Gang-Related Legislation by Subject
(Laws Updated Through December 2018)

Juveniles

Jurisdictions for this subject:
Federal
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Virginia
Washington
Wisconsin

Federal view all subjects for this jurisdiction To access United States Code, visit https://www.govinfo.gov/app/collection/uscode. To access Code of Federal Regulations, visit https://gov.ecfr.io/cgi-bin/ECFR.

18 U.S.C § 922. Unlawful acts. [Crimes: Firearms]

18 U.S.C. §§ 5031 to 5042. Juvenile Delinquency.

18 U.S.C. § 924. Penalties. [Crimes: Firearms]

18 U.S.C. § 3553. Imposition of a sentence.

21 U.S.C. § 860. Distribution or manufacturing in or near schools and colleges.

28 C.F.R. § 0.57. Criminal prosecutions against juveniles.

34 U.S.C. § 10381, Authority to make public safety and community policing grants.

42 U.S.C. §§ 11801 to 11806. Drug Education and Prevention Relating to Youth Gangs. [Drug Abuse Education and Prevention]

42 U.S.C. § 11801. Establishment of drug abuse education and prevention program relating to youth gangs.

Alaska view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://akleg.gov/index.php.

Alaska Stat. § 12.55.185. Definitions. [Sentencing and Probation]

Alaska Stat. § 29.35.085. Curfew.

Alaska Stat. § 47.12.030. Provisions inapplicable. ["Delinquent Minors" Chapter]

Arizona view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.azleg.gov/arstitle/.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 8-323. Juvenile hearing officer; appointment; term; compensation; hearings; required attendance; contempt.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 11-251. Powers of board.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-501. Persons under eighteen years of age; felony charging; definitions.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-504. Persons under eighteen years of age; juvenile transfer.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-709. Offenses committed in school safety zone; sentences; definitions.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 15-110. Rights of students at public educational institutions; limitations; definition.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 28-3320. Suspension of license for persons under eighteen years of age; notice; definition.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 41-1966.01. Summer youth program; allocation.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 41-1966.02. Project intervention program.

Arkansas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/arcode/.

Ark. Code § 5-74-203. Soliciting or recruiting a minor to join or to remain a member of a criminal gang, organization, or enterprise.

Ark. Code § 6-15-1005. Safe, equitable, and accountable public schools.

Ark. Code § 6-15-1303. Safe Schools Initiative Act.

California view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/codes.xhtml.

Cal. Ed. Code § 32261 (LexisNexis). [Interagency School Safety Demonstration Act of 1985: "Legislative findings, declaration, intent; Definitions"]

Cal. Ed. Code § 32265 (LexisNexis). ["Sponsorship of regional conferences; Topics"]

Cal. Ed. Code § 32270 (LexisNexis). ["Establishment of statewide school safety cadre; Purpose; Appointment of professionals to cadre; Training of representatives"]

Cal. Ed. Code § 32282 (LexisNexis). ["Contents of comprehensive school safety plan; Use of existing resources and handbook; Grants for implementation; Evaluation and amendment; Submission for approval"]

Cal. Ed. Code § 35183 (LexisNexis). ["Legislative declaration regarding gang regalia, gang-related apparel and gang affiliation; Adoption and enforcement of reasonable dress code policy; Schoolwide uniforms"]

Cal. Ed. Code § 35183.5 (LexisNexis). ["Sun-protective clothing and sunscreen"]

Cal. Ed. Code § 51264 (LexisNexis). ["Guidelines for incorporating in-service training in gang violence and drug and alcohol abuse prevention; Assistance in developing in-service training programs and qualifying for funding; Encouragement to develop single plan; Consultation with California Emergency Management Agency"]

Cal. Ed. Code § 51265 (LexisNexis). ["Priority to be given to gang violence and drug and alcohol abuse prevention in–service training programs"]

Cal. Ed. Code § 51266 (LexisNexis). ["Model gang violence suppression and substance abuse prevention curriculum"]

Cal. Ed. Code § 51266.5 (LexisNexis). ["Use of curriculum in rural school settings"]

Cal. Gov't. Code § 30061 (LexisNexis). ["Supplemental Law Enforcement Services Account established in each county; Allocation and appropriation of moneys; Requirements for funded programs, strategies, and system enhancements; Reporting"]

Cal. Gov't. Code § 38772 (LexisNexis). ["Defacement of property by graffiti by minor"]

Cal. Gov't. Code § 38773.6 (LexisNexis). ["Defacement of property by graffiti by minor; Special assessment"]

