Gang-Related Legislation by Subject
(Laws Updated Through December 2017)

Civil and Administrative Actions

States for this subject:
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Louisiana
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Jersey
New Mexico
North Carolina
Ohio
Oklahoma
Pennsylvania
South Carolina
Texas
Utah
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin

Arizona view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.azleg.gov/arstitle/.

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 12-991. Nuisance; applicability; residential property used for crime; action to abate and prevent; notice; definitions

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-1805. Shoplifting; detaining suspect; defense to wrongful detention; civil action by merchant; public services; classification

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 33-1368. Noncompliance with rental agreement by tenant; failure to pay rent; utility discontinuation; liability for guests; definition

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 33-1476. Termination or nonrenewal of rental agreement by landlord; noncompliance with rental agreement by tenant; failure to pay rent

Arkansas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.arkleg.state.ar.us.

Ark. Code § 5-64-405. Continuing criminal enterprise

Ark. Code § 5-74-109. Premises and real property used by criminal gangs, organizations, or enterprises, or used by anyone in committing a continuing series of violations -- Civil remedies

California view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/codes.xhtml.

Cal. Civ. Code § 3485 (LexisNexis {Repealed effective January 1, 2024}["Illegal conduct involving an unlawful weapons or ammunition on real property; Procedures required prior to filing action to abate; Applicability; Report"]

Cal. Civ. Code § 3486 (LexisNexis {Operative date contingent}). ["Action for unlawful detainer for controlled substance purpose on real property; Procedures required prior to filing action; Costs and attorney's fees; Possible orders"]

Cal. Gov. Code § 38771 (LexisNexis). ["Declaration of nuisance"]

Cal. Gov. Code § 38772 (LexisNexis). ["Defacement of property by graffiti by minor"]

Cal. Gov. Code § 38773.2 (LexisNexis). ["Collection of costs incurred; Notice; Graffiti nuisance abatement lien"]

Cal. Gov. Code § 38773.6 (LexisNexis). ["Defacement of property by graffiti by minor; Special assessment"]

Cal. Gov. Code § 53069.3 (LexisNexis). ["Use of public funds to remove graffiti"]

Cal. Gov. Code § 61002 (LexisNexis). Definitions [Community Services Districts/General Provisions/Introductory Provisions]

Cal. Health. &. Saf. Code § 11489 (LexisNexis). ["Distribution of funds from sale of forfeited property"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.22a (LexisNexis). ["Building or place used by gang members as nuisance"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 594.6 (LexisNexis). ["Condition of probation on subsequent conviction of vandalism"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 640.5 (LexisNexis). ["Affixing graffiti on or in vehicles of governmental entity or public transportation system"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 730.6 (LexisNexis). ["Imposition of restitution fine; Community service; Fee"]

Colorado view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leg.colorado.gov/agencies/office-legislative-legal-services/colorado-revised-statutes.

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 16-13-301 (LexisNexis). [Definitions: Abatement of Public Nuisance]

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 16-13-303 (LexisNexis). ["Class 1 public nuisance"]

District of Columbia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/.

D.C. Code § 42–3141.01. Definitions [Abatement of Graffiti]

D.C. Code § 42–3141.02. Nuisance

D.C. Code § 42–3141.03. Notice of graffiti nuisance and reply

D.C. Code § 42–3141.04. Deemed authorization to abate

D.C. Code § 42–3141.05. Notice of violation; service of notice

D.C. Code § 42–3141.06. Answer and expedited hearing

D.C. Code § 42–3141.07. Payment of abatement costs and penalties

D.C. Code § 42–3141.09. Collection against an owner

Florida view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.leg.state.fl.us/statutes/.

Fla. Stat. § 435.04. Level 2 screening standards

Fla. Stat. § 823.05. Places and groups engaged in criminal gang-related activity declared a nuisance; massage establishments engaged in prohibited activity; may be abated and enjoined

Fla. Stat. § 874.06. Civil cause of action

Fla. Stat. § 893.138. Local administrative action to abate drug-related, prostitution-related, or stolen-property-related public nuisances and criminal gang activity

Fla. Stat. § 951.23. County and municipal detention facilities; definitions; administration; standards and requirements

Georgia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/gacode/default.

Ga. Code Ann. § 9-16-19 (LexisNexis). ["Disposition of forfeited property; order of distribution; annual report"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-15-5 (LexisNexis). ["Civil forfeiture"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-15-7 (LexisNexis). ["Real property used by criminal street gangs declared public nuisance; abatement; persons injured by gangs entitled to treble damages"]

Hawaii view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.capitol.hawaii.gov/.

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 577-3.5. Property damage, parental responsibility

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 712A-1. Definitions [Forfeiture]

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 712A-4. Covered offenses [Forfeiture]

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 712A-5. Property subject to forfeiture; exemption

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 712A-7. Powers and duties of law enforcement officers and agencies [Forfeiture]

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 712A-10. Administrative forfeiture

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 712A-11. Judicial forfeiture proceedings; general

Illinois view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs.asp.

625 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/6-103. What persons shall not be licensed as drivers or granted permits

625 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/6-205. Mandatory revocation of license or permit; hardship cases

625 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/6-205. Mandatory revocation of license or permit; hardship cases

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/37-1. Maintaining Public Nuisance

740 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 20/2. Findings and intent [Cannabis and Controlled Substances Tort Claims Act]

740 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 147/15. Creation of civil cause of action

740 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 147/20. Commencement of action

740 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 147/25. Venue

740 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 147/30. Service of process

740 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 147/35. Injunctive relief, damages, costs, and fees

740 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 147/40. Contraband

740 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 147/45. Abatement as public nuisance

Indiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://iga.in.gov/legislative/laws/2017/ic/titles/034.

Ind. Code § 34-6-2-6. Aggrieved person

Ind. Code § 34-31-4-1. Maximum limit of liability

Ind. Code § 34-31-4-2. Child participation in criminal organization activity

Ind. Code § 35-43-1-2. Criminal mischief; institutional criminal mischief; controlled substances criminal mischief

Iowa view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.iowa.gov/law/iowaCode.

Iowa Code § 657.2. What deemed nuisances

Kansas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.kslegislature.org/li/b2017_18/statute/.

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 22-3901. Common nuisances; scope

Louisiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://legis.la.gov/legis/LawSearch.aspx.

La. Stat. Ann. § 15:1405. Premises used by criminal street gang; nuisances; actions for injunction, abatement, and damages; other remedies for unlawful use; exceptions

La. Stat. Ann. § 15:1405.1. Civil cause of action by state and political subdivisions against criminal street gangs

Minnesota view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/.

Minn. Stat. § 604.12. Restrictions on Denying Access to Places of Public Accommodation; Civil Actions

Minn. Stat. § 617.90. Graffiti Damage Action

Minn. Stat. § 617.91. Definitions [Nuisance]

Minn. Stat. § 617.92. Public Nuisance

Minn. Stat. § 617.93. Suit to Abate Nuisance

Minn. Stat. § 617.94. Court Order

Minn. Stat. § 617.97. Use of Place; Evidence

Minn. Stat. § 624.714. Carrying of Weapons Without Permit; Penalty

Mississippi view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.sos.ms.gov/Education-Publications/Pages/Mississippi-Code.aspx.

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-44-3. Definitions. [Mississippi Street Gang Act]

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-44-5. Cause of Action

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-44-7. Filing of Complaint

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-44-9. Venue

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-44-11. Service of Process

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-44-13. Damages

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-44-15. Injunction, abatement, damages, or other remedies for unlawful use of private building by criminal street gang

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-44-17. Forfeiture of Firearms, Ammunition, and Dangerous Weapons Used by Criminal Street Gangs; Disposition of Property Seized; Procedure.

Mississippi § 97-44-1. Short Title

Missouri view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.moga.mo.gov/mostatutes/statutesAna.html.

MO Rev Stat § 578.430. Buildings, rooms and structures used for criminal street gangs' activities deemed public nuisances -- owner knowing of gang use, court may order no occupancy up to one year

MO Rev Stat § 578.435. Weapon Defined—Weapons Owned or in Possession of Gang Members May Be Confiscated—Weapon Deemed a Nuisance and Destroyed by Court Order, When

MO Rev Stat § 578.437. Weapon not to be declared a nuisance unless notice given to lawful owner, procedure -- burden of proof on state that return of weapon would endanger lives [Effective January 1, 2017]

Montana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leg.mt.gov/bills/mca/index.html.

Mont. Code Ann. § 70-24-303. Landlord to Maintain Premises—Agreement that Tenant Perform Duties—Limitation of Landlord’s Liability for Failure of Smoke Detector or Carbon Monoxide Detector

Mont. Code Ann. § 70-24-321. Tenant to Maintain Dwelling Unit

Mont. Code Ann. § 70-33-321. Tenant to Maintain Lot

Nebraska view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://nebraskalegislature.gov/laws/laws.php.

