Gang-Related Legislation by Subject
(Laws Updated Through December 2017)

Penalties, Fines, and Damages

States for this subject:
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Virginia
Washington

Alabama view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://alisondb.legislature.state.al.us/alison/codeofalabama/1975/coatoc.htm.

Ala. Code § 12-25-32. Definitions [Alabama Sentencing Reform Act of 2003]

Alaska view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://akleg.gov/index.php.

Alaska Stat. § 12.55.015. Authorized sentences; forfeiture

Alaska Stat. § 12.55.137. Penalties for gang activities punishable as misdemeanors

Alaska Stat. § 12.55.155. Factors in aggravation and mitigation

Arizona view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.azleg.gov/arstitle/.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-501. Persons under eighteen years of age; felony charging; definitions

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-504. Persons under eighteen years of age; juvenile transfer

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-709. Offenses committed in school safety zone; sentences; definitions

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-714. Offenses committed with intent to promote, further or assist a criminal street gang

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-751. Sentence of death or life imprisonment; aggravating and mitigating circumstances; definition

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-1209. Drive by shooting; forfeiture; driver license revocation; classification; definitions

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-1805. Shoplifting; detaining suspect; defense to wrongful detention; civil action by merchant; public services; classification

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-2409. Obstructing criminal investigations or prosecutions; classification

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-2512. Hindering prosecution in the first degree; classification

Arkansas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.arkleg.state.ar.us.

Ark. Code § 5-64-405. Continuing criminal enterprise

Ark. Code § 5-74-104. Engaging in a continuing criminal gang, organization, or enterprise

Ark. Code § 5-74-105. Unauthorized use of another person's property to facilitate certain crimes

Ark. Code § 5-74-107. Unlawful discharge of a firearm from a vehicle

Ark. Code § 5-74-108. Engaging in violent criminal group activity

Ark. Code § 5-74-109. Premises and real property used by criminal gangs, organizations, or enterprises, or used by anyone in committing a continuing series of violations -- Civil remedies

Ark. Code § 5-74-203. Soliciting or recruiting a minor to join or to remain a member of a criminal gang, organization, or enterprise

Ark. Code § 12-12-104. Physical evidence in sex offense or violent offense prosecutions -- Retention and disposition -- Definitions

California view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/codes.xhtml.

Cal. Civ. Code § 3485 (LexisNexis {Repealed effective January 1, 2024}["Illegal conduct involving an unlawful weapons or ammunition on real property; Procedures required prior to filing action to abate; Applicability; Report"]

Cal. Civ. Code § 3486 (LexisNexis {Operative date contingent}). ["Action for unlawful detainer for controlled substance purpose on real property; Procedures required prior to filing action; Costs and attorney's fees; Possible orders"]

Cal. Gov. Code § 61002 (LexisNexis). Definitions [Community Services Districts/General Provisions/Introductory Provisions]