Cal. Health. &. Saf. Code § 1567.3 (LexisNexis). ["Notice of placement requirement; Requirement of probation officer making out-of-county placement"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.26 (LexisNexis). ["Penalty for soliciting or recruiting participation in criminal street gang; Threats of physical violence; Additional penalty for soliciting minor"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.32 (LexisNexis). ["Registration requirements"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.34 (LexisNexis). ["Shared gang database; Definitions; Exemptions; Reporting requirements; Written notice required prior to inclusion in database; Information request"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 246.1 (LexisNexis). ["Forfeiture of vehicle involved in violent offenses; Disposition of proceeds"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 422.91 (LexisNexis). ["Duties of Department of Corrections and California Youth Authority regarding hate crime prevention"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 594 (LexisNexis). ["Vandalism; Punishment"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 594.1 (LexisNexis). ["Sale, purchase or possession of aerosol paint container; Posting of notice by retailers"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 594.6 (LexisNexis). ["Condition of probation on subsequent conviction of vandalism"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 594.8 (LexisNexis). ["Possession of destructive implement with intent to commit graffiti"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 640.5 (LexisNexis). ["Affixing graffiti on or in vehicles of governmental entity or public transportation system"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 640.6 (LexisNexis). ["Penalties for affixing graffiti on real or personal property"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 667.9 (LexisNexis). ["Sentence enhancement for specified offenses and repeat offenses against aged, disabled, or underage person"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 5087 (LexisNexis). ["Advisory committee"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 13826.3 (LexisNexis {Operation contingent}). ["Individuals subject to gang violence prosecution efforts"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 13826.11 (LexisNexis {Operation contingent}). [California Council on Criminal Justice/Gang Violence Suppression: "Legislative findings and declarations; 'ASAP' pilot program"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 13826.65 (LexisNexis {Operation contingent}). ["Gang violence prevention curriculum; Prevention and intervention services"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 13827 (LexisNexis). ["Abolishment of Office of Gang and Youth Violence Policy; Transfer of duties and obligations to Board of State and Community Corrections; References"]

Cal. Pub. Resources. Code § 5096.334 (LexisNexis). ["Counties of specified population"]

Cal. Wel. & Inst. Code § 11462.01 (LexisNexis). ["Contract for short-term residential therapeutic programs"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 601 (LexisNexis). ["Persons subject to jurisdiction of court as ward for refusal to obey orders of parents, violation of curfew, or truancy"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 602 (LexisNexis). ["Persons subject to jurisdiction of juvenile court and to adjudication as ward for violation of law or ordinance defining crime"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 625.5 (LexisNexis). ["Curfew; Effect of violations; Fees"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 676 (LexisNexis). ["Exclusion of public; Confidentiality regarding minor’s name"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 707 (LexisNexis). ["Decision whether to transfer minor to court of criminal jurisdiction; Investigation and submission of report; Criteria"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 707.01 (LexisNexis). ["Effect of finding that minor is unfit for juvenile court law"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 727.7 (LexisNexis). ["Court order to attend antigang violence parenting classes; Costs"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 730.6 (LexisNexis). ["Imposition of restitution fine; Community service; Fee"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 740 (LexisNexis). ["Placement in community care facility within county of residence; Exceptions; Notice; Plan and formal agreement for supervision and visitation; Disclosure of certain information to law enforcement; Notice of unusual incidents; Judicial review; Costs"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 746 (LexisNexis). ["Selection of minors to participate in program; Factors"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 747 (LexisNexis). ["Adoption of minimum standards for implementation, operation, and evaluation"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 749.22 (LexisNexis). ["Eligibility"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 827 (LexisNexis). ["Limited dissemination of records; Misdemeanor violation of confidentiality provisions"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 830.1 (LexisNexis). ["Disclosure and exchange of nonprivileged information by members of multidisciplinary team; 'Criminal street gang'"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 990 (LexisNexis). ["Definitions:" Juvenile and Gang Violence Prevention, Detention, and Public Protection Act of 1998]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 991 (LexisNexis). ["Monies available for allocation"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 1732.6 (LexisNexis). ["Commitment of minor sentenced to incarceration for life or length of incarceration past age 25"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 1820.3 (LexisNexis). ["Eligibility to receive partnership funds"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 1915 (LexisNexis). ["Medical devices to remove tattoos"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 11462.041 (LexisNexis). ["Requirements of county probation departments to deal with capacity needs; Support from the department; Assessment of capacity and quality of placement options; Report to Legislature"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 18221 (LexisNexis). ["Use of funds to service children who are habitual truants, runaways, at risk of being wards of court, or under juvenile court supervision or supervision of the probation department"]

Colorado view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/colorado/.

