. Right to pretrial release in capital and noncapital cases

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 15A-1340.16. Aggravated and Mitigated Sentences

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 15A-1340.16E. Enhanced sentence for offenses committed by criminal gang members as a part of criminal gang activity

North Dakota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.nd.gov/general-information/north-dakota-century-code.

N.D. Cent. Code §§ 12.1-06.1-01 -- 12.1-06.1-08. Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations.

N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-03-01. Accomplices.

N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-06-04. Criminal Conspiracy

N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-06.1-01. Definitions.

N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-06.1-03. Illegal control of an enterprise - Illegally conducting an enterprise.

N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-06.1-04. Judicial powers over racketeering criminal cases.

N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-06.1-05. Racketeering - Civil remedies.

N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-06.1-06. Racketeering lien - Content - Filing - Notice - Effect.

N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-06.2-01. Definitions [Criminal Street Gangs]

N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-06.2-02. Criminal Street Gang Crime—Penalty.

N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-06.2-03. Encouraging Minors to Participate in Criminal Street Gang—Penalty

N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-20-04. Sexual Imposition

N.D. Cent. Code § 29-21-14. Testimony of accomplice - Corroboration required.

Ohio view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://codes.ohio.gov/orc/.

Ohio Rev. Code §§ 2923.31 through 2923.36. Corrupt Activity.

Ohio Rev. Code § 109.572. Criminal records check.

Ohio Rev. Code § 2152.12. Transfer of Cases

Ohio Rev. Code § 2923.01. Conspiracy.

Ohio Rev. Code § 2923.31. Corrupt activity definitions.

Ohio Rev. Code § 2923.32. Engaging in pattern of corrupt activity.

Ohio Rev. Code § 2923.36. Corrupt activity lien notice.

Ohio Rev. Code § 2923.41. Criminal gang definitions

Ohio Rev. Code § 2923.42. Participating in Criminal Gang

Ohio Rev. Code § 2923.43. Property used or occupied by a criminal gang

Ohio Rev. Code § 2923.44. Criminal forfeiture of property relating to gang participation

Ohio Rev. Code § 2929.14. Definite Prison terms

Ohio Rev. Code § 2941.142. Criminal gang participation specification

Ohio Rev. Code § 2941.146. Firearm Discharged From Motor Vehicle Specification

Oklahoma view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.oklegislature.gov/osstatuestitle.html.

21 Okla. Stat. tit. § 13.1. Required Service of Minimum Percentage of Sentence—Offenses Specified

21 Okla. Stat. tit. § 652. Shooting With Intent to Kill—Assault and Battery With Deadly Weapon, Etc.

21 Okla. Stat. tit. § 856. Delinquent Minor - Contributing to Delinquency

21 Okla. Stat. tit. § 856.3. Gang-Related Offenses as Condition of Membership in Criminal Street Gang - Penalty

Okla. Stat. tit. 21, § 172. Definition of Principals.

Okla. Stat. tit. 21, § 173. Definition of Accessories.

Okla. Stat. tit. 21, § 175. Accessory to Felony - Punishment

Okla. Stat. tit. 21, § 421. Conspiracy - Definition - Punishment.

Okla. Stat. tit. 21, § 423. Overt Act Necessary.

Okla. Stat. tit. 21, § 425. Engaging in or conspiring to engage in a pattern of criminal offenses.

Okla. Stat. tit. 21, § 953. Accomplice Testimony - Force of Same.

Okla. Stat. tit. 21, § 993. Evidence for Prosecution - Accomplices - Immunity for Witnesses.

Okla. Stat. tit. 21, § 1029. Engaging in prostitution, etc. - Soliciting or procuring - Residing or being in place for prohibited purpose - Aiding, abetting or participating - Child prostitution - Presumption of coercion.

Okla. Stat. tit. 22, § 432. Accessories and principals in felony.

Okla. Stat. tit. 22, § 741. Overt Act in Conspiracy.

Okla. Stat. tit. 22, § 742. Accomplice, testimony of.

