Gang-Related Legislation by Subject
(Laws Updated Through June 2019)

Carjacking

Jurisdictions for this subject:
Federal
Arkansas
California
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Illinois
Indiana
Louisiana
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Mississippi
New Jersey
South Carolina
Tennessee
Virginia
Wisconsin

Federal view all subjects for this jurisdiction To access United States Code, visit https://www.govinfo.gov/app/collection/uscode. To access Code of Federal Regulations, visit https://gov.ecfr.io/cgi-bin/ECFR.

18 U.S.C. § 2119. Motor vehicles.

18 U.S.C. § 3632. Development of risk and needs assessment system.

Arkansas view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/arcode/.

Ark. Code § 5-10-101. Capital murder.

Ark. Code § 5-11-105. Vehicular piracy.

California view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/codes.xhtml.

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.22 (LexisNexis {Repealed effective January 1, 2022}). ["Street gang"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 189 (LexisNexis). ["Degrees of murder"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 190.2 (LexisNexis). ["Penalty on finding special circumstances"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 209.5 (LexisNexis). ["Kidnapping in course of carjacking"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 215 (LexisNexis). ["Carjacking"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 520 (LexisNexis). ["Punishment for extortion"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 520 (Westlaw). ["Punishment"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 653f (LexisNexis). ["Soliciting commission of certain crimes; Punishment; Proof"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 667.5 (Westlaw). ["Prior prison terms; enhancement of prison terms for new offenses"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 667.9 (LexisNexis). ["Sentence enhancement for specified offenses and repeat offenses against aged, disabled, or underage person"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 1203 (LexisNexis). ["Probation"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 1203.075 (LexisNexis). ["Ineligibility for probation for person who inflicts great bodily injury on another in commission of certain crimes"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 12022.53 (LexisNexis). ["Use of firearm in commission of felony; Discharge; Injury"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 8103 (Westlaw). ["Particular persons; weapons restrictions; violations; punishment; reports in electronic format"]

Delaware view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://delcode.delaware.gov/.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 835. Carjacking in the second degree; class E felony; class D felony.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 836. Carjacking in the first degree; class C felony; class B felony.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 3901. Fixing term of imprisonment; credits.

District of Columbia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/.

D.C. Code § 22–2803. Carjacking.

D.C. Code § 22–3601. Enhanced penalty for crimes against senior citizen victims.

D.C. Code § 23–1331. Definitions. [Release and Pretrial Detention]

D.C. Code § 24–403.01. Sentencing, supervised release, and good time credit for felonies committed on or after August 5, 2000.

Florida view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.leg.state.fl.us/statutes/.

Fla. Stat. § 775.087. Possession or use of weapon; aggravated battery; felony reclassification; minimum sentence.

Fla. Stat. § 782.04. Murder.

Fla. Stat. § 812.133. Carjacking.

Fla. Stat. § 921.1402. Review of sentences for persons convicted of specified offenses committed while under the age of 18 years.

Fla. Stat. § 1006.13. Policy of zero tolerance for crime and victimization.

Georgia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/gacode/default.

Ga. Code Ann. § 15-11-505 (LexisNexis). ["Use of detention assessments to determine if detention is warranted; "serious delinquent act" defined"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-5-44.1 (LexisNexis). ["Hijacking a motor vehicle"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 17-6-12 (LexisNexis). ["Discretion of court to release person charged with crime on person's own recognizance only; effect of failure of person charged to appear for trial"]

Illinois view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs.asp.

730 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/5-5-3. Disposition.

Indiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://iga.in.gov/legislative/laws/2017/ic/titles/034.

Ind. Code § 20-28-5-8 License revocation for a person convicted of certain offenses.

Ind. Code § 31-30-1-4. Juvenile court lacks jurisdiction over individuals at least 16 years of age committing certain felonies; retention and transfer of jurisdiction by court having adult criminal jurisdiction.

Louisiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://legis.la.gov/legis/LawSearch.aspx.

La. Stat. Ann. § 14:2. Definitions. [Criminal Code: General Provisions: Preliminary Provisions]

La. Stat. Ann. § 14:64.2. Carjacking.

La. Stat. Ann. Art. 890.1. Waiver of minimum mandatory sentences; procedure; exceptions.

La. Stat. Ann. Art. 890.3. Sentencing for crimes of violence.

La. Stat. Ann. Art. 893.3. Sentence imposed on felony or specifically enumerated misdemeanor in which firearm was possessed, used, or discharged.

Maryland view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://mgaleg.maryland.gov/webmga/frmStatutes.aspx.

Md. Code, Crim. Law § 3-405. Carjacking.