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-23-102 (LexisNexis). ["Recruitment of juveniles for a criminal street gang"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 19-1-103. (LexisNexis). [Children's Code: General Provisions: "Definitions"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 19-2-103. (LexisNexis). [Children's Code: The Colorado Juvenile Justice System: "Definitions"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 19-2-205 (LexisNexis). ["Facility directors - duties"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 19-2-508 (LexisNexis). ["Detention and shelter - hearing - time limits - findings - review - confinement with adult offenders - restrictions"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 22-1-120 (LexisNexis). ["Rights of free expression for public school students"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 22-7-604.5 (LexisNexis). ["Alternative education campuses - criteria - application - rule-making - definition"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 22-25-102 (LexisNexis). [Colorado Comprehensive Health Education Act: "Legislative declaration"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 22-25-103 (LexisNexis). ["Definitions:" Colorado Comprehensive Health Education Act]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 22-25-104.5 (LexisNexis). ["Law-related education program - creation"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 22-31-109.1 (LexisNexis). ["Board of education - specific powers and duties - safe school plan - conduct and discipline code - safe school reporting requirements - school response framework - school resource officers - definitions - repeal"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 22-32-109.1. (LexisNexis). ["Board of education - specific powers and duties - safe school plan - conduct and discipline code - safe school reporting requirements - school response framework - school resource officers - definitions - repeal"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 30-15-401 (LexisNexis). ["Definitions:" General regulations]

Connecticut view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://search.cga.state.ct.us/r/statute/dtsearch_form.asp.

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 7-294x. Council to provide training to public school security personnel.

Conn. Gen. Stat. § Sec. 7-294h. State and local police training programs to provide training on the handling of juvenile matters.

Delaware view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://delcode.delaware.gov/.

Del. Code tit. 10, § 1007B. Use of restraints on a child.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 617. Criminal youth gangs.

Del. Code tit. 14, § 4164. School bullying awareness and prevention; criminal youth gang detection.

District of Columbia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/.

D.C. Code § 2–1541. Findings and purpose. [Juvenile Curfew]

D.C. Code § 2–1543. Curfew authority; defenses; enforcement and penalties.

D.C. Code § 5–132.01. Definitions. [Contracting Procedures for Public School Security]

D.C. Code § 5–132.02. Establishment of the Metropolitan Police Department School Safety Division; functions of the School Safety Division.

D.C. Code § 5–132.03. Training for school security personnel.

D.C. Code § 5–132.21. School safe passage emergency zones.

D.C. Code § 22–811. Contributing to the delinquency of a minor.

Florida view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.leg.state.fl.us/statutes/.

Fla. Stat. § 20.316. Department of Juvenile Justice.

Fla. Stat. § 806.13. Criminal mischief; penalties; penalty for minor.

Fla. Stat. § 984.03. Definitions. [Children and Families in Need of Services]

Fla. Stat. § 985.03. Definitions. [Juvenile Justice; Interstate Compact on Juveniles/General Provisions]

Fla. Stat. § 985.047. Information systems.

Fla. Stat. § 985.433. Disposition hearings in delinquency cases.

Georgia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/gacode/default.

Ga. Code Ann. § 15-11-2. (LexisNexis). ["Definitions:" Juvenile Code/General Provisions]

Ga. Code Ann. § 15-11-505 (LexisNexis). ["Use of detention assessments to determine if detention is warranted; "serious delinquent act" defined"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 17-6-12 (LexisNexis). ["Discretion of court to release person charged with crime on person's own recognizance only; effect of failure of person charged to appear for trial"]

Idaho view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://legislature.idaho.gov/statutesrules/idstat/.

Idaho Code Ann. § 18-5610. Utilizing a Person Under Eighteen Years of Age for Prostitution—Penalties.

Idaho Code Ann. § 20-219. Probation and Parole Supervision and Training—Limited Supervision—Rulemaking.

Idaho Code Ann. § 20-516. Apprehension and Release of Juveniles—Detention.

Idaho Code Ann. § 20-549. Curfew Violations—Citation—Notification.

Illinois view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs.asp.

20 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 505/34.2 (LexisNexis). ["Combat gang crime"]

55 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/5-1078. Curfew time for minors.

625 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/6-103. What persons shall not be licensed as drivers or granted permits.

