Gang-Related Legislation by State
(Laws Updated Through December 2018)

Michigan

To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.legislature.mi.gov/mileg.aspx?page=MCLBasicSearch.
Subjects for this jurisdiction:
Accomplice Liability
Carjacking
Civil and Administrative Actions
Curfew
Data Reporting and Sharing
Forfeiture
Foster Care and Alternative Placement (Juveniles)
Funding
Gang-Related Definitions
Juveniles
Participation
Penalties (including Sentencing Enhancement), Fines, and Damages
Prevention
Probation and Parole
Prosecution
Racketeering, Money Laundering, Criminal Enterprise, and Criminal Profiteering
Recruitment, Threats, Intimidation
Schools and Education

Accomplice Liability (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.157a. Conspiracy to commit offense or legal act in illegal manner; penalty.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.157b. Solicitation to commit murder or felony; penalty; affirmative defense.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.157c. Recruiting, inducing, soliciting, or coercing minor to commit felony.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.450. Aiding, assisting, or abetting; penalty.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 767.39. Abolition of distinction between accessory and principal.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 767.67. Indictment; charging accessory without principal; substantial felony.

Carjacking (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.316. First degree murder; penalty; definitions.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.479c. Person informed of criminal investigation by peace officer; prohibited conduct; violation; penalty; exception; definitions.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.529a. Carjacking; felony; penalty; “in the course of committing a larceny of a motor vehicle” defined; consecutive sentence.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 769.1. Authority and power of court; crimes for which juvenile to be sentenced as adult; fingerprints as condition to sentencing; hearing at juvenile's sentencing; determination; criteria; waiver; violation of MCL 333.7403; statement on record; transcript; reimbursement provision in order of commitment; disposition of collections; order to intercept tax refunds and initiate offset proceedings; notice; order directed to person responsible for juvenile's support; hearing; copy of order; retention of jurisdiction over juvenile; annual review; examination of juvenile's annual report; forwarding report.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 777.16y. MCL 750.520b(2) to 750.532; felonies to which chapter applicable.

Civil and Administrative Actions (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.159f — 750.159x. Criminal enterprises chapter.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.159j. Violation as felony; penalties; imposition of costs; order to criminally forfeit property; additional authority of court; conditions for entering order of criminal forfeiture; attorney fees; determination of extent of property; property not reachable; retention of property by law enforcement agency; disposition of money seized; seizure; other criminal or civil remedies not precluded.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.159q. Burden of proof; evidence; return or disposal of property; notice; estoppel from denial of allegations in civil trial; admissibility of testimony.

Curfew (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Mich. Comp. Laws § 722.752. Curfew for minors under age 18.

Data Reporting and Sharing (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Mich. Comp. Laws § 380.1310a. Report.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.159f — 750.159x. Criminal enterprises chapter.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.159q. Burden of proof; evidence; return or disposal of property; notice; estoppel from denial of allegations in civil trial; admissibility of testimony.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411k. Proceeds of criminal offense; receipt; acquisition; financial transaction.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 769.1. Authority and power of court; crimes for which juvenile to be sentenced as adult; fingerprints as condition to sentencing; hearing at juvenile's sentencing; determination; criteria; waiver; violation of MCL 333.7403; statement on record; transcript; reimbursement provision in order of commitment; disposition of collections; order to intercept tax refunds and initiate offset proceedings; notice; order directed to person responsible for juvenile's support; hearing; copy of order; retention of jurisdiction over juvenile; annual review; examination of juvenile's annual report; forwarding report.

Forfeiture (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.159f — 750.159x. Criminal enterprises chapter.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.159j. Violation as felony; penalties; imposition of costs; order to criminally forfeit property; additional authority of court; conditions for entering order of criminal forfeiture; attorney fees; determination of extent of property; property not reachable; retention of property by law enforcement agency; disposition of money seized; seizure; other criminal or civil remedies not precluded.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.159q. Burden of proof; evidence; return or disposal of property; notice; estoppel from denial of allegations in civil trial; admissibility of testimony.

Foster Care and Alternative Placement (Juveniles) (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Mich. Comp. Laws § 769.1. Authority and power of court; crimes for which juvenile to be sentenced as adult; fingerprints as condition to sentencing; hearing at juvenile's sentencing; determination; criteria; waiver; violation of MCL 333.7403; statement on record; transcript; reimbursement provision in order of commitment; disposition of collections; order to intercept tax refunds and initiate offset proceedings; notice; order directed to person responsible for juvenile's support; hearing; copy of order; retention of jurisdiction over juvenile; annual review; examination of juvenile's annual report; forwarding report.

Funding (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Mich. Comp. Laws § 432.212. Wagering tax; rate; creation of state casino gaming fund; administration; allocations; certification of casino licensee; imposition of tax; effect of law allowing operation of video lottery at horse racetracks; wagering on simulcast horse races; payments; effect of city ordinance; existing appropriations or expenditures; definitions.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.159j. Violation as felony; penalties; imposition of costs; order to criminally forfeit property; additional authority of court; conditions for entering order of criminal forfeiture; attorney fees; determination of extent of property; property not reachable; retention of property by law enforcement agency; disposition of money seized; seizure; other criminal or civil remedies not precluded.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 769.1. Authority and power of court; crimes for which juvenile to be sentenced as adult; fingerprints as condition to sentencing; hearing at juvenile's sentencing; determination; criteria; waiver; violation of MCL 333.7403; statement on record; transcript; reimbursement provision in order of commitment; disposition of collections; order to intercept tax refunds and initiate offset proceedings; notice; order directed to person responsible for juvenile's support; hearing; copy of order; retention of jurisdiction over juvenile; annual review; examination of juvenile's annual report; forwarding report.

Gang-Related Definitions (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411u. Associate or member of gang; commission or attempt to commit felony; membership in gang as motive, means, or opportunity; penalty; definitions; consecutive sentence.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411u. Associate or member of gang; commission or attempt to commit felony; membership in gang as motive, means, or opportunity; penalty; definitions; consecutive sentence.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411v. Causing, encouraging, recruiting, soliciting, or coercing another to join, participate in, or assist gang in felony; violation as felony; threat of injury or damage as felony; additional sentence; definitions.

Juveniles (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Mich. Comp. Laws § 722.752. Curfew for minors under age 18.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.157c. Recruiting, inducing, soliciting, or coercing minor to commit felony.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 769.1. Authority and power of court; crimes for which juvenile to be sentenced as adult; fingerprints as condition to sentencing; hearing at juvenile's sentencing; determination; criteria; waiver; violation of MCL 333.7403; statement on record; transcript; reimbursement provision in order of commitment; disposition of collections; order to intercept tax refunds and initiate offset proceedings; notice; order directed to person responsible for juvenile's support; hearing; copy of order; retention of jurisdiction over juvenile; annual review; examination of juvenile's annual report; forwarding report.

Participation (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411u. Associate or member of gang; commission or attempt to commit felony; membership in gang as motive, means, or opportunity; penalty; definitions; consecutive sentence.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411u. Associate or member of gang; commission or attempt to commit felony; membership in gang as motive, means, or opportunity; penalty; definitions; consecutive sentence.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 777.16t. MCL 750.409b to 750.411x(5); Felonies to which chapter applicable.

Penalties (including Sentencing Enhancement), Fines, and Damages (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.157b. Solicitation to commit murder or felony; penalty; affirmative defense.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.157c. Recruiting, inducing, soliciting, or coercing minor to commit felony.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.159f — 750.159x. Criminal enterprises chapter.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.159j. Violation as felony; penalties; imposition of costs; order to criminally forfeit property; additional authority of court; conditions for entering order of criminal forfeiture; attorney fees; determination of extent of property; property not reachable; retention of property by law enforcement agency; disposition of money seized; seizure; other criminal or civil remedies not precluded.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.159q. Burden of proof; evidence; return or disposal of property; notice; estoppel from denial of allegations in civil trial; admissibility of testimony.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.316. First degree murder; penalty; definitions.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411l. Fourth-degree money laundering.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411m. Third-degree money laundering.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411n. Second-degree money laundering.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411o. First-degree money laundering.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411u. Associate or member of gang; commission or attempt to commit felony; membership in gang as motive, means, or opportunity; penalty; definitions; consecutive sentence.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411u. Associate or member of gang; commission or attempt to commit felony; membership in gang as motive, means, or opportunity; penalty; definitions; consecutive sentence.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411v. Causing, encouraging, recruiting, soliciting, or coercing another to join, participate in, or assist gang in felony; violation as felony; threat of injury or damage as felony; additional sentence; definitions.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.450. Aiding, assisting, or abetting; penalty.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.479c. Person informed of criminal investigation by peace officer; prohibited conduct; violation; penalty; exception; definitions.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.529a. Carjacking; felony; penalty; “in the course of committing a larceny of a motor vehicle” defined; consecutive sentence.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 767.39. Abolition of distinction between accessory and principal.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 769.1. Authority and power of court; crimes for which juvenile to be sentenced as adult; fingerprints as condition to sentencing; hearing at juvenile's sentencing; determination; criteria; waiver; violation of MCL 333.7403; statement on record; transcript; reimbursement provision in order of commitment; disposition of collections; order to intercept tax refunds and initiate offset proceedings; notice; order directed to person responsible for juvenile's support; hearing; copy of order; retention of jurisdiction over juvenile; annual review; examination of juvenile's annual report; forwarding report.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 777.16t. MCL 750.409b to 750.411x(5); Felonies to which chapter applicable.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 777.16y. MCL 750.520b(2) to 750.532; felonies to which chapter applicable.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 777.43. Continuing pattern of criminal behavior.

Prevention (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Mich. Comp. Laws § 432.212. Wagering tax; rate; creation of state casino gaming fund; administration; allocations; certification of casino licensee; imposition of tax; effect of law allowing operation of video lottery at horse racetracks; wagering on simulcast horse races; payments; effect of city ordinance; existing appropriations or expenditures; definitions.

