Gang-Related Legislation by Subject
(Laws Updated Through December 2018)

Gang-Related Definitions

Jurisdictions for this subject:
Federal
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maryland
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Virginia
Washington
Wisconsin
Wyoming

Federal view all subjects for this jurisdiction To access United States Code, visit https://www.govinfo.gov/app/collection/uscode. To access Code of Federal Regulations, visit https://gov.ecfr.io/cgi-bin/ECFR.

18 U.S.C. § 521. Criminal street gangs.

Alabama view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://alisondb.legislature.state.al.us/alison/codeofalabama/1975/coatoc.htm.

Ala. Code § 13A-6-26. Compelling street gang membership.

Alaska view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://akleg.gov/index.php.

Alaska Stat. § 11.81.900. Definitions. [Criminal law/General Provisions]

Alaska Stat. § 12.55.185. Definitions. [Sentencing and Probation]

Arizona view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.azleg.gov/arstitle/.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-105. Definitions. [Criminal Code/General Provisions]

Arkansas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/arcode/.

Ark. Code § 5-74-103. Definitions. [Arkansas Criminal Gang, Organization, or Enterprise Act]

Ark. Code § 5-74-202. Definitions. [Gangs/Recruiting Gang Members]

California view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/codes.xhtml.

Cal. Gov't. Code § 61002 (LexisNexis). ["Definitions:" Community Services Districts/General Provisions/Introductory Provisions]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.2 (LexisNexis). ["Definitions:" Criminal Profiteering]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.22 (LexisNexis {Repealed effective January 1, 2022}). ["Street gang"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.34 (LexisNexis). ["Shared gang database; Definitions; Exemptions; Reporting requirements; Written notice required prior to inclusion in database; Information request"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 13826.3 (LexisNexis {Operation contingent}). ["Individuals subject to gang violence prosecution efforts"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 740 (LexisNexis). ["Placement in community care facility within county of residence; Exceptions; Notice; Plan and formal agreement for supervision and visitation; Disclosure of certain information to law enforcement; Notice of unusual incidents; Judicial review; Costs"]

Colorado view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/colorado/.

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-23-101 (LexisNexis). ["Definitions:" Gang Recruitment Act]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-23-102 (LexisNexis). ["Recruitment of juveniles for a criminal street gang"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 19-1-103. (LexisNexis). [Children's Code: General Provisions: "Definitions"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 19-2-103. (LexisNexis). [Children's Code: The Colorado Juvenile Justice System: "Definitions"]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 22-25-103 (LexisNexis). ["Definitions:" Colorado Comprehensive Health Education Act]

Connecticut view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://search.cga.state.ct.us/r/statute/dtsearch_form.asp.

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 29-7n. Record and classification of gang-related crimes.

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53a-224. Recruiting a member of a criminal gang: Class A misdemeanor.

Delaware view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://delcode.delaware.gov/.

Del. Code tit. 10, § 7103. Definitions. [Criminal Nuisance Abatement]

Del. Code tit. 11, § 616. Gang participation.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 617. Criminal youth gangs.

Del. Code tit. 14, § 4161. Definitions. [Regulatory Provisions for Nonacademic Training and Related Resources]

District of Columbia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/.

D.C. Code § 22–951. Criminal street gangs.

Florida view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.leg.state.fl.us/statutes/.

Fla. Stat. § 874.03. Definitions. [Criminal Gang Enforcement and Prevention]

Fla. Stat. § 893.138. Local administrative action to abate drug-related, prostitution-related, or stolen-property-related public nuisances and criminal gang activity.

Fla. Stat. § 895.02. Definitions. [Offenses Concerning Racketeering and Illegal Debts]

Fla. Stat. § 900.05. Criminal justice data collection.

Fla. Stat. § 951.23. County and municipal detention facilities; definitions; administration; standards and requirements.

Georgia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/gacode/default.

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-15-3 (LexisNexis). ["Definitions:" Street Gang Terrorism and Prevention]

Idaho view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://legislature.idaho.gov/statutesrules/idstat/.

Idaho Code Ann. § 18-8502. Definitions. [Idaho Criminal Gang Enforcement Act]

Illinois view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs.asp.

740 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 147/10. Definitions. [Illinois Street Gang Terrorism Omnibus Prevention Act]

Indiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://iga.in.gov/legislative/laws/2017/ic/titles/034.

Ind. Code § 20-18-2-2.8. "Criminal organization."

Ind. Code § 35-31.5-2-27.4. Benefit, promote, or further the interests of a criminal organization.

Ind. Code § 35-31.5-2-264.5. Purpose of increasing a person's own standing or position within a criminal organization.

Ind. Code § 35-45-9-1. "Criminal gang" defined.

Ind. Code § 35-50-2-1.4. "Criminal organization"

Iowa view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.iowa.gov/law/iowaCode.

Iowa Code § 723A.1. Definitions. [Criminal Street Gangs]

Kansas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.kslegislature.org/li/b2017_18/statute/.

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6313. Criminal street gangs; definitions.

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6328. Same [Kansas racketeer influenced and corrupt organization act]; definitions.

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6804. Sentencing grid for nondrug crimes; authority and responsibility of sentencing court; presumptive disposition.

Kentucky view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lrc.ky.gov/statutes/search.aspx.

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 506.120. Engaging in organized crime.

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 506.135. Definitions for chapter. [Chapter: Inchoate Offenses]

Louisiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://legis.la.gov/legis/LawSearch.aspx.

La. Stat. Ann. § 15:1404. Definitions. [Louisiana Street Terrorism Enforcement and Prevention Act]

Maryland view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://mgaleg.maryland.gov/webmga/frmStatutes.aspx.

Md. Code, Crim. Law § 9-801. Definitions. [Criminal Gang Offenses]

Michigan view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.legislature.mi.gov/mileg.aspx?page=MCLBasicSearch.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411u. Associate or member of gang; commission or attempt to commit felony; membership in gang as motive, means, or opportunity; penalty; definitions; consecutive sentence.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411u. Associate or member of gang; commission or attempt to commit felony; membership in gang as motive, means, or opportunity; penalty; definitions; consecutive sentence.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.411v. Causing, encouraging, recruiting, soliciting, or coercing another to join, participate in, or assist gang in felony; violation as felony; threat of injury or damage as felony; additional sentence; definitions.

Minnesota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/.

Minn. Stat. § 609.229. Crime Committed for the Benefit of Gang.

Minn. Stat. § 617.91. Definitions. [Nuisance]

Mississippi view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/mscode/.

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-44-3. Definitions. [Mississippi Street Gang Act]

Mississippi § 97-44-1. Short title. [Mississippi Streetgang Act]

Missouri view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.moga.mo.gov/mostatutes/statutesAna.html.

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 578.421. Definitions. [Criminal Street Gangs]

Montana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leg.mt.gov/bills/mca/index.html.

Mont. Code Ann. § 45-8-402. Definitions. [Montana Street Terrorism Enforcement and Prevention Act]

Mont. Code Ann. § 45-8-405. Pattern of Criminal Street Gang Activity.

Nebraska view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://nebraskalegislature.gov/laws/laws.php.

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 43-245. Terms, Defined. [Juvenile Code]

Nevada view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.leg.state.nv.us/law1.cfm.

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 40.140. Nuisance Defined; Action for Abatement and Damages; Exceptions.

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 193.168. Additional Penalty: Felony Committed to Promote Activities of Criminal Gang; Restriction on Probation; Expert Testimony.

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 201.570. Definition; Penalty. [Criminal Gang Recruitment]

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 213.1263. Board May Prohibit Association With Members of Criminal Gang as Condition of Parole.

New Hampshire view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.gencourt.state.nh.us/rsa/html/indexes/default.html.

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 644:20. Criminal Street Gang; Solicitation.

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 651:6. Extended Term of Imprisonment.

New Jersey view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://lis.njleg.state.nj.us/nxt/gateway.dll?f=templates&fn=default.htm&vid=Publish:10.1048/Enu.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:33-29. Crime of gang criminality; "criminal street gang" defined; grading of offense.

