Gang-Related Legislation by Subject
(Laws Updated Through June 2019)

Forfeiture

Jurisdictions for this subject:
Federal
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Nevada
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oregon
South Carolina
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin

Federal view all subjects for this jurisdiction To access United States Code, visit https://www.govinfo.gov/app/collection/uscode. To access Code of Federal Regulations, visit https://gov.ecfr.io/cgi-bin/ECFR.

18 U.S.C. § 924. Penalties. [Crimes: Firearms]

18 U.S.C. § 1963. Criminal penalties.

21 U.S.C. § 853. Criminal forfeitures.

21 U.S.C. § 881. Forfeitures.

21 U.S.C.S § 848. Continuing criminal enterprise.

Alabama view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://alisondb.legislature.state.al.us/alison/codeofalabama/1975/coatoc.htm.

Ala. Code § 41-9-650.01. (Final placement and text of 2019 legislation is subject to editorial action of the Code Commissioner) Reporting requirements for certain property seized for forfeiture in connection with a criminal event.

Alaska view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://akleg.gov/index.php.

Alaska Stat. § 12.55.015. Authorized sentences; forfeiture.

Arizona view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.azleg.gov/arstitle/.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-2314.02. Racketeering lien; content; filing; notice; effect.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-2317. Money laundering; classification; definitions.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 16-93-207. Applications for pardon, commutation of sentence, and remission of fines and forfeitures.

Arkansas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/arcode/.

Ark. Code § 5-4-104. Authorized sentences generally.

Ark. Code § 5-64-405. Continuing criminal enterprise.

Ark. Code § 5-64-505. Property subject to forfeiture -- Procedure -- Disposition of property.

Ark. Code § 5-74-107. Unlawful discharge of a firearm from a vehicle.

California view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/codes.xhtml.

Cal. Health. &. Saf. Code § 11489 (LexisNexis). ["Distribution of funds from sale of forfeited property"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186 Citation. [California Control of Profits of Organized Crime Act]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.2 (LexisNexis). ["Definitions:" Criminal Profiteering]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.3 (LexisNexis). ["Property subject to forfeiture']

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.21 (LexisNexis). [Street Terrorism Enforcement and Prevention Act: "Legislative findings and declarations"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 246.1 (LexisNexis). ["Forfeiture of vehicle involved in violent offenses; Disposition of proceeds"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 853.6 (Westlaw). ["Misdemeanors; release procedures; notice to appear; contents; procedure upon violation of domestic violence protective order; evidence of identification; bail and forfeiture; booking or fingerprinting; grounds for nonrelease; alteration or destruction of citation; recommendation of dismissal; procedure where charged person claims not to be person issued notice to appear"]

Cal. Rev. & Tax. Code § 19280 (Westlaw). ["Fines, penalties, bail, forfeitures, or other amounts imposed for criminal offenses; collection by Franchise Tax Board; procedures; interest; construction"]

Colorado view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/colorado/.

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 16-13-301 (LexisNexis). ["Definitions:" Abatement of Public Nuisance]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 16-13-303 (LexisNexis). ["Class 1 public nuisance"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 16-13-701 (Westlaw). ["Reports related to seizures and forfeitures--legislative declaration--definitions"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 16-13-701. (LexisNexis). ["Reports related to seizures and forfeitures - legislative declaration - definitions"]

Connecticut view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://search.cga.state.ct.us/r/statute/dtsearch_form.asp.

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 51-279b. Racketeering unit. Bond forfeiture unit. Standards for compromise and settlement of forfeited bonds.

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53-397. Penalty. Forfeiture of property. Disposition of seized property. Appointment of receiver.

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53-398. Court orders.

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 54-36h. Forfeiture of moneys and property related to illegal sale or exchange of controlled substances or money laundering.

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 54-36i. Drug assets forfeiture revolving account. Allocation of moneys.

Delaware view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://delcode.delaware.gov/.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 1507. Racketeering lien notice; lis pendens; construction of section.

District of Columbia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/.

D.C. Code § 23–1331. Definitions. [Release and Pretrial Detention]

Florida view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.leg.state.fl.us/statutes/.

