Gang-Related Legislation by Subject
(Laws Updated Through December 2018)

Participation

States for this subject:
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maryland
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Virginia
Washington
Wisconsin

Alaska view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://akleg.gov/index.php.

Alaska Stat. § 11.41.110. Murder in the second degree.

Arizona view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.azleg.gov/arstitle/.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-706. Serious, violent or aggravated offenders; sentencing; life imprisonment; definitions.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-714. Offenses committed with intent to promote, further or assist a criminal street gang.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-2308. Participating in or assisting a criminal syndicate; classification.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-2321. Participating in or assisting a criminal street gang; classification.

Arkansas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/arcode/.

Ark. Code § 5-74-104. Engaging in a continuing criminal gang, organization, or enterprise.

Ark. Code § 5-74-108. Engaging in violent criminal group activity.

Ark. Code § 12-12-104. Physical evidence in sex offense or violent offense prosecutions -- Retention and disposition -- Definitions.

California view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/codes.xhtml.

Cal. Gov't. Code § 7282.5 (LexisNexis). ["Law enforcement cooperation with immigration authorities; Circumstances"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 182.5 (LexisNexis). ["Punishment for active participation in criminal street gang"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.22 (LexisNexis {Repealed effective January 1, 2022}). ["Street gang"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.26 (LexisNexis). ["Penalty for soliciting or recruiting participation in criminal street gang; Threats of physical violence; Additional penalty for soliciting minor"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 190.2 (LexisNexis). ["Penalty on finding special circumstances"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 12022.53 (LexisNexis). ["Use of firearm in commission of felony; Discharge; Injury"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 13826.3 (LexisNexis {Operation contingent}). ["Individuals subject to gang violence prosecution efforts"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 19200 (LexisNexis). ["Possession of handgrenade; Punishment"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 25400 (LexisNexis). ["Carrying concealed firearm; Carrying firearm openly in belt holster; Punishment"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 27590 (LexisNexis). ["Punishment for violation of article"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 30305 (LexisNexis). ["Persons prohibited from owning or possessing firearm prohibited from owning, possessing, or controlling ammunition"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 676 (LexisNexis). ["Exclusion of public; Confidentiality regarding minor’s name"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 746 (LexisNexis). ["Selection of minors to participate in program; Factors"]

Colorado view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/colorado/.

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 22-7-604.5 (LexisNexis). ["Alternative education campuses - criteria - application - rule-making - definition"]

Connecticut view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://search.cga.state.ct.us/r/statute/dtsearch_form.asp.

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 10-233c. Suspension of pupils.

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 10-233d. Expulsion of pupils.

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53-395. Prohibited activities.

Delaware view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://delcode.delaware.gov/.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 616. Gang participation.

District of Columbia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/.

D.C. Code § 4–508. Disqualifications and reductions.

D.C. Code § 22–951. Criminal street gangs.

Florida view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.leg.state.fl.us/statutes/.

Fla. Stat. § 874.10. Directing the activities of a criminal gang.

Fla. Stat. § 874.11. Electronic communication.

Fla. Stat. § 895.02. Definitions. [Offenses Concerning Racketeering and Illegal Debts]

Fla. Stat. § 921.0022. Criminal Punishment Code; offense severity ranking chart.

Georgia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/gacode/default.

Ga. Code Ann. § 15-11-2. (LexisNexis). ["Definitions" (Juvenile Code/General Provisions)]

Ga. Code Ann. § 15-11-505 (LexisNexis). ["Use of detention assessments to determine if detention is warranted; "serious delinquent act" defined"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-15-4 (LexisNexis). ["Participation in criminal gang activity prohibited"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-15-6 (LexisNexis). ["Local ordinances not preempted by state law"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 17-6-1. (LexisNexis). ["Where offenses bailable; procedure; schedule of bails; appeal bonds"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 42-9-42. (LexisNexis). ["Procedure for granting relief from sentence; conditions and prerequisites; public access to information; violation of parole"]

Illinois view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs.asp.

705 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 405/5-615. Continuance under supervision.

