Gang-Related Legislation by Subject
(Laws Updated Through December 2018)

Probation and Parole

Jurisdictions for this subject:
Federal
Arizona
California
Florida
Georgia
Idaho
Illinois
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maryland
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
Oregon
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Virginia
Washington

Federal view all subjects for this jurisdiction To access United States Code, visit https://www.govinfo.gov/app/collection/uscode. To access Code of Federal Regulations, visit https://gov.ecfr.io/cgi-bin/ECFR.

18 U.S.C. §§ 5031 to 5042. Juvenile Delinquency.

18 U.S.C. § 3553. Imposition of a sentence.

21 U.S.C. § 860. Distribution or manufacturing in or near schools and colleges.

Arizona view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.azleg.gov/arstitle/.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-1209. Drive by shooting; forfeiture; driver license revocation; classification; definitions.

California view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/codes.xhtml.

Cal. Health. &. Saf. Code § 1567.3 (LexisNexis). ["Notice of placement requirement; Requirement of probation officer making out-of-county placement"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 209.5 (LexisNexis). ["Kidnapping in course of carjacking"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 594.2 (LexisNexis). ["Possession of specified instruments with intent to commit vandalism or graffiti"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 594.6 (LexisNexis). ["Condition of probation on subsequent conviction of vandalism"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 594.7 (LexisNexis). ["Effect of previous vandalism convictions"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 640.5 (LexisNexis). ["Affixing graffiti on or in vehicles of governmental entity or public transportation system"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 1203. (LexisNexis). ["Probation"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 1203.075. (LexisNexis). ["Ineligibility for probation for person who inflicts great bodily injury on another in commission of certain crimes"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 3000.03 (LexisNexis). ["Department prohibited from returning specified parolees to prison, placing parole hold on parolees, or reporting parole violations to Board of Parole Hearings"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 13826.5 (LexisNexis {Operation contingent}). ["Implementation of activities by county probation departments"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 676 (LexisNexis). ["Exclusion of public; Confidentiality regarding minor’s name"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 730.6 (LexisNexis). ["Imposition of restitution fine; Community service; Fee"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 740 (LexisNexis). ["Placement in community care facility within county of residence; Exceptions; Notice; Plan and formal agreement for supervision and visitation; Disclosure of certain information to law enforcement; Notice of unusual incidents; Judicial review; Costs"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 746 (LexisNexis). ["Selection of minors to participate in program; Factors"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 827 (LexisNexis). ["Limited dissemination of records; Misdemeanor violation of confidentiality provisions"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 1915 (LexisNexis). ["Medical devices to remove tattoos"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 11462.041 (LexisNexis). ["Requirements of county probation departments to deal with capacity needs; Support from the department; Assessment of capacity and quality of placement options; Report to Legislature"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 18221 (LexisNexis). ["Use of funds to service children who are habitual truants, runaways, at risk of being wards of court, or under juvenile court supervision or supervision of the probation department"]

Florida view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.leg.state.fl.us/statutes/.

Fla. Stat. § 947.18. Conditions of parole.

Fla. Stat. § 947.1405. Conditional release program.

Fla. Stat. § 948.033. Condition of probation or community control; criminal gang.

Georgia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/gacode/default.

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-11-131 (LexisNexis). ["Possession of firearms by convicted felons and first offender probationers"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 17-10-1 (LexisNexis). ["Fixing of sentence; suspension or probation of sentence; change in sentence; eligibility for parole; prohibited modifications; exceptions."]

Ga. Code Ann. § 42-9-42. (LexisNexis). ["Procedure for granting relief from sentence; conditions and prerequisites; public access to information; violation of parole"]

Idaho view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://legislature.idaho.gov/statutesrules/idstat/.

Idaho Code Ann. § 20-219. Probation and Parole Supervision and Training—Limited Supervision—Rulemaking.

Illinois view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs.asp.

705 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 405/5-715. Probation.

730 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/3-2.5-95. Conditions of aftercare release.

730 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/3-3-2. Powers and duties. [Department of Corrections/Parole and Pardon Board]

730 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/3-3-7. Conditions of parole or mandatory supervised release.

730 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/3-12.5-10. Selection for Prisoner Entrepreneur Education Program. [Section scheduled to be repealed on August 24, 2022]

730 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/5-5-3. Disposition.

730 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/5-6-3. Conditions of probation and of conditional discharge.

730 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/5-6-3.1. Incidents and conditions of supervision.

Kentucky view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lrc.ky.gov/statutes/search.aspx.

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 506.120. Engaging in organized crime.

Louisiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://legis.la.gov/legis/LawSearch.aspx.

La. Stat. Ann. § 15:574.62. Substance abuse conditional release.

Maryland view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://mgaleg.maryland.gov/webmga/frmStatutes.aspx.

Md. Code, Correctional Serv. Law § 6-112. Presentence investigation report; other investigations and probationary services.