Oregon view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.oregonlegislature.gov/bills_laws/Pages/ORS.aspx.

Or. Rev. Stat. §§ 166.715 - 166.735. Oregon Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act.

Or. Rev. Stat. § 137.131. Community Service as a condition of probation for offense involving graffiti

Or. Rev. Stat. § 161.440. Renunciation as defense to solicitation.

Or. Rev. Stat. § 161.450. “Criminal conspiracy” described.

Or. Rev. Stat. § 161.460. Renunciation as defense to conspiracy.

Or. Rev. Stat. § 161.465. Duration of conspiracy.

Or. Rev. Stat. § 161.475. Defenses to solicitation and conspiracy.

Or. Rev. Stat. § 163.707. Forfeiture of Motor Vehicle Used in Drive-By Shooting

Or. Rev. Stat. § 164.381. Definitions [Graffiti-Related Offenses]

Or. Rev. Stat. § 164.383. Unlawfully Applying Graffiti

Or. Rev. Stat. § 164.386. Unlawfully Possessing a Graffiti Implement

Or. Rev. Stat. § 166.220. Unlawful Use of Weapon

Or. Rev. Stat. § 166.715. Definitions [Oregon Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act].

Or. Rev. Stat. § 166.720. Racketeering activity unlawful; penalties.

Or. Rev. Stat. § 166.725. Remedies for violation of ORS 166.720; time limitation.

Pennsylvania view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.state.pa.us/cfdocs/legis/LI/Public/cons_index.cfm.

18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 903. Criminal conspiracy.

18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 904. Incapacity, irresponsibility or immunity of party to solicitation or conspiracy.

18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 905. Grading of criminal attempt, solicitation and conspiracy.

18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 911. Corrupt organizations.

18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 3304. Criminal Mischief

18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 5131. Recruiting Criminal Gang Members

42 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 9720.4. Sentencing for Offenses Committed in Association With a Criminal Gang

Rhode Island view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://webserver.rilin.state.ri.us/Statutes/.

R.I. Gen. Laws § 8-2-15.1. Gun court calendar

R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-1-3. Liability for aiding, abetting, counseling, hiring, or commanding offenses.

R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-1-6. Conspiracy.

R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-1-7. Conspiracy to commit offense outside the state.

R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-8-9. Aiding and abetting a minor.

R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-44-21.1. Graffiti—Defacing Private Residences, Offices, Businesses, or Commercial Property

R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-44-21.2. Restitution or removal of graffiti -- Rescission of order suspending or invalidating operator's license or learner's permit

R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-47-51.1. Discharge of Firearm or Incendiary or Explosive Substance or Device From Motor Vehicle

R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-47-61. Drive-By Shootings

R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-57-1. Violent crime in aid of racketeering.

R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-57-2. Solicitation to commit a violent crime in aid of racketeering.

R.I. Gen. Laws § 12-19-39. Criminal Street Gang Enhancement

South Carolina view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.scstatehouse.gov/code/statmast.php.

S.C. Code Ann. § 14-7-1610. Legislative Findings and Intent; Applicability [State Grand Jury Act]

S.C. Code Ann. § 14-7-1630. Jurisdiction of Juries; Petitions to Impanel Juries; Powers and Duties of Impaneling and Presiding Judges; Effective Date and Notice Requirements With Respect to Orders of Judge; Appeals

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-1-40. Accessory.

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-1-50. Indictment and conviction of accessories.

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-1-55. Classification of accessory crimes.

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-1-60. Violent crimes defined

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-1-90. Crimes classified as felonies

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-1-90. Crimes classified as felonies

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-1-100. Crimes classified as misdemeanors

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-3-920. Conspiracy to kidnap.

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-3-1075. Felony of Carjacking; Penalty

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-5-10. Conspiracy against civil rights.