625 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/6-204. When court to forward license and reports.

625 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/6-205. Mandatory revocation of license or permit; hardship cases.

65 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/11-1-5. Curfew.

705 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 405/1-7. Confidentiality of law enforcement and municipal ordinance violation records.

705 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 405/1-8. Confidentiality and accessibility of juvenile court records.

705 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 405/5-105. Definitions. [Delinquent Minors/General Provisions]

705 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 405/5-201. Legislative declaration. [Administration of Juvenile Justice Continuum for Delinquency Prevention]

705 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 405/5-505. Pre-trial conditions order.

705 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 405/5-615. Continuance under supervision.

705 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 405/5-710. Kinds of sentencing orders. [Juvenile Court Act of 1987]

705 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 405/5-715. Probation.

705 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 405/5-805. Transfer of jurisdiction.

705 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 405/5-901. Court file.

705 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 405/6-12. Juvenile justice councils.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/12-6.4. Criminal street gang recruitment on school grounds or public property adjacent to school grounds and criminal street gang recruitment of a minor.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/12C–60. Curfew.

730 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/3-2-5. Organization of the Department of Corrections and the Department of Juvenile Justice.

730 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/3-2.5-95. Conditions of aftercare release.

730 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/3-5-1. Master Record File.

Indiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://iga.in.gov/legislative/laws/2017/ic/titles/034.

Ind. Code § 5-2-10.1-11. School safety specialist training and certification program.

Ind. Code § 5-2-10.1-12. Safe school committees; school plans; copies of floor plans to law enforcement agency and fire department.

Ind. Code § 20-26-18-1. Application. [Criminal Gang Measures]

Ind. Code § 20-33-9-10.5. Criminal organization activity; duty to report; maintaining safe school environment.

Ind. Code § 31-30-1-4. Juvenile court lacks jurisdiction over individuals at least 16 years of age committing certain felonies; retention and transfer of jurisdiction by court having adult criminal jurisdiction.

Ind. Code § 31-37-3-3. Children less than 15 years of age; requirements for detention or custody.

Ind. Code § 31-37-3-3.5. Defenses.

Ind. Code § 31-37-4-3. Law enforcement notification to schools of student arrests.

Ind. Code § 31-37-19-17. Delinquent acts involving criminal mischief or use of graffiti; suspension of operator's license or invalidation of learner's permit.

Ind. Code § 31-37-19-20. Restitution or removal of graffiti; rescission of order suspending or invalidating operator's license or learner's permit.

Ind. Code § 34-31-4-1. Maximum limit of liability.

Ind. Code § 34-31-4-2. Child participation in criminal organization activity.

Iowa view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.iowa.gov/law/iowaCode.

Iowa Code § 279.58. School dress code policies.

Iowa Code § 723A.3. Gang recruitment — penalty.

Kansas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.kslegislature.org/li/b2017_18/statute/.

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 75-7023. Juvenile intake and assessment system; confidentiality of records; information collected; dispositional alternatives; custody of child; conditions of release.

Kentucky view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lrc.ky.gov/statutes/search.aspx.

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 506.160. Minimum service of sentence required if convicted defendant was member of criminal gang acting for the purpose of benefitting, promoting, or furthering the interest of criminal gang.

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 506.170. Enhancement of penalty and minimum service of sentence for conviction of criminal gang-related felonies resulting in risk of physical injury, serious physical injury, or death -- Application to juveniles and persistent felony offenders.

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 610.266. Restriction on placement of nonoffender or curfew violator.

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 640.010. Preliminary hearing — Proof required to try child as youthful offender in Circuit Court.

Louisiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://legis.la.gov/legis/LawSearch.aspx.

La. Stat. Ann. § 14:92.2 Improper supervision of a minor by parent or legal custodian; penalty.

La. Stat. Ann. § 15:1226. Juvenile Delinquency and Gang Prevention Act of 1993.

La. Stat. Ann. § 15:1421. Short title. [Juvenile Delinquency and Gang Prevention Act of 1993]

La. Stat. Ann. § 15:1422. Legislative findings and declaration. [Juvenile Delinquency and Gang Prevention Act of 1993]

La. Stat. Ann. § 15:1423. Definitions. [Juvenile Delinquency and Gang Prevention]

La. Stat. Ann. § 15:1424. Juvenile delinquency and gang prevention advisory boards; membership.

La. Stat. Ann. § 15:1425. Purposes.

La. Stat. Ann. § 15:1426. Powers and duties.

La. Stat. Ann. § 15:1427. Establishment.

La. Stat. Ann. § 15:1428. Delinquency prevention plan; programs; grants.

La. Stat. Ann. § 15:1429. Grant application procedures.

La. Stat. Ann. § 15:1430. Restrictions.

La. Stat. Ann. § 17:13.1. Crime Prevention in Schools Act.

Maryland view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://mgaleg.maryland.gov/webmga/frmStatutes.aspx.

Md. Code, Crim. Law § 9-803. Criminal gang activity -- Schools.

Md. Code, Ed. § 7-424.2. (LexisNexis). ["Gangs and gang activity"].

Md. Code, Ed. Law § 7-303. Arrest for reportable offense.

Md. Code, Ed. Law § 7-424.2. Gangs and gang activity.

Massachusetts view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://malegislature.gov/Laws/Search.

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 265, § 44. Coercion of child under eighteen into criminal conspiracy; penalties.

Michigan view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.legislature.mi.gov/mileg.aspx?page=MCLBasicSearch.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 722.752. Curfew for minors under age 18.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.157c. Recruiting, inducing, soliciting, or coercing minor to commit felony.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 769.1. Authority and power of court; crimes for which juvenile to be sentenced as adult; fingerprints as condition to sentencing; hearing at juvenile's sentencing; determination; criteria; waiver; violation of MCL 333.7403; statement on record; transcript; reimbursement provision in order of commitment; disposition of collections; order to intercept tax refunds and initiate offset proceedings; notice; order directed to person responsible for juvenile's support; hearing; copy of order; retention of jurisdiction over juvenile; annual review; examination of juvenile's annual report; forwarding report.

Minnesota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/.

Minn. Stat. § 126C.44. Safe Schools Levy.

Minn. Stat. § 145.958. Youth Violence Prevention.

Minn. Stat. § 299A.296. Community Crime Prevention Programs; Grants.

Minn. Stat. § 609.494. Solicitation of Juveniles.

Mississippi view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/mscode/.

Miss. Code Ann. § 37-3-82. Mississippi Community Oriented Policing Services in Schools Grant Program established; purpose; use of funds.

Miss. Code Ann. § 37-11-55. Code of student conduct.

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-3-110. Seizure and forfeiture of firearms unlawfully possessed by juveniles and of motor vehicles used in drive-by shootings or bombings.

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-3-111. Forfeiture of vehicles used in drive-by shootings or bombings.

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-44-19. Penalty for criminal street gang activity.

Miss. Code Ann. § 99-19-71. Expungement of conviction; eligible offenses; notice; procedure; order; effect; expungement of arrest record.

Missouri view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.moga.mo.gov/mostatutes/statutesAna.html.

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 578.423. Participating Knowingly in Criminal Street Gang Activities, Penalty—Persons Between Ages of Fourteen and Seventeen Participating to be Transferred to Courts of General Jurisdiction.

Montana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leg.mt.gov/bills/mca/index.html.

Mont. Code Ann. § 7-32-2302. Establishment of Curfew—Penalty.

Mont. Code Ann. § 41-5-206. Filing in district court prior to formal proceedings in youth court.

Mont. Code Ann. § 41-5-1210 Information to be collected by juvenile probation officer or assessment officer.

Mont. Code Ann. § 45-8-403. Use of Threat to Coerce Gang Membership—Use of Violence to Coerce Gang Membership.

Nebraska view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://nebraskalegislature.gov/laws/laws.php.

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 43-245. Terms, Defined. [Juvenile Code]

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 43-276. County attorney; criminal charge, juvenile court petition, pretrial diversion, or mediation; determination; considerations.

Nevada view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.leg.state.nv.us/law1.cfm.

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 7. Duties of Advisory Commission on the administration of Justice.

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 62B.320. Child in Need of Supervision.

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 62E.690. Certain Offenses Concerning Graffiti or Defacement of Property: Suspension or Delay in Issuance of Driver’s License.

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 206.330. Placing graffiti on or otherwise defacing property: Fines and Penalty; restitution; parent or guardian responsible for fines and Penalty if person violating section is under age of 18 years; suspension of driver's license.

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 206.345. Person or Entity to Be Paid if Restitution Is Ordered for Violation of NRS 206.125 or 206.330.

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 386.855. Authorization to establish policy of uniforms for pupils and dress code for educational personnel; financial assistance for pupils to purchase uniforms [Substituted in revision for Nev. Rev. Stat. § 392.415].

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 392.4635. Policy for Prohibition of Activities of Criminal Gangs on School Property.