Md. Code, Crim. Law § 14-101. (LexisNexis). ["Mandatory sentences for crimes of violence"]

Md. Code, Pub. Saf. Law § 5-101. ["Definitions:" Controlled Dangerous Substances, Prescriptions, and Other Substances; Definitions; General Provisions]

Massachusetts view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://malegislature.gov/Laws/Search.

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 265, § 21A. Assault, confinement, etc. of person for purpose of stealing motor vehicle; weapons; punishment.

Michigan view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.legislature.mi.gov/mileg.aspx?page=MCLBasicSearch.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 257.732. Record of cases; forwarding abstract of record or report to secretary of state; settlement; abstracts forwarded; "felony in which a motor vehicle was used" defined; statement; "felony in which a commercial motor vehicle was used" defined; certification that all abstracts forwarded; noncompliance as misconduct in office; location and public inspection of abstracts; entering abstracts on master driving record; exceptions; informing courts of violations; entering order of reversal in book or index; modifications; abstract as part of written notice to appear; immediate report; expunction prohibited.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.316. First degree murder; penalty; definitions.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.479c. Person informed of criminal investigation by peace officer; prohibited conduct; violation; penalty; exception; definitions.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.529a. Carjacking; felony; penalty; “in the course of committing a larceny of a motor vehicle” defined; consecutive sentence.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 769.1. Authority and power of court; crimes for which juvenile to be sentenced as adult; fingerprints as condition to sentencing; hearing at juvenile's sentencing; determination; criteria; waiver; violation of MCL 333.7403; statement on record; transcript; reimbursement provision in order of commitment; disposition of collections; order to intercept tax refunds and initiate offset proceedings; notice; order directed to person responsible for juvenile's support; hearing; copy of order; retention of jurisdiction over juvenile; annual review; examination of juvenile's annual report; forwarding report.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 777.16y. MCL 750.520b(2) to 750.532; felonies to which chapter applicable.

Mississippi view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/mscode/.

Miss. Code Ann. § 47-7-3. Parole of prisoners; conditions for eligibility; determination of tentative hearing date.

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-3-2. Crimes of violence defined.

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-3-113. Mississippi Carjacking Act; Short Title.

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-3-115. Carjacking Act definitions.

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-3-117. Mississippi Carjacking Act; what constitutes offense of carjacking; attempted carjacking; armed carjacking; penalty.

Miss. Code Ann. § 99-19-71. Expungement of conviction; eligible offenses; notice; procedure; order; effect; expungement of arrest record.

Miss. Code Ann. § 99-19-401. Enhanced penalty; offenses subject to enhancement of penalty; applicable crimes during which instrumentalities were initially obtained.

New Jersey view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://lis.njleg.state.nj.us/nxt/gateway.dll?f=templates&fn=default.htm&vid=Publish:10.1048/Enu.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2A:162-12. Crimes with bail restriction; posting of bail.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:11-3. Murder.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:15-2. Carjacking defined.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:20-10. Unlawful Taking of Means of Conveyance.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:29-8. Corrupting or influencing a jury.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:38-2. Crime of terrorism; definitions. [September 11th, 2001 Anti-Terrorism Act]

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:43-7.2. Mandatory services of 85 percent of sentence for certain offenses.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 6:1-100. Definitions relative to airport employment restrictions; criminal history record checks.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 32:2-37. Definitions relative to airport employment restrictions; criminal history record checks.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 52:17B-160. Findings, declarations. [Safe and Secure Communities Act]

South Carolina view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.scstatehouse.gov/code/statmast.php.

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-1-60. Violent crimes defined.

S.C. Code Ann. § 16-3-1075. Felony of Carjacking; Penalty.

S.C. Code Ann. § 17-25-45. Life sentence for person convicted for certain crimes.

Tennessee view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/tncode/default.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 29-34-201. Injuries suffered in committing or attempting to commit felony on property of another -- Recovery barred -- Scope of immunity for one injuring a perpetrator of a criminal offense.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 39-13-404. Carjacking.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 39-17-1301. Part definitions.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 39-17-1324. Offense of possessing a firearm during commission or attempt to commit dangerous felony.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 40-35-121. Criminal Gang Offenses—Enhanced Punishment—Procedure.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 40-35-321. Collection of biological specimens for DNA analysis -- Persons convicted of certain offenses -- Condition of release from imprisonment.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 40-35-501. Release eligibility status -- Calculations.

Tenn. Code Ann.. § 37-1-702. Authority to establish teen court -- Procedure for participation -- Determining factors for participation -- Authority of teen court.

Virginia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://law.lis.virginia.gov/vacode.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-53.1. Use or Display of Firearm in Committing Felony.

Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-58.1. Carjacking; Penalty.

Wisconsin view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://docs.legis.wisconsin.gov/statutes/prefaces/toc.

Wis. Stat. § 943.23. Operating Vehicle Without Owner's Consent.


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