Gang-Related Legislation by Subject
(Laws Updated Through December 2017)

Gang-Related Definitions

States for this subject:
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maryland
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Virginia
Washington
Wisconsin
Wyoming

Alabama view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://alisondb.legislature.state.al.us/alison/codeofalabama/1975/coatoc.htm.

Ala. Code § 12-25-32. Definitions [Alabama Sentencing Reform Act of 2003]

Ala. Code § 13A-6-26. Compelling street gang membership

Alaska view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://akleg.gov/index.php.

Alaska Stat. § 11.81.900. Definitions [Criminal law/General Provisions]

Alaska Stat. § 12.55.185. Definitions [Sentencing and Probation]

Arizona view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.azleg.gov/arstitle/.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-105. Definitions [Criminal Code/General Provisions]

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-706. Serious, violent or aggravated offenders; sentencing; life imprisonment; definitions

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-2301. Definitions [Organized Crime, Fraud and Terrorism]

Arkansas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.arkleg.state.ar.us.

Ark. Code § 5-74-103. Definitions [Arkansas Criminal Gang, Organization, or Enterprise Act]

Ark. Code § 5-74-202. Definitions [Gangs/Recruiting Gang Members]

California view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/codes.xhtml.

Cal. Gov't. Code § 38773.2 (LexisNexis). ["Collection of costs incurred; Notice; Graffiti nuisance abatement lien"]

Cal. Gov't. Code § 61002 (LexisNexis). Definitions [Community Services Districts/General Provisions/Introductory Provisions]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.2. (LexisNexis). [Definition: "Criminal Profiteering"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.22 (LexisNexis {Repealed effective January 1, 2022}). ["Street gang"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.34 (LexisNexis). ["Shared gang database; Definitions; Exemptions; Reporting requirements; Written notice required prior to inclusion in database; Information request"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 215 (LexisNexis). ["Carjacking"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 13826.3 (LexisNexis {Operation contingent}). ["Individuals subject to gang violence prosecution efforts"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 740 (LexisNexis). ["Placement in community care facility within county of residence; Exceptions; Notice; Plan and formal agreement for supervision and visitation; Disclosure of certain information to law enforcement; Notice of unusual incidents; Judicial review; Costs"]

Colorado view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leg.colorado.gov/agencies/office-legislative-legal-services/colorado-revised-statutes.

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 16-13-301 (LexisNexis). [Definitions: Abatement of Public Nuisance]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-23-101 (LexisNexis). Definitions [Gang Recruitment Act]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-23-102 (LexisNexis). ["Recruitment of juveniles for a criminal street gang"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 22-25-103 (LexisNexis). Definitions [Colorado Comprehensive Health Education Act]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 30-15-401 (LexisNexis). Definitions [General regulations] - definitions

Connecticut view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://search.cga.state.ct.us/r/statute/dtsearch_form.asp.

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 29-7n. Record and classification of gang-related crimes

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53a-224. Recruiting a member of a criminal gang: Class A misdemeanor

Delaware view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://delcode.delaware.gov/.

Del. Code tit. 10, § 7103. [Definitions: Criminal Nuisance Abatement]

Del. Code tit. 11, § 616. Gang participation

Del. Code tit. 11, § 617. Criminal youth gangs

Del. Code tit. 14, § 4161. [Definitions: Regulatory Provisions for Nonacademic Training and Related Resources]

District of Columbia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/.

D.C. Code § 22–951. Criminal street gangs

D.C. Code § 22–3312.05. Definitions [Trespass; Injuries to Property]

D.C. Code § 42–3141.01. Definitions [Abatement of Graffiti]

Florida view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.leg.state.fl.us/statutes/.

Fla. Stat. § 874.03. Definitions [Criminal Gang Enforcement and Prevention]

Fla. Stat. § 893.138. Local administrative action to abate drug-related, prostitution-related, or stolen-property-related public nuisances and criminal gang activity

Fla. Stat. § 895.02. Definitions [Offenses Concerning Racketeering and Illegal Debts]

Fla. Stat. § 951.23. County and municipal detention facilities; definitions; administration; standards and requirements

Fla. Stat. § 985.03. Definitions [Juvenile Justice; Interstate Compact on Juveniles/General Provisions]

Georgia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/gacode/default.