New Jersey view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://lis.njleg.state.nj.us/nxt/gateway.dll?f=templates&fn=default.htm&vid=Publish:10.1048/Enu.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2A:4A-26.1. Filing motion seeking waiver of jurisdiction; hearing.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2A:4A-43.2. Additional Penalty for Juvenile Adjudicated Delinquent.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2A:4A-43.3. Suspension or Postponement of Right to Operate Motor Vehicle of Person Convicted of or Adjudicated Delinquent for Certain Violations.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2A:162-17. Consideration for Pretrial Release. [Contingently effective; contingent on constitutional amendment as stated in L. 2014, c. 31, § 21]

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 18A:11-7. Findings, declarations relative to school dress codes. [Boards of Education/Board Powers and Duties]

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 18A:11-9. Prohibition of gang-related apparel.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 18A:35-4.26. Instruction in gang violence prevention; required for elementary school.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 34:15F-13. Development, administration of program.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 40:48-2.52. Definitions relative to. [Adoption of curfew ordinances for juveniles]

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 52:17B-4.7. Gang Education Seminars for School Administrators.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 52:17B-162. Objectives provided for by. [Safe and Secure Communities Act]

New Mexico view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://nmonesource.com/nmos/en/nav.do.

N.M. Stat. § 31-18-15.2. Definitions. [Criminal Sentencing Act]

New York view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://public.leginfo.state.ny.us/lawssrch.cgi?NVLWO:.

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 105.10. Conspiracy in the fourth degree.

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 105.13. Conspiracy in the third degree.

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 105.17. Conspiracy in the first degree.

North Carolina view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.ncleg.gov/Laws/GeneralStatutes.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-34.9. Discharging a Firearm From Within an Enclosure.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.18. Soliciting; Encouraging Participation; Minor.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.22. Enhanced Offense for Misdemeanor Criminal Gang Activity.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.28. Applicability to Juveniles Under the Age of 16. [North Carolina Criminal Gang Suppression Act]

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.29. Conditional Discharge for First Offenders Under the Age of 18.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.30. Expunction of Records.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 15A-145.1. Expunction of Records for First Offenders Under the Age of 18 at the Time of Conviction of Certain Gang Offenses.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 15A-151.5. Prosecutor access to expunged files.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 15A-1340.16. Aggravated and Mitigated Sentences.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 15A-1343. Conditions of probation.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 115C-105.55. Establish Task Force for Safer Schools.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 143B-845. Legislative Intent. [Juvenile Crime Prevention Councils]

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 143B-851. Powers and Duties. [Juvenile Crime Prevention Councils]

North Dakota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.nd.gov/general-information/north-dakota-century-code.

N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-06.2-03. Encouraging Minors to Participate in Criminal Street Gang—Penalty.

N.D. Cent. Code § 27-20-53. Children's Fingerprints, Photographs.

Ohio view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://codes.ohio.gov/orc/.

Ohio Rev. Code § 307.71. Adoption of curfew.

Ohio Rev. Code § 505.89. Curfew - violations.

Ohio Rev. Code § 2152.12. Transfer of Cases.

Ohio Rev. Code § 2923.44. Criminal forfeiture of property relating to gang participation.

Ohio Rev. Code § 2929.01. Penalties and sentencing general definitions.

Ohio Rev. Code § 2941.146. Firearm discharged from motor vehicle specification.

Oklahoma view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.oklegislature.gov/osstatuestitle.html.

10A Okla. Stat. tit. § 2-7-301. - Office of Juvenile Affairs - Additional Responsibilities - Divisions - Programs - Transferred Employees, Powers and Duties.

10A Okla. Stat. tit. § 2-7-701. Short Title - Purpose - Intent. [Delinquency and Youth Gang Intervention and Prevention Act]

10A Okla. Stat. tit. § 2-7-702. Definitions. [Delinquency and Youth Gang Intervention and Prevention Act]

10A Okla. Stat. tit. § 2-7-703. Duties and Responsibilities - Establishment of Criteria.

10A Okla. Stat. tit. § 2-7-705. Responsibility for Implementation of Delinquency and Youth Gang Intervention and Prevention Act - Contracts Honored - Annual Report.

19 Okla. Stat. tit. § 339.6. Curfews.

21 Okla. Stat. tit. § 856. Delinquent Minor - Contributing to Delinquency.

70 Okla. Stat. tit. § 5-146.1. School Employees—Notification of Suspected Gang Activity.

Oregon view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.oregonlegislature.gov/bills_laws/Pages/ORS.aspx.