Cal. Pen. Code § 136.1 (LexisNexis). ["Enhanced law enforcement efforts"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 166 (LexisNexis). ["Contempt of court; Stalking; Punishments"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 182.5 (LexisNexis). ["Punishment for active participation in criminal street gang"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.22 (LexisNexis {Repealed effective January 1, 2022}). ["Street gang"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.26 (LexisNexis). ["Penalty for soliciting or recruiting participation in criminal street gang; Threats of physical violence; Additional penalty for soliciting minor"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.28 (LexisNexis). ["Supplying, selling, or giving possession or control of firearm to another"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.30 (LexisNexis). ["Duty to register with police chief or sheriff"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.32 (LexisNexis). ["Registration requirements"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.33 (LexisNexis {Operative January 1, 2022}). ["Violation of registration provision as misdemeanor; Sentence enhancement on subsequent conviction"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 190.2 (LexisNexis). ["Penalty on finding special circumstances"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 209.5 (LexisNexis). ["Kidnapping in course of carjacking"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 215 (LexisNexis). ["Carjacking"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 246 (LexisNexis). ["Discharge of firearm at inhabited dwelling house, occupied building, vehicle, aircraft, inhabited housecar or inhabited camper; Penalty"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 246.1 (LexisNexis). ["Forfeiture of vehicle involved in violent offenses; Disposition of proceeds"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 594 (LexisNexis). ["Vandalism; Punishment"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 594.1 (LexisNexis). ["Sale, purchase or possession of aerosol paint container; Posting of notice by retailers"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 594.6 (LexisNexis). ["Condition of probation on subsequent conviction of vandalism"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 594.7 (LexisNexis). ["Effect of previous vandalism convictions"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 594.8 (LexisNexis). ["Possession of destructive implement with intent to commit graffiti"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 640.5 (LexisNexis). ["Affixing graffiti on or in vehicles of governmental entity or public transportation system"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 640.6 (LexisNexis). ["Penalties for affixing graffiti on real or personal property"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 653f (LexisNexis). ["Soliciting commission of certain crimes; Punishment; Proof"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 667.9 (LexisNexis). ["Sentence enhancement for specified offenses and repeat offenses against aged, disabled, or underage person"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 12021.5 (LexisNexis {Repealed effective January 1, 2022}). ["Commission or attempted commission of street gang crime while carrying firearm"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 12022.53 (LexisNexis). ["Use of firearm in commission of felony; Discharge; Injury"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 12022.55 (LexisNexis). ["Additional punishment for discharging firearm from vehicle"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 19200 (LexisNexis). ["Possession of handgrenade; Punishment"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 25400 (LexisNexis). ["Carrying concealed firearm; Carrying firearm openly in belt holster; Punishment"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 25850 (LexisNexis). ["Carrying loaded firearm in public; Punishment; Previous conviction; Prosecution under other section; Arrest without warrant"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 27590 (LexisNexis). ["Punishment for violation of article"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 30305 (LexisNexis). ["Persons prohibited from owning or possessing firearm prohibited from owning, possessing, or controlling ammunition"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 707 (LexisNexis). ["Decision whether to transfer minor to court of criminal jurisdiction; Investigation and submission of report; Criteria"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 730 (LexisNexis). ["Order for care, custody, and control of minor adjudged ward of court as person violating law or ordinance defining crime; Alternative commitment; Orders when ward placed under supervision of probation officer"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 730.6 (LexisNexis). ["Imposition of restitution fine; Community service; Fee"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 1732.6 (LexisNexis). ["Commitment of minor sentenced to incarceration for life or length of incarceration past age 25"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 11462.041 (LexisNexis). ["Requirements of county probation departments to deal with capacity needs; Support from the department; Assessment of capacity and quality of placement options; Report to Legislature"]

California Pen Code § 246.3. Discharging Firearm or BB Device in Grossly Negligent Manner; Punishment

Colorado view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leg.colorado.gov/agencies/office-legislative-legal-services/colorado-revised-statutes.

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 16-13-303 (LexisNexis). ["Class 1 public nuisance"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-12-107.5 (LexisNexis). ["Illegal discharge of a firearm - penalty"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-23-102 (LexisNexis). ["Recruitment of juveniles for a criminal street gang"]

Delaware view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://delcode.delaware.gov/.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 616. Gang participation

Del. Code tit. 11, § 812. Graffiti and possession of graffiti implements; class G felony; class A misdemeanor; class B misdemeanor

Del. Code tit. 11, § 3901. Fixing term of imprisonment; credits

District of Columbia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/.

D.C. Code § 22–3312.04. Penalties

D.C. Code § 22–3601. Enhanced penalty for crimes against senior citizen victims

D.C. Code § 24–403.01. Sentencing, supervised release, and good time credit for felonies committed on or after August 5, 2000

Florida view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.leg.state.fl.us/statutes/.