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-8-210. Citation of article. [Criminal Gang Prevention Act]

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-8-230. Definitions [Criminal Gang Prevention Act]

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-8-240. Use of or Threat of Physical Violence by Criminal Gang Member; Penalty

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-8-250. Preventing Witness or Victim From Testifying; Penalty; Coerced Person's Right to Bring Civil Action

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-8-260. Seizure of Firearms, Ammunition, Electronic Records, Money, Etc.; Forfeiture Actions

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-8-310. Local Ordinances

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-11-770. Illegal Graffiti Vandalism; Penalty; Removal or Restitution

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-17-410. Conspiracy.

S.C. Code Ann. § 17-15-30. Matters to be Considered in Determining Conditions of Release; Contempt

S.C. Code Ann. § 17-25-45. Life sentence for person convicted for certain crimes

S.C. Code Ann. § 22-5-510. Bail; bond hearing; conditions of release; information to be provided to court; contempt

South Dakota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/default.aspx.

S.D. Codified Laws § 22-3-3. Aiding, abetting or advising--Accountability as principal.

S.D. Codified Laws § 22-3-5. Accessory to a crime--Misdemeanors excepted.

S.D. Codified Laws § 22-3-5.1. Accessory punishable though principal not tried or acquitted.

S.D. Codified Laws § 22-3-9. Liability to punishment for act outside state aiding injury within state.

S.D. Codified Laws § 22-4A-4. Renunciation of criminal intent--Requirements.

S.D. Codified Laws § 22-10A-1. Definitions [Street Gangs]

S.D. Codified Laws § 22-10A-2. Reclassification of Offense if Part of Street Gang Activity

S.D. Codified Laws § 22-10A-3. Allegation of Gang Membership as Separate Information

S.D. Codified Laws § 22-42-2.4. Conspiracy to commit violation of § 22-42-2 -- Punishment same as provided under that section [Section covering unauthorized manufacture, distribution, counterfeiting or possession of Schedule I or II substances as felony--Mandatory sentences].

S.D. Codified Laws § 23A-6-6. Additional allegations not required against accessory before fact.

S.D. Codified Laws § 23A-22-8. Corroboration of accomplice's testimony required for conviction.

S.D. Codified Laws § 23A-22-13. Overt acts required for conspiracy conviction.

Tennessee view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/tncode/default.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 29-3-103. Filing of Bill—Parties

Tenn. Code Ann. § 29-3-111. Penalty for violation.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 29-34-201. Injuries suffered in committing or attempting to commit felony on property of another -- Recovery barred -- Scope of immunity for one injuring a perpetrator of a criminal offense.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 37-1-134. Transfer to Criminal Courts

Tenn. Code Ann. § 39-11-402. Criminal responsibility for conduct of another.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 39-11-403. Criminal responsibility for facilitation of felony.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 39-11-411. Accessory after the fact.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 39-12-103. Criminal conspiracy.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 39-12-104. Renunciation defense.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 39-12-105. Incapacity, irresponsibility or immunity of party to attempt, solicitation or conspiracy -- Defenses.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 39-12-107. Grading attempt, solicitation and conspiracy.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 39-12-201. Short title [Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization (RICO) Act of 1989]

Tenn. Code Ann. § 39-12-203. Part definitions [Organized Crime]

Tenn. Code Ann. § 39-13-404. Carjacking

Tenn. Code Ann. § 39-13-404. Carjacking

Tenn. Code Ann. § 39-14-412. Mailbox Tampering; Graffiti

Tenn. Code Ann. § 39-17-1324. Offense of possessing a firearm during commission or attempt to commit dangerous felony.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 39-17-1702. Curfew established -- Exceptions -- Duties of apprehending authority

Tenn. Code Ann. § 40-6-305. Interception Orders; Grounds

Tenn. Code Ann. § 40-35-121. Criminal Gang Offenses—Enhanced Punishment—Procedure

Tenn. Code Ann. § 40-35-321. Collection of biological specimens for DNA analysis -- Persons convicted of certain offenses -- Condition of release from imprisonment.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 40-35-501. Release eligibility status -- Calculations.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 49-6-4215. Criminal Gang Activity; Rules

Tenn. Code Ann.. § 37-1-702. Authority to establish teen court -- Procedure for participation -- Determining factors for participation -- Authority of teen court.

