Nurse-Family Partnership (NFP) provides first-time, low-income mothers of any age with home visitation services from public health nurses. NFP nurses work intensively with these mothers to improve maternal, prenatal, and early childhood health and well-being with the expectation that this intervention will help achieve long-term improvements in the lives of at-risk families. The intervention process is effective because it focuses on developing therapeutic relationships with the family and is designed to improve five broad domains of family functioning:
Starting with expectant mothers, the program addresses substance abuse and other behaviors that contribute to family poverty, subsequent pregnancies, poor maternal and infant outcomes, suboptimal child care, and a lack of opportunities for the children.
This program has been tested with both white and African-American families in rural and urban settings. Nurse-visited women and children fared better than those assigned to control groups in each of the outcome domains established as goals for the program. In a 15-year follow-up study of primarily white families in Elmira, New York, findings showed that low-income and unmarried women and their children who had been provided a nurse home visitor had, in contrast to those in a comparison group:
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: Model program
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2001): Model program
OJJDP Blueprints Project: Model program
1900 Grant Street, Suite 400
Denver, CO 80203
Phone: (866) 864-5226
Fax: (303) 327-4260
Web site: http://www.nursefamilypartnership.org/
Olds, D.; Hill, P.; Mihalic, S.; and O’Brien, R. (1998). Blueprints for Violence Prevention, Book Seven: Prenatal and Infancy Home Visitation by Nurses. Boulder, CO: Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence.