Gang-Related Legislation by Subject
(Laws Updated Through December 2017)

Carjacking

States for this subject:
California
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Indiana
Louisiana
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Mississippi
New Jersey
South Carolina
Tennessee
Virginia
Wisconsin

California view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/codes.xhtml.

Cal. Pen. Code § 186.22 (LexisNexis {Repealed effective January 1, 2022}). ["Street gang"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 189 (LexisNexis). ["Degrees of murder"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 190.2 (LexisNexis). ["Penalty on finding special circumstances"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 209.5 (LexisNexis). ["Kidnapping in course of carjacking"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 215 (LexisNexis). ["Carjacking"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 653f (LexisNexis). ["Soliciting commission of certain crimes; Punishment; Proof"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 667.9 (LexisNexis). ["Sentence enhancement for specified offenses and repeat offenses against aged, disabled, or underage person"]

Cal. Pen. Code § 12022.53 (LexisNexis). ["Use of firearm in commission of felony; Discharge; Injury"]

Cal. Wel. &. Inst. Code § 707 (LexisNexis). ["Decision whether to transfer minor to court of criminal jurisdiction; Investigation and submission of report; Criteria"]

Delaware view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://delcode.delaware.gov/.

Del. Code tit. 11, § 835. Carjacking in the second degree; class E felony; class D felony

Del. Code tit. 11, § 836. Carjacking in the first degree; class C felony; class B felony

Del. Code tit. 11, § 3901. Fixing term of imprisonment; credits

District of Columbia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/.

D.C. Code § 22–2803. Carjacking

D.C. Code § 22–3601. Enhanced penalty for crimes against senior citizen victims

D.C. Code § 23–1331 . Definitions [Release and Pretrial Detention]

D.C. Code § 24–403.01. Sentencing, supervised release, and good time credit for felonies committed on or after August 5, 2000

Florida view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.leg.state.fl.us/statutes/.

Fla. Stat. § 775.087. Possession or use of weapon; aggravated battery; felony reclassification; minimum sentence

Fla. Stat. § 782.04. Murder

Fla. Stat. § 812.133. Carjacking

Fla. Stat. § 921.1402. Review of sentences for persons convicted of specified offenses committed while under the age of 18 years

Georgia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/gacode/default.

Ga. Code Ann. § 15-11-505 (LexisNexis). ["Use of detention assessments to determine if detention is warranted; "serious delinquent act" defined"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 16-5-44.1 (LexisNexis). ["Hijacking a motor vehicle"]

Ga. Code Ann. § 17-6-12 (LexisNexis). ["Discretion of court to release person charged with crime on person's own recognizance only; effect of failure of person charged to appear for trial"]

Indiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://iga.in.gov/legislative/laws/2017/ic/titles/034.

Ind. Code § 31-30-1-4. Juvenile court lacks jurisdiction over individuals at least 16 years of age committing certain felonies; retention and transfer of jurisdiction by court having adult criminal jurisdiction

Louisiana view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://legis.la.gov/legis/LawSearch.aspx.

La. Stat. Ann. § 14:64.2. Carjacking

La. Stat. Ann. § Art. 890.1. Waiver of minimum mandatory sentences; procedure; exceptions

La. Stat. Ann. § Art. 890.3. Sentencing for crimes of violence

La. Stat. Ann. § Art. 893.3. Sentence imposed on felony or specifically enumerated misdemeanor in which firearm was possessed, used, or discharged

Maryland view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://mgaleg.maryland.gov/webmga/frmStatutes.aspx.

Md. Code, Crim. Law § 3-405. Carjacking

Md. Code, Pub. Saf. Law § 5-101. [Definitions: Controlled Dangerous Substances, Prescriptions, and Other Substances; Definitions; General Provisions]

Massachusetts view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://malegislature.gov/Laws/Search.

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 265, § 21A, Assault, confinement, etc. of person for purpose of stealing motor vehicle; weapons; punishment

Michigan view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.legislature.mi.gov/mileg.aspx?page=MCLBasicSearch.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.316. First degree murder; Penalty; definitions

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.479c. Person informed of criminal investigation by peace officer; prohibited conduct; violation; Penalty; exception; definitions

Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.529a. Carjacking; felony; Penalty; “in the course of committing a larceny of a motor vehicle” defined; consecutive sentence.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 769.1. Authority and power of court; crimes for which juvenile to be sentenced as adult; fingerprints as condition to sentencing; hearing at juvenile's sentencing; determination; criteria; waiver; violation of MCL 333.7403; statement on record; transcript; reimbursement provision in order of commitment; disposition of collections; order to intercept tax refunds and initiate offset proceedings; notice; order directed to person responsible for juvenile's support; hearing; copy of order; retention of jurisdiction over juvenile; annual review; examination of juvenile's annual report; forwarding report.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 777.16y. MCL 750.520b(2) to 750.532; felonies to which chapter applicable.

Mississippi view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.sos.ms.gov/Education-Publications/Pages/Mississippi-Code.aspx.

Miss. Code Ann. § 47-7-3. Parole of Prisoners; Conditions for Eligibility; Determination of Tentative Hearing Date

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-3-2. Crimes of Violence Defined

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-3-113. Mississippi Carjacking Act; Short Title

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-3-115. Carjacking Act Definitions

Miss. Code Ann. § 97-3-117. Mississippi Carjacking Act; what constitutes offense of carjacking; attempted carjacking; armed carjacking; Penalty

Miss. Code Ann. § 99-19-71. Expungement of Conviction; Eligible Offenses; Notice; Procedure; Order; Effect; Expungement of Arrest Record

Miss. Code Ann. § 99-19-401. Enhanced Penalty; offenses subject to enhancement of Penalty; applicable crimes during which instrumentalities were initially obtained

New Jersey view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://lis.njleg.state.nj.us/nxt/gateway.dll?f=templates&fn=default.htm&vid=Publish:10.1048/Enu.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2A:162-12. Crimes with bail restriction; posting of bail

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:11-3. Murder.

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:15-2. Carjacking defined

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:20-10. Unlawful Taking of Means of Conveyance

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:29-8. Corrupting or influencing a jury

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:38-2. Crime of terrorism; definitions [September 11th, 2001 Anti-Terrorism Act]

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 2C:43-7.2. Mandatory services of 85 percent of sentence for certain offenses

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 6:1-100. Definitions relative to airport employment restrictions; criminal history record checks

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 32:2-37. Definitions relative to airport employment restrictions; criminal history record checks

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 52:17B-160. Findings, declarations [Safe and Secure Communities Act]

South Carolina view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://www.scstatehouse.gov/code/statmast.php.

South Carolina § 16-1-60. Violent crimes defined

South Carolina § 16-3-1075. Felony of Carjacking; Penalties

South Carolina § 17-25-45. Life sentence for person convicted for certain crimes

Tennessee view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/tncode/default.

Tennessee § 39-13-404. Carjacking

Virginia view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://law.lis.virginia.gov/vacode.

Virginia § 18.2-53.1. Use or Display of Firearm in Committing Felony

Virginia § 18.2-58.1. Carjacking; Penalty

Wisconsin view all subjects for this state To access this state’s laws, visit https://docs.legis.wisconsin.gov/statutes/prefaces/toc.

Wisconsin § 943.23. Operating Vehicle Without Owner's Consent


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