National Youth Gang Survey Analysis

Gang-Problem Onset

Respondents provided information regarding the approximate year gangs began to pose a problem in their jurisdictions.

  • Larger cities have a much longer, more extensive history of gang problems—nearly half have experienced ongoing gang problems since before the 1990s.
  • In each of the remaining three area types, at least one in five did not provide information when gangs started to pose a problem in their jurisdictions.
  • Suburban counties and smaller cities have a much more varied history of gang problems—approximately 40 percent of both experienced the emergence of gang problems in the 1990s.
  • Very few rural counties and smaller cities have long-standing gang problems since before the 1990s.
Gang-Problem Onset
  Larger Cities Suburban Counties Smaller Cities Rural Counties
No Data Reported 9.3% 21.1% 19.5% 29.6%
Before 1990s 49.0 17.8 10.2 5.0
1990s 33.1 41.8 37.9 34.0
2000 or After 8.6 19.3 32.4 31.4

Analysis for this section pertains only to law enforcement agencies reporting gang problems. Please see the Prevalence of Gang Problems section.

Suggested citation: National Gang Center. National Youth Gang Survey Analysis. Retrieved [date] from http://www.nationalgangcenter.gov/Survey-Analysis.