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-15-3 (LexisNexis). Definitions [Street Gang Terrorism and Prevention]

Ga. Code Ann. § 49-9-42 (LexisNexis). ["Operation of vending facilities on state property; preference for licensed disabled persons"]

Idaho view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://legislature.idaho.gov/statutesrules/idstat/.

Idaho Code Ann. § 18-8502. Definitions [Idaho Criminal Gang Enforcement Act]

Illinois view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs.asp.

740 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 147/10. [Definitions: Illinois Street gang Terrorism Omnibus Prevention Act]

Indiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://iga.in.gov/legislative/laws/2017/ic/titles/034.

Ind. Code § 20-18-2-2.8. "Criminal organization" defined

Ind. Code § 34-6-2-6. Aggrieved person

Ind. Code § 35-31.5-2-27.4. Benefit, promote, or further the interests of a criminal organization

Ind. Code § 35-31.5-2-74. "Criminal organization" [defined]

Ind. Code § 35-31.5-2-74. "Criminal organization" defined

Ind. Code § 35-31.5-2-264.5. Purpose of increasing a person's own standing or position within a criminal organization

Ind. Code § 35-45-9-1. "Criminal gang" defined

Ind. Code § 35-50-2-1.4. "Criminal organization" defined

Iowa view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.iowa.gov/law/iowaCode.

Iowa Code § 723A.1. [Definitions: Criminal Street Gangs]

Kansas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.kslegislature.org/li/b2017_18/statute/.

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6313. Criminal street Gangs; definitions

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6328. [Definitions: Crimes against the Public Safety]

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6804. Sentencing grid for nondrug crimes; authority and responsibility of sentencing court; presumptive disposition

Kentucky view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lrc.ky.gov/statutes/search.aspx.

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 506.140. Criminal gang recruitment

Louisiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://legis.la.gov/legis/LawSearch.aspx.

La. Stat. Ann. § 15:1404. Definitions [Louisiana Street Terrorism Enforcement and Prevention Act]

La. Stat. Ann. § 15:1423. Definitions [Juvenile Delinquency and Gang Prevention]

Maryland view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://mgaleg.maryland.gov/webmga/frmStatutes.aspx.

Md. Code, Crim. Law § 9-801. Definitions

Michigan view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.legislature.mi.gov/mileg.aspx?page=MCLBasicSearch.

Mich. § 750.411u. Associate or member of gang; commission or attempt to commit felony; membership in gang as motive, means, or opportunity; penalty; definitions; consecutive sentence. Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411u. Associate or member of gang; commission or attempt to commit felony; membership in gang as motive, means, or opportunity; Penalty; definitions; consecutive sentence Enhanced Penalties—Sentencing; Gang Participation; Gang-Related Definitions Recruitment, Threats, Intimidation; prosecution

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411v. Causing, encouraging, recruiting, soliciting, or coercing another to join, participate in, or assist gang in felony; violation as felony; threat of injury or damage as felony; additional sentence; definitions.

Minnesota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/.

Minn. Stat. § 152.01. Definitions [Drugs; Controlled Substances]

Minn. Stat. § 609.229. Crime Committed for the Benefit of Gang

Minn. Stat. § 617.91. Definitions [Nuisance]

Minn. Stat. § 617.92. Public Nuisance

Minn. Stat. § 624.712. Definitions [Firearms]

Mississippi view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.sos.ms.gov/Education-Publications/Pages/Mississippi-Code.aspx.

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-3-115. Carjacking Act Definitions

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-3-117. Mississippi Carjacking Act; what constitutes offense of carjacking; attempted carjacking; armed carjacking; Penalty

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-44-3. Definitions. [Mississippi Street Gang Act]

Mississippi § 97-44-1. Short Title

Missouri view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.moga.mo.gov/mostatutes/statutesAna.html.

