LifeSkills Training (LST) is a program that seeks to influence major social and psychological factors that promote the initiation and early use of substances. LifeSkills has distinct elementary (8 to 11 years old) and middle school (11 to 14 years old) curricula that are delivered in a series of classroom sessions over three years. The sessions use lecture, discussion, coaching, and practice to enhance students’ self-esteem, feelings of self-efficacy, ability to make decisions, and ability to resist peer and media pressure.
LST consists of three major components that address critical domains found to promote substance use. Research has shown that students who develop skills in these three domains are far less likely to engage in a wide range of high-risk behaviors. The three components each focus on a different set of skills:
Using outcomes averaged across more than a dozen studies, LST has been found to:
Long-term, follow-up results observed six years following the intervention show that LST:
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: Model program
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2001): Model program
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Model program
OJJDP Blueprints Project: Effective program
White House Office of National Drug Control Policy: Model program
U.S. Department of Education: Exemplary program
National Institute on Drug Abuse: Programs that work
Gilbert J. Botvin, Ph.D.
National Health Promotion Associates, Inc.
711 Westchester Avenue
White Plains, NY 10604
Phone: (800) 293-4969 or (914) 421-2525
Fax: (914) 683-6998
Web site: www.lifeskillstraining.com
Botvin, G. J.; Mihalic, S. F.; and Grotpeter, J. K. (1998). Blueprints for Violence Prevention, Book Five: Life Skills Training. Boulder, CO: Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence.