Gang-Related Legislation by Subject
(Laws Updated Through December 2018)
Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 8-323. Juvenile hearing officer; appointment; term; compensation; hearings; required attendance; contempt.
Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 11-251. Powers of board.
Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-1602. Criminal damage; classification.
Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 28-3320. Suspension of license for persons under eighteen years of age; notice; definition.
Cal. Gov't. Code § 38772 (LexisNexis). ["Defacement of property by graffiti by minor"]
Cal. Gov't. Code § 38773.2 (LexisNexis). ["Collection of costs incurred; Notice; Graffiti nuisance abatement lien"]
Cal. Gov't. Code § 38773.6 (LexisNexis). ["Defacement of property by graffiti by minor; Special assessment"]
Cal. Gov't. Code § 53069.3 (LexisNexis). ["Use of public funds to remove graffiti"]
Cal. Gov't. Code § 61002 (LexisNexis). Definitions [Community Services Districts/General Provisions/Introductory Provisions]
Cal. Pen. Code § 594 (LexisNexis). ["Vandalism; Punishment"]
Cal. Pen. Code § 594.1 (LexisNexis). ["Sale, purchase or possession of aerosol paint container; Posting of notice by retailers"]
Cal. Pen. Code § 594.2 (LexisNexis). ["Possession of specified instruments with intent to commit vandalism or graffiti"]
Cal. Pen. Code § 594.6 (LexisNexis). ["Condition of probation on subsequent conviction of vandalism"]
Cal. Pen. Code § 594.7 (LexisNexis). ["Effect of previous vandalism convictions"]
Cal. Pen. Code § 594.8 (LexisNexis). ["Possession of destructive implement with intent to commit graffiti"]
Cal. Pen. Code § 640.5 (LexisNexis). ["Affixing graffiti on or in vehicles of governmental entity or public transportation system"]
Cal. Pen. Code § 640.6 (LexisNexis). ["Penalties for affixing graffiti on real or personal property"]
Cal. Pen. Code § 13825 (LexisNexis). ["State Graffiti Clearinghouse"]
Colo. Rev. Stat. § 30-15-401 (LexisNexis). Definitions [General regulations] - definitions
Del. Code tit. 11, § 812. Graffiti and possession of graffiti implements; class G felony; class A misdemeanor; class B misdemeanor.
D.C. Code § 1–325.101. Anti-Graffiti Mural Assistance Program Fund.
D.C. Code § 22–3312.04. Penalties.
D.C. Code § 22–3312.05. Definitions. [Trespass; Injuries to Property]
D.C. Code § 42–3141.01. Definitions. [Abatement of Graffiti]
D.C. Code § 42–3141.02. Nuisance.
D.C. Code § 42–3141.03. Notice of graffiti nuisance and reply.
D.C. Code § 42–3141.04. Deemed authorization to abate.
D.C. Code § 42–3141.05. Notice of violation; service of notice.
D.C. Code § 42–3141.06. Answer and expedited hearing.
D.C. Code § 42–3141.07. Payment of abatement costs and penalties.
D.C. Code § 42–3141.08. Graffiti Abatement Fund.
D.C. Code § 42–3141.09. Collection against an owner.
D.C. Code § 42–3141.10. Graffiti abatement materials.
Fla. Stat. § 806.13. Criminal mischief; penalties; penalty for minor.
Fla. Stat. § 901.15. When arrest by officer without warrant is lawful.
Ga. Code Ann. § 17-15A-2 (LexisNexis). ["'Graffiti' defined"]
Ga. Code Ann. § 17-15A-3 (LexisNexis). [Compensation for Criminally Inflicted Property Damage: "Legislative findings"]
Ga. Code Ann. § 17-15A-4 (LexisNexis). ["Removal of graffiti by inmates; no waiver of sovereign immunity; no fees to property owners"]
Haw. Rev. Stat. § 46-1.5. General powers and limitation of the counties.
Haw. Rev. Stat. § 577-3.5. Property damage, parental responsibility.
Haw. Rev. Stat. § 708-823.6. Graffiti; sentencing.
Idaho Code Ann. § 18-7036. Injury by Graffiti.
55 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/5-1078.5. Graffiti.
Ind. Code § 31-37-19-17. Delinquent acts involving criminal mischief or use of graffiti; suspension of operator's license or invalidation of learner's permit.