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 578.421. Definitions [Criminal Street Gangs]

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 578.435. Weapon Defined—Weapons Owned or in Possession of Gang Members May Be Confiscated—Weapon Deemed a Nuisance and Destroyed by Court Order, When

Montana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leg.mt.gov/bills/mca/index.html.

Mont. Code Ann. § 45-8-402. Definitions [Montana Street Terrorism Enforcement and Prevention Act]

Mont. Code Ann. § 45-8-405. Pattern of Criminal Street Gang Activity

Nebraska view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://nebraskalegislature.gov/laws/laws.php.

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 43-245. Terms, Defined [Juvenile Code]

Nevada view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.leg.state.nv.us/law1.cfm.

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 40.140. Nuisance Defined; Action for Abatement and Damages; Exceptions

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 193.168. Additional Penalty: Felony Committed to Promote Activities of Criminal Gang; Restriction on Probation; Expert Testimony

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 201.570. Definition; Penalty [Criminal Gang Recruitment]

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 206.005. "Graffiti" Defined

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 213.1263. Board May Prohibit Association With Members of Criminal Gang as Condition of Parole

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 244.36915. "Graffiti" Defined

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 268.4075. "Graffiti" Defined

New Hampshire view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.gencourt.state.nh.us/rsa/html/indexes/default.html.

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 644:20. Criminal Street Gang; Solicitation.

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 651:6. Extended Term of Imprisonment

New Jersey view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://lis.njleg.state.nj.us/nxt/gateway.dll?f=templates&fn=default.htm&vid=Publish:10.1048/Enu.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2A:153-4.1. Damaging Property by Acts of Graffiti; Ordinance; Determination of Recipients of Reward

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:15-2. Carjacking defined

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:17-3. Criminal Mischief

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:33-14.1. Vandalizing Railroad Crossing Devices, Property; grading of offenses; graffiti

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:33-24. "Act of graffiti" defined

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:33-29. Crime of gang criminality; "criminal street gang" defined; grading of offense

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 40:48-2.52. Definitions relative to [Adoption of curfew ordinances for juveniles]

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 40:48-2.59. Graffiti on Buildings, Structures and Other Exposed Surfaces; Ordinances Enforcing Prohibitions

New Mexico view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://public.nmcompcomm.us/nmnxtadmin/.

N.M. Stat. § 30-3-8.1. Seizure and Forfeiture of Motor Vehicle; Procedure

N.M. Stat. § 30-15-1.1. Unauthorized graffiti on personal property

N.M. Stat. § 30-20-3. Unlawful Assembly

N.M. Stat. § 31-18-15.2. Definitions [Criminal Sentencing Act]

New York view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://public.leginfo.state.ny.us/lawssrch.cgi?NVLWO:.

N.Y. CLS Men. Hyg. § 10.03. Definitions [Sex Offenders Requiring Civil Commitment or Supervision]

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 120.06. Gang Assault in the Second Degree

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 120.07. Gang Assault in the First Degree

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 130.91. Sexually motivated felony

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 145.60. Making Graffiti

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 240.10. Unlawful Assembly

N.Y. CLS Pen. § 240.10. Unlawful Assembly

North Carolina view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www2.ncleg.net/Laws/GeneralStatuteChapters.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.16A. Criminal gang activity [Definitions]

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-127.1. Graffiti vandalism

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 15A-1340.16. Aggravated and Mitigated Sentences

North Dakota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.nd.gov/general-information/north-dakota-century-code.

N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-06.2-01. Definitions [Criminal Street Gangs]

Ohio view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://codes.ohio.gov/orc/.

Ohio Rev. Code § 2923.41. Criminal gang definitions

Oklahoma view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.oscn.net/applications/oscn/index.asp?ftdb=STOKST&level=1.

21 Okla. Stat. tit. § 856. Delinquent Minor - Contributing to Delinquency

Oregon view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.oregonlegislature.gov/bills_laws/Pages/ORS.aspx.

Or. Rev. Stat. § 164.381. Definitions [Graffiti-Related Offenses]

Or. Rev. Stat. § 336.109. Policy to Reduce Gang Involvement, Violent Activities, and Drug Abuse

Pennsylvania view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.state.pa.us/cfdocs/legis/LI/Public/cons_index.cfm.