Michigan view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.legislature.mi.gov/mileg.aspx?page=MCLBasicSearch.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 769.1. Authority and power of court; crimes for which juvenile to be sentenced as adult; fingerprints as condition to sentencing; hearing at juvenile's sentencing; determination; criteria; waiver; violation of MCL 333.7403; statement on record; transcript; reimbursement provision in order of commitment; disposition of collections; order to intercept tax refunds and initiate offset proceedings; notice; order directed to person responsible for juvenile's support; hearing; copy of order; retention of jurisdiction over juvenile; annual review; examination of juvenile's annual report; forwarding report.

Minnesota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/.

Minn. Stat. § 244.0513. Conditional Release of Nonviolent Controlled Substance Offenders; Treatment.

Minn. Stat. § 299A.642. Violent Crime Coordinating Council.

Minn. Stat. § 609.11. Minimum sentences of imprisonment.

Mississippi view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/mscode/.

Miss. Code Ann. § 47-5-138.1. Trusties Authorized to Accumulate Additional Earned Time; Certain Offenders in Trusty Status Ineligible for Time Allowance.

Miss. Code Ann. § 47-7-3. Parole of Prisoners; Conditions for Eligibility; Determination of Tentative Hearing Date.

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-3-2. Crimes of Violence Defined.

Montana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leg.mt.gov/bills/mca/index.html.

Mont. Code Ann. 41-5-1210 Information to be collected by juvenile probation officer or assessment officer.

Nebraska view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://nebraskalegislature.gov/laws/laws.php.

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 29-2262.07. Probation Program Cash Fund; created; use; investment.

Nevada view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.leg.state.nv.us/law1.cfm.

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 193.168. Additional Penalty: Felony Committed to Promote Activities of Criminal Gang; Restriction on Probation; Expert Testimony.

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 213.1088. Program of Orientation for New Members and Case Hearing Representatives; Continuing Education of Members and Case Hearing Representatives.

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 213.1263. Board May Prohibit Association With Members of Criminal Gang as Condition of Parole.

New Jersey view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://lis.njleg.state.nj.us/nxt/gateway.dll?f=templates&fn=default.htm&vid=Publish:10.1048/Enu.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:11-3. Murder.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:15-2. Carjacking defined.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:43-7.2. Mandatory services of 85 percent of sentence for certain offenses.

New York view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://public.leginfo.state.ny.us/lawssrch.cgi?NVLWO:.

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 60.28. Authorized Disposition; Making Graffiti and Possession of Graffiti Instruments.

North Carolina view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.ncleg.gov/Laws/GeneralStatutes.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.29. Conditional Discharge for First Offenders Under the Age of 18.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 15A-1343. Conditions of probation.

Oregon view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.oregonlegislature.gov/bills_laws/Pages/ORS.aspx.

Or. Rev. Stat. § 137.131. Community Service as a condition of probation for offense involving graffiti.

Tennessee view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/tncode/default.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 39-17-1324. Offense of possessing a firearm during commission or attempt to commit dangerous felony.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 40-35-321. Collection of biological specimens for DNA analysis -- Persons convicted of certain offenses -- Condition of release from imprisonment.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 40-35-501. Release eligibility status -- Calculations.

Texas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://statutes.capitol.texas.gov/Index.aspx.

Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Art. 42.12. Community Supervision.

Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Art. 42A.301. Basic Discretionary Conditions.

Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Art. 42A.507. Community Supervision for Certain Defendants Identified As Members of Criminal Street Gangs; Electronic Monitoring.

Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Art. 42A.508. Community Supervision for Certain Organized Crime Offenses; Restrictions on Operation of Motor Vehicle.

Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Art. 42A.509. Community Supervision for Graffiti Offense.

Tex. Fam. Code § 54.046. Conditions of Probation for Damaging Property with Graffiti.

Tex. Gov’t Code § 508.227. Electronic Monitoring of Certain Members of Criminal Street Gang.

Tex. Gov’t Code § 508.1141. Specialized Training; Gang Members.

Utah view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://le.utah.gov/xcode/code.html.

Utah Code § 78A-6-117. Adjudication of jurisdiction of juvenile court -- Disposition of cases -- Enumeration of possible court orders -- Considerations of court.

Virginia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://law.lis.virginia.gov/vacode.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-269.2. Admissibility of Statement; Investigation and Report; Bail.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-278.8. Delinquent Juveniles.

VA. Code Ann. § 19.2-299. Investigations and reports by probation officers in certain cases.

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-303. Suspension or modification of sentence; probation; taking of fingerprints and blood, saliva, or tissue sample as condition of probation.

Washington view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://apps.leg.wa.gov/rcw/.

Wash. Rev. Code § 13.40.210. Setting of Release Date—Administrative Release Authorized, When—Parole Program, Revocation or Modification of, Scope—Intensive Supervision Program—Parole Officer's Right of Arrest.


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