Gang-Related Legislation by Subject
(Laws Updated Through June 2019)

Drive-By Shooting

Jurisdictions for this subject:
Federal
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Florida
Georgia
Illinois
Iowa
Louisiana
Maine
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Nevada
New Mexico
North Carolina
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Rhode Island
Utah
Virginia
Washington

Federal view all subjects for this jurisdiction To access United States Code, visit https://www.govinfo.gov/app/collection/uscode. To access Code of Federal Regulations, visit https://gov.ecfr.io/cgi-bin/ECFR.

18 U.S.C. § 3632. Development of risk and needs assessment system.

Alaska view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://akleg.gov/index.php.

Alaska Stat. § 11.61.190. Misconduct involving weapons in the first degree.

Arizona view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.azleg.gov/arstitle/.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-501. Persons under eighteen years of age; felony charging; definitions.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-706. Serious, violent or aggravated offenders; sentencing; life imprisonment; definitions.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-1209. Drive by shooting; forfeiture; driver license revocation; classification; definitions.

Arkansas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/arcode/.

Ark. Code § 5-10-101. Capital murder.

Ark. Code § 5-74-102. General legislative findings, declarations, and intent. [Arkansas Criminal Gang, Organizations, or Enterprise Act]

Ark. Code § 5-74-107. Unlawful discharge of a firearm from a vehicle.

Ark. Code § 5-74-201. Legislative findings. [Recruiting Gang Members]

California view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/codes.xhtml.

Cal. Pen. Code § 189 (LexisNexis). ["Degrees of murder"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 246 (LexisNexis). ["Discharge of firearm at inhabited dwelling house, occupied building, vehicle, aircraft, inhabited housecar or inhabited camper; Penalty"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 246.1 (LexisNexis). ["Forfeiture of vehicle involved in violent offenses; Disposition of proceeds"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 246.3 (LexisNexis). ["Discharging Firearm or BB Device in Grossly Negligent Manner; Punishment"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 12022.55 (LexisNexis). ["Additional punishment for discharging firearm from vehicle"]

Colorado view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/colorado/.

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 16-13-301 (LexisNexis). ["Definitions:" Abatement of Public Nuisance]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 16-13-303 (LexisNexis). ["Class 1 public nuisance"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-12-107.5 (LexisNexis). ["Illegal discharge of a firearm - penalty"]

Florida view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.leg.state.fl.us/statutes/.

Fla. Stat. § 790.15. Discharging firearm in public or on residential property.

Georgia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/gacode/default.

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-5-21 (LexisNexis). ["Aggravated assault"]

Illinois view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs.asp.

625 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/6-206. Discretionary authority to suspend or revoke license or permit; right to a hearing.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. §§ 5/36.1-1 to 5/36.1-5. Seizure and Forfeiture of Vessels, Vehicles and Aircraft [Article].

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/12-2. Aggravated assault.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/36-1. Property subject to forfeiture.

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/36-1. Property subject to forfeiture. [As amended by P.A. 98-699, effective January 1, 2015, Repealed on June 11, 2022]

Iowa view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.iowa.gov/law/iowaCode.

Iowa Code § 708.6. Intimidation with a dangerous weapon.

Louisiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://legis.la.gov/legis/LawSearch.aspx.

La. Stat. Ann. § 14:2. Definitions. [Criminal Code: General Provisions: Preliminary Provisions]

La. Stat. Ann. § 14:30. First degree murder.

La. Stat. Ann. § 14:30.1. Second degree murder.

La. Stat. Ann. § 14:32.6. First degree feticide.

La. Stat. Ann. § 14:37.1. Assault by drive-by shooting.

La. Stat. Ann. § 14:107.2. Hate crimes.

La. Stat. Ann. Art. 890.1. Waiver of minimum mandatory sentences; procedure; exceptions.

La. Stat. Ann. Art. 905.4. Aggravating circumstances.

Maine view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://legislature.maine.gov/statutes/.

17-A M.R.S. § 202. Felony Murder.

Minnesota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/.

Minn. Stat. § 245C.15. Disqualifying crimes or conduct.

Minn. Stat. § 609.11. Minimum sentences of imprisonment.

Minn. Stat. § 609.19. Murder in the Second Degree.

Minn. Stat. § 609.66. Dangerous Weapons.

Minn. Stat. § 609.185. Murder in the First Degree.

Minn. Stat. § 609.5318. Forfeiture of Vehicles Used in Drive-By Shootings.