705 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 405/5-805. Transfer of jurisdiction.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/16-30. Identity theft; aggravated identity theft.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/25-5. Unlawful participation in street gang related activity.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 570/405.2. Street gang criminal drug conspiracy.

725 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/110-5. Determining the amount of bail and conditions of release.

730 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/3-5-1. Master Record File.

730 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/3-7-2. Facilities.

Indiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://iga.in.gov/legislative/laws/2017/ic/titles/034.

Ind. Code § 34-31-4-2. Child participation in criminal organization activity.

Ind. Code § 35-31.5-2-27.4. Benefit, promote, or further the interests of a criminal organization.

Ind. Code § 35-31.5-2-264.5. Purpose of increasing a person's own standing or position within a criminal organization.

Ind. Code § 35-45-9-3. Participation in criminal organization; offense.

Iowa view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.iowa.gov/law/iowaCode.

Iowa Code § 657.2. What deemed nuisances.

Iowa Code § 723A.2. Criminal gang participation.

Kentucky view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lrc.ky.gov/statutes/search.aspx.

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 506.160. Minimum service of sentence required if convicted defendant was member of criminal gang acting for the purpose of benefitting, promoting, or furthering the interest of criminal gang.

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 506.170. Enhancement of penalty and minimum service of sentence for conviction of criminal gang-related felonies resulting in risk of physical injury, serious physical injury, or death -- Application to juveniles and persistent felony offenders.

Louisiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://legis.la.gov/legis/LawSearch.aspx.

La. Stat. Ann. § 15:1403. Criminal street gangs and patterns of criminal street gang activity; prohibitions and criminal penalties.

Maryland view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://mgaleg.maryland.gov/webmga/frmStatutes.aspx.

Md. Code, Crim. Law § 9-804. Participation in criminal gang prohibited.

Md. Code, Crim. Law § 9-805. Criminal gang.

Michigan view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.legislature.mi.gov/mileg.aspx?page=MCLBasicSearch.

Mich. § 750.411u. Associate or member of gang; commission or attempt to commit felony; membership in gang as motive, means, or opportunity; penalty; definitions; consecutive sentence. Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411u. Associate or member of gang; commission or attempt to commit felony; membership in gang as motive, means, or opportunity; Penalty; definitions; consecutive sentence Enhanced Penalties—Sentencing; Gang Participation; Gang-Related Definitions Recruitment, Threats, Intimidation; prosecution.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 777.16t. MCL 750.409b to 750.411x(5); Felonies to which chapter applicable.

Minnesota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/.

Minn. Stat. § 609.229. Crime Committed for the Benefit of Gang.

Mississippi view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/mscode/.

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-44-19. Penalty for criminal street gang activity.

Missouri view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.moga.mo.gov/mostatutes/statutesAna.html.

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 578.423. Participating Knowingly in Criminal Street Gang Activities, Penalty—Persons Between Ages of Fourteen and Seventeen Participating to be Transferred to Courts of General Jurisdiction.

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 578.425. Felony or misdemeanors committed to promote or assist criminal conduct by gang members, punishment in addition to regular sentences.

Montana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leg.mt.gov/bills/mca/index.html.

Mont. Code Ann. § 45-8-404. Additional Sentence for Criminal Street Gang-Related Felony.

Nevada view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.leg.state.nv.us/law1.cfm.

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 193.168. Additional Penalty: Felony Committed to Promote Activities of Criminal Gang; Restriction on Probation; Expert Testimony.

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 202.450. Definitions. [Crimes against public health and safety]

New Hampshire view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.gencourt.state.nh.us/rsa/html/indexes/default.html.

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 644:20. Criminal Street Gang; Solicitation.

New Jersey view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://lis.njleg.state.nj.us/nxt/gateway.dll?f=templates&fn=default.htm&vid=Publish:10.1048/Enu.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:33-28. Solicitation, Recruitment to Join Criminal Street Gang; Crime, Degrees, Sentencing.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:33-29. Crime of gang criminality; "criminal street gang" defined; grading of offense.