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-524. Graffiti; Penalty

Nevada view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.leg.state.nv.us/law1.cfm.

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 40.140. Nuisance Defined; Action for Abatement and Damages; Exceptions

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 62B.320. Child in Need of Supervision

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 62E.690. Certain Offenses Concerning Graffiti or Defacement of Property: Suspension or Delay in Issuance of Driver’s License

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 206.330. Placing graffiti on or otherwise defacing property: Fines and Penalty; restitution; parent or guardian responsible for fines and Penalty if person violating section is under age of 18 years; suspension of driver's license

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 206.340. Graffiti Reward Account Created; Administrative Assessment to Be Imposed for Certain Violations; Use of Money in Account

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 244.3693. Removal or Covering of Graffiti on Real or Personal Property of County; Civil Penalty

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 244.3694. Abatement of Graffiti on Nonresidential Property

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 244.3695. Graffiti Reward and Abatement Fund: Creation; Use; Administrative Assessments; Payment of Rewards

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 244.35705. Ordinance Concerning Criminal Gang Activity and Certain Buildings and Places Harboring Such Activity: Injunctions; Damages, Fees and Costs; Violation of Injunction; Immune Entities

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 244.36935. Abatement of graffiti on residential property

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 268.408. Abatement of graffiti on property owned or controlled by city; civil action authorized to recover civil Penalty and damages

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 268.4085. Graffiti Reward and Abatement Fund: Creation Required; Use of Money; Administrative Assessment; Offer of Reward

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 268.4126. Abatement of Abandoned Nuisance: Ordinance Establishing Procedures; Civil Penalty for Failure to Abate; Recovery of Money Expended by City; Special Assessment

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 268.4128. Ordinance Concerning Criminal Gang Activity and Certain Buildings and Places Harboring Such Activity: Injunctions; Damages; Fees and Costs; Violation of Injunction; Immune Entities

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 331.145. Duty to Remove or Cover Graffiti Placed on State Property; Civil Action to Recover Civil Penalty and Damages

New Jersey view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://lis.njleg.state.nj.us/nxt/gateway.dll?f=templates&fn=default.htm&vid=Publish:10.1048/Enu.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:17-3. Criminal Mischief

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 40:48-2.59. Graffiti on Buildings, Structures and Other Exposed Surfaces; Ordinances Enforcing Prohibitions

New Mexico view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://public.nmcompcomm.us/nmnxtadmin/.

N.M. Stat. § 30-3-8.2. Court Record of Conviction; Revocation of Driver’s License

North Carolina view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www2.ncleg.net/Laws/GeneralStatuteChapters.

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.26. Matters Proved in Criminal Trial Court

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-50.42. Real property used by criminal gangs declared a public nuisance: abatement

Ohio view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://codes.ohio.gov/orc/.

Ohio Rev. Code § 3767.02. Nuisance

Oklahoma view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.oscn.net/applications/oscn/index.asp?ftdb=STOKST&level=1.

11 Okla. Stat. tit. § 22-112-2. Graffiti Removal

Pennsylvania view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.legis.state.pa.us/cfdocs/legis/LI/Public/cons_index.cfm.

8 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 3321. Enforcement

South Carolina view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.scstatehouse.gov/code/statmast.php.

South Carolina § 16-8-250. Preventing Witness or Victim From Testifying; Penalty; Coerced Person's Right to Bring Civil Action

South Carolina § 16-8-270. Civil Cause of Action in Favor of State of South Carolina or Political Entity; Actions for Injunction; Venue; Service of Process

Texas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://statutes.capitol.texas.gov/Index.aspx.

Texas Civ. Prac. & Rem. § 125.070. Civil Action for Violation of Injunction

Utah view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://le.utah.gov/xcode/code.html.

Utah § 78B-6-1101. Definitions—Nuisance—Right of Action

Washington view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://apps.leg.wa.gov/rcw/.

Washington § 4.24.330. Action for Damages Caused by Criminal Street Gang Tagging and Graffiti

West Virginia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.wvlegislature.gov/wvcode/code.cfm?chap=61.

West Virginia § 61-13-4. Premises Used by Organized Criminal Enterprises; Nuisances; Actions for Injunction, Abatement and Damages; Other Remedies for Unlawful Use; Exceptions

Wisconsin view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://docs.legis.wisconsin.gov/statutes/prefaces/toc.

Wisconsin § 895.444. Injury Caused by Criminal Gang Activity; Action For


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