Minn. Stat. § 624.712. Definitions.

Mississippi view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/mscode/.

Miss. Code Ann. § 47-5-138.1. Trusties authorized to accumulate additional earned time; certain offenders in trusty status ineligible for time allowance.

Miss. Code Ann. § 47-7-3. Parole of prisoners; conditions for eligibility; determination of tentative hearing date.

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-1-5. Accessories after the fact; punishment.

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-3-2. Crimes of violence defined.

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-3-109. Drive-by shooting; drive-by bombing.

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-3-110. Seizure and forfeiture of firearms unlawfully possessed by juveniles and of motor vehicles used in drive-by shootings or bombings.

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-3-111. Forfeiture of vehicles used in drive-by shootings or bombings.

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-37-29. Shooting into dwelling house.

Missouri view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.moga.mo.gov/mostatutes/statutesAna.html.

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 571.030 R.S.Mo. Unlawful use of weapons -- exceptions -- Penalty.

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 595.055. Services for victims not provided, when.

Nevada view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.leg.state.nv.us/law1.cfm.

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 202.287. Discharging Firearm Within or From Structure or Vehicle; Penalty.

New Mexico view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://nmonesource.com/nmos/en/nav.do.

N.M. Stat. § 30-3-8. Shooting at Dwelling or Occupied Building; Shooting at or From a Motor Vehicle.

N.M. Stat. § 30-3-8.2. Court Record of Conviction; Revocation of Driver’s License.

N.M. Stat. § 31-18-15.2. Definitions. [Criminal Sentencing Act]

North Carolina view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.ncleg.gov/Laws/GeneralStatutes.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-34.9. Discharging a Firearm From Within an Enclosure.

Ohio view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://codes.ohio.gov/orc/.

Ohio Rev. Code § 2929.14. Definite prison terms.

Ohio Rev. Code § 2941.146. Firearm discharged from motor vehicle specification.

Oklahoma view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.oklegislature.gov/osstatuestitle.html.

21 Okla. Stat. tit. § 13.1. Required Service of Minimum Percentage of Sentence—Offenses Specified.

21 Okla. Stat. tit. § 652. Shooting With Intent to Kill—Assault and Battery With Deadly Weapon, Etc.

Okla. Stat. tit. 57, § 571. Definitions.

Oregon view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.oregonlegislature.gov/bills_laws/Pages/ORS.aspx.

Or. Rev. Stat. § 163.707. Forfeiture of Motor Vehicle Used in Drive-By Shooting.

Or. Rev. Stat. § 166.220. Unlawful Use of Weapon.

Rhode Island view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://webserver.rilin.state.ri.us/Statutes/.

R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-47-51.1. Discharge of Firearm or Incendiary or Explosive Substance or Device From Motor Vehicle.

R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-47-61. Drive-By Shootings.

Utah view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://le.utah.gov/xcode/code.html.

Utah Code § 53-3-220. Offenses requiring mandatory revocation, denial, suspension, or disqualification of license -- Offense requiring an extension of period -- Hearing -- Limited driving privileges.

Utah Code § 76-10-508. Discharge of Firearm From a Vehicle, Near a Highway, or in Direction of Any Person, Building, or Vehicle—Penalties.

Virginia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://law.lis.virginia.gov/vacode.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-286.1. Shooting From Vehicles So as to Endanger Persons; Penalty.

Washington view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://apps.leg.wa.gov/rcw/.

Wash. Rev. Code § 9.41.010. Terms defined. [Firearms and Dangerous Weapons]

Wash. Rev. Code § 9.94A.030. Definitions. [Sentencing Reform Act of 1981]

Wash. Rev. Code § 9.94A.475. Plea agreements and sentences for certain offenders--Public records.

Wash. Rev. Code § 13.40.193. Firearms--Length of confinement (Effective July 1, 2019).

Wash. Rev. Code § 13.40.193. Firearms--Length of Confinement.

Wash. Rev. Code § 13.40.210. Setting of release date--Administrative release authorized, when--Parole program, revocation or modification of, scope--Intensive supervision program--Parole officer's right of arrest.

Wash. Rev. Code § 13.40.210. Setting of Release Date—Administrative Release Authorized, When—Parole Program, Revocation or Modification of, Scope—Intensive Supervision Program—Parole Officer's Right of Arrest.

Wash. Rev. Code § 13.40.0357. Juvenile offender sentencing standards.


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