Probation and Parole (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Mich. Comp. Laws § 769.1. Authority and power of court; crimes for which juvenile to be sentenced as adult; fingerprints as condition to sentencing; hearing at juvenile's sentencing; determination; criteria; waiver; violation of MCL 333.7403; statement on record; transcript; reimbursement provision in order of commitment; disposition of collections; order to intercept tax refunds and initiate offset proceedings; notice; order directed to person responsible for juvenile's support; hearing; copy of order; retention of jurisdiction over juvenile; annual review; examination of juvenile's annual report; forwarding report.

Prosecution (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.157a. Conspiracy to commit offense or legal act in illegal manner; penalty.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.157b. Solicitation to commit murder or felony; penalty; affirmative defense.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.157c. Recruiting, inducing, soliciting, or coercing minor to commit felony.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.159f — 750.159x. Criminal enterprises chapter.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.159f. Definitions generally. [Criminal enterprises]

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.159g. “Racketeering” defined.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.159i. Prohibited conduct. [Criminal enterprises]

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.159j. Violation as felony; penalties; imposition of costs; order to criminally forfeit property; additional authority of court; conditions for entering order of criminal forfeiture; attorney fees; determination of extent of property; property not reachable; retention of property by law enforcement agency; disposition of money seized; seizure; other criminal or civil remedies not precluded.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.159q. Burden of proof; evidence; return or disposal of property; notice; estoppel from denial of allegations in civil trial; admissibility of testimony.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.316. First degree murder; penalty; definitions.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411k. Proceeds of criminal offense; receipt; acquisition; financial transaction.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411l. Fourth-degree money laundering.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411m. Third-degree money laundering.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411n. Second-degree money laundering.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411o. First-degree money laundering.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411u. Associate or member of gang; commission or attempt to commit felony; membership in gang as motive, means, or opportunity; penalty; definitions; consecutive sentence.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411u. Associate or member of gang; commission or attempt to commit felony; membership in gang as motive, means, or opportunity; penalty; definitions; consecutive sentence.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411v. Causing, encouraging, recruiting, soliciting, or coercing another to join, participate in, or assist gang in felony; violation as felony; threat of injury or damage as felony; additional sentence; definitions.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.450. Aiding, assisting, or abetting; penalty.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.479c. Person informed of criminal investigation by peace officer; prohibited conduct; violation; penalty; exception; definitions.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.529a. Carjacking; felony; penalty; “in the course of committing a larceny of a motor vehicle” defined; consecutive sentence.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 767.39. Abolition of distinction between accessory and principal.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 767.67. Indictment; charging accessory without principal; substantial felony.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 769.1. Authority and power of court; crimes for which juvenile to be sentenced as adult; fingerprints as condition to sentencing; hearing at juvenile's sentencing; determination; criteria; waiver; violation of MCL 333.7403; statement on record; transcript; reimbursement provision in order of commitment; disposition of collections; order to intercept tax refunds and initiate offset proceedings; notice; order directed to person responsible for juvenile's support; hearing; copy of order; retention of jurisdiction over juvenile; annual review; examination of juvenile's annual report; forwarding report.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 777.16t. MCL 750.409b to 750.411x(5); Felonies to which chapter applicable.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 777.16y. MCL 750.520b(2) to 750.532; felonies to which chapter applicable.

Racketeering, Money Laundering, Criminal Enterprise, and Criminal Profiteering (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.159f — 750.159x. Criminal enterprises chapter.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.159f. Definitions generally. [Criminal enterprises]

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.159g. “Racketeering” defined.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.159i. Prohibited conduct. [Criminal enterprises]

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.159j. Violation as felony; penalties; imposition of costs; order to criminally forfeit property; additional authority of court; conditions for entering order of criminal forfeiture; attorney fees; determination of extent of property; property not reachable; retention of property by law enforcement agency; disposition of money seized; seizure; other criminal or civil remedies not precluded.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.159q. Burden of proof; evidence; return or disposal of property; notice; estoppel from denial of allegations in civil trial; admissibility of testimony.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411k. Proceeds of criminal offense; receipt; acquisition; financial transaction.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411l. Fourth-degree money laundering.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411m. Third-degree money laundering.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411n. Second-degree money laundering.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411o. First-degree money laundering.

Recruitment, Threats, Intimidation (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.157c. Recruiting, inducing, soliciting, or coercing minor to commit felony.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411u. Associate or member of gang; commission or attempt to commit felony; membership in gang as motive, means, or opportunity; penalty; definitions; consecutive sentence.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411u. Associate or member of gang; commission or attempt to commit felony; membership in gang as motive, means, or opportunity; penalty; definitions; consecutive sentence.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411v. Causing, encouraging, recruiting, soliciting, or coercing another to join, participate in, or assist gang in felony; violation as felony; threat of injury or damage as felony; additional sentence; definitions.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 777.16t. MCL 750.409b to 750.411x(5); Felonies to which chapter applicable.

Schools and Education (view all jurisdictions for this subject)

Mich. Comp. Laws § 380.1310a. Report.


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