Gang-Related Legislation by Subject
(Laws Updated Through December 2017)

Penalties

States for this subject:
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Kansas
Louisiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Virginia
Washington

Alabama view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://alisondb.legislature.state.al.us/alison/codeofalabama/1975/coatoc.htm.

Ala. Code § 12-25-32. Definitions [Alabama Sentencing Reform Act of 2003]

Alaska view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://akleg.gov/index.php.

Alaska Stat. § 12.55.015. Authorized sentences; forfeiture

Alaska Stat. § 12.55.137. Penalties for gang activities punishable as misdemeanors

Alaska Stat. § 12.55.155. Factors in aggravation and mitigation

Arizona view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.azleg.gov/arstitle/.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-501. Persons under eighteen years of age; felony charging; definitions

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-504. Persons under eighteen years of age; juvenile transfer

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-709. Offenses committed in school safety zone; sentences; definitions

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-714. Offenses committed with intent to promote, further or assist a criminal street gang

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-751. Sentence of death or life imprisonment; aggravating and mitigating circumstances; definition

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-1209. Drive by shooting; forfeiture; driver license revocation; classification; definitions

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-1805. Shoplifting; detaining suspect; defense to wrongful detention; civil action by merchant; public services; classification

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-2409. Obstructing criminal investigations or prosecutions; classification

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-2512. Hindering prosecution in the first degree; classification

Arkansas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.arkleg.state.ar.us.

Arkansas § 5-74-104. Engaging in a Continuing Criminal Gang, Organization, or Enterprise

Arkansas § 5-74-108. Violence in Concert with Others; Enhanced Penalties

California view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/codes.xhtml.

California Pen Code § 186.22. Street Gang (Operative January 1, 2017)

California Pen Code § 186.22. Street gang (Repealed January 1, 2017)

California Pen Code § 190.2. Penalty on finding special circumstances

California Pen Code § 653f. Soliciting Commission of Certain Offenses; Punishment; Degree of Proof

California Pen Code § 667.9. Conviction of Certain Crimes Against Persons 65 Years of Age or Older, Blind, Deaf, Developmentally Disabled, Paraplegic, Quadriplegic, or Under the Age of 14 years; Prior Conviction; Sentence Enhancements

California Pen Code § 12021.5. Commission or attempted commission of street gang crime while carrying firearm (Operative January 1, 2017)

California Pen Code § 12022.53. Use of firearm in commission of felony; Discharge; Injury

California Pen Code § 12022.55. Additional punishment for discharging firearm from vehicle

California Penal Code § 19200. Possession of Handgrenade; Punishment

California Welfare & Institutions Code § 707. Decision whether to transfer minor to court of criminal jurisdiction; Investigation and submission of report; Criteria

Delaware view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://delcode.delaware.gov/.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 616. Gang participation

Del. Code tit. 11, § 812. Graffiti and possession of graffiti implements; class G felony; class A misdemeanor; class B misdemeanor

Del. Code tit. 11, § 3901. Fixing term of imprisonment; credits

District of Columbia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/.

D.C. Code § 22–3312.04. Penalties

D.C. Code § 22–3601. Enhanced penalty for crimes against senior citizen victims

D.C. Code § 24–403.01. Sentencing, supervised release, and good time credit for felonies committed on or after August 5, 2000

Florida view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.leg.state.fl.us/statutes/.

Fla. Stat. § 435.04. Level 2 screening standards

Fla. Stat. § 775.13. Registration of convicted felons, exemptions; penalties

Fla. Stat. § 775.087. Possession or use of weapon; aggravated battery; felony reclassification; minimum sentence

Fla. Stat. § 806.13. Criminal mischief; penalties; penalty for minor

Fla. Stat. § 874.04. Gang-related offenses; enhanced penalties

Fla. Stat. § 874.05. Causing, encouraging, soliciting, or recruiting criminal gang membership

Fla. Stat. § 921.0022. Criminal Punishment Code; offense severity ranking chart

Fla. Stat. § 921.141. Sentence of death or life imprisonment for capital felonies; further proceedings to determine sentence

Georgia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/gacode/default.