Fla. Stat. § 435.04. Level 2 screening standards

Fla. Stat. § 775.13. Registration of convicted felons, exemptions; penalties

Fla. Stat. § 775.087. Possession or use of weapon; aggravated battery; felony reclassification; minimum sentence

Fla. Stat. § 806.13. Criminal mischief; penalties; penalty for minor

Fla. Stat. § 874.04. Gang-related offenses; enhanced penalties

Fla. Stat. § 874.05. Causing, encouraging, soliciting, or recruiting criminal gang membership

Fla. Stat. § 921.0022. Criminal Punishment Code; offense severity ranking chart

Fla. Stat. § 921.141. Sentence of death or life imprisonment for capital felonies; further proceedings to determine sentence

Georgia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/gacode/default.

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-11-160 (LexisNexis). ["Use of machine guns, sawed-off rifles, sawed-off shotguns, or firearms with silencers during commission of certain offenses; enhanced criminal penalties"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-15-4 (LexisNexis). ["Participation in criminal gang activity prohibited"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 17-10-1 (LexisNexis). ["Fixing of sentence; suspension or probation of sentence; change in sentence; eligibility for parole; prohibited modifications; exceptions."]

Ga. Code Ann. § 17-15A-3 (LexisNexis). [Compensation for Criminally Inflicted Property Damage: "Legislative findings"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 49-9-42 (LexisNexis). ["Operation of vending facilities on state property; preference for licensed disabled persons"]

Hawaii view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.capitol.hawaii.gov/.

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 708-823.6. Graffiti; sentencing

Idaho view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://legislature.idaho.gov/statutesrules/idstat/.

Idaho Code Ann. § 18-5610. Utilizing a Person Under Eighteen Years of Age for Prostitution—Penalties

Idaho Code Ann. § 18-8503. Punishment

Idaho Code Ann. § 18-8505. Supplying Firearms to a Criminal Gang

Illinois view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs.asp.

625 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/6-206. Discretionary authority to suspend or revoke license or permit; right to a hearing

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/12-2. Aggravated assault

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/31-4. Obstructing justice

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/33A-3. Sentence [Armed Violence]

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/33G-5. Penalties [Section scheduled to be repealed on June 11, 2022]

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/36-1. Property subject to forfeiture [As amended by P.A. 98-699, effective January 1, 2015, Repealed on June 11, 2022]

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 570/405.2. Street gang criminal drug conspiracy

730 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/3-6-3. Rules and regulations for sentence credit

730 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/3-12.5-10. Selection for Prisoner Entrepreneur Education Program [Section scheduled to be repealed on August 24, 2022]

730 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/5-5-3.2. Factors in aggravation and extended-term sentencing

730 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/5-9-1.19. Additional street gang fine

Indiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://iga.in.gov/legislative/laws/2017/ic/titles/034.

Ind. Code § 35-31.5-2-50. Community restitution or service

Ind. Code § 35-45-9-6. Restitution

Ind. Code § 35-47-4-5. Unlawful possession of firearm by serious violent felon

Ind. Code § 35-50-2-15. Criminal organization enhancement

Iowa view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.iowa.gov/law/iowaCode.

Iowa Code § 657.2. What deemed nuisances

Iowa Code § 723A.3. Gang recruitment — penalty

Kansas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.kslegislature.org/li/b2017_18/statute/.

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6804. Sentencing grid for nondrug crimes; authority and responsibility of sentencing court; presumptive disposition

Louisiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://legis.la.gov/legis/LawSearch.aspx.

La. Stat. Ann. § 14:30. First degree murder

La. Stat. Ann. § 14:30.1. Second degree murder

La. Stat. Ann. § 14:32.6. First degree feticide

La. Stat. Ann. § 14:92.2 Improper supervision of a minor by parent or legal custodian; penalty

La. Stat. Ann. § 15:1403. Criminal street gangs and patterns of criminal street gang activity; prohibitions and criminal penalties

La. Stat. Ann. § Art. 890.1. Waiver of minimum mandatory sentences; procedure; exceptions

La. Stat. Ann. § Art. 890.3. Sentencing for crimes of violence

La. Stat. Ann. § Art. 893.3. Sentence imposed on felony or specifically enumerated misdemeanor in which firearm was possessed, used, or discharged

La. Stat. Ann. § Art. 905.4. Aggravating circumstances

Maine view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://legislature.maine.gov/statutes/.

