Gang-Related Legislation by Subject
(Laws Updated Through December 2017)

Participation

States for this subject:
Alaska
Arizona
California
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Louisiana
Maryland
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
New Jersey
New Mexico
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Texas
Utah
Virginia

Alaska view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://akleg.gov/index.php.

Alaska Stat. § 11.41.110. Murder in the second degree

Arizona view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.azleg.gov/arstitle/.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-706. Serious, violent or aggravated offenders; sentencing; life imprisonment; definitions

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-714. Offenses committed with intent to promote, further or assist a criminal street gang

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-2308. Participating in or assisting a criminal syndicate; classification

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-2321. Participating in or assisting a criminal street gang; classification

California view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/codes.xhtml.

California Pen Code § 182.5. Punishment for active participation in criminal street gang

Connecticut view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://search.cga.state.ct.us/r/statute/dtsearch_form.asp.

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53-395. Prohibited activities

Delaware view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://delcode.delaware.gov/.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 616. Gang participation

District of Columbia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/.

D.C. Code § 4–508. Disqualifications and reductions

D.C. Code § 22–951. Criminal street gangs

Florida view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.leg.state.fl.us/statutes/.

Fla. Stat. § 874.10. Directing the activities of a criminal gang

Fla. Stat. § 874.11. Electronic communication

Georgia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/gacode/default.

Ga. Code Ann. § 15-11-505 (LexisNexis). ["Use of detention assessments to determine if detention is warranted; "serious delinquent act" defined"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-15-4 (LexisNexis). ["Participation in criminal gang activity prohibited"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-15-6 (LexisNexis). ["Local ordinances not preempted by state law"]

Illinois view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs.asp.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/16-30. Identity theft; aggravated identity theft

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/25-5. Unlawful participation in street gang related activity

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 570/405.2. Street gang criminal drug conspiracy

730 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/3-5-1. Master Record File

730 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/3-7-2. Facilities

Indiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://iga.in.gov/legislative/laws/2017/ic/titles/034.

Ind. Code § 34-31-4-2. Child participation in criminal organization activity

Ind. Code § 35-31.5-2-27.4. Benefit, promote, or further the interests of a criminal organization

Ind. Code § 35-31.5-2-264.5. Purpose of increasing a person's own standing or position within a criminal organization

Ind. Code § 35-45-9-3. Participation in criminal organization; offense

Iowa view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.iowa.gov/law/iowaCode.

Iowa § 723A.2. Criminal Gang Participation

Louisiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://legis.la.gov/legis/LawSearch.aspx.

Louisiana § 15:1403. Criminal Street Gangs and Patterns of Criminal Street Gang Activity: Prohibitions and Criminal Penalties

Maryland view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://mgaleg.maryland.gov/webmga/frmStatutes.aspx.

Maryland Criminal Law Code § 9-804. Participation in Criminal Gang Prohibited

Maryland Criminal Law Code § 9-805. Organization or Supervision of Gang Prohibited

Michigan view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.legislature.mi.gov/mileg.aspx?page=MCLBasicSearch.

Michigan § 750.411u. Associate or member of gang; commission or attempt to commit felony; membership in gang as motive, means, or opportunity; penalty; definitions; consecutive sentence.

Minnesota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/.

Minnesota § 609.229. Crime Committed for Benefit of a Gang

Mississippi view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.sos.ms.gov/Education-Publications/Pages/Mississippi-Code.aspx.

Mississippi § 97-44-19. Penalties for criminal street gang activity

Missouri view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.moga.mo.gov/mostatutes/statutesAna.html.

Missouri § 578.423. Participating Knowingly in Criminal Street Gang Activities, Penalty—Persons Between Ages of Fourteen and Seventeen Participating to be Transferred to Courts of General Jurisdiction

New Jersey view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://lis.njleg.state.nj.us/nxt/gateway.dll?f=templates&fn=default.htm&vid=Publish:10.1048/Enu.

New Jersey § 2C:33-29. Crime of gang criminality; "criminal street gang" defined; grading of offense

New Mexico view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://public.nmcompcomm.us/nmnxtadmin/.

New Mexico § 30-20-3. Unlawful Assembly

North Carolina view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www2.ncleg.net/Laws/GeneralStatuteChapters.

North Carolina § 14-50.16. Pattern of Criminal Street Gang Activity

North Dakota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.nd.gov/general-information/north-dakota-century-code.

North Dakota § 12.1-06-04. Criminal Conspiracy

Ohio view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://codes.ohio.gov/orc/.

Ohio § 2923.42. Criminal Gang Activity; Disposition of Fine Moneys; Report of Law Enforcement Agencies

Oklahoma view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.oscn.net/applications/oscn/index.asp?ftdb=STOKST&level=1.

21 Oklahoma § 856.3. Gang-Related Offenses—Condition of Membership

Texas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://statutes.capitol.texas.gov/Index.aspx.

Sec. 71.023. Directing Activities of Criminal Street Gangs. [Effective January 1, 2017]

Texas Penal Code § 71.02. Engaging in Organized Criminal Activity

Texas Transp. Code § 521.4565. Conspiring to Manufacture Counterfeit License or Certificate

Utah view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://le.utah.gov/xcode/code.html.

Utah § 76-9-903. Gang Loitering—Failure to Disperse—Penalties

Virginia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://law.lis.virginia.gov/vacode.

Virginia § 18.2-46.2. Prohibited Criminal Street Gang Participation; Penalty


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