Or. Rev. Stat. § 417.270. Policy on equal access; documentation of expenditure for males and females; identification of disparities; equal access plan.

Or. Rev. Stat. § 417.847. Youth Development Council; purpose; members; duties and authority; rules.

Or. Rev. Stat. § 419C.461. Graffiti Offenses; Personal or Community Service; Liability for Damages.

Or. Rev. Stat. § 419C.680. Hours When Minors Prohibited From Public Places; Exception; Duties of Parents or Guardians; Local Regulations; Violations.

Pennsylvania view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.pacode.com/secure/browse.asp.

24 Pa. Stat. § 13-1313-C. School resource officers.

8 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 10A06. General Powers of Mayor.

8 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 3321. Enforcement.

Rhode Island view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://webserver.rilin.state.ri.us/Statutes/.

R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-9-11. Designation of Curfew Streets.

R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-9-12. Penalty for Loitering on Curfew Street.

R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-44-21.1. Graffiti—Defacing Private Residences, Offices, Businesses, or Commercial Property.

R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-44-21.2. Restitution or removal of graffiti -- Rescission of order suspending or invalidating operator's license or learner's permit.

R.I. Gen. Laws § 40-5.3-2. Youth Pregnancy and At-Risk Prevention Services Program—Findings—Legislative Intent—Goals.

R.I. Gen. Laws § 40-5.3-3. Youth Pregnancy and At-Risk Prevention Services Program—Establishment.

R.I. Gen. Laws § 42-26-19. After-School Alternative Program—Legislative Intent.

R.I. Gen. Laws § 42-26-19.1. After-School Alternative Program—Purpose—Duration.

South Carolina view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.scstatehouse.gov/code/statmast.php.

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-8-240. Use of or Threat of Physical Violence by Criminal Gang Member; Penalty.

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-8-250. Preventing Witness or Victim From Testifying; Penalty; Coerced Person's Right to Bring Civil Action.

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-8-340. Community Anti-Gang Matching Grants Program.

S.C. Code Ann. § 59-40-111. Charter school, Alternative Education Campus.

South Dakota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/default.aspx.

S.D. Codified Laws § 26-8E-Appx. South Dakota's Juvenile Supervisory Responses.

Tennessee view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/tncode/default.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 29-3-101. Definitions -- Maintenance and abatement of nuisance -- Forfeiture of property -- Payment of moneys from forfeiture into general funds.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 37-1-134. Transfer to Criminal Courts.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 39-17-1702. Curfew established -- Exceptions -- Duties of apprehending authority.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 49-6-1027. Gang Awareness Education; Elementary and Middle School.

Tenn. Code Ann.. § 37-1-702. Authority to establish teen court -- Procedure for participation -- Determining factors for participation -- Authority of teen court.

Texas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://statutes.capitol.texas.gov/Index.aspx.

Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Art. 61.03. Release of Information.

Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Art. 61.04. Criminal Information Relating to Child.

Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Art. 61.07. Removal of Records Relating to a Child.

Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Art. 61.075. Right to Request Existence of Criminal Information.

Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Art. 61.08. Right to Request Review of Criminal Information.

Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Art. 61.11. Gang Resource System.

Tex. Ed. Code § 33.006. School Counselors; General Duties.

Tex. Fam. Code § 54.046. Conditions of Probation for Damaging Property with Graffiti.

Tex. Fam. Code § 54.0481. Restitution for Damaging Property With Graffiti.

Tex. Fam. Code § 54.0491. Gang-Related Conduct.

Tex. Fam. Code § 58.252. Exempted Records.

Tex. Fam. Code § 61.102. Right to Be Information of Proceeding.

Tex. Gov’t Code § 71.0352. Juvenile data: justice, municipal, and truancy courts.

Tex. Health & Safety Code § 146.012. Tattoos Prohibited for Certain Persons.

Tex. Pen. Code § 15.031. Criminal Solicitation of a Minor.

Tex. Pen. Code § 20A.02. Trafficking of Persons.

Tex. Pen. Code § 46.02. Unlawful Carrying Weapons.

Utah view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://le.utah.gov/xcode/code.html.

Utah Code § 53A-15-1102. Uniforms in Schools—Legislative Finding—Policies. [Renumbered to Section 53G-7-802]

Utah Code § 53F-2-410. Enhancement for At-Risk Students Program.

Utah Code § 53F-2-410. Enhancement for At-Risk Students Program.

Utah Code § 53G-7-802. Uniforms in schools — Legislative finding — Policies.