Ind. Code § 31-37-19-20. Restitution or removal of graffiti; rescission of order suspending or invalidating operator's license or learner's permit.
Ind. Code § 35-31.5-2-50. Community restitution or service.
Ind. Code § 35-31.5-2-146. Graffiti.
Ind. Code § 35-43-1-2. Criminal mischief; institutional criminal mischief; controlled substances criminal mischief.
La. Stat. Ann. § 14:56.4. Criminal damage to property by defacing with graffiti.
La. Stat. Ann. § 14:56.5. Criminal damage to historic buildings or landmarks by defacing with graffiti.
Md. Code, Crim. Law § 6-301. Malicious destruction -- Generally.
Md. Code, Crim. Pro. 11-603. Restitution determination.
Minn. Stat. § 473.41. Transit Shelters and Stops.
Minn. Stat. § 617.90. Graffiti Damage Action.
Neb. Rev. Stat. § 23-187. Subjects regulated; power to enforce.
Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-111. Enhanced Penalty; enumerated offenses.
Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-524. Graffiti; Penalty.
Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-1351. Unlawful Membership Recruitment Into an Organization or Association; Penalty.
Nev. Rev. Stat. § 62E.690. Certain Offenses Concerning Graffiti or Defacement of Property: Suspension or Delay in Issuance of Driver’s License.
Nev. Rev. Stat. § 206.005. "Graffiti" Defined.
Nev. Rev. Stat. § 206.125. Damage of Property Used for Purpose of Religion, for Burial or Memorializing Dead, for Education, as Transportation Facility, as Public Transportation Vehicle or as Community Center; Damage of Personal Property Contained Therein; Penalty; Restitution.
Nev. Rev. Stat. § 206.330. Placing graffiti on or otherwise defacing property: Fines and Penalty; restitution; parent or guardian responsible for fines and Penalty if person violating section is under age of 18 years; suspension of driver's license.
Nev. Rev. Stat. § 206.335. Carrying Graffiti Implement at Certain Locations With Intent to Vandalize, Place Graffiti on or Deface Property.
Nev. Rev. Stat. § 206.340. Graffiti Reward Account Created; Administrative Assessment to Be Imposed for Certain Violations; Use of Money in Account.
Nev. Rev. Stat. § 206.345. Person or Entity to Be Paid if Restitution Is Ordered for Violation of NRS 206.125 or 206.330.
Nev. Rev. Stat. § 244.3693. Removal or Covering of Graffiti on Real or Personal Property of County; Civil Penalty.
Nev. Rev. Stat. § 244.3694. Abatement of Graffiti on Nonresidential Property.
Nev. Rev. Stat. § 244.3695. Graffiti Reward and Abatement Fund: Creation; Use; Administrative Assessments; Payment of Rewards.
Nev. Rev. Stat. § 244.36915. "Graffiti" Defined.
Nev. Rev. Stat. § 244.36935. Abatement of graffiti on residential property.
Nev. Rev. Stat. § 268.408. Abatement of graffiti on property owned or controlled by city; civil action authorized to recover civil Penalty and damages.
Nev. Rev. Stat. § 268.4075. "Graffiti" Defined.
Nev. Rev. Stat. § 268.4085. Graffiti Reward and Abatement Fund: Creation Required; Use of Money; Administrative Assessment; Offer of Reward.
Nev. Rev. Stat. § 331.145. Duty to Remove or Cover Graffiti Placed on State Property; Civil Action to Recover Civil Penalty and Damages.
N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 631:4. Criminal Threatening.
N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2A:4A-43.2. Additional Penalty for Juvenile Adjudicated Delinquent.
N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2A:4A-43.3. Suspension or Postponement of Right to Operate Motor Vehicle of Person Convicted of or Adjudicated Delinquent for Certain Violations.
N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2A:153-4.1. Damaging Property by Acts of Graffiti; Ordinance; Determination of Recipients of Reward.
N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:17-3. Criminal Mischief.
N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:33-10. Causing Fear of Unlawful Bodily Violence, Crime of Third Degree; Act of Graffiti, Additional Penalty.
N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:33-11. Defacement of Private Property, Crime of Fourth Degree; Act of Graffiti, Additional Penalty.
N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:33-14.1. Vandalizing Railroad Crossing Devices, Property; grading of offenses; graffiti.
N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:33-24. "Act of graffiti" defined.
N.J. Rev. Stat. § 13:1E-217. Clean Communities Program Fund.