17-A M.R.S. § 202, Felony Murder

Maryland view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://mgaleg.maryland.gov/webmga/frmStatutes.aspx.

Md. Code, Crim. Law § 9-804. Participation in criminal gang prohibited.

Md. Code, Crim. Pro. 11-603. Restitution determination

Massachusetts view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://malegislature.gov/Laws/Search.

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 265, § 21A, Assault, confinement, etc. of person for purpose of stealing motor vehicle; weapons; punishment

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 265, § 44, Coercion of child under eighteen into criminal conspiracy; Penalties

Michigan view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.legislature.mi.gov/mileg.aspx?page=MCLBasicSearch.

MI Michigan § 750.411u. Associate or member of gang; commission or attempt to commit felony; membership in gang as motive, means, or opportunity; penalty; definitions; consecutive sentence. Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411u. Associate or member of gang; commission or attempt to commit felony; membership in gang as motive, means, or opportunity; Penalty; definitions; consecutive sentence Enhanced Penalties—Sentencing; Gang Participation; Gang-Related Definitions Recruitment, Threats, Intimidation; prosecution

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.316. First degree murder; Penalty; definitions

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411v. Causing, encouraging, recruiting, soliciting, or coercing another to join, participate in, or assist gang in felony; violation as felony; threat of injury or damage as felony; additional sentence; definitions.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.479c. Person informed of criminal investigation by peace officer; prohibited conduct; violation; Penalty; exception; definitions

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.529a. Carjacking; felony; Penalty; “in the course of committing a larceny of a motor vehicle” defined; consecutive sentence.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 769.1. Authority and power of court; crimes for which juvenile to be sentenced as adult; fingerprints as condition to sentencing; hearing at juvenile's sentencing; determination; criteria; waiver; violation of MCL 333.7403; statement on record; transcript; reimbursement provision in order of commitment; disposition of collections; order to intercept tax refunds and initiate offset proceedings; notice; order directed to person responsible for juvenile's support; hearing; copy of order; retention of jurisdiction over juvenile; annual review; examination of juvenile's annual report; forwarding report.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 777.16y. MCL 750.520b(2) to 750.532; felonies to which chapter applicable.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 777.43. Continuing pattern of criminal behavior

Minnesota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/.

Minn. Stat. § 152.01. Definitions [Drugs; Controlled Substances]

Minn. Stat. § 609.11. Minimum sentences of imprisonment

Minn. Stat. § 609.185. Murder in the First Degree

Minn. Stat. § 609.229. Crime Committed for the Benefit of Gang

Mississippi view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.sos.ms.gov/Education-Publications/Pages/Mississippi-Code.aspx.

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-1-5. Accessories after the fact; punishment

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-3-2. Crimes of Violence Defined

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-44-3. Definitions. [Mississippi Street Gang Act]

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-44-19. Penalty for criminal street gang activity

Miss. Code Ann. § 99-19-401. Enhanced Penalty; offenses subject to enhancement of Penalty; applicable crimes during which instrumentalities were initially obtained

Mississippi § 97-44-1. Short Title

Missouri view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.moga.mo.gov/mostatutes/statutesAna.html.

MO Rev Stat § 565.032. Evidence to be considered in assessing punishment in first degree murder cases for which death Penalty authorized [Effective January 1, 2017]

MO Rev Stat § 578.425. Felony or misdemeanors committed to promote or assist criminal conduct by gang members, punishment in addition to regular sentences

MO Rev Stat§ 571.030 R.S.Mo. Unlawful use of weapons -- exceptions -- Penalty [Effective January 1, 2017]

Montana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leg.mt.gov/bills/mca/index.html.

