Gang-Related Legislation by Subject
(Laws Updated Through December 2017)

Participation

States for this subject:
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Louisiana
Maryland
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Virginia
Washington

Alaska view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://akleg.gov/index.php.

Alaska Stat. § 11.41.110. Murder in the second degree

Arizona view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.azleg.gov/arstitle/.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-706. Serious, violent or aggravated offenders; sentencing; life imprisonment; definitions

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-714. Offenses committed with intent to promote, further or assist a criminal street gang

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-2308. Participating in or assisting a criminal syndicate; classification

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-2321. Participating in or assisting a criminal street gang; classification

Arkansas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.arkleg.state.ar.us.

Ark. Code § 5-74-104. Engaging in a continuing criminal gang, organization, or enterprise

Ark. Code § 5-74-108. Engaging in violent criminal group activity

Ark. Code § 12-12-104. Physical evidence in sex offense or violent offense prosecutions -- Retention and disposition -- Definitions

California view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/codes.xhtml.

Cal. Gov't. Code § 7282.5 (LexisNexis). ["Law enforcement cooperation with immigration authorities; Circumstances"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 182.5 (LexisNexis). ["Punishment for active participation in criminal street gang"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.22 (LexisNexis {Repealed effective January 1, 2022}). ["Street gang"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.26 (LexisNexis). ["Penalty for soliciting or recruiting participation in criminal street gang; Threats of physical violence; Additional penalty for soliciting minor"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 190.2 (LexisNexis). ["Penalty on finding special circumstances"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 12022.53 (LexisNexis). ["Use of firearm in commission of felony; Discharge; Injury"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 13826.3 (LexisNexis {Operation contingent}). ["Individuals subject to gang violence prosecution efforts"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 19200 (LexisNexis). ["Possession of handgrenade; Punishment"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 25400 (LexisNexis). ["Carrying concealed firearm; Carrying firearm openly in belt holster; Punishment"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 27590 (LexisNexis). ["Punishment for violation of article"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 30305 (LexisNexis). ["Persons prohibited from owning or possessing firearm prohibited from owning, possessing, or controlling ammunition"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 676 (LexisNexis). ["Exclusion of public; Confidentiality regarding minor’s name"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 746 (LexisNexis). ["Selection of minors to participate in program; Factors"]

Colorado view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leg.colorado.gov/agencies/office-legislative-legal-services/colorado-revised-statutes.

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 22-7-604.5 (LexisNexis). ["Alternative education campuses - criteria - application - rule-making - definition"]

Connecticut view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://search.cga.state.ct.us/r/statute/dtsearch_form.asp.

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53-395. Prohibited activities

Delaware view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://delcode.delaware.gov/.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 616. Gang participation

District of Columbia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/.

D.C. Code § 4–508. Disqualifications and reductions

D.C. Code § 22–951. Criminal street gangs

Florida view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.leg.state.fl.us/statutes/.

Fla. Stat. § 874.10. Directing the activities of a criminal gang

Fla. Stat. § 874.11. Electronic communication

Georgia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/gacode/default.

Ga. Code Ann. § 15-11-505 (LexisNexis). ["Use of detention assessments to determine if detention is warranted; "serious delinquent act" defined"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-15-4 (LexisNexis). ["Participation in criminal gang activity prohibited"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-15-6 (LexisNexis). ["Local ordinances not preempted by state law"]

Illinois view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs.asp.

705 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 405/5-805. Transfer of jurisdiction

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/16-30. Identity theft; aggravated identity theft

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/25-5. Unlawful participation in street gang related activity

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 570/405.2. Street gang criminal drug conspiracy

730 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/3-5-1. Master Record File

730 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/3-7-2. Facilities

Indiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://iga.in.gov/legislative/laws/2017/ic/titles/034.

Ind. Code § 34-31-4-2. Child participation in criminal organization activity

Ind. Code § 35-31.5-2-27.4. Benefit, promote, or further the interests of a criminal organization

Ind. Code § 35-31.5-2-264.5. Purpose of increasing a person's own standing or position within a criminal organization

Ind. Code § 35-45-9-3. Participation in criminal organization; offense

Iowa view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.iowa.gov/law/iowaCode.

Iowa Code § 657.2. What deemed nuisances

Iowa Code § 723A.2. Criminal gang participation

Louisiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://legis.la.gov/legis/LawSearch.aspx.

La. Stat. Ann. § 15:1403. Criminal street gangs and patterns of criminal street gang activity; prohibitions and criminal penalties

Maryland view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://mgaleg.maryland.gov/webmga/frmStatutes.aspx.

Md. Code, Crim. Law § 9-804. Participation in criminal gang prohibited.

Md. Code, Crim. Law § 9-805. Criminal gang.

Michigan view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.legislature.mi.gov/mileg.aspx?page=MCLBasicSearch.

Mich. § 750.411u. Associate or member of gang; commission or attempt to commit felony; membership in gang as motive, means, or opportunity; penalty; definitions; consecutive sentence. Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411u. Associate or member of gang; commission or attempt to commit felony; membership in gang as motive, means, or opportunity; Penalty; definitions; consecutive sentence Enhanced Penalties—Sentencing; Gang Participation; Gang-Related Definitions Recruitment, Threats, Intimidation; prosecution

Minnesota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/.