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-11-160 (LexisNexis). ["Use of machine guns, sawed-off rifles, sawed-off shotguns, or firearms with silencers during commission of certain offenses; enhanced criminal penalties"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-15-4 (LexisNexis). ["Participation in criminal gang activity prohibited"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 17-10-1 (LexisNexis). ["Fixing of sentence; suspension or probation of sentence; change in sentence; eligibility for parole; prohibited modifications; exceptions."]

Ga. Code Ann. § 17-15A-3 (LexisNexis). [Compensation for Criminally Inflicted Property Damage: "Legislative findings"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 49-9-42 (LexisNexis). ["Operation of vending facilities on state property; preference for licensed disabled persons"]

Hawaii view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.capitol.hawaii.gov/.

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 708-823.6. Graffiti; sentencing

Idaho view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://legislature.idaho.gov/statutesrules/idstat/.

Idaho Code Ann. § 18-5610. Utilizing a Person Under Eighteen Years of Age for Prostitution—Penalties

Idaho Code Ann. § 18-8503. Punishment

Idaho Code Ann. § 18-8505. Supplying Firearms to a Criminal Gang

Illinois view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs.asp.

625 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/6-206. Discretionary authority to suspend or revoke license or permit; right to a hearing

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/31-4. Obstructing justice

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/33A-3. Sentence [Armed Violence]

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/33G-5. Penalties [Section scheduled to be repealed on June 11, 2022]

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/36-1. Property subject to forfeiture [As amended by P.A. 98-699, effective January 1, 2015, Repealed on June 11, 2022]

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 570/405.2. Street gang criminal drug conspiracy

730 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/3-6-3. Rules and regulations for sentence credit

730 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/3-12.5-10. Selection for Prisoner Entrepreneur Education Program [Section scheduled to be repealed on August 24, 2022]

730 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/5-5-3.2. Factors in aggravation and extended-term sentencing

730 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/5-9-1.19. Additional street gang fine

Indiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://iga.in.gov/legislative/laws/2017/ic/titles/034.

Ind. Code § 35-31.5-2-50. Community restitution or service

Ind. Code § 35-45-9-6. Restitution

Ind. Code § 35-47-4-5. Unlawful possession of firearm by serious violent felon

Ind. Code § 35-50-2-15. Criminal organization enhancement

Kansas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.kslegislature.org/li/b2017_18/statute/.

Kansas § 21-6804. Sentencing Grid for Nondrug Crimes; Authority and Responsibility of Sentencing Court; Presumptive Disposition

Louisiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://legis.la.gov/legis/LawSearch.aspx.

Art. 890.1. Waiver of minimum mandatory sentences; procedure; exceptions.

Art. 905.4. Aggravating circumstances.

Louisiana § 14:30. First degree murder

Louisiana § 14:30.1. Second degree murder

Louisiana § 14:32.6. First degree feticide

Louisiana § 15:1403. Criminal Street Gangs and Patterns of Criminal Street Gang Activity: Prohibitions and Criminal Penalties

Michigan view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.legislature.mi.gov/mileg.aspx?page=MCLBasicSearch.

Michigan § 750.316. First Degree Murder; Penalty; Definitions

Michigan § 750.411u. Associate or member of gang; commission or attempt to commit felony; membership in gang as motive, means, or opportunity; penalty; definitions; consecutive sentence.

Michigan § 750.411v. Causing, encouraging, recruiting, soliciting, or coercing another to join, participate in, or assist gang in felony; violation as felony; threat of injury or damage as felony; additional sentence; definitions.

Minnesota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/.

Minnesota § 609.11. Minimum sentences of imprisonment

Minnesota § 609.229. Crime Committed for Benefit of a Gang

Mississippi view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.sos.ms.gov/Education-Publications/Pages/Mississippi-Code.aspx.

Mississippi § 97-3-2. Crimes of Violence Defined

Mississippi § 97-44-19. Penalties for criminal street gang activity

Missouri view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.moga.mo.gov/mostatutes/statutesAna.html.