Fla. Stat. §§ 895.01-895.06. Short title. [Florida RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization) Act.]

Fla. Stat. § 874.08. Criminal gang activity and recruitment; forfeiture.

Fla. Stat. § 874.12. Identification documents; unlawful possession or creation.

Fla. Stat. § 896.101. Florida Money Laundering Act; definitions; penalties; injunctions; seizure warrants; immunity.

Fla. Stat. § 932.7061. Reporting seized property for forfeiture.

Georgia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/gacode/default.

Ga. Code Ann. §§ 16-14-1 to 16-14-12. Georgia RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations) Act.

Ga. Code Ann. § 9-16-19 (LexisNexis). ["Disposition of forfeited property; order of distribution; annual report"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-15-3 (LexisNexis). ["Definitions:" Street Gang Terrorism and Prevention]

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-15-5 (LexisNexis). ["Civil forfeiture"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 24-4-418 (LexisNexis). ["Admissibility of criminal gang activity, disclosure"]

Hawaii view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.capitol.hawaii.gov/.

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 712A-1. Definitions. [Forfeiture]

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 712A-4. Covered offenses.

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 712A-4. Covered offenses. [Forfeiture]

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 712A-5. Property subject to forfeiture; exemption.

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 712A-7. Powers and duties of law enforcement officers and agencies. [Forfeiture]

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 712A-10. Administrative forfeiture.

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 712A-11. Judicial forfeiture proceedings; general.

Idaho view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://legislature.idaho.gov/statutesrules/idstat/.

Idaho Code Ann. § 18-7801. Short title. [Racketeering Act]

Idaho Code Ann. § 18-7805. Racketeering — Civil Remedies.

Idaho Code Ann. § 37-2744. Forfeitures.

Illinois view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs.asp.

5 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 810/5. Applicability. [Seizure and Forfeiture Reporting Act]

5 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 810/10. Reporting by law enforcement agency.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. §§ 5/29B-1 to 5/29B-27. Money laundering.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. §§ 5/36.1-1 to 5/36.1-5. Seizure and Forfeiture of Vessels, Vehicles and Aircraft [Article].

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/29B-5. Property subject to forfeiture.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/29B-12. Non-judicial forfeiture.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/29B-13. Judicial in rem procedures.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/29B-15. Burden and commencement of forfeiture action.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/33G-6. Remedial proceedings, procedures, and forfeiture.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/33G-6. Remedial proceedings, procedures, and forfeiture. [Illinois Street Gang and Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Law]

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/36-1. Property subject to forfeiture.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/36-1. Property subject to forfeiture. [As amended by P.A. 98-699, effective January 1, 2015, Repealed on June 11, 2022]

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/36-2.1. Notice to owner or interest holder.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/36-2.5. Judicial in rem procedures.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/36-9. Reporting.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 570/405 (LexisNexis). ["Calculated criminal drug conspiracy"]

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 570/405.2. Street gang criminal drug conspiracy.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 646/65. Methamphetamine conspiracy.

740 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 147/40. Contraband.

Iowa view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.iowa.gov/law/iowaCode.

Iowa Code § 809A.3. Conduct giving rise to forfeiture.

Kansas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.kslegislature.org/li/b2017_18/statute/.

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6327. Kansas racketeer influenced and corrupt organization act.

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6330. Same [Kansas racketeer influenced and corrupt organization act]; appropriate orders and judgments by district courts; civil forfeiture.

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 22-3901. Common nuisances; scope.

Kentucky view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lrc.ky.gov/statutes/search.aspx.

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 506.190. Criminal gang-related property subject to forfeiture under same criteria and process as set out in KRS 218A.405 to 218A.460.

Louisiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://legis.la.gov/legis/LawSearch.aspx.

La. Stat. Ann. § 15:1405.2. Possession of firearms, ammunition, and dangerous weapons by criminal street gangs; forfeiture.

Maine view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://legislature.maine.gov/statutes/.

17-A M.R.S. § 1504. Forfeiture of firearms.