N.J. Rev. Stat. § 40:48-2.59. Graffiti on Buildings, Structures and Other Exposed Surfaces; Ordinances Enforcing Prohibitions.
N.M. Stat. § 30-3-8.1. Seizure and Forfeiture of Motor Vehicle; Procedure.
N.M. Stat. § 30-15-1.1. Unauthorized graffiti on personal property.
N.Y. CLS Pen. § 60.28. Authorized Disposition; Making Graffiti and Possession of Graffiti Instruments.
N.Y. CLS Pen. § 145.60. Making Graffiti.
N.Y. CLS Pen. § 240.10. Unlawful Assembly.
N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-127.1. Graffiti vandalism.
11 Okla. Stat. tit. § 22-112-2. Graffiti Removal.
Or. Rev. Stat. § 137.131. Community Service as a condition of probation for offense involving graffiti.
Or. Rev. Stat. § 164.381. Definitions. [Graffiti-Related Offenses]
Or. Rev. Stat. § 164.383. Unlawfully Applying Graffiti.
Or. Rev. Stat. § 164.386. Unlawfully Possessing a Graffiti Implement.
Or. Rev. Stat. § 164.388. Preemption.
Or. Rev. Stat. § 419C.461. Graffiti Offenses; Personal or Community Service; Liability for Damages.
18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 3304. Criminal Mischief.
R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-44-21.1. Graffiti—Defacing Private Residences, Offices, Businesses, or Commercial Property.
R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-44-21.2. Restitution or removal of graffiti -- Rescission of order suspending or invalidating operator's license or learner's permit.
S.C. Code Ann. § 16-1-100. Crimes classified as misdemeanors.
S.C. Code Ann. § 16-11-770. Illegal Graffiti Vandalism; Penalty; Removal or Restitution.
Tenn. Code Ann. § 6-54-127. Graffiti Removal; Liability.
Tenn. Code Ann. § 29-3-101. Definitions -- Maintenance and abatement of nuisance -- Forfeiture of property -- Payment of moneys from forfeiture into general funds.
Tenn. Code Ann. § 39-14-412. Mailbox Tampering; Graffiti.
Tex. Civ. Prac. & Rem. Code § 125.061. Definitions. [Membership in Criminal Street Gang]
Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Art. 102.0171. Court Costs: Juvenile Delinquency Prevention Funds.
Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Art. 42A.509. Community Supervision for Graffiti Offense.
Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Art. 61.01. Definitions. [Compilation of Information Pertaining to Criminal Combinations and Criminal Street Gangs]
Tex. Fam. Code § 54.046. Conditions of Probation for Damaging Property with Graffiti.
Tex. Fam. Code § 54.0481. Restitution for Damaging Property With Graffiti.
Tex. Local Gov’t Code § 250.006. Graffiti Removal.
Tex. Pen. Code § 28.03. Criminal Mischief.
Tex. Pen. Code § 28.08. Graffiti.
Utah Code § 53E-3-509. Gang Prevention and Intervention Policies.
Utah Code § 76-6-107. Graffiti Defined—Penalties—Removal Costs—Reimbursement Liability.
Utah Code § 76-6-107.1. Compensatory Service—Graffiti Penalties.
Utah Code § 76-6-206. Criminal Trespass.
Utah Code § 78A-6-117. Adjudication of jurisdiction of juvenile court -- Disposition of cases -- Enumeration of possible court orders -- Considerations of court.
Utah Code § 78A-6-1113. Property Damage Caused By a Minor—Liability of Parent or Legal Guardian—Criminal Conviction or Adjudication for Criminal Mischief or Criminal Trespass Not a Prerequisite for Civil Action Under Chapter—When Parent or Guardian Not Liable.
Va. Code Ann. § 15.2-1812.2. Willful and Malicious Damage to or Defacement of Public or Private Facilities; Penalty.
Wash. Rev. Code § 4.24.330. Action for Damages Caused by Criminal Street Gang Tagging and Graffiti.
Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.48.105. Criminal Street Gang Tagging and Graffiti.
Wash. Rev. Code § 36.28A.210. Graffiti and Tagging Abatement Grant Program.
Wash. Rev. Code § 36.28A.220. Grant programs - Effectiveness evaluations.
Wis. Stat. § 943.012. Criminal Damage to or Graffiti on Religious and Other Property.
Wis. Stat. § 943.017. Graffiti.