Missouri § 565.032. Evidence to be considered in assessing punishment in first degree murder cases for which death penalty authorized [Effective January 1, 2017]

Missouri § 578.425. Felony or misdemeanors committed to promote or assist criminal conduct by gang members, punishment in addition to regular sentences [Effective January 1, 2017]

Montana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leg.mt.gov/bills/mca/index.html.

Montana § 45-8-404. Additional Sentence for Criminal Street Gang-Related Felony

Nevada view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.leg.state.nv.us/law1.cfm.

Nevada § 193.168. Additional Penalty: Felony Committed to Promote Activities of Criminal Gang; Restriction on Probation; Expert Testimony

Nevada § 206.330. Placing graffiti on or otherwise defacing property: Fines and penalties; restitution; parent or guardian responsible for fines and penalties if person violating section is under age of 18 years; suspension of driver's license

New Hampshire view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.gencourt.state.nh.us/rsa/html/indexes/default.html.

New Hampshire § 651:6. Extended Term of Imprisonment

New Jersey view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://lis.njleg.state.nj.us/nxt/gateway.dll?f=templates&fn=default.htm&vid=Publish:10.1048/Enu.

New Jersey § 2A:4A-26.1. Filing motion seeking waiver of jurisdiction; hearing

New Jersey § 2C:33-29. Crime of gang criminality; "criminal street gang" defined; grading of offense

New York view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://public.leginfo.state.ny.us/lawssrch.cgi?NVLWO:.

New York Penal § 70.02. Sentence of imprisonment for a violent felony offense

North Carolina view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www2.ncleg.net/Laws/GeneralStatuteChapters.

North Carolina § 14-50.22. Enhanced Offense for Criminal Gang Activity

North Carolina § 15A-1340.16. Aggravated and Mitigated Sentences

North Dakota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.nd.gov/general-information/north-dakota-century-code.

North Dakota § 12.1-06.2-02. Criminal Street Gang Crime—Penalty.

Ohio view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://codes.ohio.gov/orc/.

Ohio § 2929.14. Basic Prison terms

Ohio § 2941.142. Specification that offender participated in criminal gang

Pennsylvania view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.state.pa.us/cfdocs/legis/LI/Public/cons_index.cfm.

42 Pennsylvania § 9720.4. Sentencing for Offenses Committed in Association With a Criminal Gang

Rhode Island view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://webserver.rilin.state.ri.us/Statutes/.

Rhode Island § 12-19-39. Criminal Street Gang Enhancement

South Carolina view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.scstatehouse.gov/code/statmast.php.

South Carolina § 17-25-45. Life sentence for person convicted for certain crimes

South Dakota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/default.aspx.

South Dakota § 22-10A-2. Reclassification of Offense if Part of Street Gang Activity

Tennessee view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/tncode/default.

Tennessee § 40-35-121. Criminal Gang Offenses—Enhanced Punishment—Procedure

Texas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://statutes.capitol.texas.gov/Index.aspx.

Texas Penal Code § 71.02. Engaging in Organized Criminal Activity

Texas Penal Code § 71.028. Gang-Free Zones

Utah view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://le.utah.gov/xcode/code.html.

Utah § 76-3-203.1. Offenses Committed in Concert With Two or More Persons or in Relation to a Criminal Street Gang—Notice—Enhanced Penalties

Utah § 78A-6-1113. Property Damage Caused By a Minor—Liability of Parent or Legal Guardian—Criminal Conviction or Adjudication for Criminal Mischief or Criminal Trespass Not a Prerequisite for Civil Action Under Chapter—When Parent or Guardian Not Liable

Virginia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://law.lis.virginia.gov/vacode.

Virginia § 18.2-46.3:3. Enhanced Punishment for Gang Activity Taking Place in a Gang-Free Zone; Penalties

Washington view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://apps.leg.wa.gov/rcw/.

Washington § 9.94A.533. Adjustments to standard sentences

Washington § 9.94A.701. Community Custody—Offenders Sentenced to the Custody of the Department


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