Texas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://statutes.capitol.texas.gov/Index.aspx.

Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Art. 102.0171. Court Costs: Juvenile Delinquency Prevention Funds

Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Art. 12.03. Aggravated Offenses, Attempt, Conspiracy, Solicitation, Organized Criminal Activity.

Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Art. 42.0181. Notice of Theft, Fraud, Money Laundering, or Insurance Fraud Provided by Clerk of Court.

Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Art. 42.0197. Finding Regarding Gang-Related Conduct [Judgment and Sentence]

Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Art. 42A.301. Basic Discretionary Conditions

Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Art. 61.01. Definitions [Compilation of Information Pertaining to Criminal Combinations and Criminal Street Gangs]

Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Art. 61.05. Unauthorized Use or Release of Criminal Information

Tex. Fam. Code § 54.0491. Gang-Related Conduct

Tex. Fam. Code § 61.102. Right to Be Information of Proceeding

Tex. Gov’t Code § 421.082. Powers and Duties

Tex. Pen. Code § 15.04. Renunciation Defense.

Tex. Pen. Code § 15.031. Criminal Solicitation of a Minor.

Tex. Pen. Code § 20A.02. Trafficking of Persons.

Tex. Pen. Code § 20A.04. Accomplice Witness; Testimony and Immunity.

Tex. Pen. Code § 22.06. Consent As Defense to Assaultive Conduct

Tex. Pen. Code § 28.03. Criminal Mischief

Tex. Pen. Code § 28.08. Graffiti

Tex. Pen. Code § 34.01. Definitions ["Money Laundering" Chapter].

Tex. Pen. Code § 34.02. Money Laundering.

Tex. Pen. Code § 43.06. Accomplice Witness; Testimony and Immunity.

Tex. Pen. Code § 46.02. Unlawful Carrying Weapons

Tex. Pen. Code § 71.02. Engaging in Organized Criminal Activity

Tex. Pen. Code § 71.03. Defenses Excluded.

Tex. Pen. Code § 71.05. Renunciation Defense.

Tex. Pen. Code § 71.022. Coercing, Inducing, or Soliciting Membership in a Criminal Street Gang

Tex. Pen. Code § 71.023. Directing Activities of Criminal Street Gangs

Tex. Pen. Code § 71.028. Gang-Free Zones

Tex. Pen. Code § 71.029. Maps As Evidence of Location or Area

Tex. Transp. Code § 521.4565. Conspiring to Manufacture Counterfeit License or Certificate

Utah view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://le.utah.gov/xcode/code.html.

Utah Code § 53-3-220. Offenses requiring mandatory revocation, denial, suspension, or disqualification of license -- Offense requiring an extension of period -- Hearing -- Limited driving privileges.

Utah Code § 76-3-203.1. Offenses Committed in Concert With Two or More Persons or in Relation to a Criminal Street Gang—Notice—Enhanced Penalties

Utah Code § 76-6-107. Graffiti Defined—Penalties—Removal Costs—Reimbursement Liability

Utah Code § 76-6-107.1. Compensatory Service—Graffiti Penalties

Utah Code § 76-6-206. Criminal Trespass.

Utah Code § 76-9-802. Definitions [Criminal Street Gang Penalties]

Utah Code § 76-9-803. Penalties Regarding Criminal Street Gang Activities

Utah Code § 76-9-804. Convicted Criminal Gang Offender—Prohibition

Utah Code § 76-9-901. Title [Prohibition of Gang Activity]

Utah Code § 76-9-902. Definitions [Prohibition of Gang Activity]

Utah Code § 76-10-508. Discharge of Firearm From a Vehicle, Near a Highway, or in Direction of Any Person, Building, or Vehicle—Penalties

Utah Code § 78A-6-703. Certification hearings—Juvenile Court to Hold Preliminary Hearing—Factors Considered by Juvenile Court for Waiver of Jurisdiction to District Court

Utah Code § 78A-6-1113. Property Damage Caused By a Minor—Liability of Parent or Legal Guardian—Criminal Conviction or Adjudication for Criminal Mischief or Criminal Trespass Not a Prerequisite for Civil Action Under Chapter—When Parent or Guardian Not Liable

Utah Code Ann. § 76-4-201. Conspiracy -- Elements of offense.

