Gang-Related Legislation by State Index

Connecticut

Gang Prevention (view all states for this subject)

Connecticut § 10-16b. Prescribed Courses of Study

(a) In the public schools, the program of instruction offered shall include at least the following subject matter, as taught by legally qualified teachers, the arts; career education; consumer education; health and safety, including, but not limited to, human growth and development, nutrition, first aid, disease prevention, community and consumer health, physical, mental, and emotional health, including youth suicide prevention, substance abuse prevention, safety, which may include the dangers of gang membership, and accident prevention; language arts, including reading, writing, grammar, speaking, and spelling; mathematics; physical education; science; social studies, including, but not limited to, citizenship, economics, geography, government, and history; and, in addition, on at least the secondary level, one or more world languages and vocational education. For purposes of this subsection, world languages shall include American Sign Language, provided such subject matter is taught by a qualified instructor under the supervision of a teacher who holds a certificate issued by the State Board of Education. For purposes of this subsection, the "arts" means any form of visual or performing arts, which may include, but not be limited to, dance, music, art, and theatre.

Gang Recruitment, Threats, Intimidation (view all states for this subject)

Connecticut 13-302, §1. Recruiting Member of a Criminal Gang: Class A Misdemeanor.

(a) For the purposes of this section: (1) “Criminal gang” means a formal or informal organization, association or group of three or more persons that has: (A) As one of its primary activities the commission of one or more criminal acts; (B) members who individually or collectively engage in or have engaged in one or more criminal acts; and (C) an identifying name, sign or symbol, or an identifiable leadership or hierarchy; and (2) “criminal act” means conduct constituting a felony, as defined in section 53a-25, or a misdemeanor, as defined in section 53a-26, other than a violation of this section.

(b) A person is guilty of recruiting a member of a criminal gang when, with knowledge that membership or continued membership in such criminal gang is conditioned upon the commission of a criminal act, or with intent to facilitate the criminal acts of such criminal gang, such person knowingly causes, encourages, solicits, recruits, intimidates or coerces a person under eighteen years of age to join, participate in or remain a member of such criminal gang.

(c) Recruiting a member of a criminal gang is a class A misdemeanor.

Gang-Related Definitions (view all states for this subject)

Connecticut § 29-7n. Record and Classification of Gang-Related Crimes

(a) For the purposes of sections 7-294l and 7-294x, subsection (a) of section 10-16b, subsection (b) of this section and sections 3 and 8 of public act 93-416*, "gang" means a group of juveniles or youths who, acting in concert with each other, or with adults, engage in illegal activities.

(b) On and after July 1, 1994, the Division of State Police within the Department of Public Safety shall monitor, record, and classify all crimes committed in the state which are gang-related in accordance with the provisions of section 29-1c.

Gang Witnesses/Victims (view all states for this subject)

Connecticut § 54-82t. Protective Services for Witness at Risk of Harm

(b) In any investigation or prosecution of a serious felony offense, the prosecutorial official shall review all witnesses to the offense and may identify any witness as a witness at risk of harm. Upon such identification, the prosecutorial official shall then determine whether a witness at risk of harm is critical to a criminal investigation or prosecution. If the witness at risk of harm is determined to be critical to such investigation or prosecution, the prosecutorial official may (1) certify that the witness receive protective services or (2) if the prosecutorial official finds a compelling need to temporarily relocate the witness, certify that the witness receive protective services including temporary relocation services. In determining whether a witness should receive protective services, the prosecutorial official shall give special consideration to a witness who is a child, elderly, or handicapped or otherwise more at risk of being intimidated, harassed, threatened, retaliated against, or subjected to physical violence or who is a witness in a case involving organized crime, gang activities, or drug trafficking or involving a high degree of risk to the witness.

Gangs and Schools (view all states for this subject)