New Mexico view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://public.nmcompcomm.us/nmnxtadmin/.

N.M. Stat. § 31-18-15.2. Definitions. [Criminal Sentencing Act]

North Carolina view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.ncleg.gov/Laws/GeneralStatutes.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.16A. Criminal gang activity. [Definitions]

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 15A-1340.16. Aggravated and Mitigated Sentences.

North Dakota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.nd.gov/general-information/north-dakota-century-code.

N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-06.2-01. Definitions. [Criminal Street Gangs]

Ohio view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://codes.ohio.gov/orc/.

Ohio Rev. Code § 2923.41. Criminal gang definitions.

Oklahoma view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.oklegislature.gov/osstatuestitle.html.

21 Okla. Stat. tit. § 856. Delinquent Minor - Contributing to Delinquency.

Pennsylvania view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.state.pa.us/cfdocs/legis/LI/Public/cons_index.cfm.

18 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 5131. Recruiting Criminal Gang Members.

Rhode Island view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://webserver.rilin.state.ri.us/Statutes/.

R.I. Gen. Laws § 12-19-39. Criminal Street Gang Enhancement.

South Carolina view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.scstatehouse.gov/code/statmast.php.

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-8-230. Definitions. [Criminal Gang Prevention Act]

South Dakota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/default.aspx.

S.D. Codified Laws § 22-10A-1. Definitions. [Street Gangs]

Tennessee view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/tncode/default.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 39-12-203. Part definitions. [Organized Crime]

Tenn. Code Ann. § 40-35-121. Criminal Gang Offenses—Enhanced Punishment—Procedure.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 49-6-4215. Criminal Gang Activity; Rules.

Texas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://statutes.capitol.texas.gov/Index.aspx.

Tex. Civ. Prac. & Rem. Code § 125.061. Definitions. [Membership in Criminal Street Gang]

Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Art. 61.01. Definitions. [Compilation of Information Pertaining to Criminal Combinations and Criminal Street Gangs]

Tex. Fam. Code § 54.0491. Gang-Related Conduct.

Tex. Pen. Code § 71.01. Definitions. [Organized Crime]

Tex. Pen. Code § 71.023. Directing Activities of Criminal Street Gangs.

Utah view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://le.utah.gov/xcode/code.html.

Utah Code § 76-3-203.1. Offenses Committed in Concert With Two or More Persons or in Relation to a Criminal Street Gang—Notice—Enhanced Penalties.

Utah Code § 76-9-802. Definitions. [Criminal Street Gang Penalties]

Utah Code § 76-9-902. Definitions. [Prohibition of Gang Activity]

Utah Code § 78A-6-1202. Definitions. [Utah Youth Court Diversion Act]

Virginia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://law.lis.virginia.gov/vacode.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-46.1. Definitions. [Crimes by Gangs]

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-55.1. Hazing of Youth Gang Members Unlawful; Criminal Liability.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-513. Definitions. [Virginia Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act]

Washington view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://apps.leg.wa.gov/rcw/.

Wash. Rev. Code § 9.94A.030. Definitions. [Sentencing Reform Act of 1981]

Wash. Rev. Code § 9.101.010. Criminal Street Gang Definitions—State Preemption.

Wash. Rev. Code § 28A.600.455. Gang Activity—Suspension or Expulsion.

Wash. Rev. Code § 43.310.010. Definitions. [Youth Gangs]

Wash. Rev. Code § 59.18.030. Definitions. [Residential Landlord-Tenant Act]

Wisconsin view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://docs.legis.wisconsin.gov/statutes/prefaces/toc.

Wis. Stat. § 895.444. Injury Caused by Criminal Gang Activity; Action For.

Wis. Stat. § 939.22. Words and Phrases Defined. [Crimes - General Provisions]

Wis. Stat. § 941.38. Criminal Gang Member Solicitation and Contact.

Wyoming view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.wyoleg.gov/StateStatutes/StatutesConstitution?tab=0&tab=0.

Wyo. Stat. § 6-1-104. Definitions. [Crimes and Offenses/Chapter 1 General Provisions]


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