Mont. Code Ann. § 7-32-2302. Establishment of Curfew—Penalty

Mont. Code Ann. § 45-8-404. Additional Sentence for Criminal Street Gang-Related Felony

Nebraska view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://nebraskalegislature.gov/laws/laws.php.

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-111. Enhanced Penalty; enumerated offenses.

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-524. Graffiti; Penalty

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-1351. Unlawful Membership Recruitment Into an Organization or Association; Penalty

Nevada view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.leg.state.nv.us/law1.cfm.

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 193.168. Additional Penalty: Felony Committed to Promote Activities of Criminal Gang; Restriction on Probation; Expert Testimony

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 201.570. Definition; Penalty [Criminal Gang Recruitment]

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 202.287. Discharging Firearm Within or From Structure or Vehicle; Penalty

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 202.362. Sale, transfer or disposal of firearm or ammunition to certain persons prohibited; purchase of firearm on behalf of certain persons prohibited; Penalty; exceptions

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 206.125. Damage of Property Used for Purpose of Religion, for Burial or Memorializing Dead, for Education, as Transportation Facility, as Public Transportation Vehicle or as Community Center; Damage of Personal Property Contained Therein; Penalty; Restitution

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 206.330. Placing graffiti on or otherwise defacing property: Fines and Penalty; restitution; parent or guardian responsible for fines and Penalty if person violating section is under age of 18 years; suspension of driver's license

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 206.345. Person or Entity to Be Paid if Restitution Is Ordered for Violation of NRS 206.125 or 206.330

New Hampshire view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.gencourt.state.nh.us/rsa/html/indexes/default.html.

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 651:6. Extended Term of Imprisonment

New Jersey view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://lis.njleg.state.nj.us/nxt/gateway.dll?f=templates&fn=default.htm&vid=Publish:10.1048/Enu.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2A:4A-26.1. Filing motion seeking waiver of jurisdiction; hearing

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2A:4A-43.2. Additional Penalty for Juvenile Adjudicated Delinquent

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2A:4A-43.3. Suspension or Postponement of Right to Operate Motor Vehicle of Person Convicted of or Adjudicated Delinquent for Certain Violations

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:11-3. Murder.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:15-2. Carjacking defined

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:17-3. Criminal Mischief

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:33-10. Causing Fear of Unlawful Bodily Violence, Crime of Third Degree; Act of Graffiti, Additional Penalty

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:33-11. Defacement of Private Property, Crime of Fourth Degree; Act of Graffiti, Additional Penalty

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:33-14.1. Vandalizing Railroad Crossing Devices, Property; grading of offenses; graffiti

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:33-28. Solicitation, Recruitment to Join Criminal Street Gang; Crime, Degrees, Sentencing

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:33-29. Crime of gang criminality; "criminal street gang" defined; grading of offense

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:35A-3. Criteria for Imposition of Anti-Drug Profiteering Penalty

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:43-7.2. Mandatory services of 85 percent of sentence for certain offenses

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:43-13.1. Eligibility and Application

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 40:48-2.52. Definitions relative to [Adoption of curfew ordinances for juveniles]

New Mexico view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://public.nmcompcomm.us/nmnxtadmin/.

N.M. Stat. § 30-3-8. Shooting at Dwelling or Occupied Building; Shooting at or From a Motor Vehicle

N.M. Stat. § 30-3-8.1. Seizure and Forfeiture of Motor Vehicle; Procedure

N.M. Stat. § 30-15-1.1. Unauthorized graffiti on personal property

New York view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://public.leginfo.state.ny.us/lawssrch.cgi?NVLWO:.