Maryland view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://mgaleg.maryland.gov/webmga/frmStatutes.aspx.

Md. Code, Crim. Law § 9-804. Participation in criminal gang prohibited.

Massachusetts view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://malegislature.gov/Laws/Search.

Mass. Gen. Laws, ch. 280, § 6A. Special cost assessments; exemption.

Michigan view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.legislature.mi.gov/mileg.aspx?page=MCLBasicSearch.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.159f — 750.159x. Criminal enterprises chapter.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.159j. Violation as felony; penalties; imposition of costs; order to criminally forfeit property; additional authority of court; conditions for entering order of criminal forfeiture; attorney fees; determination of extent of property; property not reachable; retention of property by law enforcement agency; disposition of money seized; seizure; other criminal or civil remedies not precluded.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.159q. Burden of proof; evidence; return or disposal of property; notice; estoppel from denial of allegations in civil trial; admissibility of testimony.

Minnesota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/.

Minn. Stat. §§ 609.901 to 609.912. Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act.

Minn. Stat. § 609.905. Criminal forfeiture.

Minn. Stat. § 609.909. Additional relief available.

Minn. Stat. § 609.5315. Disposition of forfeited property.

Minn. Stat. § 609.5318. Forfeiture of Vehicles Used in Drive-By Shootings.

Mississippi view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/mscode/.

Miss. Code Ann. §§ 97-3-54 to 97-3-54-9. Human Trafficking Act.

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-3-110. Seizure and forfeiture of firearms unlawfully possessed by juveniles and of motor vehicles used in drive-by shootings or bombings.

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-3-111. Forfeiture of vehicles used in drive-by shootings or bombings.

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-44-3. Definitions. [Mississippi Street Gang Act]

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-44-17. Forfeiture of firearms, ammunition, and dangerous weapons used by criminal street gangs; disposition of property seized; procedure.

Mississippi § 97-44-1. Short title. [Mississippi Streetgang Act]

Missouri view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.moga.mo.gov/mostatutes/statutesAna.html.

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 513.653. Law enforcement agencies using federal forfeiture system, report of federal seizure proceeds--violation, ineligibility for certain funds.

Nevada view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.leg.state.nv.us/law1.cfm.

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 179.121. Forfeiture of Personal Property and Conveyances Used in Commission of Crime.

Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 207.350 to 207.520. [Racketeering chapter]

Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 207.415. Account for Prosecution of Racketeering created; use and distribution of money by Attorney General; reimbursement of Account.

New Jersey view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://lis.njleg.state.nj.us/nxt/gateway.dll?f=templates&fn=default.htm&vid=Publish:10.1048/Enu.

N.J. Rev. Stat. §§ 2C:41-1 to 2C:41-6.2. Racketeering.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:21-28. Civil action for treble damages; allocation.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:41-3. Criminal penalties.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:41-4. Civil remedies.

New Mexico view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://nmonesource.com/nmos/en/nav.do.

N.M. Stat. §§ 30-42-1 to 30-42-6. Short title. [Racketeering Act]

N.M. Stat. § 30-3-8.1. Seizure and Forfeiture of Motor Vehicle; Procedure.

N.M. Stat. § 30-42-4. Prohibited activities; penalties.

N.M. Stat. § 30-42-6. Racketeering; civil remedies.

N.M. Stat. § 31-27-2. Purpose of act; applicability; no additional remedies.

N.M. Stat. § 31-27-3. Definitions.

N.M. Stat. § 31-27-4. Forfeiture; conviction required; seizure of property; with process; without process.

New York view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://public.leginfo.state.ny.us/lawssrch.cgi?NVLWO:.

N.Y. CLS Civ. Prac. Law & Rules § 1311. Forfeiture actions.

N.Y. CLS Civ. Prac. Law & Rules § 1311-b. Money judgment.

N.Y. CLS Civ. Prac. Law & Rules § 1312. Provisional remedies; generally.

N.Y. CLS Pen. §§ 470.00 to 470.25. Money laundering.

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 460.30. Enterprise corruption; forfeiture.

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 460.70. Provisional remedies. [Enterprise corruption]

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 470.25. Money laundering; fines.