Utah Code Ann. § 76-4-202. Conspiracy -- Classification of offenses.

Utah Code Ann. § 76-4-301. Specific attempt or conspiracy offense prevails.

Utah Code Ann. § 76-4-302. Conviction of inchoate and principal offense or attempt and conspiracy to commit offense prohibited.

Utah Code Ann. § 77-17-4. Conspiracy -- Pleading -- Evidence -- Proof necessary.

Vermont view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://legislature.vermont.gov/statutes/search.

Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 13, § 3. Accessory aiding commission of felony.

Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 13, § 4. Accessory before the fact.

Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 13, § 5. Accessory after the fact.

Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 13, § 1404. Conspiracy.

Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 13, § 1405. Testimony of co-conspirator.

Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 13, § 2174. What constitutes offense; accessories.

Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 13, § 3435. Conspiracy.

Vt. Stat. Ann. Tit. 13, § 5. Accessory after the fact.

Virginia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://law.lis.virginia.gov/vacode.

Va. Code Ann. §§ 18.2-512 – 18.2-517. Virginia Racketeering Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act.

Va. Code Ann. § 15.2-1812.2. Willful and Malicious Damage to or Defacement of Public or Private Facilities; Penalty

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-260. Intake; Petition; Investigation

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-269.2. Admissibility of Statement; Investigation and Report; Bail

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-330.1. Serious or Habitual Offender Comprehensive Action Program; definition; disclosure of information; penalty

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-18. How principals in second degree and accessories before the fact punished.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-19. How accessories after the fact punished; certain exceptions.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-21. When and where accessories tried; how indicted.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-22. Conspiracy to commit felony.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-23.1. Completed substantive offense bars conviction for conspiracy.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.1. Definitions [Crimes by Gangs]

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.2. Prohibited Criminal Street Gang Participation; Penalty

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.3. Recruitment of Persons for Criminal Street Gang; Penalty

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.3:1. Third or Subsequent Conviction of Criminal Street Gang Crimes

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.3:3. Enhanced Punishment for Gang Activity Taking Place in a Gang-Free Zone; Penalties

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-53.1. Use or Display of Firearm in Committing Felony

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-55.1. Hazing of Youth Gang Members Unlawful; Criminal Liability

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-58.1. Carjacking; Penalty

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-246.3. Money laundering; penalties.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-246.5. Forfeiture of business license or registration upon conviction of sale or distribution of imitation controlled substance; money laundering.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-248. Manufacturing, selling, giving, distributing, or possessing with intent to manufacture, sell, give, or distribute a controlled substance or an imitation controlled substance prohibited; penalties

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-256. Conspiracy.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-286.1. Shooting From Vehicles So as to Endanger Persons; Penalty

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-513. Definitions [Virginia Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act]

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-514. Racketeering Offenses

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-517. Venue for prosecution

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-120. Admission to bail

VA. Code Ann. § 19.2-299. Investigations and reports by probation officers in certain cases

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-303. Suspension or modification of sentence; probation; taking of fingerprints and blood, saliva, or tissue sample as condition of probation

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-386.19. Seizure of property used in connection with money laundering.

Washington view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://apps.leg.wa.gov/rcw/.

Wash. Rev. Code §§ 9A.82.001 - 9A.82.902. Criminal Profiteering Act.