Connecticut § 10-233c. Suspension of Pupils

(a) Any local or regional board of education may authorize the administration of the schools under its direction to suspend from school privileges any pupil whose conduct on school grounds or at a school-sponsored activity is violative of a publicized policy of such board or is seriously disruptive of the educational process or endangers persons or property or whose conduct off school grounds is violative of such policy and is seriously disruptive of the educational process. In making a determination as to whether conduct is seriously disruptive of the educational process, the administration may consider, but such consideration shall not be limited to, (1) whether the incident occurred within close proximity of a school; (2) whether other students from the school were involved or whether there was any gang involvement; (3) whether the conduct involved violence, threats of violence, or the unlawful use of a weapon, as defined in Section 29-38, and whether any injuries occurred; and (4) whether the conduct involved the use of alcohol. Any such board may authorize the administration to suspend transportation services for any pupil whose conduct while awaiting or receiving transportation to and from school endangers persons or property or is violative of a publicized policy of such board. Unless an emergency exists, no pupil shall be suspended without an informal hearing by the administration, at which such pupil shall be informed of the reasons for the disciplinary action and given an opportunity to explain the situation, provided nothing herein shall be construed to prevent a more formal hearing from being held if the circumstances surrounding the incident so require, and further provided no pupil shall be suspended more than ten times or a total of fifty days in one school year, whichever results in fewer days of exclusion, unless such pupil is granted a formal hearing pursuant to sections 4-176e and 4-80a, inclusive, and section 4-181a. If an emergency situation exists, such hearing shall be held as soon after the suspension as possible.

Connecticut § 10-233d. Expulsion of Pupils

(a)(1) Any local or regional board of education, at a meeting at which three or more members of such board are present, or the impartial hearing board established pursuant to Subsection (b) of this section, may expel, subject to the provisions of this subsection, any pupil whose conduct on school grounds or at a school-sponsored activity is violative of a publicized policy of such board or is seriously disruptive of the educational process or endangers persons or property or whose conduct off school grounds is violative of such policy and is seriously disruptive of the educational process, provided a majority of the board members sitting in the expulsion hearing vote to expel and that at least three affirmative votes for expulsion are cast. In making a determination as to whether conduct is seriously disruptive of the educational process, the board of education or impartial hearing board may consider, but such consideration shall not be limited to, (A) whether the incident occurred within close proximity of a school; (B) whether other students from the school were involved or whether there was any gang involvement; (C) whether the conduct involved violence, threats of violence, or the unlawful use of a weapon, as defined in Section 29-38, and whether any injuries occurred; and (D) whether the conduct involved the use of alcohol.

Law Enforcement Training (view all states for this subject)

Connecticut § 7-294l. State and Local Police Training Programs to Provide Training on Gang-Related Violence

Each police basic or review training program conducted or administered by the Division of State Police within the Department of Emergency Services and Public Protection, the Police Officer Standards and Training Council established under Section 7-294b, or a municipal police department in the state shall include training on gang-related violence.

Connecticut § 7-294x. Council to Provide Training to Public School Security Personnel

The Police Officer Standards and Training Council established under Section 7-294b shall provide training to security personnel employed in the public schools by a local or regional board of education. Such training shall include drug detection and gang identification.

Miscellaneous Gang Legislation (view all states for this subject)

Connecticut § 51-279b. Racketeering Unit. Bond Forfeiture Unit. Standards for Compromise and Settlement of Forfeited Bonds

(a) The Chief State's Attorney shall establish a racketeering and continuing criminal activities unit within the Division of Criminal Justice. Such unit shall be available for the investigation and prosecution of criminal matters including, but not limited to, the illegal purchase and sale of controlled substances, criminal activity by gangs, fraud, corruption, illegal gambling, and the recruitment of persons to carry out such illegal activities.

Connecticut 13-155, § 1. Civil Immigration Detainers: Definitions, Situations in Which Detainment Is Allowable, Notification of United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement

(b) No law enforcement officer who receives a civil immigration detainer with respect to an individual who is in the custody of the law enforcement officer shall detain such individual pursuant to such civil immigration detainer unless the law enforcement official determines that the individual:

(1) Has been convicted of a felony;

(2) Is subject to pending criminal charges in this state where bond has not been posted;

(3) Has an outstanding arrest warrant in this state;

(4) Is identified as a known gang member in the database of the National Crime Information Center or any similar database or is designated as a Security Risk Group member or a Security Risk Group Safety Threat member by the Department of Correction;

(5) Is identified as a possible match in the federal Terrorist Screening Database or similar database;

(6) Is subject to a final order of deportation or removal issued by a federal immigration authority; or

(7) Presents an unacceptable risk to public safety, as determined by the law enforcement officer.

(c) Upon determination by the law enforcement officer that such individual is to be detained or released, the law enforcement officer shall immediately notify United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement. If the individual is to be detained, the law enforcement officer shall inform United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement that the individual will be held for a maximum of forty-eight hours, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and federal holidays. If United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement fails to take custody of the individual within such forty-eight-hour period, the law enforcement officer shall release the individual. In no event shall an individual be detained for longer than such forty-eight-hour period solely on the basis of a civil immigration detainer.


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