(a) The California Gang, Crime, and Violence Prevention Partnership Program shall be administered by the Department of Justice for the purposes of reducing gang, criminal activity, and youth violence to the extent authorized pursuant to this chapter in communities with a high incidence of gang violence, including, but not limited to, the communities of Fresno, Glendale, Long Beach, Los Angeles, Oakland, Riverside, Santa Ana, Santa Cruz, San Bernardino, San Diego, San Jose, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Monica, and Venice. The department shall also consider communities that meet any one of the following criteria:
(1) An at-risk youth population, as defined in subdivision (c) of Section 13825.4, that is significantly disproportionate to the general youth population of that community.
(2) A juvenile arrest rate that is significantly disproportionate to the general youth population of that community.
(3) Significant juvenile gang problems or a high number of juvenile gang-affiliated acts of violence.
(b) All state and local juvenile detention facilities, including, but not limited to, facilities, juvenile halls, youth ranches, and youth camps of the Department of the Youth Authority shall also be considered eligible to receive services through community-based organizations or nonprofit agencies that are operating programs funded under this chapter.
All funds made available to the Department of Justice for purposes of this chapter shall be disbursed in accordance with this chapter to community-based organizations and nonprofit agencies that comply with the program requirements of Section 13825.4 and the funding criteria of Section 13825.5 of this chapter.
(a) Funds disbursed under this chapter may enhance but shall not supplant local, state, or federal funds that would, in the absence of the California Gang, Crime, and Violence Prevention Partnership Program, be made available for the prevention or intervention of youth involvement in gangs, crime, or violence.
(b) The applicant community-based organization or nonprofit agency may enter into interagency agreements between it and a fiscal agent that will allow the fiscal agent to manage the funds awarded to the community-based organization or nonprofit agency.
(c) Before April 15, 1998, the department shall prepare and file administrative guidelines and procedures for the California Gang, Crime, and Violence Prevention Partnership Program consistent with this chapter.
(d) Before July 1, 1998, the department shall issue a "request for funding proposal" that informs applicants of the purposes and availability of funds to be awarded under this chapter and solicits proposals from community-based organizations and nonprofit agencies to provide services consistent with this chapter.
(e) The department shall conduct an evaluation of the California Gang, Crime, and Violence Prevention Partnership Program after two years of program operation and each year thereafter, for purposes of identifying the effectiveness and results of the program. The evaluation shall be conducted by staff or an independent body that has experience in evaluating programs operated by community-based organizations or nonprofit agencies.
(f) After two years of program operation, and each year thereafter, the department shall prepare and submit an annual report to the Legislature describing in detail the operation of the program and the results obtained from the California Gang, Crime, and Violence Prevention Partnership Program receiving funds under this chapter. The report shall also list the full costs applicable to the department for processing and reviewing applications, and for administering the California Gang, Crime, and Violence Prevention Partnership Program. The department shall be required to submit an annual report to the Legislature only in years in which the California Gang, Crime, and Violence Prevention Partnership Program receives funds under this chapter.
Community-based organizations and nonprofit agencies that receive funds under this chapter shall utilize the funds to provide services and activities designed to prevent or deter at-risk youth from participating in gangs, criminal activity, or violent behavior.
(b) Funds allocated under this chapter may not be used for services or activities related to suppression, law enforcement, incarceration, or other purposes not related to the prevention and deterrence of gangs, crime, and violence.
Nothing in this paragraph shall prevent funds allocated under this chapter from being used for violence prevention and gang crime deterrence services provided by community-based organizations and nonprofit agencies to youths incarcerated in juvenile detention facilities.
(c) Services and activities provided with funds under this chapter shall be used for at-risk youth who are defined as persons from age 5 to 20 years of age and who fall into one or more of the following categories:
(8) Are current or former gang members.
(9) Have one or more family members living at home who are current or former members of a gang.
(d) Except as provided in subdivision (e), in carrying out a program of prevention and intervention services and activities with funds received under this chapter, community-based organizations and nonprofit agencies shall do all of the following.
(3) Follow the public health model approach in developing and carrying out a program to prevent, deter or reduce youth gangs, crime or violence by (A) identifying risk factors of the particular population to be targeted, (B) implementing protective factors to prevent or reduce gangs, crime or violence in the particular community to be serviced, and (C) designing community guidelines for prevention and intervention.
(7) Objectively evaluate the effectiveness of their services and activities to determine changes in attitudes or behaviors of the at-risk youth being served under this chapter towards gangs, crime, and violence.
To be eligible for funding under this chapter, community-based organizations and nonprofit agencies shall submit a request for funding proposal in compliance with this chapter to conduct a program that meets the requirements of Section 13825.4. The Department of Justice shall establish the minimum standards, funding schedules, and procedures for awarding grants that shall take into consideration, but not be limited to, all of the following:
(a) A demonstrated showing of at least two years of experience in administering a program providing prevention or prevention and intervention services that have positively affected the attitudes or behaviors of at-risk youth, as defined in this chapter, toward gangs, crime, or violence.
(b) New programs, services, or staff that would augment the existing programs, services, and activities already being provided the community-based organization or nonprofit agency.
(c) The size of the eligible at-risk youth population that would be served by the community-based organization or nonprofit agency.
(d) The likelihood that the program will continue to operate after state grant funding ends.
(e) The ability of the community-based organization or nonprofit agency to objectively evaluate itself and a demonstrated showing of its plan to evaluate itself if funds are awarded. For purposes of this chapter, community-based organizations and nonprofit agencies do not include libraries, community service organizations, and city, county, and state-operated departments of parks and recreation.
For purposes of this chapter, a “community-based” organization is defined as a nonprofit operation established to serve gang members, their families, schools, and the community with programs of community supervision and service that maintain community participation in the planning, operation, and evaluation of their programs.
“Community-based” organization also includes public park and recreation agencies, public libraries, and public community services departments that provide gang suppression activities, either alone or in cooperation with other public agencies or other community-based organizations.
(a) Unless funded pursuant to subdivision (c), community-based organizations supported under the Gang Violence Suppression Program may implement the following activities:
(1) Providing information to law enforcement agencies concerning gang related activities in the community.
(2) Providing information to school administrators and staff concerning gang related activities in the community.
(3) Providing conflict resolution by means of intervention or mediation to prevent and limit gang crisis situations.
(4) Increasing witness cooperation through coordination with local law enforcement and prosecutors and by education of the community about the roles of these government agencies and the availability of witness protection services.
(b) Community-based organizations funded pursuant to subdivision (a) may also implement the following activities:
(1) Maintaining a 24-hour public telephone message center for the receipt of information and to assist individuals seeking services from the organization.
(2) Maintaining a “rumor control” public telephone service to provide accurate and reliable information to concerned citizens.
(3) Providing technical assistance and training concerning gang related activities to school staff members, law enforcement personnel, and community members including parental groups. This training and assistance may include coverage of how to prevent and minimize intergang confrontations.
(4) Providing recreational activities for gang members or potential gang members.
(5) Providing job training and placement services for youth.
(6) Referring gang members, as needed, to appropriate agencies for the treatment of health, psychological, and drug-related problems.
(7) Administration of the Urban Corps Program pursuant to Section 13826.62.
(8) Mobilizing the community to share joint responsibility with local criminal justice personnel to prevent and suppress gang violence.
(c) Community-based organizations funded under the Gang Violence Suppression Program for specialized school prevention and intervention activities shall only be required to implement activities in the schools which are designed to discourage students from joining gangs and which offer or encourage students to participate in alternative programs.
(d) Community-based organizations funded pursuant to the Gang Violence Suppression Program as of January 1, 1997, shall receive preference over public agencies in any future funding awards.
(a) There is hereby established in the Office of Emergency Services the Urban Corps Program. The Urban Corps Program is established as an optional activity under Section 13826.6. Community-based organizations receiving grants to participate in the Urban Corps Program may implement the following activities:
(1) Identification of publicly and privately administered programs in the county dealing with the suppression or prevention of criminal gang activities, or both.
(2) Maintenance of a listing of programs within the county identified as dealing with the suppression or prevention of criminal gang activities, or both.
(3) Surveying gang suppression and prevention organizations for the types of services and activities each is engaged in, and identifying needs among these organizations for resources to provide services and fulfill their activities.
(4) Recruitment of volunteers, identification of their skills, abilities, and interests, and matching volunteers with the resource needs of gang prevention and suppression organizations.
(5) Establishment of an urban respite program for the purpose of preventing self-destructive activities and diverting (A) identified youth gang members, and (B) youths who are at risk of becoming gang members, for the purposes of reducing or eliminating incentives for those youths to participate in gang-related crime activities.
(b) The Urban Corps Program shall operate within the Office of Emergency Services for two years following the establishment of a contract with a community-based organization to administer the program.
(c) This section shall be implemented to the extent that funds are available to the Office of Emergency Services for this purpose.