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 480.10 Procedure.

North Carolina view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.ncleg.gov/Laws/GeneralStatutes.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-7.20. Continuing criminal enterprise.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.23. Contraband, Seizure, and Forfeiture.

North Dakota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.nd.gov/general-information/north-dakota-century-code.

N.D. Cent. Code §§ 12.1-06.1-01 to 12.1-06.1-08. Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations.

N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-06.1-05. Racketeering - Civil remedies.

N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-06.1-06. Racketeering lien - Content - Filing - Notice - Effect.

Ohio view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://codes.ohio.gov/orc/.

Ohio Rev. Code §§ 2923.31 to 2923.36. Corrupt activity.

Ohio Rev. Code § 2923.32. Engaging in pattern of corrupt activity.

Ohio Rev. Code § 2923.36. Corrupt activity lien notice.

Ohio Rev. Code § 2923.44. Criminal forfeiture of property relating to gang participation.

Ohio Rev. Code § 2981.02 Property subject to forfeiture.

Ohio Rev. Code § 2981.04 Specification concerning forfeiture; petitions.

Oregon view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.oregonlegislature.gov/bills_laws/Pages/ORS.aspx.

Or. Rev. Stat. §§ 166.715 to 166.735. Oregon Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act.

Or. Rev. Stat. § 163.707. Forfeiture of Motor Vehicle Used in Drive-By Shooting.

Or. Rev. Stat. § 166.725. Remedies for violation of ORS 166.720; time limitation.

South Carolina view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.scstatehouse.gov/code/statmast.php.

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-8-260. Seizure of Firearms, Ammunition, Electronic Records, Money, Etc.; Forfeiture Actions.

Tennessee view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/tncode/default.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 29-3-101. Definitions -- Maintenance and abatement of nuisance -- Forfeiture of property -- Payment of moneys from forfeiture into general funds.

Texas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://statutes.capitol.texas.gov/Index.aspx.

Tex. Civ. Prac. & Rem. Code § 125.070. Civil Action for Violation of Injunction.

Utah view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://le.utah.gov/xcode/code.html.

Utah Code § 24-4-117. State Asset Forfeiture Grant Program.

Utah Code § 76-3-205. Infraction conviction--Fine, forfeiture, and disqualification.

Virginia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://law.lis.virginia.gov/vacode.

Va. Code Ann. §§ 18.2-512 to 18.2-517. Virginia Racketeering Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.3:2. Forfeiture.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-246.3. Money laundering; penalties.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-246.5. Forfeiture of business license or registration upon conviction of sale or distribution of imitation controlled substance; money laundering.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-515. Criminal penalties; Forfeiture.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-516. Prohibition of Illegal Money Transmitting.

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-354. Authority of court to order payment of fine, costs, forfeitures, penalties or restitution in installments or upon other terms and conditions; community work lieu of payment.

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-386.14. Sharing of forfeited assets.

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-386.16. Forfeiture of motor vehicles used in commission of certain crimes.

Va. Code Ann. § 19.2-386.19. Seizure of property used in connection with money laundering.

Washington view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://apps.leg.wa.gov/rcw/.

Wash. Rev. Code §§ 9A.82.001 to 9A.82.902. Criminal Profiteering Act.

Wash. Rev. Code § 9.41.098. Forfeiture of firearms--Disposition--Confiscation.

Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.82.090. Orders restraining criminal profiteering—When issued.

Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.82.100. Remedies and procedures.

Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.82.120. Criminal profiteering lien—Authority, procedures.

Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.83.020. Money laundering.

Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.83.030. Seizure and forfeiture.

West Virginia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.wvlegislature.gov/wvcode/code.cfm?chap=61.

W. Va. Code §§ 61-13-1 to 61-13-6. Anti-Organized Criminal Enterprise Act.

W. Va. Code § 61-15-3. Forfeiture; disgorgement.

Wisconsin view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://docs.legis.wisconsin.gov/statutes/prefaces/toc.

Wis. Stat. §§ 946.80 to 946.93. Racketeering Activity and Continuing Criminal Enterprise.


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