Utah Code § 53G-8-203. Conduct and Discipline Policies and Procedures.

Utah Code § 63M-7-208. Juvenile justice oversight -- Delegation -- Effective dates.

Utah Code § 78A-6-117. Adjudication of jurisdiction of juvenile court -- Disposition of cases -- Enumeration of possible court orders -- Considerations of court.

Utah Code § 78A-6-703. Certification hearings—Juvenile Court to Hold Preliminary Hearing—Factors Considered by Juvenile Court for Waiver of Jurisdiction to District Court.

Utah Code § 78A-6-1113. Property Damage Caused By a Minor—Liability of Parent or Legal Guardian—Criminal Conviction or Adjudication for Criminal Mischief or Criminal Trespass Not a Prerequisite for Civil Action Under Chapter—When Parent or Guardian Not Liable.

Utah Code § 78A-6-1202. Definitions. [Utah Youth Court Diversion Act]

Virginia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://law.lis.virginia.gov/vacode.

Va. Code Ann. § 2.2-2618. Powers and duties of Council.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-260. Intake; Petition; Investigation.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-269.2. Admissibility of Statement; Investigation and Report; Bail.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-273. Court may require investigation of social history and preparation of victim impact statement.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-278.8. Delinquent Juveniles.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-300. Confidentiality of Department Records.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-309.1. Exception as To Confidentiality.

Va. Code Ann. § 16.1-330.1. Serious or Habitual Offender Comprehensive Action Program; definition; disclosure of information; penalty.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.2. Prohibited Criminal Street Gang Participation; Penalty.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.3. Recruitment of Persons for Criminal Street Gang; Penalty.

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-83.1. Report of Arrest of School Employees and Adult Students for Certain Offenses.

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-123. Release of Accused on Secured or Unsecured Bond or Promise to Appear; Conditions of Release.

Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-79.2. Uniforms in Public Schools; Board of Education Guidelines.

Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-199.5. After School Programs for At-Risk Students.

Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-279.6. Board of Education Guidelines and Model Policies for Codes of Student Conduct; School Board Regulations.

Va. Code Ann. § 66-3.2. Additional Duties of the Director.

Washington view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://apps.leg.wa.gov/rcw/.

Wash. Rev. Code § 9.94A.533. Adjustments to standard sentences.

Wash. Rev. Code § 9.94A.535. Departures from Guidelines.

Wash. Rev. Code § 9.94A.833. Special Allegation—Involving Minor in Felony Offense—Procedures.

Wash. Rev. Code § 10.21.030. Conditions of Release—Judicial Officer May Amend Order.

Wash. Rev. Code § 13.40.193. Firearms--Length of Confinement.

Wash. Rev. Code § 13.40.210. Setting of Release Date—Administrative Release Authorized, When—Parole Program, Revocation or Modification of, Scope—Intensive Supervision Program—Parole Officer's Right of Arrest.

Wash. Rev. Code § 13.40.310. Transitional Treatment Program for Gang and Drug-Involved Juvenile Offenders.

Wash. Rev. Code § 28A.225.225. Applications From School Employees' Children, Nonresident Students, or Students Receiving Home-Based Instruction to Attend District School—Acceptance and Rejection Standards—Notification.

Wash. Rev. Code § 28A.300.490. Task Force on Gangs in Schools—Reports.

Wash. Rev. Code § 28A.320.140. Schools With Special Standards—Dress Codes.

Wash. Rev. Code § 43.70.550. Public health services improvement plan - Contents.

Wash. Rev. Code § 43.185C.260. Youth services -- Officer taking child into custody -- Authorization -- Duration of custody -- Transporting to crisis residential center -- Report on suspected abuse or neglect.

Wash. Rev. Code § 43.310.005. Finding. [Youth Gangs]

Wash. Rev. Code § 43.310.007. Intent—Prevention and Intervention Pilot Programs.

Wash. Rev. Code § 43.310.010. Definitions. [Youth Gangs]

Wash. Rev. Code § 43.310.020. Gang Risk Prevention and Intervention Pilot Programs—Request for Proposals.

Wash. Rev. Code § 72,05.425. Student records and information -- Necessary for risk assessment, security classification, and proper placement.

Wisconsin view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://docs.legis.wisconsin.gov/statutes/prefaces/toc.

Wis. Stat. § 165.987. Youth Diversion Programs; Grant Program.

Wis. Stat. § 938.396. Records.

Wis. Stat. § 941.38. Criminal Gang Member Solicitation and Contact.


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