18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 3304. Criminal Mischief

18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 5131. Recruiting Criminal Gang Members

71 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 1190.21. Definitions [Commission on Crime and Delinquency]

Rhode Island view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://webserver.rilin.state.ri.us/Statutes/.

R.I. Gen. Laws § 12-19-39. Criminal Street Gang Enhancement

South Carolina view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.scstatehouse.gov/code/statmast.php.

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-1-60. Violent crimes defined

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-8-230. Definitions [Criminal Gang Prevention Act]

South Dakota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/default.aspx.

S.D. Codified Laws § 22-10A-1. Definitions [Street Gangs]

Tennessee view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/tncode/default.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 6-54-127. Graffiti Removal; Liability

Tenn. Code Ann. § 39-12-203. Part definitions [Organized Crime]

Tenn. Code Ann. § 39-13-404. Carjacking

Tenn. Code Ann. § 39-13-404. Carjacking

Tenn. Code Ann. § 40-35-121. Criminal Gang Offenses—Enhanced Punishment—Procedure

Tenn. Code Ann. § 49-6-4215. Criminal Gang Activity; Rules

Texas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://statutes.capitol.texas.gov/Index.aspx.

Tex. Civ. Prac. & Rem. Code § 125.061. Definitions [Membership in Criminal Street Gang]

Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Art. 61.01. Definitions [Compilation of Information Pertaining to Criminal Combinations and Criminal Street Gangs]

Tex. Fam. Code § 54.0491. Gang-Related Conduct

Tex. Pen. Code § 71.01. Definitions [Organized Crime]

Tex. Pen. Code § 71.023. Directing Activities of Criminal Street Gangs

Utah view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://le.utah.gov/xcode/code.html.

Utah Code § 76-3-203.1. Offenses Committed in Concert With Two or More Persons or in Relation to a Criminal Street Gang—Notice—Enhanced Penalties

Utah Code § 76-6-107. Graffiti Defined—Penalties—Removal Costs—Reimbursement Liability

Utah Code § 76-9-802. Definitions [Criminal Street Gang Penalties]

Utah Code § 76-9-902. Definitions [Prohibition of Gang Activity]

Utah Code § 78A-6-1202. Definitions [Utah Youth Court Diversion Act]

Virginia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://law.lis.virginia.gov/vacode.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.1. Definitions [Crimes by Gangs]

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-55.1. Hazing of Youth Gang Members Unlawful; Criminal Liability

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-513. Definitions [Virginia Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act]

Washington view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://apps.leg.wa.gov/rcw/.

Wash. Rev. Code § 9.94A.030. Definitions [Sentencing Reform Act of 1981]

Wash. Rev. Code § 9.101.010. Criminal Street Gang Definitions—State Preemption

Wash. Rev. Code § 9A.28.040. Criminal Conspiracy

Wash. Rev. Code § 28A.600.455. Gang Activity—Suspension or Expulsion

Wash. Rev. Code § 43.310.007. Intent—Prevention and Intervention Pilot Programs

Wash. Rev. Code § 43.310.010. Definitions [Youth Gangs]

Wash. Rev. Code § 43.310.020. Gang Risk Prevention and Intervention Pilot Programs—Request for Proposals

Wash. Rev. Code § 43.310.030. Gang Risk Prevention and Intervention Pilot Programs—Scope

Wash. Rev. Code § 59.18.030. Definitions [Residential Landlord-Tenant Act]

Wisconsin view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://docs.legis.wisconsin.gov/statutes/prefaces/toc.

Wis. Stat. § 895.444. Injury Caused by Criminal Gang Activity; Action For

Wis. Stat. § 939.22. Words and Phrases Defined [Crimes - General Provisions]

Wis. Stat. § 941.38. Criminal Gang Member Solicitation and Contact

Wyoming view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.wyoleg.gov/StateStatutes/StatutesConstitution?tab=0&tab=0.

Wyo. Stat. § 6-1-104. Definitions [Crimes and Offenses/Chapter 1 General Provisions]


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