New Mexico view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://public.nmcompcomm.us/nmnxtadmin/.

N.M. Stat. § 30-20-3. Unlawful Assembly.

North Carolina view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.ncleg.gov/Laws/GeneralStatutes.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 15A-1340.16E. Enhanced sentence for offenses committed by criminal gang members as a part of criminal gang activity.

North Dakota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.nd.gov/general-information/north-dakota-century-code.

N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-06-04. Criminal Conspiracy.

N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-06.2-01. Definitions. [Criminal Street Gangs]

Ohio view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://codes.ohio.gov/orc/.

Ohio Rev. Code § 2923.42. Participating in Criminal Gang.

Ohio Rev. Code § 2923.44. Criminal forfeiture of property relating to gang participation.

Ohio Rev. Code § 2941.142. Criminal gang participation specification.

Oklahoma view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.oklegislature.gov/osstatuestitle.html.

21 Okla. Stat. tit. § 856.3. Gang-Related Offenses as Condition of Membership in Criminal Street Gang - Penalty.

70 Okla. Stat. tit. § 5-146.1. School Employees—Notification of Suspected Gang Activity.

Oregon view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.oregonlegislature.gov/bills_laws/Pages/ORS.aspx.

Or. Rev. Stat. § 417.270. Policy on equal access; documentation of expenditure for males and females; identification of disparities; equal access plan.

Pennsylvania view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.state.pa.us/cfdocs/legis/LI/Public/cons_index.cfm.

42 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 9720.4. Sentencing for Offenses Committed in Association With a Criminal Gang.

Tennessee view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/tncode/default.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 49-6-4215. Criminal Gang Activity; Rules.

Texas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://statutes.capitol.texas.gov/Index.aspx.

Tex. Civ. Prac. & Rem. Code § 125.061. Definitions. [Membership in Criminal Street Gang]

Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Art. 42.0197. Finding Regarding Gang-Related Conduct. [Judgment and Sentence]

Tex. Fam. Code § 54.0491. Gang-Related Conduct.

Tex. Pen. Code § 71.02. Engaging in Organized Criminal Activity.

Tex. Pen. Code § 71.023. Directing Activities of Criminal Street Gangs.

Tex. Transp. Code § 521.4565. Conspiring to Manufacture Counterfeit License or Certificate.

Utah view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://le.utah.gov/xcode/code.html.

Utah Code § 62A-15-1102. Study on gun use—Report.

Utah Code § 76-3-203.1. Offenses Committed in Concert With Two or More Persons or in Relation to a Criminal Street Gang—Notice—Enhanced Penalties.

Utah Code § 76-9-903. Gang Loitering—Failure to Disperse—Penalties.

Virginia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://law.lis.virginia.gov/vacode.

Va. Code Ann. § 15.2-1812.2. Willful and Malicious Damage to or Defacement of Public or Private Facilities; Penalty.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-260. Intake; Petition; Investigation.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-330.1. Serious or Habitual Offender Comprehensive Action Program; definition; disclosure of information; penalty.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.1. Definitions. [Crimes by Gangs]

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.2. Prohibited Criminal Street Gang Participation; Penalty.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-55.1. Hazing of Youth Gang Members Unlawful; Criminal Liability.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-248. Manufacturing, selling, giving, distributing, or possessing with intent to manufacture, sell, give, or distribute a controlled substance or an imitation controlled substance prohibited; penalties.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-514. Racketeering Offenses.

VA. Code Ann. § 19.2-299. Investigations and reports by probation officers in certain cases.

Washington view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://apps.leg.wa.gov/rcw/.

Wash. Rev. Code § 9.94A.535. Departures from Guidelines.

Wash. Rev. Code § 13.40.193. Firearms--Length of Confinement.

Wash. Rev. Code § 28A.600.455. Gang Activity—Suspension or Expulsion.

Wash. Rev. Code § 72,05.425. Student records and information -- Necessary for risk assessment, security classification, and proper placement.

Wisconsin view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://docs.legis.wisconsin.gov/statutes/prefaces/toc.

Wis. Stat. § 938.396. Records.


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