Minn. Stat. § 609.229. Crime Committed for the Benefit of Gang

Mississippi view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.sos.ms.gov/Education-Publications/Pages/Mississippi-Code.aspx.

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-44-19. Penalty for criminal street gang activity

Missouri view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.moga.mo.gov/mostatutes/statutesAna.html.

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 578.423. Participating Knowingly in Criminal Street Gang Activities, Penalty—Persons Between Ages of Fourteen and Seventeen Participating to be Transferred to Courts of General Jurisdiction

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 578.425. Felony or misdemeanors committed to promote or assist criminal conduct by gang members, punishment in addition to regular sentences

Montana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leg.mt.gov/bills/mca/index.html.

Mont. Code Ann. § 45-8-404. Additional Sentence for Criminal Street Gang-Related Felony

Nevada view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.leg.state.nv.us/law1.cfm.

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 193.168. Additional Penalty: Felony Committed to Promote Activities of Criminal Gang; Restriction on Probation; Expert Testimony

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 202.450. Definitions [Crimes against public health and safety]

New Hampshire view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.gencourt.state.nh.us/rsa/html/indexes/default.html.

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 644:20. Criminal Street Gang; Solicitation.

New Jersey view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://lis.njleg.state.nj.us/nxt/gateway.dll?f=templates&fn=default.htm&vid=Publish:10.1048/Enu.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:33-28. Solicitation, Recruitment to Join Criminal Street Gang; Crime, Degrees, Sentencing

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:33-29. Crime of gang criminality; "criminal street gang" defined; grading of offense

New Mexico view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://public.nmcompcomm.us/nmnxtadmin/.

N.M. Stat. § 30-20-3. Unlawful Assembly

North Carolina view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www2.ncleg.net/Laws/GeneralStatuteChapters.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 15A-1340.16E. Enhanced sentence for offenses committed by criminal gang members as a part of criminal gang activity

North Dakota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.nd.gov/general-information/north-dakota-century-code.

N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-06-04. Criminal Conspiracy

N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-06.2-01. Definitions [Criminal Street Gangs]

Ohio view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://codes.ohio.gov/orc/.

Ohio Rev. Code § 2923.42. Participating in Criminal Gang

Ohio Rev. Code § 2923.44. Criminal forfeiture of property relating to gang participation

Ohio Rev. Code § 2941.142. Criminal gang participation specification

Oklahoma view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.oscn.net/applications/oscn/index.asp?ftdb=STOKST&level=1.

21 Okla. Stat. tit. § 856.3. Gang-Related Offenses as Condition of Membership in Criminal Street Gang - Penalty

70 Okla. Stat. tit. § 5-146.1. School Employees—Notification of Suspected Gang Activity

Oregon view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.oregonlegislature.gov/bills_laws/Pages/ORS.aspx.

Or. Rev. Stat. § 417.270. Policy on equal access; documentation of expenditure for males and females; identification of disparities; equal access plan

Pennsylvania view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.state.pa.us/cfdocs/legis/LI/Public/cons_index.cfm.

42 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 9720.4. Sentencing for Offenses Committed in Association With a Criminal Gang

Tennessee view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/tncode/default.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 49-6-4215. Criminal Gang Activity; Rules

Texas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://statutes.capitol.texas.gov/Index.aspx.

Tex. Civ. Prac. & Rem. Code § 125.061. Definitions [Membership in Criminal Street Gang]

Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Art. 42.0197. Finding Regarding Gang-Related Conduct [Judgment and Sentence]

Tex. Fam. Code § 54.0491. Gang-Related Conduct

Tex. Pen. Code § 71.02. Engaging in Organized Criminal Activity

Tex. Pen. Code § 71.023. Directing Activities of Criminal Street Gangs

Tex. Transp. Code § 521.4565. Conspiring to Manufacture Counterfeit License or Certificate

Utah view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://le.utah.gov/xcode/code.html.

Utah Code § 62A-15-1102. Study on gun use — Report

Utah Code § 76-3-203.1. Offenses Committed in Concert With Two or More Persons or in Relation to a Criminal Street Gang—Notice—Enhanced Penalties

Utah Code § 76-9-903. Gang Loitering—Failure to Disperse—Penalties

Virginia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://law.lis.virginia.gov/vacode.

Va. Code Ann. § 15.2-1812.2. Willful and Malicious Damage to or Defacement of Public or Private Facilities; Penalty

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-260. Intake; Petition; Investigation

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-330.1. Serious or Habitual Offender Comprehensive Action Program; definition; disclosure of information; penalty

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.1. Definitions [Crimes by Gangs]

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.2. Prohibited Criminal Street Gang Participation; Penalty

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-55.1. Hazing of Youth Gang Members Unlawful; Criminal Liability

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-248. Manufacturing, selling, giving, distributing, or possessing with intent to manufacture, sell, give, or distribute a controlled substance or an imitation controlled substance prohibited; penalties

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-514. Racketeering Offenses

VA. Code Ann. § 19.2-299. Investigations and reports by probation officers in certain cases

Washington view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://apps.leg.wa.gov/rcw/.

Wash. Rev. Code § 9.94A.535. Departures from Guidelines

Wash. Rev. Code § 13.40.193. Firearms--Length of Confinement

Wash. Rev. Code § 28A.600.455. Gang Activity—Suspension or Expulsion

Wash. Rev. Code § 72,05.425. Student records and information -- Necessary for risk assessment, security classification, and proper placement


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