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 60.28. Authorized Disposition; Making Graffiti and Possession of Graffiti Instruments

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 70.02. Sentence of imprisonment for a violent felony offense

North Carolina view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www2.ncleg.net/Laws/GeneralStatuteChapters.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-34.9. Discharging a Firearm From Within an Enclosure

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.15. Short Title [North Carolina Criminal Gang Suppression Act]

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.22. Enhanced Offense for Misdemeanor Criminal Gang Activity

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.29. Conditional Discharge for First Offenders Under the Age of 18

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-127.1. Graffiti vandalism

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 15A-151.5. Prosecutor access to expunged files

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 15A-1340.16. Aggravated and Mitigated Sentences

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 15A-1340.16E. Enhanced sentence for offenses committed by criminal gang members as a part of criminal gang activity

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 15A-1343. Conditions of probation

North Dakota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.nd.gov/general-information/north-dakota-century-code.

N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-06.2-02. Criminal Street Gang Crime—Penalty.

Ohio view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://codes.ohio.gov/orc/.

Ohio Rev. Code § 2929.01. Penalties and sentencing general definitions

Ohio Rev. Code § 2929.14. Definite Prison terms

Ohio Rev. Code § 2941.142. Criminal gang participation specification

Ohio Rev. Code § 2941.146. Firearm Discharged From Motor Vehicle Specification

Oklahoma view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.oscn.net/applications/oscn/index.asp?ftdb=STOKST&level=1.

19 Okla. Stat. tit. § 339.6. Curfews

21 Okla. Stat. tit. § 13.1. Required Service of Minimum Percentage of Sentence—Offenses Specified

21 Okla. Stat. tit. § 652. Shooting With Intent to Kill—Assault and Battery With Deadly Weapon, Etc.

21 Okla. Stat. tit. § 856.3. Gang-Related Offenses as Condition of Membership in Criminal Street Gang - Penalty

Oregon view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.oregonlegislature.gov/bills_laws/Pages/ORS.aspx.

Or. Rev. Stat. § 137.131. Community Service as a condition of probation for offense involving graffiti

Or. Rev. Stat. § 164.383. Unlawfully Applying Graffiti

Or. Rev. Stat. § 164.386. Unlawfully Possessing a Graffiti Implement

Or. Rev. Stat. § 419C.461. Graffiti Offenses; Personal or Community Service; Liability for Damages

Pennsylvania view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.state.pa.us/cfdocs/legis/LI/Public/cons_index.cfm.

18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 3304. Criminal Mischief

18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 5131. Recruiting Criminal Gang Members

42 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 9720.4. Sentencing for Offenses Committed in Association With a Criminal Gang

Rhode Island view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://webserver.rilin.state.ri.us/Statutes/.

Rhode Island § 12-19-39. Criminal Street Gang Enhancement

South Carolina view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.scstatehouse.gov/code/statmast.php.

South Carolina § 17-25-45. Life sentence for person convicted for certain crimes

South Dakota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/default.aspx.

South Dakota § 22-10A-2. Reclassification of Offense if Part of Street Gang Activity

Tennessee view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/tncode/default.

Tennessee § 40-35-121. Criminal Gang Offenses—Enhanced Punishment—Procedure

Texas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://statutes.capitol.texas.gov/Index.aspx.

Texas Penal Code § 71.02. Engaging in Organized Criminal Activity

Texas Penal Code § 71.028. Gang-Free Zones

Utah view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://le.utah.gov/xcode/code.html.

Utah § 76-3-203.1. Offenses Committed in Concert With Two or More Persons or in Relation to a Criminal Street Gang—Notice—Enhanced Penalties

Utah § 78A-6-1113. Property Damage Caused By a Minor—Liability of Parent or Legal Guardian—Criminal Conviction or Adjudication for Criminal Mischief or Criminal Trespass Not a Prerequisite for Civil Action Under Chapter—When Parent or Guardian Not Liable

Virginia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://law.lis.virginia.gov/vacode.

Virginia § 18.2-46.3:3. Enhanced Punishment for Gang Activity Taking Place in a Gang-Free Zone; Penalties

Washington view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://apps.leg.wa.gov/rcw/.

Washington § 9.94A.533. Adjustments to standard sentences

Washington § 9.94A.701. Community Custody—Offenders Sentenced to the Custody of the Department


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