Wash. Rev. Code § 7.69.035. Protection of Witnesses Who Testify Against Criminal Gang Members—Intent

Wash. Rev. Code § 9.41.225. Use of Machine Gun in Felony—Penalty

Wash. Rev. Code § 9.94A.030. Definitions [Sentencing Reform Act of 1981]

Wash. Rev. Code § 9.94A.515. Table 2 -- Crimes included within each seriousness level

Wash. Rev. Code § 9.94A.533. Adjustments to standard sentences

Wash. Rev. Code § 9.94A.535. Departures from Guidelines

Wash. Rev. Code § 9.94A.701. Community Custody—Offenders Sentenced to the Custody of the Department

Wash. Rev. Code § 9.94A.829. Special Allegation—Offense Committed by Criminal Street Gang Member or Associate—Procedures

Wash. Rev. Code § 9.94A.833. Special Allegation—Involving Minor in Felony Offense—Procedures

Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.28.040. Criminal Conspiracy

Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.46.120. Criminal Gang Intimidation

Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.48.105. Criminal Street Gang Tagging and Graffiti

Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.82.010. Definitions [Criminal Profiteering Act].

Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.82.080. Use of proceeds of criminal profiteering—Controlling enterprise or realty—Conspiracy or attempt.

Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.82.090. Orders restraining criminal profiteering—When issued.

Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.82.100. Remedies and procedures.

Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.82.120. Criminal profiteering lien—Authority, procedures.

Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.83.020. Money laundering.

Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.83.030. Seizure and forfeiture.

Wash. Rev. Code § 10.21.030. Conditions of Release—Judicial Officer May Amend Order

Wash. Rev. Code § 13.40.193. Firearms--Length of Confinement

Wash. Rev. Code § 13.40.210. Setting of Release Date—Administrative Release Authorized, When—Parole Program, Revocation or Modification of, Scope—Intensive Supervision Program—Parole Officer's Right of Arrest

Wash. Rev. Code § 28A.600.455. Gang Activity—Suspension or Expulsion

Wash. Rev. Code § 42.56.240. Investigative, law enforcement, and crime victims

Wash. Rev. Code § 72,05.425. Student records and information -- Necessary for risk assessment, security classification, and proper placement

West Virginia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.wvlegislature.gov/wvcode/code.cfm?chap=61.

W. Va. Code §§ 61-13-1 – 61-13-6. Anti-Organized Criminal Enterprise Act.

W. Va. Code § 61-2-14e. One aiding or abetting in offense under § 61-2-14, § 61-2-14a, § 61-2-14c or § 61-2-14d guilty as principal; venue.

W. Va. Code § 61-6-9. Intimidation of witness for state in conspiracy prosecutions; penalties.

W. Va. Code § 61-11-6. Punishment of principals in the second degree and accessories before and after the fact.

W. Va. Code § 61-11-7. Prosecution of accessories.

W. Va. Code § 61-15-1. Definitions.

W. Va. Code § 61-15-2. Laundering through financial transactions.

W. Va. Code § 61-15-3. Forfeiture; disgorgement.

Wisconsin view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://docs.legis.wisconsin.gov/statutes/prefaces/toc.

Wis. Stat. §§ 946.80 - 946.93. Racketeering Activity and Continuing Criminal Enterprise.

Wis. Stat. § 939.31. Conspiracy.

Wis. Stat. § 941.38. Criminal Gang Member Solicitation and Contact

Wis. Stat. § 943.012. Criminal Damage to or Graffiti on Religious and Other Property

Wis. Stat. § 943.017. Graffiti.

Wis. Stat. § 943.23. Operating Vehicle Without Owner's Consent

Wis. Stat. § 946.83. Prohibited activities.

Wis. Stat. § 946.85. Continuing criminal enterprise.

Wyoming view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.wyoleg.gov/StateStatutes/StatutesConstitution?tab=0&tab=0.

Wyo. Stat. § 6-1-201. Accessory before the fact.

Wyo. Stat. § 6-1-302. Solicitation to commit felony; renunciation of criminal intention.

Wyo. Stat. § 6-1-303. Conspiracy; renunciation of criminal intention; venue.

Wyo. Stat. § 6-2-403. Intimidation in Furtherance of the Interests of a Criminal Street Gang

Wyo. Stat. § 6-5-202. Accessory after the fact; penalties.


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